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Encyclopedia > National Football League
National Football League (NFL)
Current season or competition:
2008 NFL Draft
Sport American football
Founded 1920
Commissioner Roger Goodell
No. of teams 32, divided into two sixteen-team conferences, each of which consists of four four-team divisions.
Country(ies) Flag of the United States United States
Most recent
champion(s)
New York Giants
TV partner(s) CBS, FOX, NBC, ESPN, NFL Network, ESPN2
Official website NFL.com

The National Football League (NFL) is the largest professional American football league in the world. It is an unincorporated association controlled by its members.[1] It was formed by eleven teams in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association (the league changed the name to American Professional Football League in 1921 and then settled on its current name in 1922). The league currently consists of thirty-two teams from American cities and regions, divided evenly into two conferences — the American Football Conference (AFC) and National Football Conference (NFC) — of four four-team divisions. National Football League can refer to: National Football League - the United States based American football league National Football League (India) - the Indian association football league National Football League (Ireland) - Gaelic football This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The abbreviation NFL is an acronym with multiple uses. ... The 2008 NFL Draft is scheduled to take place at Radio City Music Hall in New York City on April 26 and April 27, 2008. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... See also: 1919 in sports, other events of 1920, 1921 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Baseball (Major League) January 3 - Boston Red Sox owner Harry Frazee sells Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees for $125,000 and a $350,000 loan, beginning the Curse of... Roger S. Goodell (born February 19, 1959, in Jamestown, New York[1]) is the Commissioner of the National Football League, having been chosen to succeed the retiring Paul Tagliabue on August 8, 2006. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... The NFL on CBS is the brand name of the CBS television networks coverage of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference games, produced by CBS Sports. ... NFL on FOX is the brand name of the Fox Broadcasting Companys coverage of the National Football Leagues National Football Conference games, produced by Fox Sports. ... NBC Sunday Night Football is a weekly television broadcast of Sunday evening National Football League games on NBC that began airing on Sunday, August 6, 2006 with the pre-season opening Hall of Fame Game. ... MNF redirects here. ... NFL Network is an American specialty channel owned and operated by the National Football League (NFL) and is also shown in Canada and Mexico. ... ESPN2 debuted on October 1, 1993, as a sister station of ESPN. Nicknamed the deuce, ESPN2 was to be branded as a network for a younger generation of sports fans featuring edgier graphics as well as extreme sports like motocross, snowboarding, and BMX racing. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... A list of professional sports leagues: Auto racing Champcars, formerly CART (Official Page) Formula One, Grand Prix racing (Official Site) IRL (Indy Racing League) (Official Page) NASCAR (National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing) (Official Page) NHRA (National Hot Rod Association) (Official Page) Baseball Major League Baseball Minor League Baseball... Association may refer to: A voluntary association (also sometimes called an association) is a group of individuals who voluntarily enter into an agreement, explicit or implicit, to form or act as a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose. ... The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL). ... National Football Conference logo. ...


The regular season is a seventeen-week schedule during which each team has one bye week and plays sixteen games. This schedule includes six games against a team's divisional rivals, as well as several inter-division and inter-conference games. The season currently starts on the Thursday night in the first full week of September (the Thursday after Labor Day) and runs weekly to late December or early January. The regular season is a term used, primarily, in North American sports. ... A bye is when a player or team is allowed to advance to the next round of a playoff tournament without playing. ... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ...


At the end of each regular season, six teams from each conference play in the NFL playoffs, a twelve-team single-elimination tournament that culminates with the championship game, known as the Super Bowl. This game is held at a pre-selected site which is usually a city that hosts an NFL team. The following week, selected all-star players from both the AFC and NFC meet in the Pro Bowl, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. The National Football League (NFL) playoffs is a single-elimination tournament held at the end of the 16-game regular season to determine the NFL champion. ... A single-elimination tournament, also called a knockout or sudden death tournament, is a type of tournament where the loser of each match is immediately eliminated from winning the championship or first prize in the event. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


The NFL has the highest per-game attendance of any domestic professional sports league in the world, drawing over 67,000 spectators per game for each of its two most recently completed seasons in 2006[2] and 2007.[3] However, the NFL's overall attendance is only approximately 20% of that of Major League Baseball, due to MLB's much longer schedule, currently 162 games per team with 81 home games each, plus playoffs. The table below lists domestic professional sports leagues from around the world by total attendances for the last completed season for which data is available. ... The 2006 season of the National Football League (NFL) was the 87th one played by the major professional American football league in the United States. ... The 2007 season of the National Football League (NFL) is the 88th season played by the major professional American football league in the United States. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Early era

Further information: History of American football
Total NFL Titles[4]
Team Titles
Green Bay Packers 12
Chicago Bears 9
New York Giants 7
Dallas Cowboys 5
Pittsburgh Steelers 5
San Francisco 49ers 5
Washington Redskins 5
Indianapolis Colts 5
Cleveland Browns 4
Detroit Lions 4
New England Patriots 3
Oakland Raiders 3
Philadelphia Eagles 3
St. Louis Rams 3
Arizona Cardinals 2
Denver Broncos 2
Miami Dolphins 2
Baltimore Ravens 1
Kansas City Chiefs 1
Minnesota Vikings 1
New York Jets 1
Tampa Bay Buccaneers 1
Further information:
List of total NFL champions

The American Professional Football Association was founded in 1920 at a Hupmobile dealership in Canton, Ohio. The eleven founding teams initially struck an agreement over player poaching and the declaration of an end-of-season champion. Legendary athlete Jim Thorpe of the Canton Bulldogs was elected president. Only four of the founding teams finished the 1920 schedule and the undefeated Akron Pros claimed the first championship. Membership of the league increased to 22 teams in 1921, but throughout the 1920s the membership was unstable and the league was not a major national sport. An early American football team, from the turn of the twentieth century The history of American football, the most popular spectator sport in the United States,[1] can be traced to early versions of rugby football. ... Packers redirects here. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Steelers redirects here. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Royal Blue, White Mascot Blue Personnel Owner Jim Irsay General Manager Bill Polian Head Coach Tony Dungy... Browns redirects here. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... City St. ... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... City Baltimore, Maryland Team colors Purple, Black, and Gold Head Coach Brian Billick Owner Steve Bisciotti General manager Ozzie Newsome Mascot The Ravens: Edgar, Allan, & Poe League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1996–present) American Football Conference (1996-present) AFC Central (1996-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team history Baltimore... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977-present) NFC Central (1977-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Buccaneer Red, Pewter, Black, Orange, White Mascot Captain Fear Personnel Owner Malcolm Glazer General Manager Bruce Allen Head... Throughout its history, the National Football League and other leagues have used several different formats to determine their league champion, including a period of interleague match-ups determining a true world champion. ... The Hupp Motor Car Company was founded by Robert Craig Hupp, a native of Grand Rapids, Michigan, on November 8, 1908 in Detroit, Michigan, USA, and began manufacturing its first automobiles soon thereafter. ... Canton is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Stark CountyGR6. ... For other uses, see Jim Thorpe (disambiguation). ... The Canton Bulldogs played in Canton, Ohio in the National Football League from 1920 - 1923 and 1925 - 1926. ... The Akron Pros was a team in that played in Akron, Ohio in the National Football League from 1920-1925 and as the Akron Indians in 1926. ...


Two charter members, the Chicago Cardinals (now the Arizona Cardinals) and the Decatur Staleys (now the Chicago Bears), are still in existence. The Green Bay Packers (founded in 1919) is the oldest team not to change locations, but did not begin league play until 1921. City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... Packers redirects here. ...


By 1934 all of the small-town teams, with the exception of the Green Bay Packers, had moved to or been replaced by teams in big cities. An annual championship game was instituted in 1933, and the annual draft of college players was first held in 1936. It was during this era, however, that the NFL became segregated: no African Americans played pro football between 1933 and 1945. One prominent franchise, George Preston Marshall's Washington Redskins, remained all-white until forced to integrate by the Kennedy administration in 1962.[5] See also Black players in American professional football The National Football League has used several different formats to determine their league champions since its founding in 1920. ... Details of the history of black players in American professional football depend on the professional football league considered: the National Football League (NFL), which evolved from the first professional league, the American Professional Football Association, or the American Football League, (AFL), a rival league from 1960 through 1969, which eventually... George Preston Marshall (1896 – 1969) was the long-time owner and president of the Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL). ... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Details of the history of black players in American professional football depend on the professional football league considered: the National Football League (NFL), which evolved from the first professional league, the American Professional Football Association, or the American Football League, (AFL), a rival league from 1960 through 1969, which eventually...


College football was the bigger attraction, but by the end of World War II, pro football began to rival the college game for fans' attention. Rule changes and innovations such as the T formation led to a faster-paced, higher-scoring game. The league also expanded out of its eastern and midwestern cradle; in 1945, the Cleveland Rams moved to Los Angeles, becoming the first big-league sports franchise on the West Coast (not counting the various teams in ice hockey's PCHA, which was a rival to the NHL in the 1910s and 1920s). In 1950, the NFL accepted three teams from the defunct All-America Football Conference, expanding to thirteen clubs. In the 1950s, with the league broadcast on national television, pro football finally earned its place as a major sport. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The St. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The Pacific Coast Hockey Association was a professional ice hockey league in western Canada, operating from 1911 to 1924 when it merged with the Western Canada Hockey League. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the established National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1949. ...


The AFL

In 1960, after being refused entry to the NFL as an owner, Lamar Hunt led seven other men (including another snubbed by the NFL, Bud Adams) to establish the rival American Football League. Although other rival leagues had come and gone in the early years of professional football, the new AFL was able to capitalize on the ever-rising popularity of the sport. Hunt's initial goal was to bring professional football to Texas, which was home to two of the new teams. The AFL secured a television contract with ABC and filed an anti-trust lawsuit against the NFL in 1960, but this was dismissed in 1962. The AFL led the way in sharing of television and gate revenues across its franchises, thus securing itself financially. The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... Lamar Hunt (August 2, 1932 – December 13, 2006) was a promoter of American football, soccer, tennis, basketball, and ice hockey in the United States and an inductee of the first three sports halls of fame. ... Kenneth Stanley Bud Adams, Jr. ... The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ...


A number of innovations distinguished the AFL and helped it maintain its legitimate rivalry to the NFL. A stadium game clock for the spectators (the NFL relied only on time announcements from the officials on the field), players' names on their jerseys, and a playing style geared to the attractive and flashy passing game. The AFL was inclusive of black players and actively recruited from colleges with black players historically shunned by the NFL. AFL teams further installed blacks at positions from which they were tacitly excluded in the NFL, such as quarterback[6] and middle linebacker.[7] In January 1965 there was a player boycott of the 1964 AFL All-Star Game in New Orleans, over discrimination of black players by some of the hotels and businesses in the city. This was a seminal civil-rights action and is commemorated at the Pro Football Hall of Fame. A typical chess clock. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame and the NFL include American Football League All-Star Games in their statistics for Pro Bowls. From 1961 through 1969, the AFL East All-Stars played the AFL West All-Stars, with the exception of 1965, when an AFL All-Star team played the... The Pro Football Hall of Fame and the NFL include American Football League All-Star Games in their statistics for Pro Bowls. From 1961 through 1969, the AFL East All-Stars played the AFL West All-Stars, with the exception of 1965, when an AFL All-Star team played the... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ...


The AFL also forced the NFL to expand: The Dallas Cowboys were created to counter Hunt's AFL Dallas Texans franchise. The Texans moved the franchise to Kansas City as the Chiefs in 1963; the Minnesota Vikings were the NFL franchise given to Max Winter for abandoning the AFL; and the Atlanta Falcons franchise went to Rankin Smith to dissuade him from purchasing the AFL's Miami Dolphins. City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... The Kansas City Chiefs are a National Football League team based in Kansas City, Missouri. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... Max Winter (1903- July 26, 1996) was a Minneapolis businessman and sport executive. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Black, Red, Silver and White Mascot Freddie Falcon Personnel Owner Arthur Blank General Manager... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager...


The Merger

Main article: AFL-NFL merger

The rivalry between two successful professional leagues became damaging for the sport in the mid-1960s as the two leagues escalated player payments. With both leagues conducting college drafts for the same players, the bidding war was out of control. In 1965, in the most high profile such contest and a major fillip for the AFL, University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath signed with the New York Jets in preference to the NFL's St. Louis Cardinals for a then-record $427,000. In 1966, the AFL Commissioner Al Davis embarked on a campaign to sign players away from the NFL, especially quarterbacks, but behind the scenes a number of team owners began action to end the detrimental rivalry. The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... Joseph William Namath (born May 31, 1943), also known as Broadway Joe, was an American football Hall of Fame quarterback in the American Football League and National Football League during the 1960s and 1970s. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... For other persons named Al Davis, see Al Davis (disambiguation). ...


In an agreement brokered by AFL founder Lamar Hunt, and Dallas Cowboys General Manager Tex Schramm, on 8 June 1966 the two leagues announced their merger deal. The leagues would henceforth hold a combined draft, and an end-of-season title game (later known as the Super Bowl) would be played between the two league champions. In 1970, the leagues would become fully merged under the name National Football League, divided into two conferences of an equal number of teams each. There was also a financial settlement, with the AFL paying $18 million over 20 years. Finally, the monopoly which would be created had to be legitimized by a special Federal law (which was eventually enacted by Congress).[citation needed] City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Texas Earnest Schramm, Jr. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... // 1965-1966 The first session of this Congress took place in Washington, DC from January 4, 1965 to October 23, 1965. ...


Modern era

The old NFL logo, officially used from 1970 until the 2008 NFL Draft
The old NFL logo, officially used from 1970 until the 2008 NFL Draft

In the 1970s and 1980s, the NFL solidified its dominance as America's top spectator sport and its important role in American culture. The Super Bowl became an unofficial national holiday and the top-rated TV program most years. Monday Night Football, which first aired in 1970, brought in high ratings by mixing sports and entertainment. Rule changes in the late 1970s ensured a fast-paced game with lots of passing to attract the casual fan. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The 2008 NFL Draft is scheduled to take place at Radio City Music Hall in New York City on April 26 and April 27, 2008. ... MNF redirects here. ...


The founding of the United States Football League in the early 1980s was the biggest challenge to the NFL in the post-merger era. The USFL was a well-financed competitor with big-name players and a national television contract. However, the USFL failed to make money and folded after three years. The USFL filed a successful anti-trust lawsuit against the NFL, but the remedies were minimal. “USFL” redirects here. ...


In recent years, the NFL has expanded into new markets and ventures. In 1986, the league began holding a series of pre-season exhibition games, called American Bowls, held at international sites outside the United States. Then in 1991, the league formed the World League of American Football, later known as NFL Europe and still later as NFL Europa, a developmental league that had teams in Germany and the Netherlands when the NFL shut it down in June 2007. 2001 saw the rise of the XFL, an attempt by Vince McMahon and NBC, which had lost the NFL broadcast rights for that year, to compete with the league; the XFL folded after just one season. In 2003, the NFL launched its own cable-television channel, NFL Network. For the championship game of the American Indoor Football League, see American Bowl (AIFL). ... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... Vincent Kennedy McMahon (born August 25, 1945) is an American wrestling promoter, occasional professional wrestler, on-screen personality, former play-by-play announcer, and film producer. ... This article is about the television network. ... NFL Network is an American specialty channel owned and operated by the National Football League (NFL) and is also shown in Canada and Mexico. ...


The league played a regular-season NFL game in Mexico City in 2005 and intends to play more such games in other countries. On October 28, 2007, a regular season game between the Miami Dolphins and the New York Giants was held outside of North America. This game was held in Wembley Stadium, the new 90,000-seat stadium in London. It was a financial success with nearly 40,000 tickets sold within 90 minutes of the start of sales,[8] and a game-day attendance of over 80,000. Starting next season in 2008-09, the Buffalo Bills will play an annual home game in Toronto's Rogers Centre[9], and the New Orleans Saints and San Diego Chargers will mark the NFL's return to Wembley Stadium[10]. Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... For the old stadium, see Wembley Stadium (1923). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... Rogers Centre, formerly known as SkyDome,[2] is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... Chargers redirects here. ...


On August 31, 2007, a story in USA Today unveiled the first changes to the league's shield logo since 1970, which will take effect with the 2008 season.[11] The redesign reduces the number of stars in the logo from 23 (which were found not to have a meaning beyond decorative) to eight (for each of the league's divisions), the logo's football repositioned in the manner of the Vince Lombardi Trophy, and the NFL letters in a straight serifed font (which resembles the current typeface used in other NFL logos). The redesign was created with television and digital media, along with clothing, in mind. The shield logo dates to the 1940s. USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Vince Lombardi Trophy The Vince Lombardi Trophy is the trophy awarded each year to the winning team of the National Football Leagues annual championship game, the Super Bowl. ...


Franchise relocations and mergers

For more details on this topic, see NFL franchise moves and mergers.

In the early years, the league was not stable and teams moved frequently. Franchise mergers were popular during World War II in response to the scarcity of players. Throughout the years, a number of teams in the National Football League (NFL) have either moved or merged. ...


Franchise moves became far more controversial in the late 20th century when a vastly more popular NFL, free from financial instability, allowed many franchises to abandon long-held strongholds for perceived financially greener pastures. While owners invariably cited financial difficulties as the primary factor in such moves, many fans bitterly disputed these contentions, especially in Cleveland (the Rams and the Browns), Baltimore (the Colts), Houston (the Oilers) and St. Louis (the Cardinals), each of which eventually received teams some years after their original franchises left (the Browns, Ravens, Texans and the Rams respectively). However, Los Angeles, the second-largest media market in the United States, has not had an NFL team since 1994 after both the Raiders and the Rams relocated elsewhere.


Additionally, with the increasing suburbanization of the U.S., the building of new stadiums and other team facilities in the suburbs instead of the central city became popular from the 1970s on, though at the turn of the millennium a reverse shift back to the central city became somewhat evident, as with the move by the Detroit Lions from the Silverdome in Pontiac, Michigan to Ford Field in downtown Detroit. City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... A disputed record setting 93,173 fans in attendance for WrestleMania III at the Pontiac Silverdome. ... Pontiac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan named after the Ottawa Chief Pontiac. ... Ford Field is an indoor football stadium located in Detroit, Michigan that is the home of the Detroit Lions of the NFL. It is across the street from Comerica Park. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


Season structure

Since 2002, The NFL season features the following schedule:

  • a 4-game exhibition season (or preseason) running from early August to early September;
  • a 16-game, 17-week regular season running from September to December or early January; and
  • a 12-team playoff tournament beginning in January, culminating in the Super Bowl in early February.

Traditionally, American High school football games are played on Friday, American College football games are played on Saturday, and most NFL games are played on Sunday. Because the NFL season is longer than the college football season, the NFL schedules Saturday games and Saturday playoff games outside the college football Saturdays. The ABC Television network added Monday Night Football in 1970. Thursday night NFL games were added in the 1980s. The National Football League exhibition season refers to the NFLs pre-season games before the NFL regular season starts. ... // The NFL season begins the weekend after Labor Day. ... The National Football League (NFL) playoffs is a single-elimination tournament held at the end of the 16-game regular season to determine the NFL champion. ... A running back sweeps the left end in a high school football game near // Link title Cincinnati, Ohio High school football or prep(s) football is one of most popular interscholastic sports at high schools in the United States and among the most popular in Canada after ice hockey. ... This article covers college football played in the United States. ... MNF redirects here. ...


Exhibition season

Following mini-camps in the spring and officially recognized Training Camp in July-August, NFL teams typically play four exhibition games (referred to by the NFL as "pre-season games;" the league discourages the use of the term "exhibition game") from early August through early September. Each team hosts two games of the four. The Pro Football Hall of Fame Game and American Bowl are held at neutral sites, so the four teams in those games play five exhibition games each. The National Football League exhibition season refers to the NFLs pre-season games before the NFL regular season starts. ... In the National Football League, NFL Training Camp refers to the time before the season commences. ... An exhibition game is the North American term for a sporting event in which there is no gain or loss from whether the competitors are victorious or not in the competition. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame Game is an annual National Football League pre-season exhibition game that is held a few days after the Pro Football Hall of Fames induction ceremonies. ... For the championship game of the American Indoor Football League, see American Bowl (AIFL). ...


The games are useful for new players who are not used to playing in front of very large crowds. Management often uses the games to evaluate newly-signed players. Veteran starters will generally play only for about a quarter of each game to minimize the risk of injury.


Regular Season

A sample scheduling grid, with a single team's (the Browns) schedule highlighted. Under this hypothetical schedule, the Browns would play the teams in blue twice and the teams in yellow once, for a total of 16 games
A sample scheduling grid, with a single team's (the Browns) schedule highlighted. Under this hypothetical schedule, the Browns would play the teams in blue twice and the teams in yellow once, for a total of 16 games
Main article: Regular season (NFL)

Following the preseason, each of the 32 teams embark on a 17 week, 16 game schedule, with the extra week consisting of a bye to allow teams a rest sometime in the middle of the season. Each of the 32 teams' schedules are organized in the following way: Image File history File links NFL_Schedule_Sample. ... Image File history File links NFL_Schedule_Sample. ... // The NFL season begins the weekend after Labor Day. ... A bye is when a player or team is allowed to advance to the next round of a playoff tournament without playing. ...

  • Each team plays the other three teams in its division twice: once at home, and once on the road (six games).
  • Each team plays the four teams from another division within its own conference once on a rotating three-year cycle: two at home, and two on the road (four games).
  • Each team plays the four teams from a division in the other conference once on a rotating four-year cycle: two at home, and two on the road (four games).
  • Each team plays once against the other teams in its conference that finished in the same place in their own divisions as themselves, not counting the division they were already scheduled to play: one at home, one on the road (two games).

Playoffs

The NFL Playoffs. Each of the 4 division winners is seeded 1–4 based on their W-L-T records. The two Wild Card teams (labeled Wild Card 1 and 2) are seeded 5th and 6th (with the better of the two having seed 5) regardless of their records compared to the 4 division winners.
The NFL Playoffs. Each of the 4 division winners is seeded 1–4 based on their W-L-T records. The two Wild Card teams (labeled Wild Card 1 and 2) are seeded 5th and 6th (with the better of the two having seed 5) regardless of their records compared to the 4 division winners.
Main article: NFL playoffs

The season concludes with a 12-team tournament used to determine the teams to play in the Super Bowl. The tournament brackets are made up of six teams from each of the league's two conferences, the American Football Conference (AFC) and the National Football Conference (NFC), following the end of the 16-game regular season: Image File history File links NFL_playoff_tree. ... Image File history File links NFL_playoff_tree. ... The National Football League (NFL) playoffs is a single-elimination tournament held at the end of the 16-game regular season to determine the NFL champion. ... In tournaments, bracket is commonly used to refer to the diagrammatic representation of the series of games played during the tournament. ... The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL). ... National Football Conference logo. ...

  • The four division champions from each conference (the team in each division with the best regular season won-lost-tied record), which are seeded 1 through 4 based on their regular season won-lost-tied record.
  • Two wild card qualifiers from each conference (those non-division champions with the conference's best record, i.e. the best won-lost-tied percentages, with a series of tie-breaking rules in place in the event that there are teams with the same number of wins and losses[12]), which are seeded 5 and 6.

The 3 and the 6 seeded teams, and the 4 and the 5 seeds, face each other during the first round of the playoffs, dubbed the Wild Card Playoffs (the league in recent years has also used the term Wild Card Weekend). The 1 and the 2 seeds from each conference receive a bye in the first round, which entitles these teams to automatically advance to the second round, the Divisional Playoff games, to face the winning teams from the first round. In any given playoff round, the highest surviving seed always plays the lowest surviving seed. And in any given playoff game, whoever has the higher seed gets the home field advantage (i.e. the game is held at the higher seed's home field). A single-elimination tournament, also called a knockout or sudden death tournament, is a type of tournament where the loser of each match is immediately eliminated from winning the championship or first prize in the event. ... In North American professional sports leagues, the term wild card refers to a team that qualifies for the championship playoffs without winning their specific subdivision (usually called a conference or division) outright. ... A bye is when a player or team is allowed to advance to the next round of a playoff tournament without playing. ...


The two surviving teams from the Divisional Playoff games meet in Conference Championship games, with the winners of those contests going on to face one another in the Super Bowl in a game located at a neutral venue that is either indoors or in a warm-weather locale. The designated "home team" alternates year to year between the conferences. In Super Bowl XLII the AFC team (New England Patriots) were "home". In Super Bowl XLIII the NFC team will be the home team.
Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 43rd Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ...


Media

Television

For more details on this topic, see NFL on television.

The television rights to the NFL are the most lucrative and expensive rights not only of any American sport, but of any American entertainment property. With the fragmentation of audiences due to the increased specialization of broadcast and cable TV networks, sports remain one of the few entertainment properties that not only can guarantee a large and diversified audience, but an audience that will watch in real time. The television rights to broadcast National Football League (NFL) games are the most lucrative and expensive rights of any sport. ...


Annually, the Super Bowl often ranks among the most watched shows of the year. Four of Nielsen Media Research's top ten programs are Super Bowls.[13] Networks have purchased a share of the broadcasting rights to the NFL as a means of raising the entire network's profile.[14] Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is a U.S. firm, headquartered in New York City, and operating primarily from Oldsmar, FL, which measures media audiences, including television, radio and newspapers. ...


Under the current television contracts, which began during the 2006 season, regular season games are broadcast on five networks: CBS, FOX, NBC, ESPN, and the NFL Network. Regionally shown games are broadcast on Sundays on CBS and FOX, carrying the AFC and NFC teams respectively (the traveling team deciding the broadcast station in the event of inter-Conference games, presumably so that each network can show games from all the stadiums). These games generally air at 1:00 p.m. ET and 4:00 p.m. or 4:15 p.m. ET. Nationally televised games include Sunday night games (shown on NBC), Monday night games (shown on ESPN), the Thursday night NFL Kickoff Game (shown on NBC), the annual Dallas Cowboys and Detroit Lions Thanksgiving Day games (CBS and Fox), and, as of 2006, select Thursday and Saturday games on the NFL Network, a wholly owned subsidiary of the National Football League.[15][16] This article is about the broadcast network. ... FOX redirects here. ... This article is about the television network. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... NFL Network is an American specialty channel owned and operated by the National Football League (NFL) and is also shown in Canada and Mexico. ... NBC Sunday Night Football is a weekly television broadcast of Sunday evening National Football League games on NBC that began airing on Sunday, August 6, 2006 with the pre-season opening Hall of Fame Game. ... Monday Night Football (MNF) is a live television broadcast of the National Football League. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... NFL Thanksgiving 2006 logo. ...


Additionally, satellite broadcast company DirecTV offers NFL Sunday Ticket, a subscription based package, that allows most Sunday daytime regional games to be watched.[17][18] This package is exclusive to DirecTV in the USA. In Canada, NFL Sunday Ticket is available on a per-provider distribution deal on both cable and satellite. A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that was founded in 1994. ...


Radio

Each NFL team has its own radio network and employs its announcers. Nationally, the NFL is heard on the Westwood One Radio Network, Sports USA Radio Network and in Spanish on Univision Radio and the United Stations Radio Networks. Westwood One carries Sunday and Monday Night Football, all Thursday games, two Sunday afternoon contests each week, the Pro Football Hall of Fame Game, and all post-season games, including the Pro Bowl. Sports USA Radio broadcasts two Sunday afternoon games every Sunday during the regular season.[15] This is a list of current NFL announcers for each teams radio broadcast and pre-season games // Categories: | | | | ... Westwood One, Inc. ... Sports USA Radio Network is a nationwide sports broadcasting radio network owned by the Jones Media Group. ... Univision Radio is the radio division of media giant Univision. ... United Stations Radio Networks is a radio network providing a wide range of programs and programming servies for radio stations across the US and elsewhere. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame Game is an annual National Football League pre-season exhibition game that is held a few days after the Pro Football Hall of Fames induction ceremonies. ...


The NFL also has a contract with Sirius Satellite Radio, which provides news, analysis, commentary and game coverage for all games, as well as comprehensive coverage of the draft and off-season on its own channel, Sirius NFL Radio.[15] Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is one of two satellite radio (SDARS) services operating in the United States and Canada, along with XM Satellite Radio. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Internet radio broadcasts of all NFL games are managed through FieldPass, a subscription service. Radio stations are, by rule, prohibited from streaming the games for free from their Web sites; however, there are numerous stations that break this rule. The NFL on Westwood One and the NFL on Sports USA Radio are not available on FieldPass. FieldPass is a subscription Internet radio service provided by the National Football League that provides live and archived audio broadcasts of NFL games throughout the regular season and playoffs at a price of $9. ... The rights to all NFL games on the radio is currently owned by Westwood One, which co-produces the radiocast with CBS Radio. ... Sports USA Radio Network is a nationwide sports broadcasting radio network owned by the Jones Media Group. ...


Internet/New Media

In October 2006 the NFL announced the league would fully operate NFL.com, including the development of the technology, infrastructure and editorial content. Launching its first major redesign since 1999 in August 2007, the site had been previously produced and hosted since 2001 by CBS SportsLine. It is estimated that the contract cost CBS $120 million over a five year period. Prior to CBS, ESPN.com produced and hosted the NFL site.[19]


Brian Rolapp, senior vice president of NFL digital media and media strategy: “In a rapidly changing digital landscape, bringing NFL.com in-house provides us greater control of our valuable content and enables us to strategically build the site as a media asset. Fans can look forward to an even more entertaining, interactive and informative site built upon the expertise of the NFL and its other in-house media outlets such as NFL Network and NFL Films.”


Univision Online, Inc., the interactive subsidiary of Univision Communications Inc., and the NFL announced in January 2008 that they will jointly manage and operate NFLatino.com powered by Univision.com, the official U.S. Spanish-language website of the NFL. NFLatino.com is the only Spanish-language website in the United States to feature NFL video game highlights. In addition, the website includes live radio broadcasts, up-to-date stats, Hispanic player diaries, Fantasy Football and an insider’s view of all 32 teams.[20] Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States and Puerto Rico. ...


Announced in March 2008, NFL.com received its first-ever Sports Emmy nominations, which earned recognition for its NFL.com LIVE coverage of NFL Network’s Thursday and Saturday Night Football (Outstanding new approaches, coverage) and its Anatomy of a Play, a short-form 360-degree analysis of key plays of the week (Outstanding new approaches, general interest).[21]


Player contracts and compensation

NFL players are all members of a union called the National Football League Players Association (NFLPA). The NFLPA negotiates the general minimum contract for all players in the league. This contract is called the Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA), and it is the central document that governs the negotiation of individual player contracts for all of the league's players. The current CBA has been in place since 1993, and was amended in 1998 and again in 2006. The NFL has not had any labor-related work stoppages since the 1987 season, which is much longer than Major League Baseball, the NBA or the NHL. The current CBA expires at the end of the 2012 season.[22] A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... The National Football League Players Association, or NFLPA, is the labor union of players in footballs National Football League. ... A Collective agreement is a labor contract between an employer and one or more unions. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... NBA redirects here. ... NHL redirects here. ...


Players are tiered into three different levels with regards to their rights to negotiate for contracts:

  • Players who have been drafted (see below), and have not yet played in their first year, may only negotiate with the team that drafted them.[22] If terms cannot be agreed upon, the players' only recourse is to refuse to play ("sit out") until terms can be reached. Players often use the threat of sitting out as a means to force the hands of the teams that drafted them. For example, John Elway was drafted by the Baltimore Colts in 1983 but refused to play for them. He had a fallback option of baseball, as he had played in the New York Yankees organization for two summers while at Stanford. The Colts traded his rights to the Denver Broncos and Elway agreed to play.[23] Bo Jackson sat out an entire year in 1986, choosing to play baseball in the Kansas City Royals organization (and ultimately for the Royals themselves) rather than play for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, the team that had drafted him. He reentered the draft the following year, and was drafted and subsequently signed with the Los Angeles Raiders.[24]
  • Players that have played between 3–5 full seasons in the league, and whose contract has expired are considered "Restricted Free Agents" (see below). They have limited rights to negotiate with any club.[22]
  • Players that have played 5 or more full seasons in the league, and whose contract has expired, are considered "Unrestricted Free Agents"(see below) and have unlimited rights to negotiate with any club. Teams may name a single player in any given year as a "Franchise Player"(see below), which eliminates much of that player's negotiation rights. This is a limited right of the team, however, and affects only a small handful of players each year.[22]

Among the items covered in the CBA are: John Albert Elway, Jr. ... The Indianapolis Colts are a professional football team based in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... This article is about the sport. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Stanford redirects here. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... Vincent Edward Bo Jackson (born November 30, 1962 in Bessemer, Alabama) is an American athlete and a former multi-sport professional. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977-present) NFC Central (1977-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Buccaneer Red, Pewter, Black, Orange, White Mascot Captain Fear Personnel Owner Malcolm Glazer General Manager Bruce Allen Head... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970...

  • The league minimum salary
  • The salary cap
  • The annual collegiate draft
  • Rules regarding "free agency"
  • Waiver rules

Salaries

A player's salary, as defined by the CBA, includes any "compensation in money, property, investments, loans or anything else of value to which an NFL player may be awarded" excluding such benefits as insurance and pension. A salary can include an annual pay and a one-time "signing bonus" which is paid in full when the player signs his contract. For the purposes of the salary cap (see below), the signing bonus is prorated over the life of the contract rather than to the year in which the signing bonus is paid.[25]


Player contracts are not guaranteed; teams are only required to pay on the contract as long as the player remains a member of the team. If the player is cut, or quits, for any reason, the balance of the contract is voided and the player receives no further compensation.[26]

Years Experience Minimum Salary[26]
0 $285,000
1 $360,000
2 $435,000
3 $510,000
4–6 $595,000
7–9 $720,000
10+ $820,000

Among other things, the CBA establishes a minimum salary for its players,[26] which is stepped-up as a player's years of experience increase. Players and their agents may negotiate with clubs for higher salaries, and frequently do. As of the 2005 NFL season, the highest paid player was Atlanta Falcons quarterback Michael Vick, whose "cap value" was slightly under $8 million.[27] The overall value of his contract is 10 years at $130 million, averaging $13 million a year, including signing bonuses and annual salary[28]. The NFLPA maintains a searchable record of base compensation for active players here League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Black, Red, Silver and White Mascot Freddie Falcon Personnel Owner Arthur Blank General Manager... Michael Dwayne Vick (born June 26, 1980 in Newport News, Virginia) is an American football quarterback for the National Football Leagues Atlanta Falcons franchise. ...


Salary cap

The salary cap is defined as the maximum amount that a team may spend on player compensation (see above) in a given season, for all of its players combined. Unlike other leagues, for example the NBA (which permits certain exemptions) or Major League Baseball (which has a "soft cap" enforced by "luxury taxes"), the NFL has a "hard cap": an amount no team under any circumstances may exceed. NBA redirects here. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ...


The NFL salary cap is calculated by the current CBA to be 59.5% of the total projected league revenue for the upcoming year. This number, divided by the number of teams, determines an individual team's maximum salary cap. For 2006, this is approximately $102 million per team. For 2007, it is projected that this will rise to $109 million.[26]


Teams and players often find creative ways to fit salaries under the salary cap. Early in the salary cap era, "signing bonuses" were used to give players a large chunk of money up front, and thus not count in the salary for the bulk of the contract. This led to a rule whereby all signing bonus are pro-rated equally for each year of the contract. Thus if a player receives a $10 million signing bonus for a 5 year contract, $2 million per year would count against the salary cap for the life of the contract, even though the full $10 million was paid up front during the first year of the contract.[26]


Player contracts tend to be "back-loaded". This means that the contract is not divided equally among the time period it covers. Instead, the player earns progressively more and more each year. For instance, a player signing a 4-year deal worth $10 million may get paid $1 million the first year, $2 million the second year, $3 million the third year, and $4 million the fourth year. If a team cuts this player after the first year, the final three years do not count against the cap. Any signing bonus, however, ceases to be pro-rated, and the entire balance of the bonus counts against the cap in the upcoming season.[26]


The NFL Draft

For more details on this topic, see NFL Draft.

Each April, each NFL franchise seeks to add new players to its roster through a collegiate draft known as "the NFL Annual Player Selection Meeting", which is more commonly known as the NFL Draft. The NFL Draft (officially the NFL Annual Player Selection Meeting[1]) is an annual sports draft in which National Football League (NFL) teams take turns, through seven rounds[2], selecting amateur college American football players and other first-time eligible players. ... A (sports) draft is the process by which professional sports teams select players not contracted to any team, often from colleges or amateur ranks. ... The NFL Draft (officially the NFL Annual Player Selection Meeting[1]) is an annual sports draft in which National Football League (NFL) teams take turns, through seven rounds[2], selecting amateur college American football players and other first-time eligible players. ...


Teams are ranked in inverse order based on the previous season's record, with the team having the worst record picking first, and the second-worst picking second, and so on. Regardless of regular season records, the last two picks each round go to the two teams in the Super Bowl immediately preceding the draft, with the Super Bowl champion picking last. Thus, the New York Giants, though they had only the 12th best record in the 2007 season and would otherwise have had the 21st pick each round, will actually have the last pick because they won Super Bowl XLII. The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ...


The draft proceeds for 7 rounds. Rounds 1–2 are run on Saturday of draft weekend, rounds 3–7 are run on Sunday. Teams are given a limited amount of time to make their picks.[29] If the pick is not made in the allotted time, subsequent teams in the draft may draft before them. This happened in 2003 to the Minnesota Vikings.[30]


Teams have the option of trading away their picks to other teams for different picks, players, cash, or a combination thereof. While player-for-player trades are rare during the rest of the year (especially in comparison to the other major league sports), trades are far more common on draft day. In 1989, in arguably the most famous draft day trade ever, the Dallas Cowboys traded running back Herschel Walker to the Minnesota Vikings for five veteran players and six draft picks over 3 years. The Cowboys would use these picks to leverage trades for additional draft picks and veteran players. As a direct result of this trade, they would draft many of the stars who would help them win 3 Super Bowls in the 1990s, including Emmitt Smith, Russell Maryland and Darren Woodson.[31] City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Herschel Walker (born March 3, 1962 in Wrightsville, Georgia) is a former professional American football player in the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... Emmitt James Smith III (born May 15, 1969 in Pensacola, Florida) is a former American football player, who played for the Dallas Cowboys and Arizona Cardinals. ... Russell Maryland (born March 22, 1969 in Chicago, Illinois) is a former National Football League player, who, in a career lasting ten years, played nose tackle for the Oakland Raiders, Dallas Cowboys, and the Green Bay Packers. ... Darren Ray Woodson (born April 25, 1969 in Phoenix, Arizona) is a former All-Pro strong safety for the Dallas Cowboys from 1992 to 2004. ...


The first pick in the draft is often taken to be the best overall player in the rookie class. This may or may not be true, since teams often select players based more on the teams' needs than on the players' overall skills. Plus, comparing players at different positions is difficult to do. Still, it is considered a great honor to be a first-round pick, and a greater honor to be the first overall pick. The last pick in the draft is known as Mr. Irrelevant, and is the subject of a dinner in his honor in Newport Beach, California. Mr. ... Newport Harbor redirects here. ...


Drafted players may only negotiate with the team that drafted them (or to another team if their rights were traded away). The drafting team has one year to sign the player. If they do not do so, the player may reenter the draft and can be drafted by another team. Bo Jackson famously sat out a season in this way.[24] Vincent Edward Bo Jackson (born November 30, 1962 in Bessemer, Alabama) is an American athlete and a former multi-sport professional. ...

Further information: List of NFL first overall draft choices

Note: From 1967-69 the NFL and AFL held a combined draft. ...

Free agency

For more details on this topic, see Free Agent#NFL Usage.

In North American professional sports, particularly baseball, football, and basketball, a free agent is a team player whose contract with a team has expired, and the player is able to sign a contract with another team. ...

General

As defined by the Collective Barganing Agreement (CBA), a free agent is any player who is not under contract to any team and thus has fully free rights to negotiate with any other team for new contract terms.[22][32] Free agents are classified into two categories: restricted and unrestricted. Furthermore, a team may "tag" a player as a franchise or transition, which places additional restrictions on that player's ability to negotiate. However, the ability to "tag" is quite limited, and only affects a handful of players each year.


Free agency in the NFL began with a limited free agency system known as "Plan B Free Agency", which was in effect between the 1989 and 1992 seasons. Beginning with the 1993 season, "Plan A Free Agency" went into effect, which is the system which remains in the NFL today.[citation needed] In North American professional sports, particularly baseball, football, and basketball, a free agent is a team player whose contract with a team has expired, and the player is able to sign a contract with another team. ...


Restricted free agent

For more details on this topic, see Restricted free agent.

A player who has 3-5 years of experience is eligible for restricted free agency, whereby his current team has the chance to retain rights to this player by matching the highest offer any other NFL franchise might make to that player. The club can either block a signing or, in essence, force a trade by offering a salary over a certain threshold. In 2006, these thresholds were as follows: In North American sports, a free agent is a player whose contract with a team has run out and is now free to sign with another team. ...

  • If a club tenders an offer of $685,000 per year for a three year veteran, and $725,000 for a four year veteran, the player's current team has "right of first refusal" over the contract at those terms, and may sign the player at those terms.
  • If a club tenders an offer of $712,000 or 110% (whichever is greater) of the previous year's salary, then the current club has both "right of first refusal" and rights to a draft pick from the same round (or better) from the signing club. Essentially, this means that the new club must forfeit the draft pick to the old club if they wish to sign the player under these terms.
  • If a club tenders an offer of $1.552 million or 110% (whichever is greater) of the previous year's salary, then the current club has both "right of first refusal"; and rights to the first round draft pick from the signing club.[32]

Unrestricted free agent

A player who has 5 or more years of experience is eligible for unrestricted free agency, whereby his current team has no guaranteed right to match outside offers to that player. This means that players in this category have unlimited rights to negotiate any terms with any team.[32]


Franchise tag

The franchise tag is a designation given to a player by a franchise that guarantees that player a contract the average of the five highest-paid players of that same position in the entire league, or 120% of the player's previous year's salary (whichever is greater) in return for retaining rights to that player for one year. An NFL franchise may only designate one player a year as having the franchise tag, and may designate the same player for consecutive years. This has caused some tension between some NFL franchise designees and their respective teams due to the fact that a player designated as a franchise player precludes that player from pursuing large signing bonuses that are common in unrestricted free agency, and also prevents a player from leaving the team, especially when the reasons for leaving are not necessarily financial. A team may, at their discretion, allow the franchise player to negotiate with other clubs, but if he signs with another club, the first club is entitled to two first round draft picks in compensation.[32]


Banned substances policy

The NFL banned substances policy has been acclaimed by some [33] and criticized by others[34], but the policy is the longest running in professional sports, beginning in 1987. [33] The current policy of the NFL suspends players without pay who test positive for banned substances as it has since 1989: four games for the first offense (a quarter of the regular season), eight games for a second offense (half of the regular season), and 12 months for a third offense.[35] The suspended games may be either regular season games or playoff games. [35]


In comparison to the policies of Major League Baseball and the National Hockey League, the NFL has long been the most strict. While recently MLB and the NHL decided to permanently ban athletes for a third offense, they have long been resistant to such measures, and random testing is in its infancy. [36][37]


Since the NFL started random, year-round tests and suspending players for banned substances, many more players have been found to be in violation of the policy. By April 2005, 111 NFL players had tested positive for banned substances, and of those 111, the NFL suspended 54.[34]


A new rule has been put into effect due to Shawne Merriman. Starting the 2007–2008 season, the new rule prohibits any player testing positive for banned substances from being able to play in the Pro Bowl that year.[citation needed] Shawne Merriman (born May 25, 1984 in Washington, D.C.) is an American football outside linebacker for the San Diego Chargers of the NFL. // He was selected with the 12th overall pick in the 2005 NFL Draft out of the University of Maryland, College Park. ... In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ...


Teams

Professional football and NFL champions

Further information: History of NFL ChampionshipsList of NFL champions, and List of Super Bowl champions

Throughout its history, the National Football League and other leagues have used several different formats to determine their league champion, including a period of interleague match-ups determining a true world champion. ... This is a list of National Football League champions prior to the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship of the National Football League. ... // This is a list of Super Bowl champions, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship game of the National Football League. ...

Current NFL teams

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (844x643, 31 KB) Summary Locations of teams in the NFL, shown by conference and division. ...


There are 32 NFL teams. Each club is allowed a maximum of 53 players on their roster, but they may only dress 45 to play each week during the regular season. Unlike Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, the National Basketball Association and the National Hockey League, the league has no full-time teams in Canada largely because of the historical existence of the Canadian Football League, although the Buffalo Bills will begin playing one game per year (outside of the CFL season) in Toronto, Ontario beginning in 2008. Most teams are in the Eastern United States. For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... City Baltimore, Maryland Team colors Purple, Black, and Gold Head Coach Brian Billick Owner Steve Bisciotti General manager Ozzie Newsome Mascot The Ravens: Edgar, Allan, & Poe League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1996–present) American Football Conference (1996-present) AFC Central (1996-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team history Baltimore... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... Browns redirects here. ... Steelers redirects here. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Royal Blue, White Mascot Blue Personnel Owner Jim Irsay General Manager Bill Polian Head Coach Tony Dungy... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Chargers redirects here. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... Packers redirects here. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Black, Red, Silver and White Mascot Freddie Falcon Personnel Owner Arthur Blank General Manager... City Charlotte, North Carolina Other nicknames The Cardiac Cats Team colors Black, Carolina Blue, and Silver Head Coach John Fox Owner Jerry Richardson General manager Marty Hurney Mascot Sir Purr League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) National Football Conference (1995-present) NFC West (1995-2001) NFC South (2002... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977-present) NFC Central (1977-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Buccaneer Red, Pewter, Black, Orange, White Mascot Captain Fear Personnel Owner Malcolm Glazer General Manager Bruce Allen Head... City Jacksonville, Florida Other nicknames The Jags Team colors Teal, Black, White, and Gold Head Coach Jack Del Rio Owner Wayne Weaver General manager James Harris Mascot Jaxson de Ville League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995-present) AFC Central (1995-2001) AFC South (2002... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... City St. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... NBA redirects here. ... NHL redirects here. ... CFL redirects here. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ...


Most major metropolitan areas in the United States have an NFL franchise. Los Angeles, the second-largest metropolitan area in the country, has not hosted an NFL team since 1994 (see list of TV markets and major sports teams). The Rams and the Raiders called Los Angeles home from 1946-1994 and 1982-1994 respectively. In 2005, some Saints games were played in San Antonio because of Hurricane Katrina. Also, there is talk of possibly bringing the NFL to Toronto, Ontario, the largest city of Canada. The most frequently mentioned team for such a move is the Buffalo Bills, who play 80 miles (130 km) south in Buffalo and will begin playing some of their games in Toronto's Rogers Centre in 2008.[38] Professional sports leagues are organized in numerous ways. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... This list is ranked by Nielsen media markets in the United States. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... Rogers Centre, formerly known as SkyDome,[2] is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ...


The Dallas Cowboys are the highest valued sports franchise in the world, valued at approximately $1.5 billion.[39] City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division...




Since the 2002 season, the teams have been aligned as follows:[40]


American Football Conference

American Football Conference
Division Team First season Stadium City/Area
East Buffalo Bills 1960 Ralph Wilson Stadium (primary)
Rogers Centre5 (secondary)
Orchard Park, New York (Buffalo area)
Toronto, Ontario
Miami Dolphins 1966 Dolphin Stadium Miami Gardens, Florida (Miami area)
New England Patriots 1960 Gillette Stadium Foxborough, Massachusetts (Boston/Providence area)
New York Jets 1960 Giants Stadium1 East Rutherford, New Jersey (New York area)
North Baltimore Ravens 1996 M&T Bank Stadium Baltimore, Maryland
Cincinnati Bengals 1968 Paul Brown Stadium Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland Browns 1946 Cleveland Browns Stadium Cleveland, Ohio
Pittsburgh Steelers 1933 Heinz Field Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
South Houston Texans 2002 Reliant Stadium Houston, Texas
Indianapolis Colts 1953 Lucas Oil Stadium Indianapolis, Indiana
Jacksonville Jaguars 1995 Jacksonville Municipal Stadium Jacksonville, Florida
Tennessee Titans 1960 LP Field Nashville, Tennessee
West Denver Broncos 1960 Invesco Field at Mile High Denver, Colorado
Kansas City Chiefs 1960 Arrowhead Stadium4 Kansas City, Missouri
Oakland Raiders 1960 McAfee Coliseum Oakland, California
San Diego Chargers 1960 Qualcomm Stadium San Diego, California
  • 1 The Jets will move into the New Meadowlands Stadium in 2010 .
  • 4 The Kansas City Chiefs will renovate and expand Arrowhead Stadium by 2010.
  • 5 The Buffalo Bills will play one regular game each year and one preseason game every two years in Toronto beginning in 2008.

The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL). ... The AFC East refers to the Eastern Division of the American Football Conference of the National Football League. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... Ralph Wilson Stadium is a football stadium located in the town of Orchard Park, a suburb of Buffalo, New York. ... Rogers Centre, formerly known as SkyDome,[2] is a multi-purpose stadium in Toronto, Ontario, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ... Orchard Park is a town in Erie County, New York in the United States. ... See Buffalo for other places with this name. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966–1969) Eastern Division (1966–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC East (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Aqua, Coral, Navy, White Mascot T. D. Personnel Owner H. Wayne Huizenga (50%) and Stephen M. Ross (50%) General Manager... Interior of Dolphin Stadium, football configuration Dolphin Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], and Dolphins Stadium) is a football, lacrosse, soccer and baseball stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... Gillette Stadium is the home stadium for the New England Patriots football team and the New England Revolution soccer team. ... Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk Settled 1704 Incorporated 1778 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  20. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Providence may mean: Divine Providence Providence College in Rhode Island, USA Providence, television series Providence, a 1977 film Providence, a 1991 film starring Keanu Reeves Providence, 1970s-era Providence may also refer to: Providence, Rhode Island (in Providence County) Providence, Alabama Providence, Kentucky Providence, New York It is also the... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Giants Stadium, frequently referred to as The Meadowlands, is the home stadium for the New York Giants and New York Jets football teams of the NFL, and the Red Bull New York soccer team of MLS. It is located in East Rutherford, New Jersey in the Meadowlands Sports Complex, which... Map highlighting East Rutherfords location within Bergen County. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The AFC North refers to the Northern Division of the American Football Conference of the National Football League that was created prior to the 2002 season when the league realigned divisions after expanding to 32 teams. ... City Baltimore, Maryland Team colors Purple, Black, and Gold Head Coach Brian Billick Owner Steve Bisciotti General manager Ozzie Newsome Mascot The Ravens: Edgar, Allan, & Poe League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1996–present) American Football Conference (1996-present) AFC Central (1996-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team history Baltimore... M&T Bank Stadium is the home to the Baltimore Ravens, Baltimores National Football League franchise. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... For high school stadium in Massillon, Ohio, see Paul Brown Tiger Stadium. ... Cincinnati redirects here. ... Browns redirects here. ... Entrance ramp of the stadium Cleveland Browns Stadium is a football stadium located in Cleveland, Ohio ( ). It is the home of the Cleveland Browns NFL franchise. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Steelers redirects here. ... Heinz Field is a football stadium located in the North Shore neighborhood, just across the Allegheny River from downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... The AFC South refers to the Southern Division of the American Football Conference of the National Football League that was created prior to the 2002 season when the league realigned divisions after expanding to 32 teams. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Reliant Stadium is a football stadium in Houston, Texas. ... Houston redirects here. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Royal Blue, White Mascot Blue Personnel Owner Jim Irsay General Manager Bill Polian Head Coach Tony Dungy... Lucas Oil Stadium is a retractable roof sports facility currently under construction in Indianapolis. ... Indianapolis redirects here. ... City Jacksonville, Florida Other nicknames The Jags Team colors Teal, Black, White, and Gold Head Coach Jack Del Rio Owner Wayne Weaver General manager James Harris Mascot Jaxson de Ville League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995-present) AFC Central (1995-2001) AFC South (2002... Jacksonville Municipal Stadium is a football stadium located in downtown Jacksonville, Florida next to the St. ... Jacksonville redirects here. ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... LP Field is a football stadium in Nashville, Tennessee, used primarily as the home stadium of the NFLs Tennessee Titans, but also used by Tennessee State University. ... Nashville redirects here. ... The AFC West is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970–present) Current uniform Team colors Broncos Navy Blue, Orange, White[1] Mascot Thunder II (live horse) Miles (person in costume suit) Personnel Owner Pat Bowlen... INVESCO Field at Mile High is a stadium in Denver, Colorado. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... Arrowhead Stadium is a stadium located in Kansas City, Missouri, and home to the National Football Leagues Kansas City Chiefs. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... For other uses, see Coliseum. ... Oakland redirects here. ... Chargers redirects here. ... Qualcomm Stadium (a. ... San Diego redirects here. ... New Meadowlands Stadium is a planned football stadium. ... Arrowhead Stadium is a stadium located in Kansas City, Missouri, and home to the National Football Leagues Kansas City Chiefs. ...

National Football Conference

National Football Conference
Division Team Stadium City/Area
East Dallas Cowboys Texas Stadium1 Irving, Texas (Dallas area)1
New York Giants Giants Stadium2 East Rutherford, New Jersey (New York area)
Philadelphia Eagles Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Washington Redskins FedExField Ashburn, Virginia (Washington D.C. area)
North Chicago Bears Soldier Field Chicago, Illinois
Detroit Lions Ford Field Detroit, Michigan
Green Bay Packers Lambeau Field Green Bay, Wisconsin
Minnesota Vikings Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome3 Minneapolis, Minnesota
South Atlanta Falcons Georgia Dome Atlanta, Georgia
Carolina Panthers Bank of America Stadium Charlotte, North Carolina
New Orleans Saints Louisiana Superdome New Orleans, Louisiana
Tampa Bay Buccaneers Raymond James Stadium Tampa, Florida
West Arizona Cardinals University of Phoenix Stadium Glendale, Arizona (Phoenix area)
St. Louis Rams Edward Jones Dome St. Louis, Missouri
San Francisco 49ers Monster Park San Francisco, California
Seattle Seahawks Qwest Field Seattle, Washington

National Football Conference logo. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Texas Stadium is the home field of the National Football Leagues Dallas Cowboys. ... Mustangs at Las Colinas Streetscape along Las Colinas Blvd in North Irving Aerial shot of Irving/Las Colinass Urban Center. ... Dallas redirects here. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Giants Stadium, frequently referred to as The Meadowlands, is the home stadium for the New York Giants and New York Jets football teams of the NFL, and the Red Bull New York soccer team of MLS. It is located in East Rutherford, New Jersey in the Meadowlands Sports Complex, which... Map highlighting East Rutherfords location within Bergen County. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... Lincoln Financial Field, familiarly known as The Linc, is the home stadium of the National Football Leagues Philadelphia Eagles. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... FedExField (originally Jack Kent Cooke Stadium) is a football stadium located in Landover, Maryland, a community off of the Capital Beltway (I-495) in Prince Georges County near the site of the old Capital Centre later called USAir Arena. ... Ashburn, Virginia is an unincorporated area located in Loudoun County, Virginia, 30 miles west of Washington, D.C., and is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The NFC North refers to the Northern Division of the National Football Conference of the National Football League that was created prior to the 2002 season when the league realigned divisions after expanding to 32 teams. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... Soldier Field (formerly Municipal Grant Park Stadium) is located on Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, Illinois, and is currently home to the NFLs Chicago Bears. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... Ford Field is an indoor football stadium located in Detroit, Michigan that is the home of the Detroit Lions of the NFL. It is across the street from Comerica Park. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Packers redirects here. ... Lambeau Field is an outdoor football stadium in Green Bay, Wisconsin, the home of the NFLs Green Bay Packers. ... Green Bay is the county seat of Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... The entrance The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, usually simply called The Metrodome or The Dome, and often nicknamed the Homerdome (even though in reality it is no friendlier to the long ball than average[3]), is a domed sports stadium in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... The NFC South refers to the Southern Division of the National Football Conference of the National Football League that was created in 2002 when the league realigned divisions after expanding to 32 teams. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Black, Red, Silver and White Mascot Freddie Falcon Personnel Owner Arthur Blank General Manager... The Georgia Dome is a domed stadium located in Atlanta, Georgia that is owned and operated by The State of Georgia who operates The Dome, The Georgia World Congress Center, and Centennial Olympic Park. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... City Charlotte, North Carolina Other nicknames The Cardiac Cats Team colors Black, Carolina Blue, and Silver Head Coach John Fox Owner Jerry Richardson General manager Marty Hurney Mascot Sir Purr League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) National Football Conference (1995-present) NFC West (1995-2001) NFC South (2002... Bank of America Stadium is a football stadium located in uptown Charlotte, North Carolina. ... Charlotte redirects here. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... The Louisiana Superdome, often informally referred to simply as the Superdome, The Dome or even the New Orleans Superdome is a large, multi-purpose sports and exhibition facility located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... NOLA redirects here. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977-present) NFC Central (1977-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Buccaneer Red, Pewter, Black, Orange, White Mascot Captain Fear Personnel Owner Malcolm Glazer General Manager Bruce Allen Head... Raymond James Stadium (formerly Tampa Community Stadium) is a football and soccer stadium located in Tampa, Florida. ... Tampa redirects here. ... The NFC West refers to the Western Division of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... | {{Infobox_Stadium | stadium_name = University of Phoenix Stadium | image = | address = 1 Cardinals Drive, Glendale, AZ 85305 | construction start = July 30, 2003 | opened = August 1, 2006 | owner = Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority | operator = Global Spectrum | surface = Tifway 419 Hybrid Bermuda Grass | construction_cost = $455 million | architect = Peter Eisenman|HOK Sport | former_names = Cardinals Stadium (August... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... City St. ... The Edward Jones Dome is a 66,000 seat football stadium in St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... Monster Park (colloquially Candlestick, after its original name of Candlestick Park, and sometimes just simply The Stick) is an outdoor sports and entertainment stadium located in San Francisco, California. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... Qwest Field is a stadium built for football and soccer located in Seattle, Washington. ... Seattle redirects here. ... New Cowboys Stadium is the working name of a new stadium being built in Arlington, Texas, to replace the current home of the National Football Leagues Dallas Cowboys, Texas Stadium, which opened in 1971. ... Arlington is a city in Tarrant County, Texas (USA) within the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area. ... New Meadowlands Stadium is a planned football stadium. ... Map highlighting East Rutherfords location within Bergen County. ... For the Norwegian football (soccer) stadium, see Viking Stadion The Vikings Stadium is the working title of the proposed future stadium for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL) in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ...

Former NFL teams

Further information: Defunct NFL teams

In its earliest years, the NFL was a very unstable and somewhat informal organization. Many teams entered and left the league annually. However, since the acquisition of the All-America Football Conference in 1950, the NFL has shown nearly perfect stability. The last NFL team to fold was the Dallas Texans in 1952 (a team that had undergone numerous ownership and city changes since its founding as the Dayton Triangles in 1920); its remnants were salvaged to form what is now the Indianapolis Colts. The following is a list and brief history of football teams that at one time played in National Football League. ... The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the established National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1949. ... The Dallas Texans played in the National Football League for one season, 1952, with a record of 1–11. ... Dayton Triangles of the National Football League played from 1920 to 1929. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Royal Blue, White Mascot Blue Personnel Owner Jim Irsay General Manager Bill Polian Head Coach Tony Dungy...


Video games

There have been several football video games based on NFL teams created for various consoles over the years, from 10-Yard Fight and the Tecmo Bowl series for the NES to the more well known Madden series that have been released annually since 1994. The latter series is named after former coach and current football commentator John Madden, who commentates the game along with Al Michaels (Pat Summerall prior to 2003). Prior to the 2005–2006 football season, other NFL games were produced by competing video game publishers, such as 2K Games and Midway Games. However, in December 2004, Electronic Arts signed a five-year exclusive agreement with the NFL, meaning only Electronic Arts will be permitted to publish games featuring NFL team and player names. This prompted video game developer Midway Games to release a game in 2005 called Blitz: The League, with fictitious teams such as the "Washington Redhawks", and make references to NFL players such as the Washington Redhawks left-handed QB "Ron Mexico", alluding to Michael Vick of the Atlanta Falcons, who allegedly used the alias at a walk-in clinic. In February 2008, EA Sports renewed their exclusivity agreement with the league through Super Bowl XLVII in 2013.[41] 10-Yard Fight is a 1983 American football arcade game, developed by Irem and published by Nintendo. ... Tecmo Bowl is an arcade video game released in 1987 by Tecmo, Inc. ... “NES” redirects here. ... Screenshot Madden NFL 2001 (Nintendo 64) Madden NFL is an American football video game developed by Electronic Arts Tiburon (EA) for EA Sports. ... John Earl Madden (born April 10, 1936) is a former National Football League player, head coach, and a Pro Football Hall-of-Famer. ... Alan Richard Michaels (born November 12, 1944) is an American television sportscaster. ... George Allen Pat Summerall (born May 10, 1930 in Lake City, Florida) is a former American football player and well-known television sportscaster, having worked at CBS, FOX, and, briefly, ESPN. Summerall is best known for his work with John Madden on CBS and FOXs NFL telecasts, and in... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 2K Games is a video game publishing subsidiary of Take-Two Interactive. ... Midway Games (NYSE: MWY) is an American video game publisher. ... Midway Games (NYSE: MWY) is an American video game publisher. ... Michael Dwayne Vick (born June 26, 1980 in Newport News, Virginia) is an American football quarterback for the National Football Leagues Atlanta Falcons franchise. ... Michael Dwayne Vick (born June 26, 1980 in Newport News, Virginia) is an American football quarterback for the National Football Leagues Atlanta Falcons franchise. ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-2001) NFC South (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Black, Red, Silver and White Mascot Freddie Falcon Personnel Owner Arthur Blank General Manager... current EA Sports logo EA Sports is a brand name used by Electronic Arts since 1993 to distribute games based on sports. ... Super Bowl XLIII will be the 47th annual meeting between the NFC and AFC champions. ...


Commissioners and presidents

  1. President Jim Thorpe (1920–1921)[42]
  2. President Joseph Carr (1921–1939)
  3. President Carl Storck (1939–1941)
  4. Commissioner Elmer Layden (1941–1946)
  5. Commissioner Bert Bell (1946–1959)
  6. Interim President Austin Gunsel (1959–1960, following death of Bell)
  7. Commissioner Alvin "Pete" Rozelle (1960–1989)
  8. Commissioner Paul Tagliabue (1989–2006)
  9. Commissioner Roger Goodell (2006–present)

For other uses, see Jim Thorpe (disambiguation). ... Joseph F. Carr (October 22, 1880 - May 20, 1939) was an early figure in professional football. ... Carl Storck served as president of the National Football League from 1939 until 1941. ... Elmer Francis Layden (May 4, 1903 – June 30, 1973) served as Commissioner of the National Football League and as head football coach at Notre Dame. ... Bert Bell (1895-1959) was co-founder (with Lud Wray) of the Frankford Yellowjackets in 1924 (whose name was changed to the Philadelphia Eagles in 1933), and commissioner of the National Football League from 1946 until his death. ... Austin Gunsel (April 2, 1909 - June 17, 1974) is best remembered for serving as the National Football Leagues interim commissioner following the death of Bert Bell on October 11, 1959. ... Alvin Ray Pete Rozelle (March 1, 1926–December 6, 1996) was the commissioner of the National Football League (NFL) from January 1960 to November 1989, when he retired from office. ... Paul John Tagliabue (born November 24, 1940 in Jersey City, New Jersey) was the Commissioner of the National Football League. ... Roger S. Goodell (born February 19, 1959, in Jamestown, New York[1]) is the Commissioner of the National Football League, having been chosen to succeed the retiring Paul Tagliabue on August 8, 2006. ...

Franchise owners

Unlike many professional leagues, the NFL forbids corporate owners. Ownership groups must contain 24 or fewer individuals, and at least one partner must hold a 30 percent or greater share of the team. The exception to this policy is the Green Bay Packers, owned by a non-profit corporation for more than eighty years; the Packers' situation was grandfathered into the current policy.[43] The following is a list of current National Football League franchise owners. ... A grandfather clause is an exception that allows an old rule to continue to apply to some existing situations, when a new rule will apply to all future situations. ...


Main league offices

Canton is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Stark CountyGR6. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

Uniform numbers

Main article: Squad number

In the NFL, players wear uniform numbers based on the position they play. The current system was instituted into the league on April 5, 1973,[44] as a means for fans and officials (referees, linesmen) to more easily identify players on the field by their position. Players who were already in the league at that date were grandfathered, and did not have to change their uniform numbers if they did not conform. Since that date, players are invariably assigned numbers within the following ranges, based on their primary position: In team sports, the squad number, shirt number, jersey number, sweater number, or uniform number is the number worn on a players uniform. ... In team sports, the squad number, shirt number, jersey number, sweater number, or uniform number is the number worn on a players uniform. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... A grandfather clause is an exception that allows an old rule to continue to apply to some existing situations, when a new rule will apply to all future situations. ...

  • Quarterbacks, placekickers and punters: 1–19
  • Wide Receivers: 10-19 and 80-89
  • Running backs and defensive backs: 20–49
  • Offensive linemen: 50–79
  • Linebackers: 50–59 and 90–99, or 40-49 if all are taken
  • Defensive linemen: 60–79 and 90–99
  • Tight ends: 80–89, or 40–49 if all are taken

Prior to 2004, wide receivers were allowed to only wear numbers 80–89.[45] The NFL changed the rule that year to allow wide receivers to wear numbers 10–19 to allow for the increased number of players at wide receiver and tight end coming into the league. Linebackers are allowed to wear numbers between 40-49 when all of 50-59 and 90-99 numbers are taken. Prior to that, players were only allowed to wear non-standard numbers if their team had run out of numbers within the prescribed number range. Keyshawn Johnson began wearing number 19 in 1996 because the New York Jets had run out of numbers in the 80s. Oakland Raider offensive center Jim Otto wore a 00 jersey during most of his career with the AFL team and kept the number after the leagues merged. This article contains a trivia section. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... James Edwin Otto (born January 5, 1938 in Wausau, Wisconsin) was an American football center for the Oakland Raiders of the American Football League. ...


Occasionally, players will petition the NFL to allow them to wear a number that is not in line with the numbering system. Brad Van Pelt, a linebacker who entered the NFL in 1973 with the New York Giants, wore number 10 during his 11 seasons with the club, despite not being covered by the grandfather clause. In 2006, New Orleans Saints running back Reggie Bush petitioned the NFL to let him keep the number 5 which he used at USC. His request was later denied.[46] Former Seattle Seahawks standout Brian Bosworth attempted such a petition in 1987 (to wear his collegiate number of 44 at the linebacker position), also without success. The Seahawks attempted to get around the rule by listing Bosworth as a safety, but after he wore number 44 for a game against the Kansas City Chiefs, the NFL ruled Bosworth would have to switch back to his original number, 55. Brad Alan Van Pelt (born April 5, 1951 in Owosso, Michigan) is a former American football linebacker who played fourteen seasons the National Football League. ... The 1973 NFL season was the 54th regular season of the National Football League. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... Reginald Alfred Bush II (born March 2, 1985 in San Diego, California), commonly known as Reggie and nicknamed The te gay cheaterT, Baby Matrix (by Joe Horn) and The Presidents Black Brother (alluding to President Bush), is an American football player who plays for the New Orleans Saints... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... Brian Bosworth (also referred to as The Boz) (born March 9, 1965 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) is a former American football player. ... This article relates to sports. ... In American football and Canadian football, a safety refers to two positions in the traditional defensive backfield setup, the strong safety and the free safety. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt...


It should be noted that this NFL numbering system is based on a player's primary position. Any player wearing any number may play at any position on the field at any time (though offensive players wearing numbers 50–79 and wishing to play at end or back must let the referee know that they are playing out of position by reporting as an "ineligible number in an eligible position"). Normally, only players on offense with eligible numbers are permitted to touch the ball by taking a snap from center, receiving a hand-off or catching a pass. It is not uncommon for running backs to line up at wide receiver on certain plays, or to have a large lineman play at fullback or tight end in short yardage situations. Also, in preseason games, when teams have expanded rosters, players may wear numbers that are outside of the above rules. When the final 53-player roster is established, they are reissued numbers within the above guidelines.


Awards

Vince Lombardi Trophy The Vince Lombardi Trophy is the trophy awarded each year to the winning team of the National Football Leagues annual championship game, the Super Bowl. ... The AFC Championship Game is one of the two semi-final matches of the National Football League, the largest professional American football league in the United States. ... NFC Championship Game is an American football game played every year to determine the champion of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ... The NFL Most Valuable Player Award is given by various entities, most notably the Associated Press, to the player who has contributed the most to the success of the players team. ... The NFL Coach of the Year Award is presented annually by the Associated Press to the NFL coach who has done the most outstanding job of working with the talent he has at his disposal. ... The NFL Offensive Player of the Year Award is given annually by the Associated Press to the offensive player of the National Football League believed to have had the most outstanding season. ... The NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award is given by the Associated Press to the leagues most outstanding defensive player at the end of every NFL season since 1971. ... Since 1967 The Associated Press has given two annual Rookie of the Year Awards to NFL American football players: one for an offensive player and one for a defensive player. ... Since 1967 The Associated Press has given two annual Rookie of the Year Awards to NFL American football players: one for an offensive player and one for a defensive player. ... The Super Bowl MVP, or Super Bowl Most Valuable Player, is an award given at the conclusion of the Super Bowl, the National Football Leagues championship game, to the player deemed to have made the most significant positive impact on the outcome of the game. ... The NFL Comeback Player of the Year Award has been given out after every season since 1972, except for 1985 when no winner was selected. ... The Walter Payton Man of the Year award is given annually by the National Football League honoring a players volunteer and charity work, as well as his excellence on the field. ... Pro Bowl MVPs ...

Discontinued awards

AFL All-Star Game MVP ... UPI Most Valuable ... From 1955 - 1996 The United Press International has given two annual Rookie of the Year Awards to NFL-NFC American football players and AFL-AFC american football players. ... From 1970 - 1996 The United Press International AFC Player of the Year Awards to AFL-AFC American football players. ... From 1955 - 1996 The United Press International has given two annual Rookie of the Year Awards to NFL-NFC American football players and AFL-AFC american football players. ... From 1955 - 1996 The United Press International has given two annual Rookie of the Year Awards to NFL-NFC American football players and AFL-AFC american football players. ...

See also

A coaching tree is similar to a family tree except it shows the relationships of coaches instead of family members. ... This is a list of current National Football League head coaches. ... The following is a list and brief history of football teams that at one time played in National Football League. ... The following terms are used in American football and Canadian football. ... This is a complete listing of professional sports teams in both the United States and Canada, with the addition of one Major Indoor Soccer League team based in Mexico. ... For other uses of the term Instant replay, see Instant replay (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The following is a list of National Football League stadiums: The following is a list of regular season and post-season games that were relocated to other venues: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... See one of the following lists of American football players: List of current American football players List of retired American football players See also American Football League Pro Football Hall of Fame American football List of leagues of American football External links American Football League Website NFL Website Categories: Lists... This is a list of current NFL announcers for each teams radio broadcast and pre-season games // Categories: | | | | ... This is a list of professional football drafts. ... A aerial view of the Melbourne Cricket Ground during the 1992 Cricket World Cup final packed with 90,000 people. ... This list is ranked by Nielsen media markets in the United States. ... Madden NFL is an American football video game series developed by Electronic Arts Tiburon for EA Sports. ... The National Football League 75th Anniversary All-Time Team was chosen by a selection committee of media and league personnel in 1994. ... List of NFL All-Decade Teams NFL 1990s All-Decade Team NFL 1980s All-Decade Team NFL 1970s All-Decade Team NFL 1960s All-Decade Team NFL 1950s All-Decade Team NFL 1940s All-Decade Team NFL 1930s All-Decade Team NFL 1920s All-Decade Team See also National Football... NFL Blitz was a football game series based on the NFL by Midway until 2005 when the NFL signed an exclusive licensing deal with EA Sports. ... For many NFL teams, their franchise also includes a cheerleading squad. ... NFL Films is a Mount Laurel, New Jersey-based company devoted to producing commercials, television programs, feature films, and documentaries on the National Football League, as well as other unrelated major events and awards shows. ... Throughout the years, a number of teams in the National Football League (NFL) have either moved or merged. ... NFL Network is an American specialty channel owned and operated by the National Football League (NFL) and is also shown in Canada and Mexico. ... The following are nicknames that are considered common knowledge among NFL fans: The 49ers Faithful [1] — Nickname given to the fans of the San Francisco 49ers. ... National Football League lore is a collection of information that NFL fans retain and share. ... NFL Street is a series of sports video games developed by EA Tiburon and published by Electronic Arts. ... A personal seat license gives the holder the right to buy season tickets for a certain seat in the stadium. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ... // USA Football is an independent non-profit organization whose purpose is to support and expand football at all amateur levels. ...

Exhibition games

For the championship game of the American Indoor Football League, see American Bowl (AIFL). ... The College All-Star Game was a preseason American football game played annually (except in 1974) from 1934 to 1976 between the National Football League champions and a team of star college seniors from the previous year. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame Game is an annual National Football League pre-season exhibition game that is held a few days after the Pro Football Hall of Fames induction ceremonies. ...

Regular seasons

This is a list of seasons of the National Football League. ... Before 1974, the National Football Leagues rules only provided for sudden death overtime in playoff games; as a result, tied games were a common occurence in regular season. ... As with all sports leagues, there are a number of significant rivalries in the National Football League (NFL). ... NBC Sunday Night Football is a weekly television broadcast of Sunday evening National Football League games on NBC that began airing on Sunday, August 6, 2006 with the pre-season opening Hall of Fame Game. ... MNF redirects here. ... Run to the Playoffs is the brand name used by NFL Network for its schedule of live regular season telecasts of National Football League games on Thursday and Saturday nights. ...

Special regular season games

  • Kickoff game, first game of the season
  • International Series, last weekend of October
  • Thanksgiving Classic
  • Christmas games

The logo for the 2002 concert event before the Kickoff Game The NFL Kickoff game, and related festivities, mark the start of the National Football League season. ... NFL Thanksgiving 2006 logo. ...

Postseasons

In Major League Baseball (and in the National Football League in the past), if two or more teams finish the regular season with identical records atop a division or wild card, one game playoffs are instituted as a tiebreaker. ... The National Football League (NFL) playoffs is a single-elimination tournament held at the end of the 16-game regular season to determine the NFL champion. ... The AFC Championship Game is one of the two semi-final matches of the National Football League, the largest professional American football league in the United States. ... NFC Championship Game is an American football game played every year to determine the champion of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ... The Playoff Bowl was the colloquial name for a post-season game for third place in the NFL, played following the 1960-1969 seasons. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... Throughout its history, the National Football League and other leagues have used several different formats to determine their league champion, including a period of interleague match-ups determining a true world champion. ... // This is a list of Super Bowl champions, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship game of the National Football League. ... This is a list of National Football League champions prior to the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship of the National Football League. ... Below is a list of professional football championship games in the United States, involving: the American Professional Football Association/National Football League, the first professional football league; the All-America Football Conference (AAFC, 1946-1949), the American Football League (AFL, 1960-1969); the World Football League (WFL, 1974); and the... This is a list of National Football League franchise post-season and Super Bowl droughts (spells of not winning). ... The following is a list of National Football League teams with the most consecutive (active) seasons appearing in the playoffs. ...

Records

The following are the National Football League standings since the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger. ... The following are the standings of current National Football League teams games taking place on their opening days. ... This is a list of individual National Football League records. ... This is a list of team NFL records. ... This is a list of Super Bowl records. ...

Other related leagues

American football

The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... The All American Football League is a professional American football league. ... The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the established National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1949. ... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... This is a list of current and defunct leagues of American football. ...

Notes

  1. ^ For example, "The Oakland Raiders is a professional football team owned by Al Davis, with a membership in the National Football League (NFL), which is an unincorporated association governed by its own constitution and bylaws." Oakland Raiders v. National Football League, 41 Cal.4th 624, 629 (2007).
  2. ^ NFL News (2007-01-04). NFL sets paid attendance record. Retrieved on 2007-04-13.
  3. ^ NFL News (2008-01-03). NFL sets regular-season paid attendance record. Retrieved on 2008-01-04.
  4. ^ Tallies only the amount of titles collected in the National Football League (1920–1969) and Super Bowl era (1970–present), fifa and afl titles are not included.
  5. ^ Charles K. Ross (1999). Outside the Lines: African Americans and the Integration of the National Football League. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-7495-4. 
  6. ^ College Football Hall of Fame
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ NFL sells 40,000 tickets in 90 minutes.
  9. ^ Commissioner announces Toronto plan for Bills
  10. ^ Chargers, Saints to play in London in 2008
  11. ^ NFL to revamp shield with redesigned logo.
  12. ^ NFL Tie-Breaking Procedures
  13. ^ Nielson's Top 10 Ratings: Top 10 Network Telecasts of All Time. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  14. ^ McKenna, Barrie "NBC hoping NFL, Internet will lead comeback", globeandmail.com, retrieved on October 30, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  15. ^ a b c NFL TV and Radio Broadcast Partner Schedule, NFL.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  16. ^ "Bryant Gumbel, Cris Collinsworth to announce NFL Network games", NFL News, NFL.com, April 26, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  17. ^ NFL Sunday Ticket. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  18. ^ NFL Sunday Ticket. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  19. ^ NFL Ends Deal With CBS; Opts For DIY Model, PaidContent.org. Retrieved on 2006-10-24.
  20. ^ Univision.Com and National Football League Launch the Ultimate NFL Experience for Online Hispanics, Univision.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  21. ^ NFL Network, NFL Films and NFL.com garner Emmy nominations, NFL.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-13.
  22. ^ a b c d e COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE NFL MANAGEMENT COUNCIL AND THE NFL PLAYERS ASSOCIATION, nflpa.org, As amended March 8, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-04-20.
  23. ^ The Life and Football Career of John Elway, johnelway.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  24. ^ a b Flatter, Ron "Bo knows stardom and disappointment", ESPN.com CLASSIC/BIO, March 6, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  25. ^ CBA. Retrieved on 2007-01-22.
  26. ^ a b c d e f Salary Cap FAQ, askthecommish.com, retrieved October 30, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  27. ^ USATODAY Player Salaries Database—Detail for Michael Vick retrieved October 30, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  28. ^ "Vick becomes highest-paid player", St. Petersburg Times, December 24, 2004, retrieved October 30, 3006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  29. ^ "NFL Draft Basics:Time Limits by Round football.about.com, retrieved November 2, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  30. ^ Black, James C. " Off-season Overview: Minnesota Vikings" May 29, 2003, ESPN.com, retrieved November 2, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  31. ^ "The Herschel Walker Trade", Scout.com, Retrieved November 2, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  32. ^ a b c d Free Agency 101, askthecommish.com, retrieved November 6, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  33. ^ a b NFL's Steroid Policy Gets Kudos on Capitol Hill (washingtonpost.com)
  34. ^ a b NFL Steroid Policy 'Not Perfect', House Committee Praises Tougher Testing Policy, But Still May Act - CBS News
  35. ^ a b http://www.nflpa.org/pdfs/RulesAndRegs/BannedSubstances.pdf
  36. ^ USATODAY.com - MLB, players agree to update drug policy
  37. ^ CTV.ca | NHL unveils new drug testing policy
  38. ^ Wawrow, John. Buffalo Bills May Play Game in Toronto. Associated Press. 18 October 2007.
  39. ^ Ozanian, Michael (2007). Cowboys top list of NFL’s most valuable teams. Forbes.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-23.
  40. ^ 2002 Realignment. nfl.com. Retrieved on 2006-12-15.
  41. ^ EA Sports extends NFL deal through 2012 season - Xbox 360 News at GameSpot
  42. ^ 1921 Once more, with feeling. Professional Football Researchers Association. Retrieved on 2006-10-18.
  43. ^ NFL may drop ownership rules, The (Oklahoma City) Journal Record, 1 September 1998
  44. ^ NFL uniform numbering system. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  45. ^ 2004 NFL Rules changes. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  46. ^ Clayton, John "NFL will not change numbering system for Bush", ESPN.com, May 23, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • "NFL Scores Nearly $18 Billion in TV Rights", by Stefan Fatsis and Kyle Pope, 14 January 1998, The Wall Street Journal (p. B1) [2]
  • 2006 NFL Record and Fact Book. Time Inc. Home Entertainment. ISBN 1-933405-32-5. 
  • Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League. Harper Collins. ISBN 1-933405-32-5. 
  • NFL's Economic Model Shows Signs of Strain
  • Process of game-time decisions will eliminate TV duds, create chaos by Michael Hiestand, USA Today, April 5, 2006 (Last accessed April 5, 2006)
  • Five NFL teams worth over $1 billion

is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Collins was a Scottish printing company founded by a schoolmaster, William Collins, in Glasgow in 1819. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

American football Portal 

 
 

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