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Encyclopedia > National Center for Supercomputing Applications

National Center for Supercomputing Applications


Image File history File links Ncsa_logo_sm. ...

Established 1986
Focus Cyberinfrastructure, supercomputing, cyber-resources, cyberenvironments, visualization
Director [Thom Dunning]
Location Urbana, Illinois, USA
Affiliation University of Illinois
Website www.ncsa.uiuc.edu
NCSA Building, 1205 W. Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801
NCSA Building, 1205 W. Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801

The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) is one of five original centers in the National Science Foundation's Supercomputer Centers Program and a unit of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The center was founded when a group of UIUC faculty, led by Larry Smarr, sent an unsolicited proposal to the NSF in 1983; the NSF announced funding for the supercomputer centers in 1985. The first supercomputer at the Center came online in January 1986. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term cyberinfrastructure was used by a United States National Science Foundation (NSF) blue-ribbon committee in 2003 in response to the question: how can NSF, as the nations premier agency funding basic research, remove existing barriers to the rapid evolution of high performance computing, making it truly usable... A supercomputer is a device for turning compute-bound problems into I/O-bound problems. ... This article uses excessive clichés and jargon associated with Computing. ... It has been suggested that Knowledge_visualization be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ... Image File history File linksMetadata New_bldg3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata New_bldg3. ... The logo of the National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ... Larry Smarr is a physicist and leader in scientific computing, supercomputer applications, and Internet infrastructure. ...


Initially, NCSA's administrative offices were housed in the Water Resources Building. NCSA is now headquartered within its own building after being scattered around the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The new NCSA Building is directly north of the Siebel Center for Computer Science. The Center's array of supercomputers remains housed at the Advanced Computation Building. Sculpture near Grainger The Engineering Campus is the colloquial name for the Bardeen Quadrangle and the Beckman Quadrangle at the College of Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ...


NCSA is a unique state-federal partnership to develop and deploy national-scale cyberinfrastructure that advances science and engineering. Support for NCSA comes from the National Science Foundation, the state of Illinois, the University of Illinois, private sector partners, and other federal agencies. NCSA works with universities and colleges, government agencies, companies and schools to discover the benefits of cyberinfrastructure. The term cyberinfrastructure was used by a United States National Science Foundation (NSF) blue-ribbon committee in 2003 in response to the question: how can NSF, as the nations premier agency funding basic research, remove existing barriers to the rapid evolution of high performance computing, making it truly usable...

Contents

Supercomputing capabilities

NCSA provides leading-edge computing, data storage, and visualization resources. NCSA computational and data environment implements a multi-architecture hardware strategy to be able to support high-end users and communities on the architectures best suited to their requirements. The major computing systems in production at NCSA include four clusters, three of which are for use of the National Science Foundation community, and two shared memory machines, both of which are for use by the NSF community. In 2006, NCSA provided more than 717 million normalized units (NUs) to the NSF research and education community. Nearly 1,360 scientists, engineers and students used the computing and data systems at NCSA to support research in more than 830 projects. A list of NCSA hardware is available at NCSA Capabilities


History

A plaque commemorating the creation of Mosaic web browser, in front of the new NCSA building
A plaque commemorating the creation of Mosaic web browser, in front of the new NCSA building

NCSA opened its doors to the national scientific computing community in January 1986. Since then, the bottom line has always been helping researchers get their work done and propelling science toward its next discovery. See the history of NCSA's inception, growth and overall impact on science and engineering in its 20-year history here. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 2818 KB) Summary A plaque commemorating the creation of the Mosaic Web browser at National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 2818 KB) Summary A plaque commemorating the creation of the Mosaic Web browser at National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ...


Mosaic

The Mosaic web browser, the first graphical Web browser which played an important part in expanding the growth of the World Wide Web and the Internet, was written by Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina at NCSA. Andreessen and Bina went on to develop the Netscape Web browser. Mosaic was later licensed to Spyglass who provided the foundation for Internet Explorer. Mosaic is a World Wide Web browser and Gopher client developed at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) beginning in 1992, and officially ending on January 7, 1997. ... An example of a web browser (Mozilla Firefox running under Microsoft Windows). ... The Web and WWW redirect here. ... Plaque commemorating the creation of Mosaic web browser by Bina and Andreessen, new NCSA building, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Eric Bina is the co-creator of Mosaic and the co-founder of Netscape. ... Netscape, formerly Netscape Communications Corporation, was an American computer services company, best known for their web browser. ... Look up Spyglass in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Note: This article is about Spyglass, Inc. ... Windows Internet Explorer, previously Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE, or MSIE[1], is a graphical web browser developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. ...


Movies/Visualization

NCSA's visualization department is maybe the most well-known sector around the country and world. They have made movies using the supercomputers - one of which was shown on PBS' show NOVA. A supercomputer is a device for turning compute-bound problems into I/O-bound problems. ... PBS re-directs here; for alternate uses see PBS (disambiguation) PBS logo The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ... Nova is a popular science television series from the USA produced by WGBH and can be seen on PBS and in more than 100 countries. ...


Thom Dunning, Director

Thom Dunning, the Director of NCSA, has a long list of achievements and leadership positions within different technological groups across the country. Dunning studied as an undergraduate at the University of Missouri–Rolla, a well-known engineering school, and went on to earn a PhD at the California Institute of Technology. He later went on to work at the University of Tennessee, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the United States Department of Energy and the Argonne National Laboratory.     The University of Missouri–Rolla (abbreviated UMR) is an institution of higher learning located in Rolla, Missouri and part of the University of Missouri System. ... PhD usually refers to the academic title Doctor of Philosophy PhD can also refer to the manga Phantasy Degree This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The California Institute of Technology (commonly referred to as Caltech)[1] is a private, coeducational university located in Pasadena, California, in the United States. ... The University of Tennessee (UT), sometimes called the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT Knoxville or UTK), is the flagship institution of the statewide land-grant University of Tennessee public university system. ... Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a multiprogram science and technology national laboratory managed for the United States Department of Energy by UT-Battelle, LLC. ORNL is located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, near Knoxville. ... The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public, coeducational, research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. ... The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. ... Argonne National Laboratory is one of the United States governments oldest and largest science and engineering research national laboratories and is the largest in the Midwest. ...


Private business partners

Companies that have done business with NCSA include[1] :

The Allstate Corporation NYSE: ALL is the largest publicly held personal lines insurer in the United States. ... AT&T Inc. ... AMR as an acronym can mean several things: adaptive multi-rate - a lossy speech compression scheme; also see AMR-WB and AMR-WB+ anisotropic magnetoresistance audio/modem riser automatic meter reading - To automatically collect data from energy meters and transfer it to a central database. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is an aerospace and defense corporation headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... Caterpillar Inc. ... Dell, Inc. ... The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW) is a multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, USA. In terms of market capitalization, it is the second-largest chemical company in the world, smaller than only DuPont. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... One of the worlds largest corporations, Eli Lilly and Company NYSE: LLY is a global pharmaceutical company. ... Exxon Mobil Corporation or ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM), headquartered in Irving, Texas, is an oil producer and distributor formed on November 30, 1999, by the merger of Exxon and Mobil. ... FMC Corporation is a chemical manufacturing company headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... now. ... John Pierpont Morgan John Pierpont Morgan I (April 17, 1837 – March 31, 1913) was an American financier and banker, who at the turn of the century (1901), was one of the wealthiest men in America. ... Motorola (NYSE: MOT) is an American international communications company based in Schaumburg, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. ... This article is becoming very long. ... ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP) was founded by the merger of the Conoco Inc. ... Schlumberger Limited is the worlds largest oilfield services corporation operating in over 100 countries, with about 64,000 people of 140 nationalities. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... The Tribune Company is a large multimedia corporation based in Chicago, Illinois. ... United Technologies Corporation (UTC) (NYSE: UTX) is a major multinational corporation based in Hartford, Connecticut. ...

See also

The term cyberinfrastructure was used by a United States National Science Foundation (NSF) blue-ribbon committee in 2003 in response to the question: how can NSF, as the nations premier agency funding basic research, remove existing barriers to the rapid evolution of high performance computing, making it truly usable... NCSA Telnet is an implementation of the TELNET protocol created at the University of Illinois National Center for Supercomputing Applications in 1986 and continuously developed until 1996. ... The NCSA HTTPd was a web server originally developed at the NCSA by Robert McCool and a list of others. ... Mosaic is a World Wide Web browser and Gopher client developed at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) beginning in 1992, and officially ending on January 7, 1997. ... An Interdisciplinary Research oriented institute, it is famous for imaging and other research. ... Coordinated Science Laboratory   The Coordinated Sciences Laboratory is a major scientific research laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ...

External links


University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Academics The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ...

Undergraduate Colleges and Schools
ACESBusinessCommunicationsEducationEngineeringFine and Applied ArtsLiberal Arts & SciencesInstitute of Aviation The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaigns College of Agriculture, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences (ACES) is part of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and is considered by many to be the top school of agriculture-related sciences in the world. ... now. ... The College of Communications is a college at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Engineering Hall The College of Engineering at the University of Illinois was first established in 1868, and is considered one of the original units of the school. ... The College of Fine and Applied Arts (FAA) is a multi-disciplinary art school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences is the largest college in the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The University of Illinois Institute of Aviation is an aviation institute affiliated with the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. ...


Graduate Colleges and Schools
Applied Health SciencesGraduate CollegeInstitute of Labor and Industrial RelationsLawLibrary and Information Science • Medicine • Social WorkVeterinary Medicine The College of Applied Life Sciences (AHS) is a graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The Graduate College is a graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The Institute of Labor & Industrial Relations (ILIR) is a graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The College of Law is a graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The Graduate School of Library and Information Science (GSLIS) is a graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign is a graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The School of Social Work is a graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The College of Veterinary Medicine is a graduate school at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ...

Athletics The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ...

Fighting IlliniAssembly HallChief Illiniwek • CRCE • Huff HallIMPEKenney GymMemorial Stadium The intercollegiate athletic teams of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are known as the Fighting Illini. ... The Assembly Hall The Assembly Hall The Assembly Hall The Assembly Hall is a large dome-shaped indoor arena located in Champaign, Illinois, and is part of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The Chief Illiniwek Symbol Chief Illiniwek is an official symbol of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... The Campus Recreation Center - East, more commonly known as CRCE (pronounced Circe), is an athletic facility at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with services available to students and members through the Division of Campus Recreation. ... Huff Hall is a 4,500-seat multi-purpose arena in Champaign, Illinois. ... The IntraMural Physics Education Building, more commonly known as IMPE (pronounced impy) is a complex of athletic facilities at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign available to students and members through the Division of Campus Recreation. ... Kenney Gym is a 5,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Urbana, Illinois, on the campus of the University of Illinois. ... Memorial Stadium is a football stadium located in Champaign, Illinois, on the campus of the University of Illinois. ...

Points of Interest The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ...

Allerton ParkArboretumThe Beckman InstituteBoneyard CreekConservatoryCSLEngineering CampusGraingerIllini UnionKrannert CenterLibrariesLincoln HallMain CampusMorrow PlotsNCSASpurlock Museum The Robert Allerton Park is a 1,517-acre (6. ... The University of Illinois Arboretum (160 acres) is a new arboretum, with gardens, currently under construction on the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign campus. ... An Interdisciplinary Research oriented institute, it is famous for imaging and other research. ... Boneyard Creek is a small waterway that drains much of the cities of Champaign and Urbana, Illinois. ... The University of Illinois Conservatory and Plant Collection is a conservatory (2,000 square foot) and botanical garden located in the Plant Sciences Laboratory Greenhouses, on the University of Illinois campus, 1201 South Dorner Drive, Urbana, Illinois. ... Coordinated Science Laboratory   The Coordinated Sciences Laboratory is a major scientific research laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Sculpture near Grainger The Engineering Campus is the colloquial name for the Bardeen Quadrangle and the Beckman Quadrangle at the College of Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Grainger Engineering Library Grainger Engineering Library is a library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign College of Engineering dedicated to all disciplines of engineering at the University. ... The Illini Union is a student union at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... // History of the Center The Krannert Center for the Performing Arts was built in 1969 at the University of Illinois as an educational and performing arts complex. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ... Lincoln Hall is one of the eleven buildings that make up the main Quad of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Illini Union The Main Quadrangle at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign comprises the main campus of the university. ... The Morrow Plots is an experimental corn field at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and is the oldest of its kind in the Western hemisphere. ... The William R. and Clarince V. Spurlock Museum, better known as the Spurlock Museum, is a museum at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ...

Students The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ...

• Alumni • Daily IlliniIllini MediaIllinois LoyaltyMarching Illini • Orange Krush • Residence Halls This is an incomplete list of notable people associated with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in the United States of America. ... The Daily Illini is an independent, student-run newspaper published for the community of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Illini Media, previously known as the Illini Publishing Company, and then later the Illini Media Company, is a non-for-profit organization that owns The Daily Illini, a student-run newspaper at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, WPGU-FM 107. ... Illinois Loyalty is the main fight song of the University of Illinois. ... Marching Illini (MI) is the name of the marching band of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... Orange Krush is a registered student organization (RSO) at the University of Illinois. ... University Residence Halls at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are housing dormitories for students to live in. ...

References

  1. ^ Larry Smarr's testimony before US House of Representatives

 
 

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