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Encyclopedia > National Action

National Action was an Australian political party that was said to be on the far-right of the political spectrum. It had no representatives in any Australian parliament, at either state or national level. Its ideology dictated that it remain outside the "political system". A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Far right, extreme right, ultra-right, radical right, or hard right are terms used to discuss the relative position a group or person occupies within a political spectrum. ...

Its policies included the deportation of asylum seekers and the termination of Aboriginal native title. For this reason, National Action was alleged to be racist and xenophobic. National Action also espoused theories that a New World Order is taking over the world and must be stopped. They were accused of being a neo-nazi party as its "chairman" James Saleam Ph.D. was a member of the Australian Nazi party in the 1970s. National Action claimed, however, that it was a "National Bolshevik" party. Saleam claimed that the party was led collectively. An African-American man drinks out of the colored only water cooler at a racially segregated street car terminal in the United States in 1939. ... Look up xenophobia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term new world order has been used to refer to a new period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world political thought and the balance of power. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... Flag of the National Bolsheviks. ...

National Action was a fringe group that never obtained a popular following for a number of possible reasons:

  • of its use of terrorism and intimidation against perceived enemies and rival "racial-nationalists";
  • Saleam was convicted of insurance fraud in 1988;
  • the public peception that it was a criminal gang; and
  • its plans to fire-bomb a political rival's home and to murder anti-Apartheid activist Eddie Funde.

Saleam was imprisoned in 1991 for the plot against Funde. Terrorism, as defined by the United States Department of Defense, is the calculated use of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

In the mid-1990s, the success of the right wing One Nation Party led many National Action members to join One Nation to promote a broad far-right, anti-immigration agenda within the party. The subsequent implosion of One Nation (which was partially due to Saleam's machinations to take over One Nation) stymied this plan. The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... One Nation is a conservative, nationalist and protectionist political group in Australia. ...

In recent years, attempts have been made to resurrect the party by Michael Brander, a rival of Saleam. These plans have had little impact due to the loss of Dr. Saleam's credibility amongst ex-members and other "racial-nationalists", many of whom had been attacked physically or slandered by Saleam. Saleam is often said by rivals on the racial right to be of part Lebanese origin, an allegation which he has denied on many occasions. Michael Brander, however is half Irish half Spanish.

National Action co-founder David Greason's book, I was a Teenage Fascist, tells of his time within the Australian neo-Nazi movement and the events behind the founding of National Action.


  • "The Tale of Jack and Jim", by Matthew Collins, The Review, November 2002. (Hostile account of Saleam, Brander, and others involved in NA.)



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