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Encyclopedia > Nationaal Socialistische Beweging

The Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (NSB, "National Socialist Movement") was a Nazi political party in the Netherlands during the 1930s and during the German occupation in World War II, when it was the only allowed political party. The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ... // Events and trends The 1930s were spent struggling for a solution to the global depression. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air, August 9, 1945 after the Allied atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. ...

The party was established in 1931 by Anton Mussert and Cornelis van Geelkerken, based on the ideas of Italian fascism and German nazism. The party was also modeled after these examples, and therefore had several attached bodies, such as a youth movement. Unlike its German counterpart it was initially not anti-semitic and it even had Jewish members. 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Anton Mussert Anton Adriaan Mussert (May 11, 1894-May 7, 1946) was a successful civil engineer who worked for the Dutch government. ... Cornelis van Geelkerken (March 19, 1901-March 29, 1979) was co-founder of the Dutch Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ...

In 1936, under the influence of Rost van Tonningen, the party became openly anti-semitic, which led to decreased support for the party. In the 1937 elections, the party won 4 seats in the second chamber of the Dutch parliament (Tweede Kamer). 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Tweede Kamer is the second chamber or lower house of the Staten-Generaal, the parliament in the Netherlands. ...

During World War II, Mussert believed himself to be the leader of the Netherlands but he was used and not taken very seriously by the Germans and his influence in the party waned at the expense of more pro-German members. Mussert wanted to keep the Netherlands independent within a Europe ruled by Germany. Some claim that the Germans however wanted to make the Netherlands into a puppet state. A puppet state is a state whose government, though notionally of the same culture as the governed people - owes its existence (or other major debt) to being installed, supported or controlled by a more powerful entity, typically a foreign power. ...

After the German military presence ended on May 5, 1945, the NSB was prohibited. Many of its members were convicted, including Mussert, who was executed on May 7, 1946. May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

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