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Encyclopedia > Nation state

The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. This happens very unusually in reality, though many politicans and activists have attempted to claim that their state is a nation-state, in order to try and reduce tension between differing ethnic groups. A unitary state is a state or country that is governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature. ... A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. ... A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. ... For publications of this name, see also Nation (disambiguation) The most popular modern ethical and philosophical doctrines state that all humans are divided into groups called nations. ...

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Examples of Nation-States

For some, only Iceland or Japan or the Republic of Ireland can truly be considered exemplary nation-states, in which the political polity and the common genetic heritage and unified culture combine in a seamless whole, but that most other independent states are not true nation-states. However, under specific requirements brought to the core concept, even this short list would be disputed.


Not Nation-States

To clarify the idea, a few examples can be considered to show why certain countries are not nation-states, according to some highly specific requirements.

  • It may be argued that any state with a large percentage its nationality living abroad cannot be considered a nation-state. The Republic of Ireland could be called a nation-state as it is almost entirely made up by people of the Irish nationality. However, as there are also a large number of Irish people in other states, notably the United Kingdom and the U.S.A, the Irish diaspora is not included in the nation-state of the Republic of Ireland. Such a requirement would eliminate Japan and Korea as nation-states as well. But see below.
  • It may be argued that a state with colonies cannot be a nation-state. Denmark contains virtually all ethnic Danes and has relatively few foreign nationals within it. However, its sovereignty of the Faroe Islands and Greenland means that the state contains people of other nationalities.
  • Although Portugal contains most ethnic Portuguese, a large ethnic minority presence, notably from Brazil means that it is not a nation-state.

For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... The Irish diaspora consists of Irish emigrants and their descendants in countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, South Africa and nations of the Caribbean. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, group of people, or oneself. ...

The "Greater' nation-state: a false correlative

The argument that a nation-state is composed of a "nation" born within a single common genetic heritage and unified culture, one that historically has excluded "outsiders"— "gypsies" (Roma), Jews or heretics— has a false correlative, namely that the nation-state is in some manner incomplete until it includes all those of its nationality who may be living elsewhere, as minorities. The corollary is not true: the concept of the nation-state is only concerned with its self-sovereignty and cohesion. Conditions beyond its borders do not authentically affect its existence, except as they may be made to appear "necessary" through propaganda. Those who were sentient in the 1950s recall the rhythmic chant of "Algérie fran-çaise", when France claimed that Algeria was a departement of France. "Police actions" of the United states have been justified as "protection of American citizens and property." Iraq's claim of Kuwait as a province, the cause of the First Gulf War, had its roots, not in a "Greater Iraq" but in Ottoman fiscal assertions of the later 19th century. Roma is: The Latin, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian and Spanish name for the Italian city of Rome. ... Heretic, meaning literally a person guilty or accused of heresy, is also often used as a title. ... The definition of a minority group can vary, depending on specific context, but generally refers to either a sub-group that does not form either a majority or a plurality of the total population, or a group that, while not necessarily a numerical minority, is disadvantaged or otherwise has less... French rule in Algeria, 1830–1962 Most of Frances actions in Algeria, not least the invasion of Algiers, were propelled by contradictory impulses. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923...


The false correlative has led to conceptions of the "Greater" nation-state, including all in its diaspora. Examples given separate articles:

See also; Algerie française A Greater Albania is the theoretical political movement and nationalist ideal of an Albania with all major Albanian groups and traditional territories united together. ... Greater China (Traditional Chinese: 大中華地區; Simplified Chinese: 大中华地区; pinyin: ) is a term refering collectively to the financial markets and economies of mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan. ... Map of Greater Finland. ... Grossdeutschland (literally Greater Germany) is a term that has been used in two separate contexts over history. ... Greater Hungary in 1941 Greater Hungary (Hungarian: Nagy Magyarország) is a political goal of Hungarian revisionists, a political movement in Hungary, which want to restore borders of Hungary as they were before the Treaty of Trianon in 1920. ... In the early 1940s, the Moroccan nationalist party - Istiqlal - used the concept of Greater Morocco as a propaganda tool to rally support of Moroccan citizens against French colonial rule. ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... Greater Romania (România Mare) generally refers to the territory of Romania in the years between the First and Second World Wars, the greatest territorial exent of a united country of ethnic Romanians, on historically Romanian lands. ... Greater Serbia is a name for a Serbian nationalist concept. ... Greater Somalia is an ideology that seeks to create a unified Somali state in the Horn of Africa. ...


History

The origins of the nation state are to be found in the expanding core of France under Philip IV, and of England, once it had shed its extra-territorial claims in Gascony and Aquitaine and gained a national consciousness, a sense of "Englishness". In the 14th and 15th centuries both England and France ran into obstacles in attempting to assimilate the "peripheral" cultures of Wales and of Brittany, Aquitaine and Occitania— all regions where nationalisms resurfaced in the 19th century. Philippe IV, recumbent statue on his tomb, Royal Necropolis, Saint Denis Basilica Philip IV (French: Philippe IV; 1268–November 29, 1314) was King of France from 1285 until his death. ...


The idea of a nation-state has risen in prominance, as an alternative to an empire composed of provinces]], with the rise of a Europe seen as balanced among political centralized states— largely from the Treaty of Westphalia (1648). The nation-state received a philosophical underpinning in the era of Romanticism, as the "natural" expression of the individual peoples, the ideology that has informed romantic nationalism until today. An empire (also known technically, abstractly or disparagingly as an imperium, and with powers known among Romans as imperium) comprises a set of regions locally ruled by governors, viceroys or client kings in the name of an emperor. ... A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. ... The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) The Peace of Westphalia, also known as the treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, is the series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years War and officially recognized the United Provinces and Swiss Confederation. ... Romanticism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Liberty leading the people, embodying the Romantic view of the French Revolution of 1830; its painter Eugène Delacroix also served as an elected deputy Romantic nationalism (also organic nationalism, identity nationalism) is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of a...


After 1945, the nation-state's claim of absolute sovereignty within its borders was discredited. Instead the spread of a global political system based on international agreements that formed supranational blocs characterized the post-colonial era. Genuine economic and political power began to be shared, at least in a covert way, with the giant international corporations. 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, group of people, or oneself. ... Bloc may stand for: The Eastern Bloc Countries: a former group of countries in Europe Bloc Québécois: a political party in Canada Bloc (or Block) voting: a form of elections Trade bloc This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ... A corporation is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a Civil law systems may refer to corporations as moral persons; they may also go by the name AS (anonymous society) or something similar, depending on language (see below). ...


Over the last few centuries, most states have claimed to be nation states in order to increase the patriotism of their citizens. In the case of China, for example, this effort has manifested itself in the concept of "Zhonghua minzu," a Chinese people, though an ethnologist or linguist would identify many nations and languages within modern China. Patriotism is a feeling of love and devotion to ones own homeland (patria, the land of ones fathers). ... Zhōnghuá Mínzú (中華民族), is a Mandarin Chinese term that in modern China, describes a notion of a Chinese nationality transcending ethnic divisions. ...


Since many wars have been blamed on the exclusive nature of nation-states, the concept of absolute sovereignty within state borders has met increasing criticism and competition from international blocs, from organizations like the United Nations and from the corporate view of populations as markets rather than nations. Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, group of people, or oneself. ... Bloc may stand for: The Eastern Bloc Countries: a former group of countries in Europe Bloc Québécois: a political party in Canada Bloc (or Block) voting: a form of elections Trade bloc This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945 and now made up of 191 states. ... A corporation (usually known in the United Kingdom and Ireland as a company) is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a Civil law systems may refer to corporations as moral persons; they may also go by the name...


Disputes

There are many states, such as Belgium and Switzerland, with multiple linguistic, religious or ethnic groups within them, without any one being clearly dominant. These are often what is described by nationality. However, often (and especially in the case of Switzerland and the United States) attempts to create a bridging national identity have occured. This leads many to differ ethnic nationality, upon which basis few states are nation-states, and state nationality. If we consider state nationality, more states could claims to be nation-states; Belgium contains the Flemish and Waloonian ethnic nations, but holds just one state nationality. Nationality is, in English usage, a legal relationship existing between a person and a state. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


 
 

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