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Encyclopedia > Nathaniel Hawthorne
Nathaniel Hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne in the 1860s
Born: July 4, 1804(1804-07-04)
Salem, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 19, 1864 (aged 59)
Plymouth, New Hampshire, United States
Occupation: Writer
Literary movement: Romanticism

Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804May 19, 1864) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer. He is seen as a key figure in the development of American literature for his tales of the nation's colonial history. Download high resolution version (750x1000, 95 KB)Nathaniel Hawthorne, between 1860 and 1864 http://memory. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Location in Essex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex County Settled 1626 Incorporated 1626 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kimberley Driscoll Area  - City  18. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Plymouth is a town located in Grafton County, New Hampshire, USA, in the White Mountains Region. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... ... Wanderer above the sea of fog by Caspar David Friedrich Romanticism is an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in 18th century Western Europe, during the Industrial Revolution. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... This article is in need of attention. ... American literature refers to written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and Colonial America. ... In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ...

Contents

Biography

Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804, in Salem, Massachusetts, where his birthplace is now a museum. William Hathorne, who emigrated from England in 1630, was the first of Hawthorne's ancestors to arrive in the colonies. After arriving, William persecuted Quakers. William's son John Hathorne was one of the judges who oversaw the Salem Witch Trials. Having learned about this, the author may have added the "w" to his surname in his early twenties, shortly after graduating from college.[1] Hawthorne's father, Nathaniel Hathorne, Sr., was a sea captain who died in 1808 of yellow fever, when Hawthorne was only four years old, in Raymond, Maine. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Location in Essex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex County Settled 1626 Incorporated 1626 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kimberley Driscoll Area  - City  18. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Nathaniel Hawthorne Birthplace, Salem, Massachusetts. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... John Hathorne (August 5, 1641 - May 10, 1717) was one of the associate magistrates in the Salem witch trials, and later, the only one not to repent of his actions. ... 1876 illustration of the courtroom; the central figure is usually identified as Mary Walcott The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings by local magistrates and county court trials to prosecute people alleged to have committed acts of witchcraft in Essex, Suffolk and Middlesex Counties of Massachusetts in 1692... Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Raymond is a town located in Cumberland County, Maine. ...


Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College at the expense of an uncle from 1821 to 1825, befriending classmates Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and future president Franklin Pierce. While there he joined the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. Until the publication of his Twice-Told Tales in 1837, Hawthorne wrote in the comparative obscurity of what he called his "owl's nest" in the family home. As he looked back on this period of his life, he wrote: "I have not lived, but only dreamed about living."[2] And yet it was this period of brooding and writing that had formed, as Malcolm Cowley was to describe it, "the central fact in Hawthorne's career," his "term of apprenticeship" that would eventually result in the "richly meditated fiction." Bowdoin College, founded in 1794, is a private liberal arts college located in the coastal New England town of Brunswick, Maine. ... Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 – March 24, 1882) was an American poet whose works include Paul Reveres Ride, A Psalm of Life, The Song of Hiawatha and Evangeline. He also wrote the first American translation of Dante Alighieris Divine Comedy and was one of the five members... Birthplace of Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 — October 8, 1869) was an American politician and the fourteenth President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. ... Delta Kappa Epsilon (ΔΚΕ; also pronounced D-K-E or Deke) is the oldest secret college mens fraternity of New England origin. ... Twice-Told Tales is a short story collection in two volumes by Nathaniel Hawthorne first published in 1826. ... Malcolm Cowley, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1963 Malcolm Cowley (1898 – March 27, 1989) was an American novelist, poet, critic, and journalist. ...


Hawthorne was hired in 1839 as a weigher and gauger at the Boston Custom House. He had become engaged in the previous year to the illustrator and transcendentalist Sophia Peabody. Seeking a possible home for himself and Sophia, he joined the transcendentalist utopian community at Brook Farm in 1841; later that year, however, he left when he became dissatisfied with farming and the experiment. (His Brook Farm adventure would prove an inspiration for his novel The Blithedale Romance.) He married Sophia in 1842; they moved to The Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, where they lived for three years. There he wrote most of the tales collected in Mosses from an Old Manse. Hawthorne and his wife then moved to Salem and later to the Berkshires, returning in 1852 to Concord and a new home The Wayside, previously owned by the Alcotts. Their neighbors in Concord included Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. “Boston” redirects here. ... An illustrator is a graphic artist who specializes in enhancing written text by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text. ... Transcendentalism was a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in New England in the early-to mid-19th century. ... Sophia Amelia Peabody (1809–1871) was a painter and illustrator born in Salem, Massachusetts. ... Transcendentalism was the name of a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture and philosophy which emerged in New England in the early- to mid-nineteenth century. ... Left panel (The Earthly Paradise, Garden of Eden), from Hieronymus Boschs The Garden of Earthly Delights. ... Brook Farm, a transcendentalist Utopian experiment, was put into practice by transcendentalist former Unitarian minister George Ripley at a farm in West Roxbury, Massachusetts, at that time nine miles from Boston. ... The Blithedale Romance (1852) was the third of the major romances of Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Old Manse, viewed from its Concord River side. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  25. ... Mosses from an Old Manse was a short story collection by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Wayside, home in turn to authors Louisa May Alcott, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Margaret Sidney. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ... Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau[1]) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance...


Like Hawthorne, Sophia was a reclusive person. She was bedridden with headaches until her sister introduced her to Hawthorne, after which her headaches seem to have abated. The Hawthornes enjoyed a long marriage, often taking walks in the park. Sophia greatly admired her husband's work. In one of her journals, she writes: "I am always so dazzled and bewildered with the richness, the depth, the... jewels of beauty in his productions that I am always looking forward to a second reading where I can ponder and muse and fully take in the miraculous wealth of thoughts."[3]


In 1846, Hawthorne was appointed surveyor (determining the quantity and value of imported goods) at the Salem Custom House. Like his earlier appointment to the custom house in Boston, this employment was vulnerable to the politics of the spoils system. A Democrat, Hawthorne lost this job due to the change of administration in Washington after the presidential election of 1848. In the politics of the United States, a spoils system refers to an informal practice by which a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party. ...


Hawthorne's career as a novelist was boosted by The Scarlet Letter in 1850, in which the preface refers to his three-year tenure in the Custom House at Salem. The House of the Seven Gables (1851) and The Blithedale Romance (1852) followed in quick succession. This article is about the 1850 book. ... This article is for the novel; for the US colonial house see The House of the Seven Gables The House of the Seven Gables is a novel written in 1851 by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Blithedale Romance (1852) was the third of the major romances of Nathaniel Hawthorne. ...


In 1852, he wrote the campaign biography of his old friend Franklin Pierce. With Pierce's election as president, Hawthorne was rewarded in 1853 with the position of United States consul in Liverpool. In 1857, his appointment ended and the Hawthorne family toured France and Italy. They returned to The Wayside in 1860, and that year saw the publication of The Marble Faun. Failing health (which biographer Edward Miller speculates was stomach cancer) prevented him from completing several more romances. Hawthorne died in his sleep on May 19, 1864, in Plymouth, New Hampshire while on a tour of the White Mountains with Pierce. He was buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts. Wife Sophia and daughter Una were originally buried in England. However, in June 2006, they were re-interred in plots adjacent to Nathaniel. Birthplace of Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 — October 8, 1869) was an American politician and the fourteenth President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. ... For the uses of Consul as Chief Magistrate of a (city) state, see Consul. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... The Marble Faun (1860) was the last of the four major romances by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Stomach cancer (also called gastric cancer) can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs; particularly the esophagus and the small intestine. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Plymouth is a town located in Grafton County, New Hampshire, USA, in the White Mountains Region. ... Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail. ... Sleepy Hollow Cemetery is a cemetery located on Bedford Road in the center of Concord, Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Nathaniel and Sophia Hawthorne had three children: Una, Julian, and Rose. Una was a victim of mental illness and died young. Julian moved out west, served a jail term for embezzlement and wrote a book about his father. Rose married George Parsons Lathrop and they became Roman Catholics. After George's death, Rose became a Dominican nun. She founded the Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne to care for victims of incurable cancer. Julian Hawthorne (June 22, 1846-1934) followed in the footsteps of his father, the famous novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne and became a prolific American author and journalist. ... Rose Hawthorne Lathrop (May 20, 1851–July 9, 1926) was an American Roman Catholic nun and social worker. ... George Parsons Lathrop (born 25 August 1851, Honolulu, Hawaii - died 19 April 1898, New York) was a poet, novelist and brother of Francis Lathrop. ... “Catholic Church” redirects here. ... The Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne were founded on December 8, 1900 by Rose Hawthorne, daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne. ...


Writings

Statue of Hawthorne in Salem, Massachusetts.

Hawthorne is best-known today for his many short stories (he called them "tales") and his four major romances written between 1850 and 1860: The Scarlet Letter (1850), The House of the Seven Gables (1851), The Blithedale Romance (1852) and The Marble Faun (1860). Another novel-length romance, Fanshawe was published anonymously in 1828. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 1009 KB) Nathaniel Hawthorne statue by Bela Pratt - Salem, Massachusetts. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 1009 KB) Nathaniel Hawthorne statue by Bela Pratt - Salem, Massachusetts. ... This article is in need of attention. ... As a literary genre, romance or chivalric romance refers to a style of heroic prose and verse narrative current in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. ... This article is about the 1850 book. ... This article is for the novel; for the US colonial house see The House of the Seven Gables The House of the Seven Gables is a novel written in 1851 by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Blithedale Romance (1852) was the third of the major romances of Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Marble Faun (1860) was the last of the four major romances by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The novel Fanshawe was the first published work by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and published anonymously in 1828. ...


Before publishing his first collection of tales in 1837, Hawthorne wrote scores of short stories and sketches, publishing them anonymously or pseudonymously in periodicals such as The New England Magazine and The United States Magazine and Democratic Review. (The editor of the Democratic Review, John L. O'Sullivan, was a close friend of Hawthorne's.) Only after collecting a number of his short stories into the two-volume Twice-Told Tales in 1837 did Hawthorne begin to attach his name to his works. A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ... The United States Magazine and Democratic Review was a periodical published by John L. OSullivan during the mid-19th century. ... John L. OSullivan as he appeared on the cover of Harpers Weekly in November 1874. ... Twice-Told Tales is a short story collection in two volumes by Nathaniel Hawthorne first published in 1826. ...


Hawthorne's work belongs to Romanticism, an artistic and intellectual movement characterized by an emphasis on individual freedom from social conventions or political restraints, on human imagination, and on nature in a typically idealized form. Romantic literature rebelled against the formalism of 18th century reason. Wanderer above the sea of fog by Caspar David Friedrich Romanticism is an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in 18th century Western Europe, during the Industrial Revolution. ...


His writings were in the Romantic Period. Much of Hawthorne's work is set in colonial New England, and many of his short stories have been read as moral allegories influenced by his Puritan background. Ethan Brand (1850) tells the story of a lime-burner who sets off to find the Unpardonable Sin, and in doing so, commits it. One of Hawthorne's most famous tales, The Birth-Mark (1843), concerns a young doctor who removes a birthmark from his wife's face, an operation which kills her. Hawthorne based parts of this story on the penny press novels he loved to read. Other well-known tales include Rappaccini's Daughter (1844), My Kinsman, Major Molineux (1832), The Minister's Black Veil (1836), and Young Goodman Brown (1835). The Maypole of Merrymount (1836) recounts an encounter between the Puritans and the forces of anarchy and hedonism. A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys (1852) and Tanglewood Tales (1853) were re-tellings for children of some Greek myths, from which was named the Tanglewood estate and music venue. This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... Allegory of Music by Filippino Lippi. ... For the record label, see Puritan Records. ... Ethan Brand is a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne, about a man seeking the unpardonable sin. ... The Birth-Mark (1843) is a romantic short story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Rappaccinis Daughter is a short story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne in 1844 that concerns a medical researcher in medieval Padua. ... My Kinsman, Major Molineux is a short story written by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne in 1831. ... The Ministers Black Veil is a short story written by the nineteenth century author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Young Goodman Brown (1835) is a frequently taught and anthologized short story by American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Maypole of Merry Mount is a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys (1852) is a book by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Tanglewood Tales for Boys and Girls (1853) is a book by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Greek mythology comprises the collected legends of Greek gods and goddesses and ancient heroes and heroines, originally created and spread within an oral-poetic tradition. ... Tanglewood Music Shed and lawn. ...


Hawthorne is also considered among the first to experiment with alternate history as literary form. His 1845 short story "P.'s Correspondence" (a part of "Mosses from an Old Manse") is the first known complete English language alternate history and among the most early in any language. The story's protagonist is considered "a madman" due to his perceiving an alternative 1845 in which long-dead historical and literary figures are still alive; these delusions feature the poets Burns, Byron, Shelley, and Keats, the actor Edmund Kean, the British politician George Canning and even Napoleon Bonaparte. Alternative history or alternate history can be: A History told from an alternative viewpoint, rather than from the view of imperialist, conqueror, or explorer. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is in need of attention. ... P.s Correspondence is a 1845 short story by the Nineteenth Century American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne, constituting a pioneering work of alternate history. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For the chain gang fugitive and author from Georgia, see Robert Elliott Burns. ... The poet George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron is often referred to simply as Byron. ... -1... The family name Keats, a surname of England is believed to be descended originally from the Anglo Saxon race from old English word cyta or cyte which has been used to describe a worker at the shed, outhouse for animals, hence herdsman. ... Edmund Kean (March 17, 1787 – May 15, 1833) was an English actor, regarded in his time as the greatest ever. ... George Canning (11 April 1770 – 8 August 1827) was a British statesman and politician who served as Foreign Secretary and, briefly, Prime Minister. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des...


Recent criticism has focused on Hawthorne's narrative voice, treating it as a self-conscious rhetorical construction, not to be conflated with Hawthorne's own voice. Such an approach complicates the long-dominant tradition of regarding Hawthorne as a gloomy, guilt-ridden moralist. Rhetoric (from Greek , rhêtôr, orator, teacher) is generally understood to be the art or technique of persuasion through the use of spoken language; however, this definition of rhetoric has expanded greatly since rhetoric emerged as a field of study in universities. ... Moralism is the philosophy of adherence to morality, created by Max Shapiro, of 20th century Los Angeles. ...


Hawthorne enjoyed a brief but intense friendship with American novelist Herman Melville beginning on August 5, 1850, when the two authors met at a picnic hosted by a mutual friend. Melville had just read Hawthorne's short story collection Mosses from an Old Manse, which Melville later praised in a famous review, "Hawthorne and His Mosses." Melville's letters to Hawthorne provide insight into the composition of Moby-Dick, which Melville dedicated to Hawthorne "in appreciation for his genius". Hawthorne's letters to Melville do not survive. A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Mosses from an Old Manse was a short story collection by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Moby-Dick book cover Moby-Dick - the official title of the first edition - is a novel by Herman Melville. ...


Edgar Allan Poe wrote important, though largely unflattering reviews of both Twice-Told Tales and Mosses from an Old Manse, mostly due to Poe's own contempt of allegory, moral tales, and his chronic accusations of plagiarism. However, even Poe admitted, "The style of Hawthorne is purity itself. His tone is singularly effective--wild, plaintive, thoughtful, and in full accordance with his themes." He concluded that, "we look upon him as one of the few men of indisputable genius to whom our country has as yet given birth."[4] Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ...


Notable works of Nathaniel Hawthorne

Novels

  • Septimius Felton; or, the Elixir of Life (Published in the Atlantic Monthly, 1872)
  • Doctor Grimshawe's Secret, with Preface and Notes by Julian Hawthorne (1882)

The novel Fanshawe was the first published work by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and published anonymously in 1828. ... This article is about the 1850 book. ... The House of the Seven Gables (1668) is a Colonial mansion in Salem, Massachusetts, as well as the title of a novel written in 1851 by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Blithedale Romance (1852) was the third of the major romances of Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Marble Faun (1860) was the last of the four major romances by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Atlantic Monthly (also known as The Atlantic) is an American literary/cultural magazine that was founded in November 1857. ...

Short story collections

  • A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys (1852)
  • The Dolliver Romance and Other Pieces (1876)
  • The Great Stone Face and Other Tales of the White Mountains (1889)
  • Tanglewood Tales (1906)

Twice-Told Tales is a short story collection in two volumes by Nathaniel Hawthorne first published in 1826. ... Mosses from an Old Manse was a short story collection by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Snow-Image, and Other Twice-Told Tales was the final collection of short stories published by Nathaniel Hawthorne in his lifetime, appearing in 1852. ...

Selected short stories

My Kinsman, Major Molineux is a short story written by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne in 1831. ... Young Goodman Brown (1835) is a frequently taught and anthologized short story by American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Ambitious Guest is a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Ministers Black Veil is a short story written by the nineteenth century author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Man of Adamant is a short story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Maypole of Merry Mount is a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Great Carbuncle is a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Dr. Heideggers Experiment is a short story by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne, about a scientist who claims to have been sent water from the Fountain of Youth. ... The Birth-Mark (1843) is a romantic short story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... Egotism; or, The Bosom-Serpent is a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The United States Magazine and Democratic Review was a periodical published by John L. OSullivan during the mid-19th century. ... P.s Correspondence is a 1845 short story by the Nineteenth Century American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne, constituting a pioneering work of alternate history. ... Rappaccinis Daughter is a short story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne in 1844 that concerns a medical researcher in medieval Padua. ... The United States Magazine and Democratic Review was a periodical published by John L. OSullivan during the mid-19th century. ... Ethan Brand is a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne, about a man seeking the unpardonable sin. ... Feathertop is an 1854 short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne, published in his book Mosses from an Old Manse. ...

Nonfiction and other books

  • The Gentle Boy: A Thrice-Told Tale (1839)
  • Famous Old People (1841)
  • Grandfather's Chair (1841)
  • Liberty Tree (1841)
  • Biographical Stories for Children (1842)
  • A Visit to the Celestial City (1844)
  • Journal of an African Cruiser (1845)
  • The Life of Franklin Pierce (1852)
  • Feathertop (1852)
  • A Rill from the Town Pump (1857)
  • Our Old Home: A Series of English Sketches (1863)
  • Pansie, a Fragment (1864)
  • The Ancestral Footstep (Outline of an unfinished romance novel, 1882)

References

  1. ^ McFarland, Philip, Hawthorne in Concord, p. 18. Grove Press, 2004.
  2. ^ Letter to Longfellow, June 4, 1837.
  3. ^ January 14, 1851, Journal of Sophia Hawthorne. Berg Collection NY Public Library.
  4. ^ McFarland, Philip, Hawthorne in Concord, pp. 88-89. Grove Press, 2004.
  5. ^ Publication info on books from Editor's Note to the The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Page by Page Books, accessed June 11, 2007.

June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

See also

One of the three Houses of Chelmsford High School (Massachusetts) is named after Hawthorne. The other houses are named after John Greenleaf Whittier and Ralph Waldo Emerson. There was a fourth house, named after Emily Dickinson, but it was dissolved. Dark romanticism, also referred to as anti-transcendentalism is a label applied to some gothic fiction. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gothic novel. ... The Snow-Image, and Other Twice-Told Tales was the final collection of short stories published by Nathaniel Hawthorne in his lifetime, appearing in 1852. ... John Greenleaf Whittier (December 17, 1807 – September 7, 1892) was an American Quaker poet and forceful advocate of the abolition of slavery in the United States. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ... Emily Dickinson (December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886) was an American poet. ...


External links

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Nathaniel Hawthorne
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Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet. ... For other uses of this name, see Henry James (disambiguation). ... Hawthorne is a book of literary criticism by Henry James published in 1879. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ...

Nathaniel Hawthorne
Novels

The Blithedale RomanceDoctor Grimshaw's SecretThe Dolliver RomanceFanshaweThe House of the Seven GablesThe Marble FaunThe Scarlet Letter A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... The Blithedale Romance (1852) was the third of the major romances of Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The novel Fanshawe was the first published work by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and published anonymously in 1828. ... This article is for the novel; for the US colonial house see The House of the Seven Gables The House of the Seven Gables is a novel written in 1851 by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... The Marble Faun (1860) was the last of the four major romances by Nathaniel Hawthorne. ... This article is about the 1850 book. ...

Tales
Twice-Told TalesThe Gray ChampionSundays at HomeThe Wedding-KnellThe Minister's Black VeilThe May-Pole of Merry MountThe Gentle BoyMr. Higginbotham's CatastropheLittle Annie's RambleWakefieldA Rill from the Town-PumpThe Great CarbuncleThe Prophetic PicturesDavid SwanSights from a SteepleThe Hollow of the Three HillsThe Toll-Gatherer's DayThe Vision of the FountainFancy's Show BoxDr. Heidegger's ExperimentLegends of the Province-HouseThe Haunted MindThe Village UncleThe Ambitious GuestThe Sister YearsSnow-FlakesThe Seven VagabondsThe White Old MaidPeter Goldthwaite's TreasureChippings with a ChiselThe Shaker BridalNight SketchesEndicott and the Red CrossThe Lily's QuestFoot-prints on the Sea-shoreEdward Fane's RosebudThe Threefold Destiny
The Snow-Image, and Other Twice-Told TalesThe Snow-ImageThe Great Stone FaceMain-streetEthan BrandA Bell's BiographySylph EtheregeThe Canterbury PilgrimsOld NewsThe Man of AdamantThe Devil in ManuscriptJohn Inglefield's ThanksgivingOld TiconderogaThe Wives of the DeadLittle DaffydowndillyMy Kinsman, Major Molineux
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Persondata
NAME Hawthorne, Nathaniel
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Hathorne, Nathaniel
SHORT DESCRIPTION American writer
DATE OF BIRTH July 4, 1804
PLACE OF BIRTH Salem, Massachusetts, United States
DATE OF DEATH May 19, 1864
PLACE OF DEATH Plymouth, New Hampshire, United States

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Classic Text: Nathaniel Hawthorne (455 words)
When Nathaniel was four, his father died on a voyage in Surinam, Dutch Guinea, but maternal relatives recognized his literary talent and financed his education at Bowdoin College.
Hawthorne later formally withdrew most of this early work, discounting it as the work of inexperienced youth.
Hawthorne's fiancee Sophia Peabody drew him into "the newness," and in 1841 Hawthorne invested $1500 in the Brook Farm Utopian Community, leaving disillusioned within a year.
Nathaniel Hawthorne (846 words)
Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts, July 4, 1804.
Hawthorne's father, a ship captain, died in a foreign land when his son was only four years old; his mother lived for forty years after the death of her husband the life of a recluse in her own house.
Hawthorne did not write on the common subjects and facts of his day, but chose to have his readers go with him, away from prosaic life, out into a world of mysteries where we may revel in all kinds of imaginary sports.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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