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Encyclopedia > Nathaniel Crew, 3rd Baron Crew

Nathanial Crew, 3rd Baron Crew (January 31, 16331721) was Bishop of Oxford from 1671 to 1674, then Bishop of Durham from 1674 to 1721. As such he was one of the longest serving Bishops of the Church of England. January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... The Bishop of Oxford is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Oxford in the Province of Canterbury. ... Events May 9 - Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. ... Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... Arms of the Bishop of Durham The Bishop of Durham is the officer of the Church of England responsible for the diocese of Durham, one of the oldest in the country. ... Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ...


Nathaniel was the son of John Crew, 1st Baron Crew and a grandson of Sir Thomas Crew, Speaker of the House of Commons. He was educated at Lincoln College, Oxford and appointed Rector of the college in 1668. He became dean and precentor of Chichester in 1669, Clerk of the Closet to Charles II shortly afterwards, Bishop of Oxford in 1671 and Bishop of Durham in 1674. He owed his rapid promotions to James, then Duke of York, whose favour he had gained by secretly encouraging the duke's interest in the Roman Catholic Church. In the United Kingdom, the Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, and is seen historically as the First Commoner of the Land. ... College name Lincoln College Named after Richard Fleming, Bishop of Lincoln Established 1427 Sister College Downing College Rector Prof. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ... // Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... In religious terminology, a dean is a title accorded to persons holding cartain positions of authority within a religious heirarchy. ... A Precentor is a person, usually a clergy member, who is in charge of preparing worship services. ... The Diocese of Chichester is a Church of England diocese based in Chichester, covering Sussex. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... The College of Chaplains of the Ecclesiastical Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom is under the Clerk of the Closet, an office dating from 1437. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... James II of England and VII of Scotland (14 October 1633–16 September 1701) became King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ...


After the accession of James II, Crew also received the deanery of the Chapel Royal. He was part of the ecclesiastical commission of 1686, which suspended Henry Compton, Bishop of London (refusing to suspend John Sharp, then rector of St Giles's-in-the-Fields, whose anti-papal writings had rendered him obnoxious to the king) and Crew shared the administration of the see of London with Thomas Sprat, Bishop of Rochester. On the decline of King James's power, Crew dissociated himself from the court, and made a bid for the favour of William III's new government by voting for the motion that James had abdicated. He was excepted from the general pardon of 1690, but afterwards was allowed to retain his see. He left large estates to be devoted to charitable ends, and his benefaction to Lincoln College and to Oxford University is commemorated in the annual Crewian oration. In 1697 Crew had succeeded his brother Thomas as 3rd Baron Crew, but the barony became extinct upon his death. The Chapel Royal did not originally refer to a building but an establishment in the Royal Household. ... Events The League of Augsburg is founded. ... Henry Compton (1632 - July 7, 1713), English divine, was the sixth and youngest son of the second earl of Northampton. ... Arms of the Bishop of London The Bishop of London is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury. ... John Sharp (February 16, 1643 - February 2, 1714), English divine, archbishop of York, was born at Bradford, and was educated at Christs College, Cambridge. ... The Diocese of London forms part of the Province of Canterbury in England. ... Thomas Sprat (1635 – May 20, 1713), English divine, was born at Beaminster, Dorset, and educated at Wadham College, Oxford, where he held a fellowship from 1657 to 1670. ... The Bishop of Rochester is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Rochester in the Province of Canterbury. ... William III of England (14 November 1650 – 8 March 1702; also known as William II of Scotland and William III of Orange) was a Dutch aristocrat and a Protestant Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the United Netherlands from 28 June 1672, King of England and King of... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Events September 11 - Battle of Zenta, Prince Eugene of Savoy crushed Ottoman army of Mustafa II September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher...


His tenure also saw the first two new parishes to be erected in England since the Reformation. These were at Stockton-on-Tees in 1712 and Sunderland. The Church of the Holy Trinity in Sunderland, now redundant, was the base for responsible local government in the growing port town for the first time since the Borough of Sunderland, created by the Bishops of Durham, was crushed by Oliver Cromwell in the English Civil War. The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Stockton-on-Tees is an industrial town and port on the River Tees in north-eastern England. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... Sunderland is a city and port in the City of Sunderland metropolitan borough, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... Unfinished portrait miniature of Oliver Cromwell by Samuel Cooper, 1657. ... The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ...


Reference

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
Religious Posts
Preceded by:
Walter Blandford
Bishop of Oxford
1671–1674
Succeeded by:
Henry Compton
Preceded by:
John Cosin
Bishop of Durham
1674–1722
Succeeded by:
William Talbot
Honorary Titles
Preceded by:
The Viscount Fauconberg
Lord Lieutenant of Durham
1687–1689
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Scarbrough
Preceded by:
The Earl of Scarbrough
Lord Lieutenant of Durham
1712–1715
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Scarbrough
Peerage of England
Preceded by:
Thomas Crew
Baron Crew
16971721
Succeeded by:
Extinct

 
 

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