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Encyclopedia > Natan Sharansky

Natan Sharansky (Hebrew: נתן שרנסקי, Russian: Натан Борисович Щаранский; born January 20, 1948) is a notable former Soviet anticommunist, Zionist, Israeli politician and writer. Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than 6 million people, mainly in Israel, the West Bank, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km² ?% Population  - Total  - Density 3rd before collapse 293,047,571 (July... Anti-communism is the opposition to communist ideology, organization, or government, on either an ideological or pragmatic basis. ... A bilingual poster in Romanian and Hungarian promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s. ...


From March 2003 until May 2005, he was a Minister without portfolio, responsible for Jerusalem, social and Jewish diaspora affairs. Previously he served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Israel, Minister of Housing and Construction since March 2001, Interior Minister of Israel (July 1999 - resigned in July 2000), Minister of Industry and Trade (1996-1999). He resigned from the cabinet in April 2005 to protest plans to withdraw Israeli settlers from the contested Gaza Strip. 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Minister without Portfolio is a government minister with no specific responsibilities. ... Jerusalem and the Old City. ... Jewish diaspora (Hebrew: Tefutzah, or Galut, exile) refers to the dispersion of the Jewish people throughout the world. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Internal Affairs of Israel, 1948-present Yitzhak Gruenbaum 1948-1949 Moshe Shapira 1949-1952 Israel Rokach 1952-1955 Moshe Shapira 1955 Israel Bar-Yehuda 1955-1959 Moshe Shapira 1959-1970 Josef Burg 1970-1974 Shlomo Hillel 1974-1977 Josef Burg 1977-1984 Shimon Peres 1984 Yitzhak Peretz 1984-1987 Yitzhak... 1999 (MCMXCIX) is a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) is a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Contents


Biography

Born Anatoly Borisovitch Sharansky (Анатолий Борисович Щаранский) in Donetsk, Ukraine to a Jewish family, he graduated with the degree in applied mathematics from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. Donetsk heavy industry Donetsk (Ukrainian: , Donetsk; Russian: ) is a city in eastern Ukraine on the Kalmius river. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Applied mathematics is a branch of mathematics that concerns itself with the application of mathematical knowledge to other domains. ... Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (abbreviated Phystech or MIPT, Russian language: Физтех or МФТИ) is one of the better known Russian universities, sometimes referred to as the Russian MIT. The Institutes primary facilities are located in Dolgoprudny, Moscows satellite town. ...


After being denied an exit visa to Israel on the grounds of "national security" in 1973, he worked as an English interpreter for prominent physicist and dissident Andrei Sakharov, and also became a human rights activist. Sharansky was one of the founders and the spokesman of Jewish and the Refusenik movement in Moscow Helsinki Watch Group, also known as Yuri Orlov's group. Security measures taken to protect the Houses of Parliament in London, England. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... A physicist is a scientist trained in physics. ... Andrei Sakharov, 1943 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Андре́й Дми́триевич Са́харов, May 21, 1921 – December 14, 1989), was an eminent Soviet-Russian nuclear physicist, dissident and human rights activist. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Refusenik (Soviet Union) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Helsinki Watch was an independent NGO created in mid-1970s to monitor compliance to the Helsinki Accords (signed 1975). ... Yury Orlov (born August 13, 1924) is a prominent nuclear physicist, a former Soviet dissident, and a human rights activist. ...

The front page of Sharansky's book, Fear No Evil

In March 1977 he was arrested and in July 1978 convicted on the (trumped up) charges of treason and spying for the United States and sentenced to 13 years of forced labor. After 16 months of incarceration in Lefortovo prison he was sent to a Siberian labor camp Perm 35 where he served for nine years. The fate of Sharansky and other political prisoners in the USSR, repeatedly brought to attention by Western human rights groups and diplomats, was a cause of embarrassment and irritation for the Soviet authorities. In 1986, he was exchanged for a Soviet spy and emigrated to Israel, adopting a Hebrew given name Natan. The front page of Sharanskys book, Fear No Evil This work is copyrighted. ... The front page of Sharanskys book, Fear No Evil This work is copyrighted. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation. ... Spy and secret agent redirect here; for alternate use, see Spy (disambiguation) and Secret agent (disambiguation). ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ... GULAG (Russian: Glavonoye Upravleniye Lagerey, Main Camp Administration) was the branch of the Soviet secret police (the NKVD and later on the KGB) that dealt with concentration camps. ... A political prisoner is anyone held in prison or otherwise detained, perhaps under house arrest, because their ideas or image either challenge or pose a real or potential threat to the state. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than 6 million people, mainly in Israel, the West Bank, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ...


In 1988 Sharansky was elected the President of the Zionist Forum, an umbrella organization of former Soviet dissidents-Zionists. Sharansky also served as a contributing editor to The Jerusalem Report and a Board member of the Peace Watch. 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1989 the US President Ronald Reagan awarded him with the Medal of Freedom. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom is the highest civilian award in the United States. ...


Sharansky is the chairman and founder (1995) of the political party Yisrael BaAliya ("Israel for aliya" or wordplay "Israel on the rise") promoting the absorption of the Soviet Jews into the Israeli society. With another ex-Soviet dissident Yuli Edelstein as a cofounder and a slogan stating that ther political party is different: its leaders first go to prison and only then go into politics, the party won seven Knesset seats in 1996. [1] 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Israel Ba-Aliya is an Israeli political party, focused on Zionism and representing the interests of Israels Russian immigrants. ... Aliyah is a Hebrew term, literally meaning ascent, widely used to mean Jewish immigration to the Russia in 1882, are known as aliyot (the plural of aliyah). ... Word play is a literary technique in which the nature of the words used themselves become part of the subject of the work. ... The Knesset (כנסת, Hebrew for assembly) is the Parliament of Israel. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


From 2003 to 2005, Sharansky was a cabinet member of the Israeli government (the second Ariel Sharon's government). He resigned on May 2, 2005 in protest of the ruling Likud party's plan to withdraw Israeli settlers from the contested Gaza Strip. 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... Ariel Sharon, the eleventh Prime Minister of Israel, spent many years in the Israel Defense Forces before being elected in March 2001. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Likud (Hebrew: ליכוד, literally means consolidation) is a right-wing political party in Israel. ...


He was listed under number eleven on the List of TIME Magazine's 100 most influential people of 2005 in the "Scientists and thinkers" category. He is currently a distinguished fellow at the Shalem Center, the Jerusalem research institute that publishes the journal Azure (www.azure.org.il). // Leaders and revolutionaries Mahmoud Abbas — new President of the Palestinian Authority Gordon Brown — British Chancellor of the Exchequer George W. Bush — President of the United States Hugo Chávez — President of Venezuela Chen Shui-bian — President of the Republic of China, Taiwan. ...


Books

His book The Case For Democracy: The Power of Freedom to Overcome Tyranny and Terror, cowritten with Ron Dermer, was a "must reading" on the Embassy Row. It had a major influence on the United States president George W. Bush and other government officials, who urged their subordinates to read the book: The Case for Democracy is a foreign policy manifesto written by former Soviet political prisoner and current Israeli Member of the Knesset (MK), Natan Sharansky. ... Ron Dermer is a resident of Miami Beach, Florida and is the co-author of Natan Sharanskys Book The Case For Democracy: The Power of Freedom to Overcome Tyranny and Terror He has said that: The root cause of terrorism . ... Embassy Row is the informal name for a street or area of a city where embassies or other diplomatic installations are concentrated. ... GEORGE BUSH IBold textS A FAGET!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ...

"If you want a glimpse of how I think about foreign policy read Natan Sharansky's book, The Case for Democracy... For government, particularly — for opinion makers, I would put it on your recommended reading list. It's short and it's good. This guy is a heroic figure, as you know. It's a great book." (CNN), [2].

In it, Sharansky postulates that freedom is essential for security and prosperity, and every people and nation deserve to live free in a democratic society. Sharansky argues that human rights, safety and stability can only be assured by releasing people from their oppressors and turn them into free societies when each would have the freedom to express his opinion. Therefore, he concludes, the free world must insist of promoting democracy for the oppressed people, instead of appeasing dictatorships and doing business with tyrant regimes, Personal liberty is one of the meanings of freedom. Freedom refers, in a very general sense, to the state of being free (i. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... The Free World is a Cold War-era term used by non-communist nations to describe themselves. ... Appeasement is a strategic maneuver, based on either pragmatism, fear of war, or moral conviction, that leads to acceptance of imposed conditions in lieu of armed resistance. ...

I then explained why democracy was so crucial to international stability and security, why linkage had been so successful during the Cold War, and why the free world had betrayed its democratic principles at Oslo. I outlined my plan to help the Palestinians build a free society and help Israelis and Palestinians forge a lasting peace. [3] For the generic term for a high-tension struggle between countries, see cold war (war). ... The Oslo Accords, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP), finalized in Oslo, Norway on August 20, 1993, and subsequently officially signed at a public ceremony in Washington D.C. on September 13, 1993 with Mahmoud Abbas signing for the Palestine...

Sharansky takes what many of his critics call a hardline position against the Palestinians, arguing that there can never be peace between Israel and the Palestinians until the latter rid their society of terrorist groups like Hamas and of anti-Semitism. His critics see an incompatibility between his ardent Zionism and his commitment to the struggle for universal human rights and democracy. The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ...

In a recent Ha’aretz interview, he maintained the “Jews came here 3,000 years ago and this is the cradle of Jewish civilization. Jews are the only people in history who kept their loyalty to their identity and their land throughout the 2,000 years of exile, and no doubt that they have the right to have their place among nations—not only historically but also geographically. As to the Palestinians, who are the descendants of those Arabs who migrated in the last 200 years, they have the right, if they want, to have their own state... but not at the expense of the state of Israel.” [4] The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ...

Footnotes

  • ^  The Case for Democracy p.xxiii

Bibliography

  • Fear No Evil. The Classic Memoir of One Man's Triumph over a Police State. ISBN 1891620029.
  • The Case for Democracy. The Power of Freedom to Overcome Tyranny and Terror. (with Ron Dermer) ISBN 1586482610.

See also

Main article: Anti-Semitism The term The New anti-Semitism was coined at the outset of the 21st century to describe waves of attacks around the globe directed at Jews, Jewish organizations, Israel, and Zionism. ... Israel Ba-Aliya is an Israeli political party, focused on Zionism and representing the interests of Israels Russian immigrants. ... Refusenik (Soviet Union) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... GULAG (Russian: Glavonoye Upravleniye Lagerey, Main Camp Administration) was the branch of the Soviet secret police (the NKVD and later on the KGB) that dealt with concentration camps. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Natan Sharansky: Information from Answers.com (1489 words)
Natan Sharansky (Hebrew: נתן שרנסקי, Russian: Натан Борисович Щаранский; born January 20, 1948) is a notable former Soviet dissident, anticommunist, Zionist, Israeli politician and writer.
Sharansky was one of the founders and the spokesman of Jewish and the Refusenik movement in Moscow Helsinki Watch Group, also known as Yuri Orlov's group.
Sharansky is the chairman and founder (1995) of the political party Israel Ba-Aliya ("Israel for aliya" or wordplay "Israel on the rise") promoting the absorption of the Soviet Jews into the Israeli society.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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