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Encyclopedia > Nassau County, Florida
Nassau County, Florida
Seal of Nassau County, Florida
Seal
Map
Map of Florida highlighting Nassau County
Location in the state of Florida
Statistics
Formed 29 December 1824
Seat Fernandina Beach
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,880 km² (726 mi²)
 km² ( mi²)
192 km² (74 mi²), 10.24%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

57,663
34/km² 
Website: http://www.nassauclerk.org

Nassau County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of 2000, the population is 57,663. Its county seat is Fernandina Beach, Florida6. Image File history File links Sealnassau. ... Image File history File links Nassau_County_Florida. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Map Political Statistics County Nassau County Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 27. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Map Political Statistics County Nassau County Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 27. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...

Contents


History

Nassau County was created in 1824. It was named for the Duchy of Nassau in Germany. 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... ...


Law and government

Nassau County is governed by the five-member Nassau County Board of County Commissioners, who are elected to four-year terms by the voters. The terms are staggered so that either three or two commissioners (alternately) are up for election every two years.


The main environmental and agricultural body is the Nassau County Soil and Water Conservation District, which works closely with other area agencies. The Nassau County Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD), located in Nassau County, Florida is a government entity dedicated to encouraging productive use of land, water and air resources in the county. ...


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,880 km² (726 mi²). 1,688 km² (652 mi²) of it is land and 192 km² (74 mi²) of it is water, much of it in the Atlantic Ocean. The total area is 10.24% water. Fernandina Beach is located on Amelia Island, the county's one inhabited island. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Amelia Island is the southernmost of the Sea Islands, a chain of barrier islands stretching from North Carolina to Florida. ...


Adjacent Counties

Camden County is a county located in the Georgia. ... Duval County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Century GothicCentury Gothic Baker County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Charlton County is a county located in the Georgia. ...

Soil conditions

There are approximately 12 roughly distinct types of soil present in Nassau County. These types tend to (but not necessarily) run in bands going north and south, although this is less and less the case as one moves east towards the coast. Directly against the western border with Baker County, the geography ranges between fairly flat to slight changes in elevation. Drainage is bad and the soil is sandy. Moving east, there are some areas (mostly in the north and central) that become more pronounced in terms of elevation and the quality of drainage increases markedly. East of these areas are some places in the north and central, but large areas in the south that become more level and have extremely poor drainage and are at low elevations. Eastward again, there is a stretch that ranges from a few miles in the extreme northern areas to about 6-8 miles in the southern area and includes Hilliard and much of CR 108 and SR 301. This area again has very poor drainage, low-lying land, and furthermore fairly sandy soil. East of this are scattered areas of high, sandy land with spotty or poor drainage. East of this there is an area which includes Callahan with very sandy soil in the upper areas of the soil, and clay in the lower parts. This section is heavily permeated by small creeks and rivers, which bring with them low, poorly drained soils. It extends across the entire county from north to south at a fairly consistent width of about 3-4 miles, except in the north, where it widens to nearly 6 miles across. East of this area is a large tract of land running also north to south at a consistent width of about 8 miles. It is very similar or almost identical to the soil conditions mentioned in the third area mentioned above, which are more level and have extremely poor drainage and are at low elevations. Here, however, the landscape is again permeated by small creeks and rivers. In the northern section there is a junction of the St. Mary's River and some of its tributaries, while in the south, a number of tributaries drain together into the Nassau River, which moves into the Nassau Sound and the Atlantic Ocean. Still east of this area is a section of land about 3 miles in ditch that has extremely sandy soils with bad drainage all around. Moving still eastward is a large area, including Yulee and O'Neil, about 4 miles in width featuring poor drainage and sandy soil at higher elevations, pockmarked by large reas of low lands with even worse drainage. To the south is an area of low-lying, organic soils which are essentially marshes and wetlands along the northern bank of the Nassau River, and continues into the Nassau Sound. Still eastward and somewhat to the north is a large area of marshes and organic soils which characterize area wetlands. There are many small islands in this area, and it is permeated by the Bells River and Jolly River, which empty into the Cumberland Sound to the north, just to the south of Cumberland Island. Amelia Island, the easternmost section of the county, is characterized by poor drainage in the west, and better drained, higher, sandier land moving eastward towards the beach. The northern area of the Island features salty marshlands in the form of Egan's Creek, which runs directly beneath Atlantic Boulevard in Fernandina Beach. Century GothicCentury Gothic Baker County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Hilliard is a town located in Nassau County in the state of Florida in the United States of America. ... Callahan is a town located in Nassau County in the state of Florida in the United States of America. ... The St. ... Yulee is a census-designated place located in Nassau County in the state of Florida in the United States of America. ...


Economy

Nassau County's economy is very diverse, ranging from agricultural activity (mostly in the form of tree farms) in the west and central areas, to a variety of activities closer to Amelia Island. Much of the land used for tree farming is owned by Rayonier, a major employer in the area, and the owner of a large pulp mill in Fernandina Beach. Historically, tree farming, trucking, and pulp production has characterized a large portion of the local economy. However, extensive growth is occurring in the outlying small towns in the rural western area, and the home construction market is still quite strong. Fernandina Beach has long been known for professional industries such as real estate, legal services, and medical care, and is also a site of some upscale resorts such as the Ritz-Carlton Hotel and Amelia Island Plantation. In the central area of the county, a private tract of land known as White Oak Plantation was once owned by a wealthy family who ran the area as a private zoo, complete with exotic animals such as giraffes and large albino cats. Numerous public figures, including former President Bill Clinton, have travelled to the resort in the past as a vacation spot. Rayonier NYSE: RYN is the seventh largest private owner of timberland in the United States. ... Ritz-Carlton is an upscale, luxury brand of hotels and resorts with locations in major U.S. and international cities, as well as popular resort destinations such as Montego Bay, Jamaica, San Juan, Puerto Rico, and Bali, Indonesia and Qatar. ... William Jefferson Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 57,663 people, 21,980 households, and 16,528 families residing in the county. The population density was 34/km² (88/mi²). There were 25,917 housing units at an average density of 15/km² (40/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.02% White, 7.74% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 21,980 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.97. Marriage is a relationship between individuals which generally forms the foundation of a family. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $46,022, and the median income for a family was $52,477. Males had a median income of $37,027 versus $25,443 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,836. 9.10% of the population and 6.40% of families were below the poverty line. 10.90% of those under the age of 18 and 8.90% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

Nassau County is home to nine elementary schools, three middle schools, two high schools, and one combination middle-senior high school. The Betty Cook Center, established and run by Florida Community College at Jacksonville, offers classes for a variety of post-secondary degrees. FCCJ Logo The Florida Community College at Jacksonville (FCCJ) is located in Jacksonville, Florida, USA. It has five campuses in the Jacksonville area, and five additional centers which host classes and programs for students. ...


Municipalities

Incorporated

  1. Town of Callahan
  2. City of Fernandina Beach
  3. Town of Hilliard

Callahan is a town located in Nassau County in the state of Florida in the United States of America. ... Map Political Statistics County Nassau County Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 27. ... Hilliard is a town located in Nassau County in the state of Florida in the United States of America. ...

Unincorporated

  • Nassau Village-Ratliff
  • Yulee
  • Crawford
  • Dahoma
  • Kent
  • Italia
  • Dyal
  • Ingle
  • Kings Ferry
  • Lessie
  • Boulougne
  • O’Neill
  • Andrews
  • Evergreen
  • Verdie

Nassau Village-Ratliff is a census-designated place located in Nassau County in the state of Florida in the United States of America. ... Yulee is a census-designated place located in Nassau County in the state of Florida in the United States of America. ...

Local media

There are four newspapers in Nassau County. The largest, the Fernandina Beach News-Leader, is owned by The Leader Group, a local media company headed by Tom Wood. The Nassau County Record is also owned by The Leader Group, and so the Record and the News-Leader often republish each others' stories. Both of these periodicals are available by subscription or from newsstands. The Westside Journal, an independent newspaper, is published by Florida Sun Printing, and is available for free through the mail. The Journal is well-known for giving regular photo coverage to local car accidents. Nassau Neighbors, a community section of the Florida Times-Union, is also available for free, either from the newsstand, or by subscription for delivery cost. The subscription business model is a business model that has long been used by magazines and record clubs, but the application of this model is spreading. ...


Further reading

  • Jan H. Johannes, Yesterday's Reflections, (1976)
  • Jan H. Johannes, Yesterday's Reflections II, (2000) ISBN 0967741904

External links

Economy

  • Amelia Island Plantation
  • The Ritz Carlton
  • Rayonier

Local media

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

State of Florida
(Government | History | Floridians)
Capital: Tallahassee
Largest cities: Cape Coral | Clearwater | Coral Springs | Fort Lauderdale | Gainesville | Hialeah | Hollywood | Jacksonville | Lakeland | Miami | Miami Gardens | Miramar | North Miami | Orlando | Pembroke Pines | Plantation | Pompano Beach | Port St. Lucie | St. Petersburg | Sunrise | Tallahassee | Tampa | West Palm Beach
Other notable communities: Altamonte Springs | Apopka | Aventura | Boca Raton  | Bonita Springs | Boynton Beach | Bradenton | Brandon | Coconut Creek | Cooper City | Coral Gables | Davie | Daytona Beach | Deerfield Beach | Delray Beach | Deltona | Dunedin | Fort Myers | Fort Pierce | Greenacres | Hallandale Beach | Homestead | Jupiter | Kissimmee | Lake Mary | Lake Worth | Lakeland | Largo | Lauderdale Lakes | Lauderhill | Margate | Melbourne | Miami Beach | North Lauderdale | North Miami Beach | North Miami | Oakland Park | Ocala | Ocoee | Ormond Beach | Oviedo | Palm Bay | Palm Beach Gardens | Palm Harbor | Panama City | Pensacola | Pinellas Park | Plant City | Plantation | Port Charlotte | Port Orange | Riviera Beach | Royal Palm Beach | St. Augustine | Sanford | Sarasota | Spring Hill | Sunrise | Tamarac | Temple Terrace | Titusville | Vero Beach | Wellington | Weston | Winter Haven | Winter Park | Winter Springs
Regions: Central Florida | Emerald Coast | First Coast | Florida Panhandle | Florida Keys | Nature Coast | North Central Florida  | South Florida | Southwest Florida | Space Coast | Sun Coast | Tampa Bay Area | Treasure Coast
Counties: Alachua | Baker | Bay | Bradford | Brevard | Broward | Calhoun | Charlotte | Citrus | Clay | Collier | Columbia |Dade |DeSoto | Dixie | Duval | Escambia | Flagler | Franklin | Gadsden | Gilchrist | Glades | Gulf | Hamilton | Hardee | Hendry | Hernando | Highlands | Hillsborough | Holmes | Indian River | Jackson | Jefferson | Lafayette | Lake | Lee | Leon | Levy | Liberty | Madison | Manatee | Marion | Martin | Miami-Dade | Monroe | Nassau | Okaloosa | Okeechobee | Orange | Osceola | Palm Beach | Pasco | Pinellas | Polk | Putnam | Santa Rosa | Sarasota | Seminole | St. Johns | St. Lucie | Sumter | Suwannee | Taylor | Union | Volusia | Wakulla | Walton | Washington

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nassau County, Florida: Information from Answers.com (1466 words)
Nassau County's economy is very diverse, ranging from agricultural activity (mostly in the form of tree farms) in the west and central areas, to a variety of activities closer to Amelia Island.
In the central area of the county, a private tract of land known as White Oak Plantation was once owned by a wealthy family who ran the area as a private zoo, complete with exotic animals such as giraffes and large albino cats.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
Relocating and Moving to Yulee, Nassau County, Florida (465 words)
The Betty P. Cook Nassau County Center is located in Yulee at 760 William Burgess Blvd.,.6 miles east of the Interstate 95/A1A intersection in Nassau County.
It is the largest business organization in Nassau County, serving a membership of more than 700 businesses, organizations and individuals in a 200-square-mile area from the Atlantic Ocean west to Interstate 95 and from the Georgia-Florida border south to Duval County.
The City of Yulee is close to Route A1A, it generally borders the Florida/Georgia boundary to the north, Duval County to the south, Interstate 95 to the west.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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