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Encyclopedia > Nasopharynx
Front of nasal part of pharynx, as seen with the laryngoscope.
Latin pars nasalis pharyngis
Gray's subject #244 1141
Nerve maxillary nerve
MeSH Nasopharynx
Dorlands/Elsevier p_07/12617279

The nasopharynx (nasal part of the pharynx) lies behind the nose and above the level of the soft palate: it differs from the oral and laryngeal parts of the pharynx in that its cavity always remains patent (open). Image File history File links Illu_pharynx. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Nerves (yellow) Nerves redirects here. ... The Maxillary nerve is one of the three branches of the trigeminal nerve, one of the cranial nerves. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... Elseviers logo. ... The soft palate, or velum, is the soft tissue comprising the back of the roof of the mouth. ... The laryngeals were three consonant sounds that appear in most current reconstructions of the Proto-Indo-European language. ... The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the neck and throat situated immediately posterior to the mouth and nasal cavity, and cranial, or superior, to the esophagus, larynx, and trachea. ...

In front it communicates through the choanae with the nasal cavities. Choana (plural: Choanae) is the posterior nasal aperture. ... The nasal cavity (or nasal fossa) is a large air-filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face. ...

On its lateral wall is the pharyngeal ostium of the auditory tube, somewhat triangular in shape, and bounded behind by a firm prominence, the torus or cushion, caused by the medial end of the cartilage of the tube which elevates the mucous membrane. Anatomy of the human ear. ... The mucous membranes (or mucosae; singular: mucosa) are linings of mostly endodermal origin, covered in epithelium, and are involved in absorption and secretion. ...

A vertical fold of mucous membrane, the salpingopharyngeal fold, stretches from the lower part of the torus; it contains the Salpingopharyngeus muscle.

A second and smaller fold, the salpingopalatine fold, stretches from the upper part of the torus to the palate.

Behind the ostium of the auditory tube is a deep recess, the pharyngeal recess (fossa of Rosenmüller). Anatomy of the human ear. ... Behind the ostium of the auditory tube is a deep recess, the pharyngeal recess (fossa of Rosenmüller). ...

On the posterior wall is a prominence, best marked in childhood, produced by a mass of lymphoid tissue, which is known as the pharyngeal tonsil. Adenoids, or pharyngeal tonsils, are folds of lymphatic tissue covered by ciliated epithelium. ...

Above the pharyngeal tonsil, in the middle line, an irregular flask-shaped depression of the mucous membrane sometimes extends up as far as the basilar process of the occipital bone; it is known as the pharyngeal bursa. The occipital bone, a saucer-shaped membrane bone situated at the back and lower part of the cranium, is trapezoid in shape and curved on itself. ...

Additional images

See also

  • nasopharyngeal carcinoma - cancer of the nasopharynx

Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, better known as SUNY Downstate Medical Center, is an academic medical center and is the only one of its kind in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (610x733, 230 KB) nm,mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffgfjghjhdjhghgfgggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg66666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666§------------------_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Respiratory System Among four-legged animals, the respiratory system generally includes tubes, such as the bronchi, used to carry air to the lungs, where gas exchange takes place. ... Image File history File links Uppergi. ... For the Physics term GUT, please refer to Grand unification theory The gastrointestinal or digestive tract, also referred to as the GI tract or the alimentary canal or the gut, is the system of organs within multicellular animals which takes in food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, and... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body (or Grays Anatomy as it has more commonly become known) is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Nasopharyngeal cancer (1842 words)
Cancer of the nasopharynx is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the tissues of the nasopharynx.
The cancer is in the nasopharynx or has spread to the nose, the nasopharynx, or the bone or nerves in the head.
Treatment for cancer of the nasopharynx depends on where the cancer is in the nasopharynx, the stage of the disease, and the patient's age and overall health.
Nasopharynx Cancer (1464 words)
The top of the nasopharynx is called the "cribriform plate", which is a sieve-like structure that transmits the nerves for smell to the brain.
The back of the nasopharynx is next to the "cavernous sinus", an area close to the brain through which important blood vessels and nerves travel.
Cancer of the nasopharynx is primarily prevalent in immigrant Chinese and slightly less prevalent in first-generation Chinese Americans.
  More results at FactBites »



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