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Encyclopedia > Nasjonal Samling
Norway and World War II
Key events
Norwegian Campaign · Weserübung
Elverum Authorization

Midtskogen · Vinjesvingen
Occupation and Resistance
Camps · Telavåg
Festung Norwegen
Heavy water sabotage
Post-war purge Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... German battle cruisers in a Norwegian port in June 1940 The Norwegian Campaign led to the first direct confrontation between the military forces of the Allies — United Kingdom and France against Nazi Germany in World War II. The primary reason for Germany seeking the occupation of Norway was Germanys... Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... The Elverum Authorization (Elverumsfullmakten) was approved unanimously by the Norwegian Parliament on April 9, 1940 in the town of Elverum in Norway after the Norwegian royal family, executive branch, and parliament had evacuated Oslo to evade capture by German troops in the course of Operation Weserübung during World War... Combatants Norway Germany Commanders Oliver Møystad Eberhard Spiller Strength 100+ 100 Casualties 3 wounded 2 killed, ? wounded Midtskogen farm is situated approximately 5 kilometers west of the town Elverum at the mouth of the Østerdalen valley in southern Norway. ... The Battle of Vinjesvingen took place in May of 1940 in Telemark county, Norway. ... Starting with the invasion of April 9, 1940, Norway was under military occupation of German forces and civil rule of a German commissioner in collaboration with a Pro-German puppet government. ... Norwegian resistance to the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1945 took several forms: Asserting the legitimacy of the exiled Norwegian government, and by implication the lack of legitimacy of the Quisling regime and Terboven administration The initial defense in Southern Norway, which was largely disorganized, but... During the German occupation of Norway in World War II the civilian occupying authorities with the Quisling regime and the German Wehrmacht operated a number of camps in Norway. ... TelavÃ¥g is a small village in the municipality of Sund, located 39 km south west of Bergen, Norway, with a population of about 600. ... Festung Norwegen (Fortress Norway) was the German term for the heavy defense and fortification system of Norway during the occupation of Norway in World War II. By some, including Reichskommissar Josef Terboven, it was thought that these fortifications would serve effectively as a last perimeter of defense of the Third... The Vemork hydroelectric plant, site of ammonia production with a militarily important byproduct, heavy water. ... Following the general capitulation of Germany in Europe and in Norway on May 10, 1945, the legitimate Norwegian government moved quickly to prosecute individuals who were suspected of treason or war crimes during the German occupation. ...

People
Haakon VII · Nygaardsvold · CJ Hambro
CG Fleischer · Otto Ruge · Max Manus
Jens Chr. Hauge · Gunnar Sønsteby
Quisling · Jonas Lie · Henry Rinnan
Josef Terboven · Wilhelm Rediess
von Falkenhorst
Organizations
Milorg · XU · Linge · Nortraship
Nasjonal Samling
Symbol of the Hirden, the stormtroopers or paramilitary organization of the Nasjonal Samling. The symbol of the party itself was similar, but without the swords.
Symbol of the Hirden, the stormtroopers or paramilitary organization of the Nasjonal Samling. The symbol of the party itself was similar, but without the swords.

Nasjonal Samling (Norwegian for "National Gathering" or "National Unity") was a fascist party in Norway, active in the period 1933-45. Founded by former minister of defence Vidkun Quisling and a group of sympathisers such as Johan Bernhard Hjort, who was to lead the party's paramilitary wing the Hird for a short time before leaving the party in 1937 after internal conflict. The party was claimed to have been founded on the 17th of May, Norway's national holiday, but was in fact founded several days earlier on the 13th. King Haakon VII King Haakon VII of Norway, Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel (August 3, 1872 - September 21, 1957) was the first King of Norway after the dissolution of the personal union with Sweden in 1905. ... Campaign poster of Johan Nygaardsvold Johan Nygaardsvold (September 6, 1879 - March 13, 1952) was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party. ... Carl Joachim Hambro (usually C.J. Hambro) (January 5, 1885 – 15 December 1964) was a leading politician from the Norwegian Conservative Party. ... Carl Gustav Fleischer (1883-1942) was a Norwegian general and the first allied general(actually not allied, as the allies and Norway never had any official cooperation, in writing) to win a major victory against the Germans in World War II. In 1940, as commander of the Norwegian 6th division... Otto Ruge (January 9, 1882 - 1961) was a Norwegian general. ... Max Manus was a famous Norwegian World War II resistance fighter. ... Jens Christian Hauge (born 1915) was the leader of the secret military organisation Milorg in WWII occupied Norway. ... Gunnar Sønsteby (born 11 January 1918) is known as a Norwegian resistance fighter during World War II. Known also as Kjakan and , he participated in the resistance effort from 1940. ... Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling, (July 18, 1887 – October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian army officer and fascist politician. ... Jonas Lie (1899-1945) was a Norwegian councillor of state in the NS government of Vidkun Quisling in 1940, then acting councillor of state 1940-1941, and minister between 1941 and 1945. ... Born May 14, 1915 in Levanger, Norway Died Executed on February 1, 1947 by shooting. ... Josef Terboven Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (May 23, 1898 - May 8, 1945) was a Nazi leader most known for his brutal leadership during the Nazi occupation of Norway. ... Wilhelm Rediess (October 10, 1900 – May 8, 1945) was the German chief of secret police (General der Polizei) during the German occupation of Norway in the Second World War. ... Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, (January 17, 1885 - June 18, 1968), German General that planned the attack on Denmark and Norway in 1940, Weserübung. ... Milorg was a secret military organization under World War II in Norway. ... Xu can be a pinyin transliteration of one of several Chinese surnames: 徐 (pinyin Xú, also spelled Hsu or Tsui or Eu) 許 (traditional) or 许 (simplified), (pinyin Xǔ, also spelled Hui or Hii) In this context it is pronounced somewhat like Shoo or simply Shh. ... Norwegian Independent Company 1 (NOR.I.C.1, also Norisen) was a SOE group formed in March of 1941 for the purpose of perfoming commando raids in occupied Norway. ... The Norwegian Shipping and Trade Mission (Nortraship) was established in London in April 1940 to administrate the Norwegian merchant fleet outside German controlled areas. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... For other meanings of stormtrooper see Stormtrooper (disambiguation). ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling, (July 18, 1887 – October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian army officer and fascist politician. ... Johan Bernhard Hjort (1895 - 1969) founded the Norwegian Nasjonal Samling party together with Vidkun Quisling on May 17 1933. ... Housecarls were household troops, personal warriors and equivalent to a royal bodyguard to Scandinavian kings. ...


While the party failed to muster considerable support in the national and local referendums before the war, it made its mark on Norwegian politics nonetheless. Despite the fact that it never managed to get more than 2.5 percent of the vote, it became a factor by way of polarizing the political scene. All of the established parties in Norway viewed it as an offshoot of German National Socialism, and generally refused to work with it in any way. Several of its marches and rallies before the war were either banned, or marred with violence as working-class activists clashed with the Hird. The term National socialism has been used in self-description by a number of unrelated political movements. ...


A significant trait of the party throughout its existence was a relatively high level of internal conflict. Antisemitism, anti-Masonry and views on religion as well as the party's association with NSDAP and Germany were hotly debated and led to fractioning of the party. At the time World War II broke out the party had been reduced to a political sect with hardly any real activity. Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth... The Masonic Square and Compasses. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


During World War II Norway was occupied by Germany, and NS became official collaborators, forming a puppet government in Norway. After the occupation in April 1940 NS dominated the so called Reichskommissariat under Josef Terboven. The party leader, Quisling, however was controversial in Norway, as well as among the occupants and was denied a formal position until February 1, 1942, when he became minister president in an NS government. Other important ministers were Jonas Lie (also head of the Norwegian wing of the SS from 1941) as minister of police, Dr. Gulbrand Lunde as minister of "popular enlightenment and propaganda", as well as the opera singer Albert Viljam Hagelin as minister Domestic Affairs. Reichskommissariat Moskau Reichskommissariat Ostland Reichskommissariat Ukraine Reichskommissariat Kaukasus See also Reichskommissar Category: ... Josef Terboven Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (May 23, 1898 - May 8, 1945) was a Nazi leader most known for his brutal leadership during the Nazi occupation of Norway. ... Jonas Lauritz Idemil Lie (November 6, 1833 – July 5, 1908) was a Norwegian novelist, considered to be one of the Four Greats of 19th century Norwegian literature. ... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... An Australian anti-conscription propaganda poster from World War One U.S. propaganda poster, which warns against civilians sharing information on troop movements (National Archives) The much-imitated 1914 Lord Kitchener Wants You! poster Swedish Anti-Euro propaganda for the referendum of 2003. ... The New Opera in Oslo, Norway The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... Albert Viljam Hagelin (1881 - 1946) was a businessman and opera singer. ...


NS was ideologically dominated by strong belief in Lutheranism, national romanticism, authoritarianism and corporatism. It also relied heavily on Nordic symbolism, utilizing Vikings, pre-Christian religion and runes in its propaganda and speeches. Especially important to the party was St. Olav Haraldsson, who is often cited as having introduced Christianity to Norway. The party's symbol, a golden sun cross on a red background, was said to be Olav's symbol, which he painted on his shield. Lutheranism is a movement within Christianity that began with the theological insights of Martin Luther in the 16th century. ... Liberty leading the people, embodying the Romantic view of the French Revolution of 1830; its painter Eugène Delacroix also served as an elected deputy Romantic nationalism (also organic nationalism, identity nationalism) is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of... Bold text:This article applies to political ideologies. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Olav II Haraldsson ( 995 – 1030), king from 1015–1028, called during his lifetime the Fat and afterwards known as Saint Olaf, was born in the year in which Olaf Tryggvesson came to Norway. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... A Caddo solar cross, to Southeastern Native Americans a symbol of both the sun and fire. ...


Though the party had close ties to German National Socialism during the occupation it was more similar to the Italian Fascist Party in terms of ideology. Antisemitism for instance was not a dominant factor until the occupation was a fact (while always present in some form or another). Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth...


After the war the party was banned and its members prosecuted as collaborators by the legitimate government. Nearly 50,000 were brought to trial, approximately half of whom received jail penalties. Quisling and a few other high-profile members, and prominent German officials in Norway were executed for war crimes. The sentences' legality has been questioned however, as Norway did not have peacetime corporal punishment, and corporal punishment for war crimes must be carried out during a war, according to the Norwegian constitution at the time. The Constitution of Norway was first adopted on May 17, 1814 by the Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll (a small town north of the countrys capital, Christiania). ...


Another issue of post-war treatment has been the ongoing Hamsun debate in Norway. The internationally renowned author Knut Hamsun, though never a member was a well known sympathizer. After the war Hamsun was, however, deemed mentally unfit to stand trial and many feel that the issue of his links to the party has never been properly resolved. Hamsun's status as a Nobel Prize laureate and probably the most well known Norwegian author next to Henrik Ibsen also means that his ties to NS is a touchy subject, as many feel his literature should not be marred with constant debate on whether or not Hamsun was a fascist. Knut Hamsun (31 years old) in 1890 Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859 – February 19, 1952) was a leading Norwegian author and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature for 1920. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awards in physics, chemistry, literature, peace, physiology or medicine. ... Ibsen redirects here. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vidkun Quisling - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (677 words)
Nasjonal Samling had an anti-democratic, Führerprinzip-based political structure, and Quisling was to be the party's Fører (Norwegian: 'Leader', equivalent of the German 'Führer'), much as Adolf Hitler was for the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) in Germany.
The party went on to have modest successes; in the election of 1933, four months after the party was formed, it garnered 27,850 votes, following support from the Norwegian Farmer's Aid Association, with which Quisling had connections from his time as a member of the Agrarian government.
Subsequently these sentences have been controversial, since capital punishment was reintroduced to the Norwegian legal system by the exile government at the end of the war, in anticipation of the post war trials.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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