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Encyclopedia > Nasdaq
NASDAQ
Type Public (NASDAQ: NDAQ)
Founded February 8, 1971
Headquarters New York City, USA
Key people Robert Greifeld, CEO[1]

David P. Warren, CFO Image File history File links NASDAQ_logo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Robert Greifeld is the current CEO of NASDAQ. Robert Greifeld is President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... CFO is usually short for Chief Financial Officer, but may also mean: Carrier frequency offset Ceramic fiber optics Chief Fire Officer Chief of Flight Operations Conselho Federal de Odontologia (cfo. ...

Anna M. Ewing, CIO
Website www.nasdaq.com
NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City.
The NASDAQ Composite index.
The NASDAQ Composite index.

The NASDAQ (acronym for National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations system) is an American stock market. It was founded in 1971 by the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD), who divested themselves of it in a series of sales in 2000 and 2001. It is owned and operated by The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. the stock of which was listed on its own stock exchange in 2002. NASDAQ is the largest electronic screen-based equity securities market in the United States. With approximately 3,200 companies, it lists more companies and on average trades more shares per day than any other U.S. market.[2] CIO may mean: Central Intelligence Organization, secret police in Zimbabwe Chief Information Officer, a corporate title Congress of Industrial Organizations, a United States trade union confederation. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Download high resolution version (426x640, 120 KB)NASDAQ in Timesquare New York City. ... Download high resolution version (426x640, 120 KB)NASDAQ in Timesquare New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Nasdaq Composite is a stock market index of all of the common stocks and similar securities (e. ... A stock market is a market for the trading of company stock, and derivatives of same; both of these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... NASD executive office on K Street in downtown Washington, D.C. The National Association of Securities Dealers, also known as the NASD, is the regulatory body primarily responsible for the regulation of persons involved in the securities industry in the United States. ... In finance and economics, divestment or divestiture is the reduction of some kind of asset, for either financial or social goals. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

Contents

History

See also: Economy of New York City

When it began trading on February 8, 1971, the NASDAQ was the world's first electronic stock market. At first, it was merely a computer bulletin board system and did not actually connect buyers and sellers. The NASDAQ helped lower the spread (the difference between the bid price and the ask price of the stock) but somewhat paradoxically was unpopular among brokerages because they made much of their money on the spread. Over the years, NASDAQ became more of a stock market by adding trade and volume reporting and automated trading systems. NASDAQ was also the first stock market to advertise to the general public, highlighting NASDAQ-traded companies (usually in technology) and closing with the declaration that NASDAQ is "the stock market for the next hundred years." Its main index is the NASDAQ Composite, which has been published since its inception. However, its exchange-traded fund tracks the large-cap NASDAQ 100 index, which was introduced in 1985 alongside the NASDAQ 100 Financial Index. The NASDAQ MarketSite in Times Square. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The Nasdaq Composite is a stock market index of all of the common stocks and similar securities (e. ... The NASDAQ-100 is a stock market index of 100 of the largest domestic and international non-financial companies listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...


Until 1987, most trading occurred via the telephone, but during the October 1987 stock market crash, market makers often didn't answer their phones. To counteract this, the Small Order Execution System (SOES) was established, which provides an electronic method for dealers to enter their trades. NASDAQ requires market makers to honor trades over SOES.[3] Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... DJIA (19 July 1987 through 19 January 1988) FTSE 100 Index (19 July 1987 through 19 January 1988) Black Monday is the name given to Monday, October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) fell dramatically, and on which similar enormous drops occurred across the world. ... A market maker is a person or a firm which quotes a buy and sell price in a financial instrument or commodity hoping to make a profit on the turn or the bid/offer spread. ... Electronic Trading: Small Order Execution System (SOES) The lack of liquidity after the 1987 market crash lead the Nasdaq to implement a mandatory system to provide automatic order execution for individual traders with orders less than or equal to 1000 shares. ...


Business

NASDAQ allows multiple market participants to trade through its Electronic Communication Networks (ECNs) structure, increasing competition. The Small Order Execution System (SOES) is another NASDAQ feature, introduced in 1987, to ensure that in 'turbulent' market conditions small market orders are not forgotten but are automatically processed. With approximately 3,200 companies, it lists more companies and, on average, its systems trade more shares per day than any other stock exchange in the world. NASDAQ will follow the New York Stock Exchange in halting domestic trading in the event of a sharp and sudden decline of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. [4] Electronic Communication Network (ECN) is a non-exchange computer network to facilitate trading of financial products, primarily equities (stocks) and currencies (aka FX / Foreign exchange market). ... Competition is the act of striving against others for the purpose of achieving gain, such as income, pride, amusement, or dominance. ... Electronic Trading: Small Order Execution System (SOES) The lack of liquidity after the 1987 market crash lead the Nasdaq to implement a mandatory system to provide automatic order execution for individual traders with orders less than or equal to 1000 shares. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... Linear graph of the DJIA from 1901 until today Logarithmic graph of the DJIA from 1901 until today The Dow Jones Industrial Average (NYSE: DJI, also called the DJIA, Dow 30, or informally the Dow industrials, the Dow Jones or The Dow) is one of several stock market indices created...


Market Share

As of 1 March 2007, NASDAQ is the largest Electronic Communication Network system in terms of shares traded. Approximately two out of every seven shares traded on the American financial markets are traded on the system. For New York Stock Exchange-listed securities or Tape A, it accounts for about 14-15% of the shares traded. For Tape C securities, it accounts for approximately 45-98% of the trading volume. [5] is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Electronic Communication Network (ECN) is a non-exchange computer network to facilitate trading of financial products, primarily equities (stocks) and currencies (aka FX / Foreign exchange market). ... See stock (disambiguation) for other meanings of the term stock A stock, also referred to as a share, is commonly a share of ownership in a corporation. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... A national market system plan (or NMS plan) is a structured method of transmitting securities transactions in real-time. ... A national market system plan (or NMS plan) is a structured method of transmitting securities transactions in real-time. ...


Fees

NASDAQ has a sliding fee system that offers lower liquidity removal fees and more favorable added-liquidity rebates based on how much trading volume the market participant executes on the NASDAQ system.


Quote availability

NASDAQ quotes are available at three levels. Level I shows the highest bid and lowest offer — the inside quote. Level II shows all public quotes of market makers together with information of market makers wishing to sell or buy stock and recently executed orders. Level III is used by the market makers and allows them to enter their quotes and execute orders.[6] A market maker is a person or a firm which quotes a buy and sell price in a financial instrument or commodity hoping to make a profit on the turn or the bid/offer spread. ...


Indices

The NASDAQ-100 is a stock market index of 100 of the largest domestic and international non-financial companies listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange based on market capitalization. ... The NASDAQ Biotechnology Index includes securities of NASDAQ-listed companies classified according to the Industry Classification Benchmark as either Biotechnology or Pharmaceuticals which also meet other eligibility criteria. ...

Markets

  • NASDAQ Global Select Market
  • NASDAQ Global Market
  • NASDAQ Capital Market
  • NASDAQ PORTAL Market

See also

Nasdaq MarketSite (Times Square, New York City) at night Financial reporters from major television news networks deliver live updates from the MarketSite Studio. ... ACT - Automated Confirmation of Transactions - Nasdaq Stock Market system for reporting and clearing trades. ...

References

  1. ^ FACTSHEET 2007. NASDAQ Newsroom. The Nasdaq Stock Market (2007). Retrieved on 2007-05-29.
  2. ^ NASDAQ Performance Report. NASDAQ Newsroom. The Nasdaq Stock Market (2007-01-12). Retrieved on 2007-02-15.
  3. ^ Wells, Rob. "'Market for Next 100 Years' is 25", Associated Press. 
  4. ^ Circuit Breaker Trigger Points and Trade Halt Durations.
  5. ^ Market Volume Summary.
  6. ^ Nasdaq Level I, Level II , Level III Quotes.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links



A comparison of three major stock indices: the NASDAQ Composite, Dow Jones Industrial Average, and S&P 500. ... Linear graph of the DJIA from 1901 until today Logarithmic graph of the DJIA from 1901 until today The Dow Jones Industrial Average (NYSE: DJI, also called the DJIA, Dow 30, or informally the Dow industrials, the Dow Jones or The Dow) is one of several stock market indices created... The NYSE Composite (NYSE: NYA) is a stock market index covering all common stock listed on the New York Stock Exchange, including American Depositary Receipts, Real Estate Investment Trusts, tracking stocks, and foreign listings. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... The Nasdaq Composite is a stock market index of all of the common stocks and similar securities (e. ... The NASDAQ-100 is a stock market index of 100 of the largest domestic and international non-financial companies listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange based on market capitalization. ... The S&P 500 is an index containing the stocks of 500 Large-Cap corporations, most of which are American. ... The Russell 2000 Index is a stock market index of US stocks. ... The Dow Jones Wilshire 5000 Total Stock Market Index, also known as the Dow Jones Wilshire 5000 Composite Index or simply the Wilshire 5000 is a broad base stock market index often used to represent the entire United States stock market. ...

Stock Market v d
Types of Stocks
Stock | Common stock | Preferred stock | Outstanding stock | Treasury stock
Trading Stock
Participants: Market maker
Exchanges: Stock exchange | List of stock exchanges | New York Stock Exchange | NASDAQ
Toronto Stock Exchange | London Stock Exchange | Euronext | Frankfurt Stock Exchange
Tokyo Stock Exchange | Hong Kong Stock Exchange | Australian Securities Exchange
Warsaw Stock Exchange | Botswana Stock Exchange | Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
Palestine Securities Exchange | Kyrgyz Stock Exchange | Chittagong Stock Exchange
Stock Valuation
Trading Theories: Dow Theory | Elliott Wave Theory | Fundamental analysis | Technical analysis
Mark Twain effect | January effect | Efficient market hypothesis
Stock Pricing: Dividend yield | Gordon model | Income per share | Book value | Earnings yield | Beta coefficient
Ratios: Financial ratio | P/CF ratio | PE ratio | PEG ratio | Price/sales ratio | P/B ratio
Stock Related Terms
Dividend | Stock split | Growth stock | Investment | Speculation | Trade | Day trading

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fool.com: Index Center (345 words)
NASDAQ used to be an acronym that stood for the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation.
Nasdaq companies tend to be smaller and younger than New York Stock Exchange companies, but the exchange also lists Dow Jones Industrial Average giants Microsoft and Intel.
The stocks of the Nasdaq 100 are typically tech stocks that have "made it." Many of these companies didn't exist 25 years ago, but have come to dominate their markets.
NASDAQ - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2802 words)
NASDAQ is the largest electronic screen-based equity securities market in the United States.
The NASDAQ helped lower the "spread" but somewhat paradoxically was unpopular among brokerages because they made much of their money on the spread.
NASDAQ later pulled its bid, and less than two weeks later on April 11, 2006, struck a deal with LSE's largest shareholder, Ameriprise Financial's Threadneedle Asset Management unit, to acquire all of that firm's stake, consisting of 35.4 million shares, at £11.75 per share.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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