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Encyclopedia > Narrow gauge
Rail gauge
Broad gauge
Standard gauge
Narrow gauge
Dual gauge
Break-of-gauge
Breitspurbahn
Rail tracks
Tramway track
List of Rail Gauges
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Comparison of standard gauge (blue) and one common narrow gauge (red) width.
Comparison of standard gauge (blue) and one common narrow gauge (red) width.

Narrow gauge railways have a gauge narrower than the 1435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) of standard gauge railways. Most existing narrow gauge railways have gauges of 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm) or less. Since they can accommodate smaller radius curves, narrow gauge railways can be substantially cheaper to build, equip, and operate than standard-gauge railways, particularly in mountainous terrain. The lower costs of narrow gauge railways mean they are often built to serve industries and communities where the traffic potential would not justify the costs of building a standard gauge line. Narrow gauge railways also have specialized use in mines and other environments where their smaller loading gauge is an advantage. On the other hand, standard gauge railways generally have a greater haulage capacity and allow greater speeds than narrow gauge systems. Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... Great Western Railway broad gauge steam locomotives awaiting scrapping in 1892 after the conversion to standard gauge. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Sunlight reflects off dual-gauge tracks near Chur, Switzerland Mixed-gauge track and pointwork (1435 mm and 1067 mm) at Odawara in Japan Dual-gauge or mixed-gauge railway is a special configuration of railway track, allowing trains of different gauges to use the same alignment. ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ... The Breitspurbahn was a wide-track railroad planned by Adolf Hitler during his rulership of Germany. ... Rail tracks. ... Light rail tracks with concrete railroad ties. ... For info The new private railways in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia (Putra, STAR and KLIA express) and Bangkok Thailand (Skytrain, Underground and Airport Express) are built to the Standard gauge // This is the Standard or international gauge Alaska Albania Algeria Argentina Railroad Development Corporation (ALL Mesopotamica) - Former Urquiza Line Australia Austria... Example of 3-track combined track, combining gauges 1,067 mm and 1,435 mm. ... Example of 3-track combined track, combining gauges 1,067 mm and 1,435 mm. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... A loading gauge is the envelope or contoured shape within which all railway vehicles, engines, coaches, and trucks must fit. ...


Historically, many narrow-gauge railways were built as part of specific industrial enterprises and were primarily industrial railways rather than general carriers. Some common uses for these industrial narrow-gauge railways were mining, logging, construction, tunnelling, quarrying, and the conveying of agricultural products. Extensive narrow gauge networks were constructed in many parts of the world for these purposes. Significant sugarcane railways still operate in Cuba, Fiji, Java, the Philippines and in Queensland in Australia. Narrow gauge railway equipment remains in common use for the construction of tunnels. A display of a narrow gauge industrial sand train An industrial railway is a type of private railway used exclusively to serve a particular industry inside a mine or factory compound. ... This article is about mineral extraction. ... Loggers on break, c. ... Cranes are essential in large construction projects, such as this skyscraper In project architecture and civil engineering, construction is the building or assembly of any infrastructure on a site. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... A small cinder quarry A dimension stone quarry A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. ... Agriculture (a term which encompasses farming) is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Emblems: Faunal - Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus); Floral - Cooktown orchid (Dendrobium bigibbum); Bird - Brolga (Grus rubicunda); Aquatic - Barrier Reef Anemonefish (Amphiprion akindynos); Gem - Sapphire; Colour - Maroon Motto: Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Const. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ...


The other significant reason for narrow gauge railways to be constructed was to take advantage of reduced construction costs in mountainous or difficult terrain, hence the national railway systems of countries such as Indonesia, Japan and New Zealand are primarily or solely narrow gauge. Non-industrial narrow gauge mountain railways are or were common in the Rocky Mountains of Canada and the USA, in Mexico, Switzerland, the former Yugoslavia, Greece, India, and Costa Rica. Another country with a notable national railway built to narrow gauge is South Africa where the "Cape gauge" of 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm) is the most common gauge. Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks, Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ...

2 ft (610 mm) gauge tracks
2 ft (610 mm) gauge tracks

Contents

Download high resolution version (800x1067, 318 KB)2 foot (610mm) Narrow gauge tracks at the Leighton Buzzard Railway in Bedfordshire, England. ... Download high resolution version (800x1067, 318 KB)2 foot (610mm) Narrow gauge tracks at the Leighton Buzzard Railway in Bedfordshire, England. ...

History of narrow-gauge railways

The earliest recorded railway is shown in the De re metallica of 1556, which shows a mine in the Czech Republic with a railway of approximately 2 ft (610 mm) gauge. During the 16th century railways were mainly restricted to hand-pushed narrow gauge lines in mines throughout Europe. During the 17th century mine railways were extended to provide transportation above ground. These lines were industrial, connecting mines with nearby transportation points, usually canals or other waterways. These railways were usually built to the same narrow gauge as the mine railways they developed from. [1] Georg Agricola the father of mineralogy De re metallica (Latin for On the Nature of Metals (Minerals)) is a book cataloging the state of the art of mining, refining, and smelting metals, published in 1556. ...


Advantages of narrow gauge

Narrow-gauge railways cost less to build because they are lighter in construction, using smaller cars and locomotives as well as smaller bridges, smaller tunnels and tighter curves. Narrow gauge is thus often used in mountainous terrain, where the savings in heavy civil engineering work can be substantial. It is also used in very sparsely populated areas where the potential demand is too low for the building of broader gauge railways to be economically viable. This is the case in most of Australia and Southern Africa, where extremely old soils can support only population densities too low for standard gauge to be viable. Cranes are essential in large construction projects, such as this skyscraper In project architecture and civil engineering, construction is the building or assembly of any infrastructure on a site. ... A railroad car (or, more briefly, car, not to be confused with railcar), also known as an item of rolling stock, is a vehicle on a railroad (or railway) that is not a locomotive — one that provides another purpose than purely haulage, although some types of car are powered. ... A locomotive (from Latin loco motivus) is a railway vehicle that provides the motive power for a train, and has no payload capacity of its own; its sole purpose is to move the train along the tracks. ... This article is about the edifice (including an index to articles on specific bridge types). ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ...


There are many narrow gauge street tramways, particularly in Europe where narrow streets created a requirement for trams with narrow bodies. A notable example of this is the tramway in Linz, Austria. A CLRV Streetcar in the City of Toronto. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... Map of Austria, locating Linz Linz is a city and Statutarstadt in northeast Austria, on the Danube river. ...


Extensive narrow gauge railway systems served the front-line trenches of both sides in World War I. After the end of the war the surplus equipment from these railways created a small boom in the building of narrow-gauge railways in Europe. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz...


For temporary railroads that will be removed after a short-term need, such as for construction, the logging industry and the mining industry, a narrow gauge railroad is substantially cheaper and easier to install and remove. However, this use of railroads is almost extinct thanks to the capabilities of modern trucks. Loggers on break, c. ... This article is about mineral extraction. ... The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer truck prepares to offload Å koda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle for transporting goods. ...


In many countries narrow gauge railroads were built as "feeder" or "branch" lines to feed traffic to more important standard gauge railroads, due to their lower construction costs. The choice was often not between a narrow gauge railroad and a standard gauge one, but between a narrow gauge railroad and none at all.


Disadvantages of the narrow gauge

Narrow gauge railroads generally cannot interchange equipment, particularly freight and passenger cars, with the standard gauge railroads they link with, unless they use variable gauge axles. The means that narrow-gauge lines have a built-in cost of transshipping people and freight to the mainline railway system. The cost of transshipment is a substantial drain on the finances of a small railroad because it involves expensive and time consuming manual labor or substantial capital expenditures. Some bulk commodities, such as coal, ore and gravel, can be mechanically transshipped, but this still incurs time penalties and these mechanical devices are often complex to maintain. As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... There are two variable gauge axle systems, That of the Talgo Company, see [1] and click on Variable Gauge Axles (on the left). ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a volume of rock containing components or minerals in a mode of occurrence which renders it valuable for mining. ... Gravel being unloaded from a barge Gravel is rock that is of a certain grain size range. ...


A modern solution to this problem is the roll-block system. Although successfully deployed in countries such as Germany, this technique came too late for the majority of narrow gauge lines. The roll-block system allows a coupled train of standard gauge wagons to be automatically loaded onto pre-coupled narrow gauge transporter wagons so that the train can then continue through a change of gauge. ...


The problem of interchangeability is less serious for countries that have a large system of narrow gauge lines, such as those in New Zealand, northern Spain, South Africa and the Australian state of Tasmania(island). Emblems: Flora - Tasmanian Blue Gum; Mineral - Crocoite Motto: Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Const. ...


Narrow gauge lines were very vulnerable to competition from trucks. The railroads' advantage has always been economy of scale and distance, and the transshipment requirement removed that. Trucks have no such a transshipment problem and are more flexible in operation. The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer truck prepares to offload Å koda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle for transporting goods. ...


Other problems with narrow gauge railroads is that they lacked room to grow - their cheap construction was bought at the price of being engineered only for their initial traffic demands. While a standard or broad gauge railroad could more easily be upgraded to handle heavier, faster traffic, many narrow gauge railroads were impractical to improve. Speeds and loads hauled could not increase, so traffic density was significantly limited.


Narrow gauge railroads can be built to handle increased speed and loading, but at the price of removing most of the narrow gauge's cost advantage over standard or broad gauge.


Because of the reduced stability of narrower gauge, narrow gauge trains are not able to run at nearly the same high speeds as those networks with broader gauges unless the tracks are aligned with greater precision. However in Japan and Queensland, Australia, recent permanent way improvements have allowed trains on 1067 mm gauge tracks to run at 160 km/h (100 mph) and higher. Queensland Rail's tilt train is presently the fastest train in Australia, despite the gauge it runs on. Standard gauge or broad gauge trains can run at up to 320 km/h (200 mph); this is most evident in the case of the Japanese Shinkansen, a network of standard gauge lines built solely for high speed rail in a country where narrow gauge is the predominant standard. Emblems: Faunal - Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus); Floral - Cooktown orchid (Dendrobium bigibbum); Bird - Brolga (Grus rubicunda); Aquatic - Barrier Reef Anemonefish (Amphiprion akindynos); Gem - Sapphire; Colour - Maroon Motto: Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Const. ... Wickham Terrace entrance to Central Station - showing Queensland Rail QR sign QR, previously known as Queensland Rail and Queensland Railways, is the corporation responsible for the operation and maintenance of the railway system in the State of Queensland, Australia. ... The Cairns (Diesel) Tilt Train The Rockhampton (Electric) Tilt Train The Tilt Train is a Queensland Rail train running the coast of Queensland, from Brisbane to Rockhampton and Cairns. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Great Western Railway broad gauge steam locomotives awaiting scrapping in 1892 after the conversion to standard gauge. ... 300 (Left) and 700 Series Shinkansen at Tokyo Station Shinkansen 500 Series at Kyoto Station, March 2005 The Shinkansen ) is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan operated by Japan Railways. ... TGV Réseau class, Marseille St-Charles station This page is about high speed rail in general. ...


Exceptions to the rule

The heavy duty 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm) narrow gauge railways in South Africa and Queensland, Australia, show that if the track is built to a heavy-duty standard, a performance almost as good as a standard gauge line is possible. Narrow-gauge lines are more limited in the capacity and stability of their trains. Similarly, standard and broad gauge lines can be built cheaply to light railway standards, with trains operating at lower speeds and with lower capacities, and these lines were often built instead of narrow gauge railways. A Light rail system Historically, a railway built in Britain under the 1896 Light Railways Act This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Gauges used

There are many narrow gauges in use or formerly used between 15 in (381 mm) gauge and 4 ft 8 in (1422 mm) gauge. They fall into three broad categories


Medium gauge railways

The wider narrow gauges are the more common; in those parts of the world where the railroads were built to British standards, this meant most commonly a gauge of 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm), while those built to American standards were normally 3 ft (914 mm). Railways built to European metric standards were most commonly of 1 m (3 ft 338 in) and 900 mm (2 ft 1112 in) gauge. The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...


These larger narrow gauges are capable of hauling most traffic with little difficulty and are thus suitable for large-scale "common carrier" applications, although their ultimate speed and load limits are lower than for standard gauge.


Railways built on gauges between 3 ft (914 mm) and 4 ft 8 in (1422 mm) are sometimes referred to as "medium-gauge" railways


Two-foot gauge railways

A 2 ft (610 mm) gauge train on the Leighton Buzzard Light Railway in England.
A 2 ft (610 mm) gauge train on the Leighton Buzzard Light Railway in England.

The next natural "grouping" of narrow gauge railroads covers the spread from just below 2 ft (610 mm) to just below 3 ft (914 mm), although the majority are between 2 ft (610 mm) and 760 mm (2 ftin). These lightweight lines can be built at a substantial cost saving over medium or standard gauge railways, but are very restricted in their carrying capacity. The majority of these were built in mountainous areas and most were to carry mineral traffic from mines to ports or standard gauge railroads. Many were industrial lines rather than common carriers, though there were exceptions such as the extensive 760 mm (2 ftin) lines built in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the "Maine two footer" lines in New England. The most common metric gauges in this group are 760 mm (2 ftin) and 750 mm (2 ft 512 in). Download high resolution version (900x911, 258 KB)A train hauled by PC Allen runs into a passing loop after having just crossed a level crossing on the Leighton Buzzard Railway. ... Download high resolution version (900x911, 258 KB)A train hauled by PC Allen runs into a passing loop after having just crossed a level crossing on the Leighton Buzzard Railway. ... The Leighton Buzzard Light Railway (LBLR) is a narrow-gauge light railway in the town of Leighton Buzzard in Bedfordshire, England It operates on a 2 ft (610 mm) gauge, and is just under 3mi (4. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... The states marked in red show New England. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...


Minimum gauge railways

Gauges below 2 ft (610 mm) were rare, but did exist. In Britain, Sir Arthur Heywood developed 15 in (381 mm) gauge estate railways, while in France Decauville produced a range of industrial railways running on 400 mm (1534 in) and 500 mm (1 ft 734in) tracks, most commonly in such restricted environments such as underground mine railways. A number of 18 in (457 mm) gauge railways were built in Britain to serve ammunition depots and other military facilities, particularly during the First World War. Sir Arthur Percival Heywood , 3rd Baronet (1849-1916) was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Percival Heywood. ... Locomotive Taliesin on the revived Ffestiniog Railway There were more than a thousand British narrow gauge railways ranging from large, historically significant common carriers to small, short-lived industrial railways. ... Name plate of the Decauville company Paul Decauville (1846-1922) was a French pioneer in light railways. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... This article is about mineral extraction. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


Narrow gauge railways under 1 ft 1034 in (578 mm) gauge are known as minimum gauge railways. Minimum Gauge Railways are narrow gauge railways that run on extremely narrow gauged rail tracks, below 2 ft (610 mm). ...

Narrow gauge worldwide

Europe

Austria

Train of the Mariazellerbahn in Lower Austria
Train of the Mariazellerbahn in Lower Austria

The first railway in Austria was the narrow gauge line from Gmunden in the Salzkammergut to Budweis, now in the Czech Republic, this was 1106 mm (43((frac|1|2}} in or 3 ft 712 in) gauge. Some two dozen lines were built in 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge, a few in meter gauge. The first was the Steyrtalbahn. Others were built by provincial governments, some lines are still in common carrier use and a number of others are preservation projects. The tramway network in Innsbruck is also metre gauge, in Linz the rather unusual gauge of 900 mm is in use. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1500x1000, 337 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Narrow gauge Mariazellerbahn ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1500x1000, 337 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Narrow gauge Mariazellerbahn ... Special pilgrims journey near Kirchberg an der Pielach The Mariazellerbahn (Mariazell Railway) is an electrically operated narrow-gauge railway of the Österreichische Bundesbahnen with a track gauge of 760 mm (Bosnian gauge) which connects the Lower Austrian capital Sankt Pölten with the Styrian pilgrimage centre of Mariazell. ... Gmundens lakefront on a cloudy summers day Gmunden is a town in Upper Austria with 15,075 inhabitants. ... Salzkammergut is a resort area east of Salzburg, Austria, spanning the federal states of Upper Austria, Salzburg, and Styria. ... ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice (short form: BudÄ›jovice, German: Budweis [also used in English]) is a city in the Czech Republic. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... Map of Austria, locating Linz Linz is a city and Statutarstadt in northeast Austria, on the Danube river. ...

Belgium

The Vicinal or Buurtspoor were a system of narrow gauge local railways or tramways covering the whole country and having a greater routage than the mainline railway system. They were 1 m (3 ft 338 in) gauge and the system included electrified city lines as well as rural lines using steam locomotives and railcars; half of the system was electrified. Many lines carried freight. Only the coastal line and two routes near Charleroi are still in commercial use, four museums hold significant collections of former SNCV/NMBS rolling stock, one of which is the ASVi museum in Thuin. The tramway networks in Antwerp and Gent are also metre gauge. The Vicinal or Buurtspoor were a system of narrow gauge tramways or local railways in Belgium, which covered the whole country and had a greater route length than the mainline railway system. ... A CLRV Streetcar in the City of Toronto. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Scheme of steam locomotive. ... Charleroi (Walloon: TchÃ¥lerwè) is the first city and municipality of Wallonia in population. ... The ASVi is a tramway museum in Thuin in Belgium, which specialises in the history of the Belgian narrow gauge Vicinal system. ... Thuin is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal (Cathedral of our Lady) at the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to several triptychs by Baroque painter Rubens. ... gent is a morpheme, see contingent, agent, short for gentleman Native spelling for the Belgian city of Ghent This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Czech Republic

Several lines were built in the nineteenth century. The most notable lines are Obrataň-Jindřichův Hradec-Nová Bystřice and Třemešná ve Slezsku-Osoblaha, that are still in operation. Apart from public lines listed below there existed many industrial, forest and agricultural non-public narrow gauge systems; a few of them are still running. ...


France

The French National Railways used to run a considerable number of 1 m (3 ft 338 in) lines, a few of which still operate mostly in tourist areas, such as the St Gervais-Vallorcine (Alps) and the "Train Jaune" (yellow train) in the Pyrenees. The original French scheme was that every sous-prefecture should be rail connected. Extensive near 0.60m (1 ft 11½ in) gauge lines were also built for the sugar-beet industry in the north often using ex-military equipment after the First World War. Decauville was a famous French manufacturer of industrial narrow-gauge railway equipment and equipped one of the most extensive regional 0.60m (1 ft 11½ in) narrow gauge railway, the Chemins de Fer du Calvados. Corsica has a narrow gauge network of two lines following the coast line, that are connected by one line crossing the island through highly mountaineous terrain. An SNCF multiple unit. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... Name plate of the Decauville company Paul Decauville (1846-1922) was a French pioneer in light railways. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Gare de Courseulles, with the narrow gauge railway in the foreground. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ...


Germany

A number of narrow-gauge lines survive, largely as a consequence of German reunification, in the former East Germany where some of them form part of the public transport system as active commercial carriers. Most extensive of those still employing steam traction is the Harz mountain group of metre-gauge lines, the Harzer Schmalspurbahnen. Other notable lines are the Zittau-Oybin-Jonsdorf line in Saxony, the Mollibahn and the Rügensche Kleinbahn on the Isle of Rügen on the Baltic coast and the Radebeul-Radeburg line in the suburbs of Dresden. Although most rely on the tourist trade, in some areas they provide significant employment as steam traction is particularly labour intensive. GDR redirects here. ... Narrow gauge group of railway lines running in the Harz Mountains of Germany. ... The Zittau-Oybin-Jonsdorf line is a narrow gauge railway system employing steam locomotives and serving the mountain spa resorts of Oybin and Jonsdorf in the Zittau Mountains in southeast Saxony (Germany). ... The narrow-gauge Molli railway in Mecklenburg is a steam-powered narrow-gauge railway (900 mm gauge). ... The Rügensche Kleinbahn (nicknamed Rasender Roland) is a narrow gauge railway employing steam motive power on the Isle of Rügen off the German Baltic Coast. ... Map of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania highlighting the district Rügen Rügen (Polish: Rugia) is an island located off the coast of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the Baltic Sea. ... Narrow gauge steam hauled railway in the outskirts of Dresden. ...


see also Narrow gauge railways in Saxony The narrow gauge railways in Saxony were established in 1881 - 1923. ...


Greece

A bridge on the Pelion Railway, Greece
A bridge on the Pelion Railway, Greece

The Peloponnese narrow gauge network length is about 914 km. Of this, 1 m (3 ft 338 in) gauge is used for 892 km. This is the network that connects major cities in the Peloponnese. The remaining 22 km form the Diakofton-Kalavryta rack railway, which uses 750 mm gauge. The Peloponnese network has suffered various setbacks, ranging from the abandonment of entire lines (such as the Pyrgos-Katakolon railway) to inefficient management on part of the public Greek railway operator, OSE, which resulted in poor quality of services and rolling stock). Currently major restoration works are carried out, which have resulted in parts of the line having been closed. Additionally, the reactivation of certain lines that were closed down during the latter half of the 20th century is planned, mainly the Pyrgos-Katakolon line and in parts of western Greece (around Agrinion and Messologgi). Another small railway that uses narrow gauge (600 mm) is the Mt. Pelion railway, originally from Volos to Milies. Currently parts of the line are operational during the summer, mainly for excursions. There was also a narrow gauge network in Thessaly. This has now been abandoned, and trains use standard gauge tracks. However, the old narrow gauge tracks remain largely in place, so that it is theoretically possible for special excursion trains to use them. Image File history File links Pelion_bridge. ... Image File history File links Pelion_bridge. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...

Ireland

Guiness brewery locomotive
Guiness brewery locomotive

Several 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge systems once existed in Ireland. In County Donegal an extensive network existed, with two companies operating from Derry – the Londonderry & Lough Swilly Railway (L&LSR) and the County Donegal Railways (CDRJC). Well known was the West Clare Railway – in County Clare, which saw diesel locomotion before closure. The Cavan & Leitrim Railway (C&LR) operated in what is now the border area of County Cavan and County Leitrim. Some smaller narrow gauge routes also existed in County Antrim and also County Cork – notably the Cork Blackrock & Passage Railway. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 687 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Narrow gauge St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 687 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Narrow gauge St. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Lifford Code: DL Area: 4,841 km² Population (2006) 146,956 Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... The Londonderry and Lough Swilly Railway Company is a Northern Irish public transport and freight firm, incorporated in June 1853. ... The County Donegal Railways Joint Committee operated in north-west Ireland during the 20th century. ... The West Clare Railway (WCR) was a railway company operating in County Clare, Ireland. ... County Clare (Contae an Chláir in Irish) is in the Irish province of Munster. ... The Cavan & Leitrim Railway was a narrow gauge railway in the northwest of Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Cavan Code: CN Area: 1,931 km² Population (2002) 56,546 Website: www. ... Statistics Province: Connacht County Town: Carrick-on-Shannon Code: LM Area: 1,588 km² Population (2002) 25,799 Website: www. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Antrim Area: 2,844 km² Population (est. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork); 361,766 (without Cork City) Website: www. ...


Apart from small heritage venues, the Irish narrow gauge today only survives in the bogs of the Midlands as part of Bord na Móna's extensive industrial network for transporting harvested peat to distribution centres or power plants. Bord na Móna (lit. ...


See also: History of rail transport in Ireland 1906 Viceregal Commission rail map of Ireland Irelands extensive rail network was largely dismantled during the 20th Century Map of Irish rail network between 1925 and 1930 This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series The history of rail transport in Ireland began only...

Italy

Railcar on the Rittnerbahn
Railcar on the Rittnerbahn

Narrow gauge railways in Italy are (or were) mainly build with 950 mm gauge, with some 1 m (3 ft 338 in) gauge lines and with a few other gauges. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2000x1333, 814 KB) 4 wheel railcar of the Rittnerbahn in Maria Himmelfahrt station - Zweiachsiger Triebwagen der Rittnerbahn in der Station Maria Himmelfahrt own image, taken August 06, 2005 Photographer: Herbert Ortner, Vienna, Austria File links The following pages on the English... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2000x1333, 814 KB) 4 wheel railcar of the Rittnerbahn in Maria Himmelfahrt station - Zweiachsiger Triebwagen der Rittnerbahn in der Station Maria Himmelfahrt own image, taken August 06, 2005 Photographer: Herbert Ortner, Vienna, Austria File links The following pages on the English... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...


In Sardinia, a network of narrow-gauge lines (950 mm) was built, to complement the standard-gauge main network which covered the main cities and ports. The lines were Siliqua-San Giovanni Suergiu-Calasetta (dismantled), Iglesias-Monteponi-San Giovanni Suergiu (dismantled), Monteponi-Portovesme (dismantled), Cagliari-Mandas-Isili-Sorgono, Mandas-Gairo-Arbatax, Gairo-Jerzu (dismantled), Isili-Villamar-Villacidro (dismantled), Villamar-Ales (dismantled), Macomer-Bosa (dismantled between Bosa Marina and Bosa), Macomer-Tirso-Nuoro, Tirso-Ozieri (dismantled), Sassari-Alghero, Sassari-Sorso, Sassari-Tempio Pausania-Luras-Palau, Luras-Monti (dismantled). Of the lines which are still present, only Cagliari-Mandas-Isili, Sassari-Alghero, Sassari-Sorso and Macomer-Nuoro still carry regular passenger services, operated by Ferrovie della Sardegna (Railways of Sardinia). The others only operate a scenic tourist service known as Trenino verde (small green train). Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: Sardegna; Sardinian: Sardigna or Sardinna) in the is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Cagliari (CA) Mayor Elevation 66 m Area 190. ... San Giovanni Suergiu is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Carbonia-Iglesias in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 50 km west of Cagliari and about 4 km south of Carbonia. ... Calasetta is a small town (population 2,745) located on the island of SantAntioco off the Southwestern coast of Sardinia. ... Iglesias (pop. ... San Giovanni Suergiu is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Carbonia-Iglesias in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 50 km west of Cagliari and about 4 km south of Carbonia. ... Càgliari is the capital of the island of Sardinia, an autonomous region of Italy. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Cagliari (CA) Mayor Elevation 491 m Area 45. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Cagliari (CA) Mayor Elevation 523 m Area 68. ... Sorgono is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Nuoro in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 90 km north of Cagliari and about 35 km southwest of Nuoro. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Cagliari (CA) Mayor Elevation 491 m Area 45. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Ogliastra (OG) Mayor Elevation 690 m Area 78. ... Arbatax is a small port bordering Tortoli, Sardinia. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Ogliastra (OG) Mayor Elevation 690 m Area 78. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Ogliastra (OG) Mayor Elevation circa 470 m Area 102. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Cagliari (CA) Mayor Elevation 523 m Area 68. ... Villamar is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Medio Campidano in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 45 km northwest of Cagliari and about 7 km northeast of Sanluri. ... Villacidro is a town in the province of Medio Campidano, Sardinia, Italy. ... Villamar is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Medio Campidano in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 45 km northwest of Cagliari and about 7 km northeast of Sanluri. ... Ales is a small town in the province of Oristano on the island of Sardinia in the Mediterranean_Sea. ... Macomer is a town and comune of Sardinia (Italy) in the province of Nuoro. ... Bosa Bosa is a town in the province of Oristano (until May 2005 it was in the province of Nuoro), part of the Sardinia region of Italy. ... Macomer is a town and comune of Sardinia (Italy) in the province of Nuoro. ... Nuoro (Nùgoro -- literally home -- in ancient Nuoros dialect), is a town and province in central Sardinia, Italy. ... Sassari (in Italian and Sassarese, a Corsican dialect; either Sassari or Tathari in southern Sardinian), is a town and a province in Sardinia, Italy. ... Alghero (LAlguer in Catalan and SAlighèra in Sardinian), is a town of about 35,000 inhabitants (down from 54,300 inhabitants since early 20th century) in Italy. ... Sassari (in Italian and Sassarese, a Corsican dialect; either Sassari or Tathari in southern Sardinian), is a town and a province in Sardinia, Italy. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Sassari (SS) Mayor Elevation m Area 67. ... Sassari (in Italian and Sassarese, a Corsican dialect; either Sassari or Tathari in southern Sardinian), is a town and a province in Sardinia, Italy. ... Tempio Pausania (loc. ... Luras is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Olbia-Tempio in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 190 km north of Cagliari and about 25 km west of Olbia. ... Luras is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Olbia-Tempio in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 190 km north of Cagliari and about 25 km west of Olbia. ... Monti is a commune and small town of Gallura, northern Sardinia, Italy, in the province of Olbia-Tempio. ... Càgliari is the capital of the island of Sardinia, an autonomous region of Italy. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Cagliari (CA) Mayor Elevation 491 m Area 45. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Cagliari (CA) Mayor Elevation 523 m Area 68. ... Sassari (in Italian and Sassarese, a Corsican dialect; either Sassari or Tathari in southern Sardinian), is a town and a province in Sardinia, Italy. ... Alghero (LAlguer in Catalan and SAlighèra in Sardinian), is a town of about 35,000 inhabitants (down from 54,300 inhabitants since early 20th century) in Italy. ... Sassari (in Italian and Sassarese, a Corsican dialect; either Sassari or Tathari in southern Sardinian), is a town and a province in Sardinia, Italy. ... Country Italy Region Sardinia Province Province of Sassari (SS) Mayor Elevation m Area 67. ... Macomer is a town and comune of Sardinia (Italy) in the province of Nuoro. ... Nuoro (Nùgoro -- literally home -- in ancient Nuoros dialect), is a town and province in central Sardinia, Italy. ...


In Sicily, too, some narrow-gauge lines (950 mm) operated, the most important of which was the Castelvetrano-Porto Empedocle. All those lines are closed. Sicily (Sicilia in Italian, Sicilian and Spanish, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... Country Italy Region Sicily Province Trapani (TP) Mayor Giovanni Pompeo (since December 10, 2001) Elevation 187 m Area 206 km² Population  - Total (as of 2004) 30,369  - Density 132/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Castelvetranesi Dialing code 0924 Postal code 91022 Frazioni Triscina di Selinunte, Marinella di... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Between Naples and Sorrento, around the base of Mt. Vesuvius, the narrow-gauge (950 mm) Circumvesuviana railway operates frequent services on narrow gauge tracks. The Bay of Naples Naples (Italian: , Neapolitan: Nàpule, from Greek Νεάπολη < Νέα Πόλις Néa Pólis New City) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of the Campania region and the Province of Naples. ... Vesuvius overlooking Sorrento and the Bay of Naples. ... Mount Vesuvius (Italian: Monte Vesuvio) is a volcano east of Naples, Italy, located at 40°49&#8242;N 14°26&#8242; E. It is the only active volcano on the European mainland, although it is not currently erupting. ... Circumvesuviana is a narrow-gauge railway connecting cities near Naples, Italy. ...

Lithuania

158.8 km of 750 mm narrow-gauge lines remain, although only 68.4 km of them (serving five stations) are regularly used, employing 12 locomotives. They are included in the Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage Sites of Lithuania.


Norway

In Norway, a number of main lines were in the 19th century built with narrow gauge, 1067 mm, to save cost in a sparsely populated mountainous country. This included Norway's first own long-distance line, Rørosbanen, connecting Oslo and Trondheim, 1877. Some secondary railways also had this gauge. These railways have been rebuilt to standard gauge or closed down. Some private railways had 750 and 1000 mm. A few railways partly still are operated as museum railways, specifically Thamshavnbanen, Urskog-Hølandsbanen and Setesdalsbanen. The Rørosbane is a 431-km long railway line in Norway running between the towns of Hamar and Trondheim via Elverum and Røros. ...


Poland

A diesel loco Lxd2-309 on Rogow Narrow Gauge Railway in Poland (A. Tajchert)
A diesel loco Lxd2-309 on Rogow Narrow Gauge Railway in Poland (A. Tajchert)
The 600 mm Narrow Gauge Railway in Żnin - the steam locomotive Px38-805 called "Leon"
The 600 mm Narrow Gauge Railway in Żnin - the steam locomotive Px38-805 called "Leon"

There are hundreds of kilometres of 600 mm, 750 mm, 785 mm, and 1 m (3 ft 338 in) narrow-gauge lines in Poland. The one-metre lines are mostly found in the northwest part of the country, in Pomerania, while 785 mm lines are found only in the Upper Silesia region. 750 mm is the most commonly used narrow gauge; it is used, for example, in the Rogow Narrow Gauge Railway (Rogowska Kolej Wąskotorowa). Some narrow-gauge lines in Poland still operate as common carriers (such as the lines operated by SKPL, the Association of Local Railway Transport)[1], while others survive as tourist attractions. One of the finest of the latter is the 600 mm narrow-gauge railway (Żnińska Kolej Powiatowa) running from Żnin via Wenecja (Polish Venice) and famous Biskupin to Gąsawa in the Pałuki region. The Pałuki's traditions date back to July 1894 when the first two lines were opened. In the past, there have also been 760 mm, 800 mm, and 900 mm lines. A 900 mm recreational line, 4.2 km long, still operates in the Amusement-Recreation Park in Chorzów, Upper Silesia. Some of Polands narrow-gauge railways are maintained by fan-volunteers; one organization dedicated to saving narrow-gauge railways is the FPKW, the Polish Narrow Gauge Railways Foundation [2]. A photo of diesel loco Lxd2-309 on Rogow Narrow Gauge Railway (Poland). ... A photo of diesel loco Lxd2-309 on Rogow Narrow Gauge Railway (Poland). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2053x1484, 426 KB) Summary The images author is Andrzej Łuczak (woochuck@op. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2053x1484, 426 KB) Summary The images author is Andrzej Łuczak (woochuck@op. ... Motto: Å»nin - the open town Voivodship Kuyavian-Pomeranian Municipal government Rada Miejska w Å»ninie (The Å»nin Town Council) Mayor JarosÅ‚aw Jaworski (Burmistrz Å»nina) Area 8. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Motto: Å»nin - the open town Voivodship Kuyavian-Pomeranian Municipal government Rada Miejska w Å»ninie (The Å»nin Town Council) Mayor JarosÅ‚aw Jaworski (Burmistrz Å»nina) Area 8. ... Wenecja (Polish Venice) is a small village approximately 5 km south of Å»nin in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship (Kujawsko-Pomorskie) in Poland. ... Gate to the reconstructed settlement Biskupin is an archaeological site and a life-size model of an Iron Age fortified settlement (gród) in Poland, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship. ... Coat of arms of GÄ…sawa. ... PaÅ‚uki is a historic and ethnographic land lying in central Poland among Greater Poland, Pomerania nad Cuiavia. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government UrzÄ…d Miasta Chorzów Mayor Marek Kopel Area 33,5 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 117 430 - 2856/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 50°18 N 18°57 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SH Twin towns - Municipal Website Chorzów... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ...

Portugal

Railcar of Linha do Tâmega sits in Amarante station.

Portugal has 178 km of 1 m (3 ft 338 in) gauge railroad. At least one passenger service known as the Linha do Tâmega is in operation. It runs between Livração and Amarante in the District of Porto and runs near the River Tâmega. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (936x693, 286 KB) Railcar of Linha da Tâmega sits in Amarante station. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (936x693, 286 KB) Railcar of Linha da Tâmega sits in Amarante station. ... Amarante is a city and municipality of the Porto district, in northern Portugal. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Amarante is a city and municipality of the Porto district, in northern Portugal. ... This article describes the subdivisions of Portugal. ... The District of Oporto is located in the North Coastal of Portugal, the District Capital is the city of Oporto (Portuguese: Porto), the second largest city in the country. ... Tâmega at dusk (photo by Tulia Vogensen) This article is about the river Tâmega. ...

Russia

In Russia, narrow gauge is most often 750 or 1 m (3 ft 338 in). 1067 mm gauge is found only in the southern part of Sakhalin, where railroads were built by the Japanese. A complete list of Russian and other ex-Soviet Narrow Gauge railways. The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Location of Sakhalin in the Western Pacific Sakhalin, GOST transliteration Sahalin, (Russian: , Korean: Traditional Chinese: 庫頁島; Simplified Chinese: 库页岛; pinyin: kùyèdÇŽo Japanese: 樺太 romaji: karafuto), also Saghalien, is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N. It is part of the Russian...

Slovakia

Bratislava and Kosice use 1000 mm gauge for Trams. Railways, however use standard 1435 mm system making Tram and Railways networks incompatible with each other. There is a discussion regarding transforming Bratislava's Tram gauge to 1435 mm system allowing Trams to use Railways tracks to increase transportation capabilities of Bratislava's public transportation system. The most notable tourist lines in operation are the 760mm gauge Čiernohorská železnica and Oravsko-kysucká lesná železnica - Vychylovka. Bratislava (see below for name alternatives), is the capital of Slovakia and the countrys largest city, with a population of some 450,000. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... A train is prepaired to travel from Hronec to ÄŒierny Balog. ... Steam locomotive MÁV U34. ...

Serbia

The Eight of Šargan at Mokra Gora, Zlatibor (Serbia)
The Eight of Šargan at Mokra Gora, Zlatibor (Serbia)

The narrow-gauge railway line at Mokra Gora on the slopes of Serbian mountain Zlatibor climbs a 300 metre ascent using an unusual loop in the form of the figure eight – the popular "Šargan Eight". Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 807 KB) Steam train with class 83 0-8-2 on the Å arganska Osmica (Sargan mountain railway) in western Serbia - Dampfzug mit Lok der Reihe 83 (Achsfolge D1) auf der Museumsbahn Å arganska Osmica (Å argan-Bahn) in Westserbien. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 807 KB) Steam train with class 83 0-8-2 on the Å arganska Osmica (Sargan mountain railway) in western Serbia - Dampfzug mit Lok der Reihe 83 (Achsfolge D1) auf der Museumsbahn Å arganska Osmica (Å argan-Bahn) in Westserbien. ... Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Mokra Gora (Cyrillic: Мокра Гора), meaning the Wet Mountain in English, is a village in Serbia on the northern slopes of mountain Zlatibor, that is turning into a very popular tourist... Winter in Zlatibor Zlatibor (Cyrillic: ЗлатибoÑ€) is a mountain region situated in Serbia and Montenegro, in the western part of Serbia, a part of the Dinaric Alps. ... Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Ethno village - Drvengrad Mokra Gora (Cyrillic: Мокра Гора), meaning the Wet Mountain in English, is a village in Serbia on the northern slopes of mountain Zlatibor, that is turning into a very popular tourist... ... Winter in Zlatibor Zlatibor (Cyrillic: ЗлатибoÑ€) is a mountain region situated in Serbia and Montenegro, in the western part of Serbia, a part of the Dinaric Alps. ...

Spain

Electric unit 3500, operated by FEVE, arriving to the Muros de Nalón station, on the way to Oviedo

In Spain there is an extensive system of metre-gauge railways, in the north of the country, operated by FEVE (Ferrocarriles Españoles de Vía Estrecha, Spanish narrow gauge railways) and EuskoTren (Eusko Trenbideak, Basque Railways). At the centre of this system is a metre gauge line which runs for 650 km (400 miles) along the entire length of Spain's north coast. FEVE and EuskoTren form the longest narrow gauge network in Europe. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 2069 KB) Electric unit 3800, managed by FEVE, arriving to the Muros de Nalón station, on the way to Oviedo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 2069 KB) Electric unit 3800, managed by FEVE, arriving to the Muros de Nalón station, on the way to Oviedo. ... Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha (FEVE) (meaning Narrow Gauge Railways) is a state-owned Spanish railway company, which operates most of Spains 1,250 km (775 mile) long system of metre-gauge railways. ... EuskoTren (Eusko Trenbideak/Ferrocarriles Vascos or basically Basque Railways) is a railway company which operates trains on part of the narrow gauge railway network in the Basque Country, Spain. ...


Also near Madrid, on the mountain range of Guadarrama runs a mountain train through a short but extremely sinuous track, operated by Renfe. Separate metre gauge railways are operated by the FGC (Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya, Catalan regional government railways) from Barcelona to Manresa and Igualada, the FGV (Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana, Valencian regional government railways) around the city of Valencia, and the SFM (Serveis Ferroviaris de Mallorca) on the island of Majorca. Also on the island of Majorca, the FS (Ferrocarril de Sóller) operates a 3 ft (914 mm) gauge electrified railway and connecting tramway. Also the Euskotran in Bilbao, which is not a "light rail", is unusual in new tramway and light rail systems opened in the last twenty-five years in having adopted metre gauge. Metro Bilbao started on a ET/FV (now EuskoTren) Tren track and has a metre gauge. RENFE is Spains national railway operator. ... FGC Logo Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya or FGC is a railway company, which operates several unconnected systems of lines in Catalonia. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Ciudad Condal (Spanish) Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Manresa is the capital of the Bages comarca (county), located in the geographic centre of Catalonia and crossed by the river Cardener. ... Igualada is a town of north-eastern Spain, in the Province of Barcelona, on the left bank of the River Noya, a right-hand tributary of the Llobregat, and at the northern terminus of the Igualada-Martorell-Barcelona railway. ... Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana or FGV is a Spanish railway company which operates several metre gauge lines, in the Autonomous Community of Valencia, in Spain. ... Location Coordinates : 39°29′ N 0°22′ W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name València (Catalan) Spanish name Valencia Founded 137 BC Postal code 46000-46080 Website http://www. ... Serveis Ferroviaris de Mallorca or SFM is a railway company which operates a metre gauge line on the Spanish island of Majorca. ... Majorca (Mallorca in Catalan and Spanish, sometimes also encountered in English),: from Latin insula maior, later Maiorica, (major island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Illes Balears, Spanish: Islas Baleares), which are located in the Mediterranean Sea and are a part of Spain. ... Ferrocarril de Sóller or FS is a railway operating company, which operates an electrified 914 mm narrow gauge line on the Spanish island of Majorca, between the towns of Palma and Sóller. ... EuskoTran in Bilbao, Spain on grassed track Street track EuskoTran (BasqueTram) is the name of the metre guage tramway system in Bilbao, Spain. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : 43,15° n. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Station Casco Viejo Station access and escalators Access corridor Metro Bilbao is a metro system serving the northern Spanish city of Bilbao and its metropolitan area (Greater Bilbao). ...


Sweden

Sweden once had some fairly extensive narrow gauge networks, but most narrow gauge railways are now closed. Some were converted to standard gauge (the latest one the line between Berga and Kalmar in the 1970s) and some remains as heritage railways. The most common narrow gauge, 891 mm (3 Swedish feet), existed only in Sweden. A smaller 1067 mm gauge network existed, and 600 mm gauge was used mostly by smaller, industrial railroads. Berga is the capital of the comarca (county) of Berguedà, in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Kalmar is a city in Småland in south east Sweden, situated by the Baltic Sea. ...


The only commercial narrow gauge railway left is the Roslagsbanan suburban railway in north-eastern Stockholm (891 mm gauge). The longest other remaining narrow gauge railway is the 891 mm line between Åseda, Hultsfred and Västervik. 70 km between Hultsfred and Västervik is served by tourist trains in the summer, including 4 km of dual gauge track). Train on the Roslagsbanan Roslagsbanan is a local narrow-gauge railway line in Stockholm County, Sweden. ...   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ... Ã…seda is a town, and the seat of Uppvidinge Municipality, in Kronoberg County, Sweden. ... Hultsfred (population is 15,163) is a Municipality in Kalmar County, in south-eastern Sweden. ... Västervik Municipality is a municipality in Kalmar County, in south-eastern Sweden, with its seat in the town of Västervik (pop. ... Sunlight reflects off dual-gauge tracks near Chur, Switzerland Mixed-gauge track and pointwork (1435 mm and 1067 mm) at Odawara in Japan Dual-gauge or mixed-gauge railway is a special configuration of railway track, allowing trains of different gauges to use the same alignment. ...


Also 1067 mm railways and the unique 1093 mm Köping-Uttersberg-Riddarhyttan Railway have existed. The Köping-Uttersberg-Riddarhyttan Railway was a narrow-track railway in central Sweden, 46 km long. ...


Switzerland

Switzerland boasts an extensive network of metre gauge railways, many of which interchange traffic (most prominent is the Rhaetian Railway). They are concentrated in the more heavily mountainous areas. The Jungfraubahn terminates at the highest station in Europe. Dual gauge (combined metre- and standard gauge trackway) also exists in many areas. Also, nearly all street tramways in Switzerland were and still are also metre gauge. The RhB (Rhaetian Railway / Rhätische Bahn (German) / Ferrovia Retica (Italian) / Viafier Retica (Rumantsch)) has the largest network of all the private railways in Switzerland. ... A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... The Jungfraubahn (JB) is an 1000 millimetre gauge rack railway electrified at 3-phase 1,125 volts, which runs 9 kilometres from Kleine Scheidegg to the highest railway station in Europe at Jungfraujoch. ... Sunlight reflects off dual-gauge tracks near Chur, Switzerland Mixed-gauge track and pointwork (1435 mm and 1067 mm) at Odawara in Japan Dual-gauge or mixed-gauge railway is a special configuration of railway track, allowing trains of different gauges to use the same alignment. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Rail tracks. ... A CLRV Streetcar in the City of Toronto. ...


more Rail transport in Switzerland The railroads of Switzerland include standard gauge (1. ...


United Kingdom

A train on the Welsh Highland Railway.
A train on the Welsh Highland Railway.

The United Kingdom once had a large number of narrow gauge railways. The first locomotive-hauled railway in the world was the narrow gauge Penydarren Tramway in south Wales. Most of the lines were originally built to haul minerals or agricultural products over short distances, though many also carried passengers. The longest passenger line was the combined Welsh Highland and Ffestiniog railways at 45 miles. Locomotive Taliesin on the revived Ffestiniog Railway The history of British narrow gauge railways is long and complex. ... Download high resolution version (1296x972, 368 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1296x972, 368 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... ex-South African Railways Garratt no 138 Millennium/Mileniwm hauling a train out of Caernarfon station December 28, 2004 Sister engine, no 143 in the countryside. ... Motto: (Welsh for Wales forever) Anthem: Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau Capital Cardiff (Caerdydd) Largest city Cardiff (Caerdydd) Official language(s) Welsh, English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Rhodri Morgan AM Unification    - by Gruffudd ap Llywelyn 1056  Area    - Total...


Only a few of these lines survive as commercial common carriers. The great majority of the remaining narrow gauge lines operate purely as tourist attractions, and a number of new narrow gauge tourist lines have been built in recent years. The sole passenger-carrying exception is the Glasgow Subway, an underground metro line that operates on a 4 ft (1219 mm) gauge. The Talyllyn Railway holds the distinction of being the first railway in the world of any gauge to be run entirely by volunteers. In addition a few private industrial narrow gauge railways remain, mainly serving the coal and peat extraction industries. A common carrier is an organization that transports persons or goods, and offers its services to the general public. ... A train arrives at West Street station. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Locomotive no. ...


Amongst the most well-known narrow gauge lines in Britain are the Ffestiniog - now the oldest independent railway company in the world - the Vale of Rheidol, and the Welshpool & Llanfair in Wales, and the Lynton & Barnstaple in England. Unique amongst British railways is the rack-and-pinion Snowdon Mountain Railway which climbs to just below the summit of Wales' highest peak. The Ffestiniog Railway (in Welsh Rheilffordd Ffestiniog) is a narrow-gauge heritage railway, located in North West Wales. ... Train taking on water, Vale of Rheidol Railway The Vale of Rheidol Railway is a narrow-gauge (1 foot 11¾ inches) heritage railway that runs for 11¾ miles between Aberystwyth and Devils Bridge (Pont yr Fynach (Welsh) - Bridge over the Mynach) - in Wales, UK. It was the last steam line... The Welshpool & Llanfair Light Railway (W&LLR) is a narrow gauge heritage railway in Wales. ... The Lynton & Barnstaple Railway (L&B) was a narrow-gauge railway running through the rugged and picturesque countryside of Exmoor in North Devon, England. ... Half way up the Mountain. ...


Both main railways in the Isle of Man (part of the British Isles though not technically in the United Kingdom) are of 3 ft (914 mm) gauge. The Isle of Man Steam Railway to the southwest is operated largely as a tourist attraction but the Manx Electric Railway to the northeast is a commercially operated railway system though its operation is closer to that of a tramway than a railway. The Snaefell Mountain Railway, climbs the island's main peak and has a gauge of 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm); it is the sole operating Fell Incline Railway System in the world. Categories: Heritage railways | Stub ... MER Car No. ... The Snaefell Mountain Railway is an electric mountain railway connecting the town of Laxey with the summit of Snaefell Mountain which is, at 2036 feet (620. ... The Fell mountain railway system or Fell incline railway system is a type of Mountain railway system that employs a raised centre rail between the two main rails to provide extra traction and braking needed for steep grade sections. ...


North America

Canada

Although many parts of central Canada were initially built to a broad gauge, there were several railways on Canada's Atlantic coast which were built as individual narrow gauge lines. The largest systems in the country were the 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm) (Cape Gauge) lines on the islands of Prince Edward Island (Prince Edward Island Railway) and Newfoundland (Newfoundland Railway), as well as a line in the Saint John River valley of New Brunswick (New Brunswick Railway); the Newfoundland Railway being the longest narrow gauge system in North America. Operated by CN since 1949, the Newfoundland system was the last commercial common carrier narrow gauge railway in Canada at the time of its abandonment in September 1988. Great Western Railway broad gauge steam locomotives awaiting scrapping in 1892 after the conversion to standard gauge. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Pink Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water... The Prince Edward Island Railway (PEIR) was a historic Canadian railway. ... Newfoundland —   (stress on final syllable; for mispronunciations, see Newfoundland travel guide from Wikitravel)— (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Newfoundland Railway logo or herald (used 1926-1949) The Newfoundland Railway was a historic railway that operated on the island of Newfoundland and was the longest narrow gauge railway system in North America. ... The Saint John River is a river, approximately 418 mi (673 km) long, located in the U.S. state of Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Purple Violet Tree Balsam Fir Bird Black-capped Chickadee Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... The New Brunswick Railway (NBR) was a historic Canadian railway operating throughout the western half of the province of New Brunswick. ... CN redirects here, as its the most common usage of the abbreviation in Canada; for more uses, see CN (disambiguation). ... A common carrier is an organization that transports persons or goods, and offers its services to the general public. ...


Several early railways in Ontario were also built to a narrow gauge in the 1860s and 1870s as a cost-saving measure. Most were quickly changed to standard gauge either to facilitate connections to other railways (or due to outright purchase by larger companies), negating those cost savings. Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages None Flower White Trillium Tree Eastern White Pine Bird Common Loon Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total...


Various mining and industrial operations in eastern, central and western Canada have also operated narrow gauge railways. The only narrow gauge system still in operation in the country is the 3 ft (914 mm) gauge White Pass and Yukon Route. The WPYR was built as a common carrier but closed in 1982 only to reopen in 1988 to haul tourists from cruise ships docking at Skagway, Alaska through White Pass on the International Boundary to Bennett, British Columbia. See List of historic BC Narrow Gauge railways The White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&Y, WP&YR) (AAR reporting mark WPY) is a narrow gauge railroad linking the port of Skagway, Alaska with Whitehorse, the capital of Canadas Yukon Territory. ... Broadway Avenue, Skagway, in the 1970s. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... ... Bennett, British Columbia, Canada is a mostly-abandoned town next to Lake Bennett. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English de facto (none stated in law) Flower Pacific dogwood Tree Western Redcedar Bird Stellers Jay Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area... Anyox Mines Blakeburn mines Britannia Beach mines Kaslo and Slocan Railway Hernando logging Seaton Tramway Nanaimo tramway White Pass and Yukon Railway Leonora and Mt. ...


Mexico

Various narrow gauge lines operated around Mexico City. A famous one operated in Morales State. There were also dozens of private narrow gauge lines built to service the mining district.


The Yucatán region of Mexico has a network of narrow gauge lines, established before the region was linked by rail to the rest of Mexico in the 1950s. Only the main line connecting Merida to central Mexico has been widened to standard gauge. Yucatán is the name of one of the 31 states of Mexico, located on the north of the Yucatán Peninsula. ... Cathedral on the Plaza Mayor, the oldest in North America (according to [1]. Mérida is the capital city of the state of Yucatán, Mexico. ...


United States

The Maine Narrow Gauge Railroad in Portland Maine
The Maine Narrow Gauge Railroad in Portland Maine

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 387 KB) Summary Photo by William J. Grimes Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 387 KB) Summary Photo by William J. Grimes Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maine, with a 2004 population of 63,882. ...

Eastern US

East Broad Top's rare gas-electric railcar M-1
East Broad Top's rare gas-electric railcar M-1

In 1866, the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad constructed a narrow gauge railroad between Johnson City, Tennessee and Cranberry, North Carolina. It continued in service until 1950. In 1957, the railroad was revived as a tourist attraction under the common name, Tweetsie Railroad. It currently runs a three mile route near Blowing Rock, North Carolina. Image File history File links Doodlebug_ebt_m1. ... Image File history File links Doodlebug_ebt_m1. ... The East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (ET&WNC), affectionately called the Tweetsie in reference to the sound of its steam whistles, was a primarily narrow gauge railroad established in 1866 for the purpose of the serving the mines at Cranberry, North Carolina. ... Johnson City has the highest number of gays per capita in the US. This is a screenshot I took of Firefox 2. ... Tweetsie Railroad is a family oriented railroad theme park located between Boone and Blowing Rock, North Carolina. ... Blowing Rock is a town in North Carolina, situated in both Caldwell and Watauga counties. ...


The last remaining 3 ft (914 mm) gauge line east of the Mississippi River is the East Broad Top Railroad in Central Pennsylvania. Running from the 1800s until 1956, it supplied coal to brick kilns and general freight to the towns it passed through, connecting to the Pennsylvania Railroad at Mount Union, Pennsylvania. Purchased for scrap by the Kovalchick Corporation when it was shut down, it sat for four years until it was partly resurrected by townspeople of Orbisonia in 1960. Still owned by the Kovalchick family, trains operate over 5 miles of the original 32-mile line. The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ... East Broad Top #15 in front of the Orbisonia Depot. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Mount Union is a borough located in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. ... Orbisonia is a borough located in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. ...


There were extensive 2 ft (610 mm) gauge lines in the Maine forests early in the 20th century. Although essentially for the transport of timber and slate, the Maine lines did run some passenger services. Some cars and trains from these lines are now on display at the Maine Narrow Gauge Railroad Museum in Portland, Maine. Official language(s) None (English de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901&#8211;2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900&#8211;1999... Locomotive No. ... Nickname: The Forest City Country United States State Maine County Cumberland Settled 1632 Incorporated 1786 Mayor Nicholas Mavodones, Jr Area    - City 136. ...


Western US

Colorado

In the United States a major 3 ft (914 mm) gauge railway system was built in the mountains of Colorado by the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad. It was hundreds of miles in length and effectively circled the state. Feeder lines were run to the mining communites of Leadville, Aspen, Cripple Creek, Telluride and Silverton. The northern trunk line was re-gauged to standard early, but the southern portions remained steam hauled and narrow gauge until the 1960s. Small remnants of that system remain as tourist attractions which run in the summer, including the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad which runs between Antonito, CO in the San Luis Valley and Chama, NM; and the Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad which runs in the San Juan Mountains between its namesake towns of Durango and Silverton. A small operation-the Uintah Railway- operated in Utah and Colorado. Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Colorado railroads | New Mexico railroads | Utah railroads ... The Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad (C&TS) is a narrow gauge heritage railway running between Antonito, Colorado and Chama, New Mexico. ... Antonito is a town located in Conejos County, Colorado. ... San Luis Valley is a large broad alpine valley in the Rio Grande Basin of south-central Colorado. ... Chama is a village located in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. ... The Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad is a narrow gauge heritage railway running between Durango and Silverton, both of which are in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... The San Juan Mountains are a rugged mountain range in the Rocky Mountains in southwestern Colorado. ... Durango (Navajo: Kinłání) is a city in La Plata County, Colorado (USA). ... Silverton, Colorado Silverton is a town in San Juan County, Colorado (USA). ... The Uinta (you-IN-ta) Railway was founded in 1902 as a wholy owned subsidary of the Gilson Asphaltum Co. ...


California and Coast

The famous San Francisco cable car system has a gauge of 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm), as did the street cars on the former Los Angeles street railway. Many narrow gauge lines were private carriers serving particular industries. One major industry that made extensive use of 3 ft (914 mm) gauge railroads was the logging industry, especially in the West. Although most of these lines closed by the 1950s, one notable later survivor was West Side Lumber Company railway which continued using 3 ft (914 mm) gauge geared steam locomotives until 1968. Much of the equipment from the Westside found its ways to tourist lines, including the Roaring Camp and Big Trees Narrow Gauge Railroad and Yosemite Mountain Sugar Pine Railroad in California and the Midwest Central Railroad in Iowa. The Southern Pacific operated the Tonopah and Tidewater Railway between Nevada and Death Valley it became the Colorado and Carson Railway. Another major SP line was the Oregon, California and Nevada railroad, running from Reno into southern Oregon. Parts of these SP lines have been saved at the Grizzley Flats Railroad, and Laws Depot. There is one narrow gauge industrial railroad still in commercial operation in the United States, the US Gypsum operation in Plaster City, California which uses a number of Alco locomotives obtained from the White Pass after its 1982 closure. San Francisco Cable Car No. ... A CLRV Streetcar in the City of Toronto. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... During World War II, the LARy replaced the mission bell tower in its logo with the slogan Dedicated to Victory. ... The West Side right of way in 2003 The remains of Tuolumne camp, 2003 The West Side Lumber Company railway was the last of the 3 ft (914 mm) gauge narrow gauge logging railways operating in the American west. ... A geared steam locomotive is a type of steam locomotive which uses reduction gearing in the drivetrain, as opposed to the common directly-driven design. ... It has been suggested that Roaring Camp Railroads be merged into this article or section. ... The Yosemite Mountain Sugar Pine Railroad is near Fish Camp, California, in the Sierra National Forest. ... The Midwest Central Railroad is a heritage railway in Mount Pleasant, Iowa. ... USG Corporation (NYSE: USG), also known as United States Gypsum Corporation, is a Fortune 500 (rank 420 in 2006) company that manufactures construction materials. ... USG Corporation NYSE: USG, also known as United States Gypsum Corporation, is a Fortune 500 (rank 458 in 2004) company that manufactures construction materials. ... The American Locomotive Company, shortened to ALCO (or Alco) was a builder of railroad locomotives in the United States. ... The White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&Y, WP&YR) (AAR reporting mark WPY) is a narrow gauge railroad linking the port of Skagway, Alaska with Whitehorse, the capital of Canadas Yukon Territory. ...


Two small regional railways in the Pacific Northwest were the Ilwaco Railway and Navigation Co near Astoria, and the Sumpter Valley Railway near Baker. The latter one still operates in the summer. The Ilwaco Narrow Gauge Railway ran for over thirty years from the Columbia River Bar to Wilapa Harbour, hauling oysters and holidaymakers, until the Great Depression finished it. ... The Sumpter Valley Railway is a heritage railway in Sumpter, Oregon. ...


Alaska

The last surviving commercial common carrier narrow-gauge railroad in the United States is the White Pass and Yukon Route connecting Skagway, Alaska and Whitehorse, Yukon Territory; this closed in 1982, but has since been partially reopened as a tourist railway. A common carrier is an organization that transports persons or goods, and offers its services to the general public. ... The White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&Y, WP&YR) (AAR reporting mark WPY) is a narrow gauge railroad linking the port of Skagway, Alaska with Whitehorse, the capital of Canadas Yukon Territory. ... Broadway Avenue, Skagway, in the 1970s. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Our People, Our Strength Location City Information Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 416. ... Motto: none Official languages English, French Flower Fireweed Tree Subalpine Fir Bird Common Raven Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Geraldine Van Bibber Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 9th 482,443 km² 474,391 km...

Central America

Guatemala

Freight train of Ferrovías Guatemala in Sanarate on September 3, 2004 Guatemala has 200 miles (322 km) of narrow gauge (914 mm) railroads as of 2006. ...

El Salvador

El Salvador ran 3 foot gauge steam trains into the 1970s. How much of this survived a civil war, earthquake and hurricane is unknown.


Panama

Mule Locos haul ships through the locks in the Panama Canal two Panamas running the Miraflores Locks. ...


South America

Metre and 3 ft (914 mm) gauge lines are found in South America. Some of the 1 m (3 ft 338 in)-gauge lines cross international borders, though not as efficiently as they might. The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...


Argentina

Meter gauge railways are found in the northern half of the country. The Old Patagonian Express (La Trochita) was a 402km-long 0.75m narrow gauge railway in the Andean foothills of Patagonia, now running on a small portion of its original length. The Southern Fuegian Railway (End of the World Train) on a 0.6m track is considered the southernmost operating railway in the world. La Trochita, in English known as the Old Patagonian Express, is a narrow gauge railway in Patagonia, Argentina using steam locomotives. ... The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... In orange the area most commonly defined as Patagonia. ... The Southern Fuegian Railway or the End of the World Train (Spanish: Ferrocarril Austral Fueguino (FCAF) or El Tren del Fin del Mundo) is a narrow gauge railway in Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina using steam locomotives. ...


Bolivia

All railways in Bolivia are meter gauge.


Brazil

Anhumas station of the Campinas-SP

In Brazil, almost all the lines are 1 m (3 ft 338 in) gauge, with the exception of a few lines in the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Mato Grosso. A network of 760 mm (2 ftin) gauge lines once operated in Minas Gerais, centered around the city of São João do Rei. This network at one time had over 250 km of railway in operation, but only about 13 km remain in operation as a steam powered tourist railway. Other small narrow gauge lines include the Rio de Janeiro streetcar (Bonde Santa Tereza), with approximately 13 km of 1100 mm gauge, and a very short industial railway near Bertioga built to 800 mm gauge. A number of industrial (a two foot gauge Portland Cement line near São Paulo, for example) and agricultural (rubber plantations, sugar plantations, logging) railways also existed in Brazil in a number of narrow gauges, but few if any survive today. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1128x673, 218 KB) pt: Passeio de Maria Fumaça de Campinas-SP à Jaguariúna-SP. Estação Anhumas em Campinas-SP. ver [1] en: Stroll of locomotive of Campinas-SP to the Jaguariúna-SP. Anhumas station in Campinas-SP. CC... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1128x673, 218 KB) pt: Passeio de Maria Fumaça de Campinas-SP à Jaguariúna-SP. Estação Anhumas em Campinas-SP. ver [1] en: Stroll of locomotive of Campinas-SP to the Jaguariúna-SP. Anhumas station in Campinas-SP. CC... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...

Chile

Meter gauge railways are found in the northern half of the country. The Ferrocarril de Antofagasta a Bolivia was originally built to 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge, as were a number of mining and nitrate railways. The Ferrocarril de Antofagasta a Bolivia (in English: Antofagasta (Chili) & Bolivia Railway or for short: FCAB) is a non-government railway operating in the northern provinces of Chile. ...


Colombia

Most all railways in Colombia are 3 ft (914 mm) gauge.


Costa Rica

Costa Rican railways are 3 ft (914 mm) gauge


Ecuador

The railways in Ecuador are 3 ft (914 mm) gauge. This is a famous route, the one that zig zags past the chilling canyon of the Devil's Nose. Floods, landslides and government neglect have put this operation in doubt, but it has, until recently, been used by tourist charters and coffee advertisments. Two Baldwin locomotives are ready to work, depending on track and traffic.


Peru

The Cusco-Machu Picchu railway
The Cusco-Machu Picchu railway

Some railways in Peru are 3 ft (914 mm) gauge, but in 2006 are to be converted to standard gauge. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1775x1190, 883 KB) The photo was taken by HÃ¥kan Svensson (Xauxa) in 2002. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1775x1190, 883 KB) The photo was taken by HÃ¥kan Svensson (Xauxa) in 2002. ...

Asia

China

The Kunming-Hekou Railway (previously known as Sino-Vietnamese Railway) was built by French colonists in Vietnam, using the gauge 1000 mm. It is now inoperative for passengers due to landslides but does have freight services.


Hong Kong

Preserved Kowloon-Canton Railway locomotive
Preserved Kowloon-Canton Railway locomotive

The Kowloon-Canton Railway (now East Rail) was built with narrow gauge, but later converted into standard gauge. The now-defunct Sha Tau Kok Railway was also narrow gauge. The Hong Kong Tramways uses 1067 mm narrow gauge. The MTR uses a gauge of 1432 mm, 3 mm narrower than the standard gauge. Image File history File linksMetadata KCRBagnall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata KCRBagnall. ... The Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a railway network in Hong Kong, China, comprising intercity rapid transit and light rail systems. ... Opening Date 10 October 1911 Stations 14 Number of trains 34 Service Area North District, Tai Po, Sha Tin, Yau Tsim Mong, Kowloon City The East Rail is one of the three lines of the KCRC network in Hong Kong. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Sha Tau Kok Railway (沙頭角鐵路) was a narrow gauge railway running from Fanling to Sha Tau Kok in the northern New Territories area of Hong Kong. ... Hong Kong Double-Decker Tram (#120), the only tram in the fleet reconstructed in the 1960s style. ... This article is about the metro system in Hong Kong. ...

India

The Darjeeling Himalyan Railway
The Darjeeling Himalyan Railway

India has a substantial narrow-gauge network, most of which uses the 1 m (3 ft 338 in) gauge. There are some lines that use a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge, and a few that use 2 ft (610 mm) gauge. These are what are known in India as "narrow gauge" (as opposed to "metre gauge") lines. About 17,000 km of route are metre-gauge in India. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1214 KB) en:Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the toy train of en:Darjeeling fr:Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, le train jouet de fr:Darjiling en:user:Mjanich File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1214 KB) en:Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the toy train of en:Darjeeling fr:Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, le train jouet de fr:Darjiling en:user:Mjanich File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...


In the 1990s, India concluded that cities on the metre-gauge network have a second-rate train service, and is now converting most of the metre-gauge network to broad gauge as Project Unigauge - the advantages of uniformity and interoperability were judged to outweigh any other possible benefits arising from the use of diverse gauges.


In 1999 the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (sometimes called the Darjeeling "Toy Train") was officially designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a 2 ft (610 mm) gauge narrow-gauge railway that runs from Siliguri to Darjeeling in the state of West Bengal in India. The railway travels through spectacular mountain scenery and uses several unusual civil engineering techniques to gain the necessary height including several switchbacks, and spirals including the famous double loop at Agony Point. The line was inspired by the earlier success of the 1 ft 1112 in (597 mm) gauge Ffestiniog Railway in North Wales. Until recently all trains on the railway were powered by steam locomotives; however in 2001 two modern diesel engines were built for the line and now most trains are diesel hauled. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, nicknamed Toy Train, is a 60cm narrow-gauge railway from Siliguri to Darjeeling in the state of West Bengal in India. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... A spiral is a hill climbing technique for railways when the topography rises faster than the train can climb. ... The Ffestiniog Railway (in Welsh Rheilffordd Ffestiniog) is a narrow-gauge heritage railway, located in North West Wales. ... Approximate extent of North Wales North Wales (known in some archaic texts as Northgalis) is the northernmost unofficial region of Wales, bordered to the south by Mid Wales. ...


Indonesia

Indonesia had large numbers of narrow-gauge railways supporting industry, mainly sugar cane plantations in Java. In recent years, sugar cane production in Java has been declining and the railways are now largely closed or used for tourism. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Most of the current active railways in Indonesia use the Cape gauge (1067 mm).


Japan

Modern Japan Railways freight locomotive
Modern Japan Railways freight locomotive

Except for the high-speed Shinkansen lines, all of Japan Railway group's network is narrow-gauge, built at 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm). Some companies, such as Keisei Electric Railway, Keihin Electric Express Railway, Tokyo Metro's Ginza Line and Marunouchi line, use standard gauge. Keio Electric Railway, Toei Shinjuku Line and Tokyo and Hakodate tramways use 4 ft 6 in (1372 mm) gauge. There are some dual gauge lines which allow Shinkansen trains to travel on narrow-gauge branches. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 565 KB) JR貨物EF64形(1000番台)電気機関車(EF641024。更新車)2006å¹´5月15日八王子駅 投稿者(Kone)が撮影 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Narrow gauge Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 565 KB) JR貨物EF64形(1000番台)電気機関車(EF641024。更新車)2006å¹´5月15日八王子駅 投稿者(Kone)が撮影 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Narrow gauge Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... 300 (Left) and 700 Series Shinkansen at Tokyo Station Shinkansen 500 Series at Kyoto Station, March 2005 The Shinkansen ) is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan operated by Japan Railways. ... Approximate areas that the JR Hokkaido, JR East, JR Central, JR West, JR Shikoku, and JR Kyushu Companies cover. ... Keisei Headquarters Skyliner, Keiseis express train from Tokyo to Narita Airport The ) is a major private railway in Chiba and Tokyo, Japan. ... A 2100 Series train. ... new Tokyo Metro sign and logo This office tower, above Tokyo Metro Ueno Station, houses the headquarters of the Tokyo Metro. ... Ginza Line (Click on image to enlarge. ... Marunouchi Line train crossing the Kanda River near Ochanomizu Station Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (東京地下鉄丸ノ内線) is a subway line, part of the Tokyo Metro system in Tokyo, Japan. ... The Keio Electric Railway (&#20140;&#29579;&#38651;&#37444; Keio Dentetsu) is a private railway in Tokyo, Japan. ... The Toei Shinjuku Line (都営新宿線; Toei Shinjuku-sen) is a subway line in Tokyo, Japan operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation. ...

Malaysia

A KTMB train
A KTMB train

Keretapi Tanah Melayu the main railway operator in Malaysia, uses metre gauge for the main west and east coast intercity lines. Narrow gauge is also used for KTM Komuter, the country's Commuter Rail service, which links Kuala Lumpur with neighbouring suburbs. However, standard gauge is used by the newer light rail operators in Kuala Lumpur city (Putra LRT, Star LRT, KLIA Transit, and KLIA Ekspres). A train stopping at a KTMB railway station in Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaysia. ... A train stopping at a KTMB railway station in Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaysia. ... A train stopping at a KTMB railway station in Kuala Lipis, Pahang Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) or the Malayan Railway is the main rail operator in Peninsular Malaysia. ... A train stopping at a KTMB railway station in Kuala Lipis, Pahang Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) or the Malayan Railway is the main railway system in Peninsular Malaysia. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Nickname: KL Motto: Maju dan makmur (Malay: Peace and progress) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Federal Territory Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Mayor Ruslin Hasan Area    - City 243. ... Screeshot of www. ... Screenshot of www. ... KLIA Transit is a high-speed commuter train service linking Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA). ... Screenshot of www. ...


In Sabah, the North Borneo Railway ("Keretapi Negeri Sabah") runs a metre-gauge line from Kota Kinabalu up to Tenom in the Crocker Ranges, via Beaufort. Steam trains are also used in this route. State motto: Sabah Maju Jaya State anthem: Sabah Tanah Airku Capital Kota Kinabalu Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertua Negeri Ahmadshah Abdullah  - Ketua Menteri Musa Aman History    - Brunei Sultanate 19th century   - British North Borneo 1882   - Japanese occupation 1941-1945   - British control 1946   - Accession into Malaysia 1963  Area  - Total 76... The North Borneo Railway was an enterprise of the British North Borneo Company, who built the initial rail line from the Bukau River, north to Beaufort and south to Weston, on Brunei Bay, in the 1890s in what later became Sabah. ... Nickname: KK Location in Malaysia Country Malaysia State Sabah Establishment Granted city status on 2nd February 2000 Mayor Datuk Illiyas Ibrahim Area    - City km² Population    - City (2000) 470,000 (City), 900,000 (Metropolitan) approx. ... Great Western Railway No. ...


Philippines

Except for the Light Rail Transit (LRT) and Metro Rail Transit (MRT) systems in Metro Manila, which have both been constructed to the international standard gauge, the Philippine National Railways ("PNR") uses the "Cape Gauge" of 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm). The PNR currently opertes only one line: from Manila to the southern Luzon city of Legaspi. Until the 1980s a more extensive network existed going as far north as San Fernando in La Union province. There are plans to restore the La Union line and to build new lines connecting Manila to Batangas and the international airport. Logo of the LRTA A Yellow Line train stopping at a station As part of the second phase of expansion on the Yellow Line, twelve new trains were made in Japan by Kinki Sharyo and provided by the Manila Tren Consortium. ... Logo of the MRTC MRT Train approaching Ayala Station. ... For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Philippine National Railways, also known by its acronym, PNR, is a state-owned railway system in the Philippines, organized under the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) as an attached agency. ... The City of Manila (Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynila), or simply Manila, is the capital of the Philippines. ... Legazpi, usually misspelled Legaspi, is a city in the Philippines and the capital of the province of Albay. ... Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. ...


There are also a number of industrial narrow gauge steam railways operating in the sugar cane industry. These are concentrated on the islands of Negros and Panay. The Visayas region is the main center for the sugar cane lines; some of the mills, such as La Carlotta Milling in Negros, run charter trains for tourists. Abandoned lines exists on the islands of Cebu, abandoned in the 1950s or 1960s, Mindanao, and Panay, closed in the 1990s. There are plans to restore the Panay Rail line which connects Roxas City with Iloilo. Map of the Philippines showing the location of Negros. ... Panay is an island in the Philippines located in the Visayas. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Visayas is one of the three island groupings in the Philippines along with Luzon and Mindanao. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Cebu Region: Central Visayas (Region VII) Capital: Cebu City Founded: April 7, 1521 and April 27, 1565 Population: 2000 census—3,356,137 (largest) Density—660 per km² (6th highest) Area: 5,088. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. ... Panay is an island in the Philippines located in the Visayas. ... Roxas City is a 2nd class city in the province of Capiz, Philippines. ... Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ...


Taiwan

Taiwan narrow gauge service
Taiwan narrow gauge service

Except for the high speed railway and the metro systems in Taipei and Kaohsiung, all of Taiwan's railway network is narrow gauge, built at 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm). The isolated east coast railways that used 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge were converted to 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm) when the lines were linked to the west coast system. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 848 KB) (删除该图像的所有修订版本) (当前) 04:50 2006å¹´6月5æ—¥ . . Chou0416 (Talk | 贡献 | 查封) . . 1600×1200 (868,757字节) (subst:Information| |A= 自強號停在竹田車站 |B= 攝於竹田站 |C= 2006å¹´6月4æ—¥ |D= ~~~~ |E= 創用 CC |F= N/A cc-by-sa-2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 848 KB) (删除该图像的所有修订版本) (当前) 04:50 2006å¹´6月5æ—¥ . . Chou0416 (Talk | 贡献 | 查封) . . 1600×1200 (868,757字节) (subst:Information| |A= 自強號停在竹田車站 |B= 攝於竹田站 |C= 2006å¹´6月4æ—¥ |D= ~~~~ |E= 創用 CC |F= N/A cc-by-sa-2. ... A THSR 700-T train. ... The Taipei Rapid Transit System (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: TáibÄ›i Dàzhòng Jiéyùn XìtÇ’ng, also known as the MRT, Metro Taipei, or by locals simply as the Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: TáibÄ›i Jiéyùn) is a series of underground and elevated metro... The Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit (KMRT) is an underground metro system currently under construction in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. ...


A 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow-gauge mountain railway stretches 72 km and connects the city of Chiayi to the mountain resort of Alishan. The line serves mainly as a tourist attraction and offers breathtaking mountain views.


On September 7, 2006, Taiwanese government declared a plan to update to the standard gauge system.[3] September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ...

Middle East

Until 1932 a narrow gauge train ran from Cairo through Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Persia (later Iran) and Iraq. The tracks and stations are mostly tourist sites, with some sections refurbished and run as a tourist attraction. The train was notorious for being slow, and failing to go uphill. An old joke told about Ahmed, riding on his donkey alongside the train, who meets his cousin Abdulla, sitting in the train. After a while Ahmed on the donkey says: Sorry, but I must hurry on.


Thailand

Thailand Railway metre gauge locomotive
Thailand Railway metre gauge locomotive

While the Northern Line was originally build as standard gauge, the line was regauged after 1919 and the State Railway of Thailand now operates entirely on meter gauge, including international through services to Malaysia. However, standard gauge is used by the Bangkok Skytrain and the Bangkok Metro. Image File history File linksMetadata TahiLand_RailWay002. ... Image File history File linksMetadata TahiLand_RailWay002. ... The State Railway of Thailand (การรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทย) is the state-owned rail operator of Thailand. ... Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station Skytrain leaving Asok Station Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) or Skytrain (Thai: รถไฟฟ้า, rot fai fa, meaning sky train) is the elevated metro system in Bangkok, Thailand, operated by Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited (BTSC) under a concession granted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration... The entrance to Huai Kwang station The Bangkok Metro, officially called the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), is Bangkoks underground metro system. ...

Africa

Narrow-gauge railways are common in Africa, where great distances, challenging terrain and low funding have made the narrow gauges attractive. Many nations, particularly in southern Africa, including the extensive South African Railway network (Spoornet), use a 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm) gauge. Metre gauge is also common, as in the case of the Uganda Railway. There used to be extensive 2 ft (610 mm) and 600 mm gauge networks in countries such as Morocco, Congo, Angola, Namibia and South Africa, but these have mostly been dismantled. Spoornet, formerly South African Railways and Harbours, is the name of the South African railway system. ... The Uganda Railway is a railway system linking the interiors of Uganda and Kenya to the Indian Ocean at Mombasa in Kenya. ...


Because Africa is divided into many countries, railways built by different governments tend not to link up with each other, each country's lines connecting its outlands with its own port. Incompatible gauges are therefore not obvious. For example, a link from Nigeria to Cameroon would join 1067 mm to 1000 mm.


Eritrea

Further north, Eritrea is in the midst of resurrecting its 950 mm narrow gauge railway, a relic of its former Italian colonial days that was abandoned and heavily damaged during Eritrea's war of independence. Neighbouring railways (should they ever connect) are 1067 mm in Sudan and 1000 mm in Ethiopia.


Cameroon

During the First World War when Cameroon was a German possession, a network of 2 ft (610 mm) gauge Feldbahn railways were built. These eventually extended to around 150 km of track serving rubber and palm oil plantations. [2] Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Field railways attached to the Imperial German Army in the First World War. ...


Morocco

A 2 ft (610 mm) gauge industrial railway served the lead mines at Monte Afra on the north coast. There was also a network of 1 m (3 ft 338 in) gauge railways. [2] A display of a narrow gauge industrial sand train An industrial railway is a type of private railway used exclusively to serve a particular industry inside a mine or factory compound. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...


South Africa

Cape gauge steam on the South African Railway
Cape gauge steam on the South African Railway

Originally standard gauge, the railways of the then Cape Colony changed to narrow gauge 3 ft 6 in (1067 mm) for cost-cutting reasons. However, with the development of a strong economy, with heavy export coal and iron ore traffic, South Africa, like Queensland, operates several narrow-gauge trains that outdo most standard gauge and all broad gauge trains. In fact, in 1989 the Sishen-Saldanha line set a world record by carrying the biggest train in history, 7.2 km long containing 660 wagons pulled by 15 locomotives and weighing 71,232 tonnes. [3] However, the proposed Gautrain railway between Johannesburg and Pretoria will operate on standard gauge, and will thus not be capable of using any of the country's existing rail network. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1984x1488, 1857 KB) source: http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1984x1488, 1857 KB) source: http://www. ... Official language English and Dutch1 Capital Cape Town Largest City Cape Town Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st 569,020 km² (1910) Negligible Population  - Total (1911)  - Density Ranked 1st 2,564,965 4. ... An artists impression of the trains to be built for the Gautrain system (Bombardier press image). ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... City motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Province Gauteng Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ...

Australia

Prior to Australia's becoming an independent unified country in 1901, each of the six British colonies was responsible for rail transport infrastructure. Of the six, three (Queensland, Western Australia, and Tasmania) opted for narrow gauge railways. The other colonies (later states) opted for either standard gauge or broad gauge railways, maintaining only limited narrow gauge rail lines, except for South Australia, which wavered between narrow and broad. As a result of this legacy, Australian railways are a confusing mix of all three gauges. Over time most of the mainland lines of whatever gauge linked up, with inconvenient break-of-gauge stations where they met. Prior to Australia becoming an independent unified country in 1901, each of the six British colonies in Australia were responsible for rail transport infrastructure. ... Emblems: Faunal - Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus); Floral - Cooktown orchid (Dendrobium bigibbum); Bird - Brolga (Grus rubicunda); Aquatic - Barrier Reef Anemonefish (Amphiprion akindynos); Gem - Sapphire; Colour - Maroon Motto: Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Const. ... Emblems: Floral - Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos manglesii); Mammal - Numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus); Bird - Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) Motto: none Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Const. ... Emblems: Flora - Tasmanian Blue Gum; Mineral - Crocoite Motto: Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Const. ... Emblems: Hairy Nosed Wombat (faunal); Leafy Seadragon (marine); Piping Shrike (bird: unofficial); Sturts Desert Pea (floral); Opal (gemstone) Motto: United for the Common Wealth Slogan or Nickname: Festival State Other Australian states and territories Capital Adelaide Government Const. ...

Sugar train near Mossman in 1995
Sugar train near Mossman in 1995

In 1865, the Queensland Railways was the first mainline narrow-gauge railway in the world [4]. Its tracks would eventually extend to around 9000 km. Queensland Rail operates the iconic QR Tilt Train, with a maximum speed of 165 km/h. This train currently holds the Australian Railway Speed Record of 210.7 km/h. Image File history File links DaintreeSugarTrain. ... Image File history File links DaintreeSugarTrain. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wickham Terrace entrance to Central Station - showing Queensland Rail QR sign QR, previously known as Queensland Rail and Queensland Railways, is the corporation responsible for the operation and maintenance of the railway system in the State of Queensland, Australia. ... The Cairns (Diesel) Tilt Train The Rockhampton (Electric) Tilt Train The Tilt Train is a Queensland Rail train running the coast of Queensland, from Brisbane to Rockhampton and Cairns. ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ...


Queensland also has extensive sugar cane tramways of 2 ft (610 mm) gauge.


Following the success of the narrow gauge in Queensland, several narrow-gauge lines were built in South East Australia. From the 1920s onwards several of these were converted to broad gauge.


The Tasmanian rail network is now entirely narrow gauge.


Inspired by the success of the narrow gauge in Queensland, Western Australia adopted the same gauge. In the capital of Perth, there was the only narrow gauge tramway network of any considerable extent in mainland Australia. The final portion closed in 1958. City of Perth is situated on Swan River. ...


The Northern Territory adopted narrow gauge when it was still part of South Australia, and a North-South transcontinental line was planned from Adelaide to Darwin in the 1870s. In the event this line was never completed, and due to flood damage and lack of traffic, the narrow-gauge line was closed.


In New South Wales the large silver-lead mine at Broken Hill is only 30 km from the South Australian border, but separated by hundreds of kilometres of desert from the main NSW standard-gauge railway system. These mines are connected by a narrow-gauge railway.


Four common carrier lines in Victoria were built to the 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow-gauge standard, to serve local farming and forestry communities. Sections of two lines (Belgrave to Gembrook and Thomson to Walhalla) have been restored as tourist railways. A common carrier is an organization that transports persons or goods, and offers its services to the general public. ... The former Victorian Railways, the state railway authority in Victoria, Australia built a number of experimental narrow-gauge railway lines around the beginning of the 20th century. ... Emblems: Pink heath (floral)Weedy Seadragon (Aquatic) helmeted honeyeater (bird) Leadbeaters possum (faunal) Motto: Peace and Prosperity Slogan or Nickname: Garden State, The Place To Be, On The Move Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Government Const. ... Agriculture (a term which encompasses farming) is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ...


New Zealand

New Zealand narrow gauge steam locomotive of the AB class.

See also: Rail transport in New Zealand Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 643 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: User talk:Axver NZR Ab Class Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 643 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: User talk:Axver NZR Ab Class Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Preserved No. ... // National Rail Network The national rail network (currently owned by a State-Owned Enterprise, the New Zealand Railways Corporation) was constructed largely by government entities from 1863 onwards. ...


Much like Australia, there was initially no uniformity in track gauges in New Zealand. This was because the construction of railways was undertaken by the various provinces of New Zealand rather than the central government. The Canterbury Provincial Railways opened New Zealand's first railway in 1863 and used a broad gauge of 1600 mm (5 ft 3 in), while Southland built the Bluff and Kingston Branches to 1435 mm (4 ft 8½ in), and short segments of 1435 mm railway were also constructed in the Auckland and Northland Regions. Eventually, under the public works schemes of Premier Julius Vogel, the railways of New Zealand were made to adhere to a 1067 mm gauge. The first 1067 mm gauge railway in New Zealand was the Dunedin and Port Chalmers Railway, which opened on 1 January 1873. Today, the network connects all major New Zealand cities, and is around 4,000 km in length. (For the current top-level subdivision of New Zealand, see Regions of New Zealand) Provinces in New Zealand were used from 1841 until the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on November 1, 1876. ... The Canterbury Provincial Railways were an early part of the railways of New Zealand. ...   Categories: New Zealand-related stubs | Southland, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... The Bluff Branch is a railway line in Southland, New Zealand that links Invercargill with the port of Bluff. ... The Kingston Branch was a major branch line railway in Southland, New Zealand. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet; symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Auckland is one of the 16 regions of New Zealand, named for Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... The Northland Region, one of the regions of New Zealand, is, as the name suggests, the northernmost of New Zealands administrative regions. ... Sir Julius Vogel Sir Julius Vogel KCMG (February 24, 1835 - March 12, 1899) was New Zealands only practicing Jewish prime minister. ... The Port Chalmers Branch was the first railway line built in Otago, New Zealand, and linked the regions major city of Dunedin with the port in Port Chalmers. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

See also

As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Great Western Railway broad gauge steam locomotives awaiting scrapping in 1892 after the conversion to standard gauge. ... Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... Field railways attached to the Imperial German Army in the First World War. ... A railroad switch is a mechanical installation enabling trains to be guided from one set of rail tracks (or tramway tracks) to another. ... For info The new private railways in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia (Putra, STAR and KLIA express) and Bangkok Thailand (Skytrain, Underground and Airport Express) are built to the Standard gauge // This is the Standard or international gauge Alaska Albania Algeria Argentina Railroad Development Corporation (ALL Mesopotamica) - Former Urquiza Line Australia Austria... For info The new private railways in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia (Putra, STAR and KLIA express) and Bangkok Thailand (Skytrain, Underground and Airport Express) are built to the Standard gauge // This is the Standard or international gauge Alaska Albania Algeria Argentina Railroad Development Corporation (ALL Mesopotamica) - Former Urquiza Line Australia Austria... For info The new private railways in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia (Putra, STAR and KLIA express) and Bangkok Thailand (Skytrain, Underground and Airport Express) are built to the Standard gauge // This is the Standard or international gauge Alaska Albania Algeria Argentina Railroad Development Corporation (ALL Mesopotamica) - Former Urquiza Line Australia Austria... Minimum Gauge Railways are narrow gauge railways that run on extremely narrow gauged rail tracks, below 2 ft (610 mm). ...

External links

Locomotive no. ...

References

  1. ^ Whitehouse, Patrick and Snell, John B. (1984). Narrow Gauge Railways of the British Isles. ISBN 0-7153-0196-9.
  2. ^ a b Rowe, D. Trevor (1990). Two feet between the tracks. Plateway Press. ISBN 1-871980-03-8.
  3. ^ UCW (2006). Quality Manual (PDF). UCW Partnership. Retrieved on 2006-10-31.
  4. ^ Lee, Robert (2003). Potential railway world heritage sites in Asia and the Pacific. Institute of Railway Studies, University of York. Retrieved on 2006-10-31.
  • P.J.G. Ransom. Narrow Gauge Steam - Its origins and worldwide development, Oxford Publishing Co., 1996, ISBN 0-86093-533-7
  • P. Whitehouse, J. Snell. Narrow Gauge Railways of the British Isles, David & Charles, 1994, ISBN C-7153-0196-9
  • Railroads of Colorado: Your Guide to Colorado's Historic Trains and Railway Sites, Claude Wiatrowski, Voyageur Press, 2002, hardcover, 160 pages, ISBN 0-89658-591-3
  • Keith Chester. "East European Narrow Gauge" 1995

  Results from FactBites:
 
Narrow gauge - definition of Narrow gauge in Encyclopedia (4200 words)
The larger narrow gauges are the more common; in those parts of the world where the railroads were built to British standards, this meant, most commonly, a gauge of 3 ft 6in (1.067 m), while those built to American standards were normally of 3 ft gauge (0.914 m).
There is but one narrow gauge railroad still in commercial operation in the United States, which is the US Gypsum operation in Plaster City, California which uses a number of locomotives obtained from the White Pass after its 1982 closure.
The remaining narrow gauge line originally ran from Upper Ferntree Gully station in the Melbourne suburbs to Gembrook station in the the Dandenong Ranges to the east of Melbourne.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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