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Encyclopedia > Narbada

The Narmada or Nerbudda is a river in central India. It forms the traditional boundary between North India and South India, and is a total of 1,289 km (801 mi) long. Of the major rivers in India, it is one only of the two (the other being the Tapti) to run its course from east to west. It rises on the summit of Amarkantak Hill in Madhya Pradesh state, and for the first 320 kilometres (200 miles) of its course winds among the Mandla Hills, which form the head of the Satpura Range; then at Jabalpur, passing through the 'Marble Rocks', it enters the Narmada Valley between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges, and pursues a direct westerly course to the Gulf of Cambay. Its total length through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat amounts to 1312 kilometres (815 miles), and it empties into the Arabian Sea in the Bharuch district of Gujarat. For the Second World War frigate class, see River class frigate The Murray River in Australia A river is a large natural waterway. ... The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a rich, fertile and ancient land encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. ... A map of South India, its rivers, regions and water bodies. ... The Tapti River is a river of central India. ... Amarkantak is a unique natural heritage area in eastern Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Madhya Pradesh (मध्य प्रदेश) is a state in central India. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer) (symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... Jabalpur is a city in Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... Marble Rocks is a location in central India where the Narmada river narrows to a width of 10 meters and carves through a large area of white marble creating a beautiful gorge of about 3Km. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... The Gulf of Cambay (also the Gulf of Khambat) is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... Map of the Arabian Sea. ... Bharuch (also known as Broach) is a district in south Gujarat state in India. ...

The Narmada Valley is a graben, a linear block of the earth's crust that dropped down relative to the blocks on either side due to ancient spreading of the earth's crust. Two normal faults, known as the Narmada North fault and Narmada South fault, parallel the river's course, and mark the boundary between the Narmada block and the Vindhya and Satpura blocks or horsts which rose relative to the Narmada Graben. The Narmada's watershed includes the northern slopes of the Satpuras, and the steep southern slope of the Vindhyas, but not the Vindhyan tableland, the streams from which flow into the Ganges and Yamuna. In geology, a graben is a depressed fault block bordered by normal faults. ... Old fault exposed by roadcut near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. ... In physical geography and geology, a horst is the raised fault block bounded by normal faults. ... In geology and earth science, a plateau (alternatively spelt in a false French spelling plâteau, the real spelling in French being plateau) is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat open country if the uplift was recent in geologic history. ... Early morning on the Ganges The River Ganges (Ganga in Indian languages) (Devanagiri गंगा) is a major river in northern India. ... Yamuna is a major river of northern India, with a total length of around 1370 km. ...

Its longest tributary is the Tawa, which joins the Narmada at Bandra Bhan in Hoshangabad District, Madhya Pradesh. After leaving Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, the river widens out in the fertile district of Bharuch. Below Bharuch city it forms a 20 kilometre wide estuary where it enters the Gulf of Cambay. The Narmada river is not only used for irrigation, but for navigation. In the rainy season boats of considerable size sail about 100 kilometres above Bharuch city. Seagoing vessels of about 70 tons frequent the port of Bharuch, but they are entirely dependent on the tide. The Tawa River is a tributary of the Narmada River of central India. ... Hoshangabad is a city in Madhya Pradesh state, central India. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits and services. ... Irrigation in the Heart of the Sahara Irrigation (in agriculture) is the replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops. ... There are several traditions of navigation. ... The wet season is a term commonly used when describing the weather in the tropics. ... A boat is a watercraft, usually smaller than most ships. ...


Sardar Sarovar Project

The BJP-led Gujarat Government has completed the multi-billion rupee Sardar Sarovar Dam Project in Kevadia Colony, Bharuch district of Gujarat. The Dam will rise to a height of 130 meters and will provide water to the dry regions of Saurashtra, Kutch (Kachchh), and north Gujarat. The water utilized by the dam will also been used by the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Rajasthan. The dam has also ignited controversy and anti-dam activists led by Medha Patkar formed the Narmada Bachao Andolan (Save the Narmada Movement). The Supreme Court in 1999 declared that the Dam should be completed and it slammed the Narmada Bachao Andolao for opposing the construction of the dam. Indian novelist and essayist Arundhati Roy has been an outspoken critic of the dam. The Narmada Dam Project, known officially as the Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP), is a project involving the construction of a series of large hydroelectric dams on the Narmada River in India. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Saurashtra (also Soruth and Sorath) is a former state of India, located on the Kathiawar peninsula of western India. ... Kutch (also Cutch or Kachh) is a district of Gujarat state in western India. ... Chhattisgarh (छत्तीसगढ़), a state in central India, formed when the sixteen southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... Rajasthan (राजस्थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. ... Scrivener Dam, Canberra Australia, was engineered to withstand a once-in-5000-years flood event A dam is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment. ... Arundhati Roy (born November 24, 1961) is an Indian novelist and peace activist. ...

Narmada in Indian history

Chalukya emperor Pulakeshin II defeated emperor Harshavardhana of Kannauj on the banks of Narmada. The Chalukya Dynasty was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled parts of southern India between 550 and 750, and again between 973 and 1190. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... Kanauj, or Kannauj, is an ancient city of Uttar Pradesh state of India (1991 pop. ...

The Narmada in Hinduism

In sanctity the Narmada ranks only second to the Ganges among the rivers of India, and along its whole course are special places of pilgrimage, including Maheshwar in Madhya Pradesh. The most meritorious act that a pilgrim can perform is to walk from the sea to the source of the river and back along the opposite bank. This pilgrimage takes from one to two years to accomplish. A pilgrimage is a term primarily used in religion and spirituality of a long journey or search of great moral significance. ... Maheshwar is a town in Indore district of Madhya Pradesh state, in central India. ...

The Narmada is closely associated with Lord Shiva. Naturally formed smooth stones called banas, made of cryptocrytalline quartz, are found in Narmada which are known as Shivalingas; the rare and unique markings on them are regarded by shaivaites as very auspicious. The Brihadeeswara Temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, constructed by Rajaraja Chola, has one of the biggest Bana Shivalingas. Adi Shankara met his guru Govinda Bhagavatpada on the banks of river Narmada. Lord Åšiva. ... Śaivism is a branch of Hinduism that worships Siva as the Supreme God. ... The Brihadisvara temple is an ancient Hindu temple located at Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... Thanjavur, also known as Tanjore, is a city in Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Rajaraja Chola the first is considered the greatest of all Chola kings. ... Adi Shankara Adi Shankara (Shri Shankaracharya, Adhi Shankaracharya; the first Shankara in his lineage), reverentially called Bhagavatpada Acharya (the teacher at the feet of Lord) (very approximately 788–820 C.E., but see below) was the most famous Advaita philosopher, who had a profound influence on the growth of Hinduism... A guru (गुरू Sanskrit) is a teacher in Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism. ...


  • Sardar Sarovar, the Report of the Independent Review, Bradford Morse and Thomas Berger, Edited by The Independent Review, 1992.

Thomas Berger (born 1933), Canadian politician Thomas Berger, U.S. novelist (Little Big Man) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
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