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Encyclopedia > Narayana Guru
Narayana Guru
Narayana Guru
It has been suggested that the section Sri Narayana Guru from the article Ezhava be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)


Nārāyana Guru (नारायण गुरु,നാരായണ ഗുരു) (1856 - 1928) was a great sage and social reformer of India. Born in Ezhava/Thiyya (Ezhavas were a middle rung caste and have to face social injustices), he revolted against the brahminical dominance and thereby transformed the social face of Kerala. Narayana Guru File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Ezhava is the name of a Hindu caste in Indias southern state of Kerala. ... Ezhava is the name of a Hindu caste in Indias southern state of Kerala. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Wise Old Man (or Senex) is an archetype as described by Carl Jung. ... Ezhava is the name of a Hindu caste in Indias southern state of Kerala. ... Ezhava is a caste that fell outside the traditional four-fold caste system among the Hindu community in India. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification, such as clans, gentes, or the Indian caste system. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Kerala ((?); Malayalam: കേരളം — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ...


Nārāyana Guru is revered for his Vedic knowledge, poetic proficiency, openness to the views of others, non-violent philosophy and most importantly his unrelenting resolve to set aright social wrongs. Nārāyana Guru was instrumental in setting the spiritual foundations for social reform[1] in the current State of Kerala (erstwhile states of Travancore, Kochi and Malabar district of British India) and was one of the most successful social reformers who tackled caste in India.He demonstrated a path to social emancipation without invoking the dualism of the opressed and the opressor. References ^ Tirha, B. B. A Taste of Trascendence, (2002) p. ... The religion of the Vedic civilization is the predecessor of classical Hinduism, usually included in the term. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: poieo = create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... Philosopher in Meditation (detail), by Rembrandt Philosophy is a field of study that includes diverse subfields such as aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, and metaphysics, in which people ask questions such as whether God exists, whether knowledge is possible, and what makes actions right or wrong. ... In Hinduism, spiritual goals and personal experience (self-realization) through yoga and meditation are seen as the ultimate way to attain God (Moksha) and are inseparable from the religion. ... Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) or Tamil திருவிதாங்கூர் was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... Kochi (Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []), formerly known as Cochin, is the largest city in the state of Kerala, India, and one of the principal seaports in the country. ... It has been suggested that Malabarian Coast be merged into this article or section. ...


In contrast to certain other reformers who critized Brahmins and upper caste Hindus for the conditions of the lower castes, Nārāyana Guru stressed on the upliftment of a community through its own efforts by the establishment of schools and temples. In the process he brushed aside the Hindu religious conventions based upon Chaturvarna. His transformation of the social face of Kerala relied on emphasizing the Advaita philosophy. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification, such as clans, gentes, or the Indian caste system. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification, such as clans, gentes, or the Indian caste system. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification, such as clans, gentes, or the Indian caste system. ... Kerala ((?); Malayalam: കേരളം — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Advaita Vedanta is probably the best known of all Vedanta schools of Hinduism, the others being Dvaita and Vishishtadvaita. ...

Contents


Early life

The Guru was born at Chempazhanthi, a small village near Thiruvananthapuram, circa 1856. As the only son of his parents, who had three daughters, the young boy was named Nānu (shortname for Nārāyana). The small thatched house where Nānu was born is preserved to date as a historic monument. Nānu’s father Mādan Āśān, of the Valyalvārathu joint family, was a Sanskrit teacher knowledgeable in astrology, Ayurvedic medicine and the epics of Hinduism. Nānu’s uncle Krishnan Vaidyan was a reputed Ayurvedic physician and Sanskrit scholar. Nānu is said to have been initiated into traditional formal education Ezhuthinirithal under Chempazhanthi Pillai, a local schoolmaster and village officer. Besides schooling, young Nānu continued to be educated at home, under the guidance of his father and his uncle Krishnan Vaidyan, where he was taught basics of the Tamil and Sanskrit languages and traditional subjects such as Siddharūpam, Bālaprobhodhanam and Amarakośam. Thiruvananthapuram (Tamil: திருவனந்தபுரம், Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം []), formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of Thiruvananthapuram District. ... Astrology refers to any of several systems, traditions or beliefs in which knowledge of the apparent positions of celestial bodies is held to be useful in understanding, interpreting, and organizing knowledge about human affairs and events on Earth. ... Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद Sanskrit: ayu—life; veda—knowledge of) or ayurvedic medicine is a comprehensive system of medicine, first described by Charaka around the beginning of the Common Era, Presently the central document of Ayurveda is considered to be Charaka Samhita which is a treatise of 500 drugs compiled by Charaka under... Hinduism {Sanskrit/Hindi - HindÅ« Dharma, also known as Sanātana (eternal) Dharma, and Vaidika (of the Vedas) Dharma} is a religion originating in the Indian subcontinent, based on the Vedas and the beliefs of other people of India. ... Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद Sanskrit: ayu—life; veda—knowledge of) or ayurvedic medicine is a comprehensive system of medicine, first described by Charaka around the beginning of the Common Era, Presently the central document of Ayurveda is considered to be Charaka Samhita which is a treatise of 500 drugs compiled by Charaka under... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ...


Biographical accounts talk of Nānu as a reticent and intelligent boy who was intensely drawn to devout worship at the Manackal temple adjacent to the Valyalvārathu home. The boy Nānu is also said to have many a times challenged his own relatives for social discrimination and the apartheid-like practices of segregation of children of, supposedly, lower castes in his times. He is also said to have preferred solitude, to be immersed in thought, and to have shown a strong aptitude for rhyme and reason, composing his own hymns and singing them in praise of God. Having lost his mother around the age of 15, Nānu is thought to have spent most of his teenage assisting both his father, with tutoring, and his uncle in the practice of Ayurvedic medicine whilst also self-indulging in intense devotional practices at temples nearby. A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद Sanskrit: ayu—life; veda—knowledge of) or ayurvedic medicine is a comprehensive system of medicine, first described by Charaka around the beginning of the Common Era, Presently the central document of Ayurveda is considered to be Charaka Samhita which is a treatise of 500 drugs compiled by Charaka under...


Transformation as master, yogi and seeker of truth

At the age of 21 young Nānu was sent for further education under an eminent scholar Kummampilli Rāman Pillai Āśān of Karunagapalli. Living as a guest in a prominent family house Varanapallil near Kayankulam, Nānu, along with other students, was tutored by this scholar in subjects like advanced Sanskrit Language and Poetry, Drama and Literary Criticism, and Logical Rhetoric. Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ...


Around the age of 25, Nānu returned to his village after which he was off and on involved in running a village school for children. His role as a teacher gained him the name Nānu Āśān (Āśān meaning a master or teacher). Whilst teaching and also experimenting with truth, through self-study and his own experiences with life, Nānu Āśān moved on foot to places in the vicinity, often spending time in the confines of temples, writing poems and hymns and lecturing to village folk on philosophy and moral values.


Though married, through an initiative by his sisters, Nānu Āśān was not inclined towards a married life, nor is much known about his marital life, which would have ended with the increasing intensity of his spiritual inclination and drifting as a wandering ascetic in search of truth, as did Gautama Buddha. The word ascetic derives from the ancient Greek term askesis (practice, training or exercise). ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE, Musée Guimet. ...


During his meandering days, at the house of another Sanskrit scholar and old classmate, Perunalli Krishnan Vidayar, Nānu Āśān got introduced to many learned men and peers, including Kunjan Pilla, who was destined to become his spiritual guide and soulmate Chattampi Swamikal. Kunjan Pilla, who discovered and appreciated Nānu Āśān’s philosophical genius and passion for Yoga, introduced Nānu Āśān to a master of Yogic practices by name Thycaud Ayyavu. Under the Yogi Thycaud Ayyavu, Nānu Āśān mastered various Yogic practices including Hatha Yoga. The exposure gained from this scholastic experience had a lasting impact on the later life and philosophy of Nārāyana Guru. Chattampi Swamikal (b:1853 - d:1925) was one of Kerala’s famed social reform activists and learned men. ... Yoga is a family of ancient spiritual practices that originated in India, where it remains a vibrant living tradition and is seen as a means to enlightenment. ... This page is Yogi as advanced practitioners of Yoga. ... Yoga is a family of ancient spiritual practices that originated in India, where it remains a vibrant living tradition and is seen as a means to enlightenment. ... Hatha Yoga posture performed at a Hindu temple. ... Philosopher in Meditation (detail), by Rembrandt Philosophy is a field of study that includes diverse subfields such as aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, and metaphysics, in which people ask questions such as whether God exists, whether knowledge is possible, and what makes actions right or wrong. ...


Enlightenment and its poetic expression

It is uncertain as to when precisely Nānu Āśān moved to his hermitage deep inside the hilly forest area in Maruthwāmala, where he is said to have subjected himself to the most austere life immersed in meditative thought, other rigorous yoga practices and extreme sustenance rituals. After an unpretentious life of over thirty years abounding in knowledge and harsh experiences, this epoch is considered the culmination of the meditative recluse; the point at which Nārāyana Guru is believed to have attained a state of Enlightenment, i.e. an absolute state of wisdom or awakening. Meditation is the practice of focusing the mind, often formalized into a specific routine. ... Yoga is a family of ancient spiritual practices that originated in India, where it remains a vibrant living tradition and is seen as a means to enlightenment. ... For other uses, see Enlightenment. ...


Nārāyana Guru’s later literary and philosophical masterpiece Atmopadeśa Śatakam (one hundred verses of self-instruction, written in Malayalam circa 1897) is considered a fertile poetic expression, encapsulating the Guru’s philosophy of egalitarianism, emanating from the author’s attainment of an experienced state of primordial knowledge and quintessence of the Universe; and his ensuing ability to view the human race, from a dignified and elevated perspective, as nothing but one of a genus, in unqualified equality and without any racial, religious, caste or other discriminations whatsoever. Malayalam (മലയാളം) is the major language of the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Size of the universe and observable universe Main article: Observable universe There is disagreement over whether the universe is indeed finite or infinite in spatial extent and volume. ... In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ... EQUAL is a popular artificial sweetener Equal (sweetener) Equality can mean several things: Mathematical equality Social equality Racial equality Sexual equality Equality of outcome Equality, a town in Illinois See also Equity Egalitarianism Equals sign This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... This article is about race as an intraspecies classification. ... Religious is a term with both a technical definition and folk use. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification, such as clans, gentes, or the Indian caste system. ...


Consecration of Siva Lingam at Aruvippuram

During his wandering life he happened to be at Aruvippuram in 1888. In the month of March that year, because of the request from local people who had no privileges to enter into Hindu temples, he decided to build a place of worship. He picked up a stone from a nearby river (Neyyar) and used it as an idol for the proposed temple and consecrated it. This in itself was revolutionary step for according to some of the Hindu scriptures, only brahmins can consecrate a temple. To the brahmins who questioned his right to do so, he replied that what he consecrated was an Ezhava Siva. Those who questioned the timing of the consecration saying it was not an astrologically auspicious time, he replied: Horoscope is to be cast after the birth of a child, not before. He instructed to place a plaque containing a motto on the temple wall which read as: 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... The Angkor Wat Hindu temple in Cambodia is the largest in the world. ... Worship usually refers to specific acts of religious praise, honour, or devotion, typically directed to a supernatural being such as a god or goddess. ... Many religions and spiritual movements hold certain written texts (or series of spoken legends not traditionally written down) to be sacred. ...

Devoid of dividing walls
Of caste or race
Or hatred of rival faith,
We all live here
In Brotherhood,
Such, know this place to be!
This Model Foundation!

A new phase began in the Guru's life in 1904. He decided to give up his wandering life and settle down in a place to continue his Sadhana (spiritual practice) he choose Sivagiri, twenty miles to the north of Thiruvananthapuram. Goddess 'Amba' became his deity of worship. 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sadhana means spiritual exercise in Hinduism. ... Sivagiri is a pilgimage centre in Kerala where one of its social reformer and sage Sree Narayana Gurus tomb is located. ... Thiruvananthapuram (Tamil: திருவனந்தபுரம், Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം []), formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of Thiruvananthapuram District. ... Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture. ... Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Next, he started a Sanskrit school in Varkala. Poor boys and orphans were taken under his care. They were given education regardless of caste distinctions. Temples were built at different places - Trichur, Kannur, Anjuthengu, Tellicherry, Calicut, Mangalore. A temple was built for Sharada Devi in 1912, at Sivagiri. Worship at such temples helped to reduce to a large extent superstitious beliefs and practices. Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Varkala is a municipal town in Chirayinkil taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district. ... Thrissur is a city (located at 10. ... Inside St. ... Thalassery, also known as Tellicherry, is a small town on the Malabar coast of Kerala, South India. ... Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... Mangalore, (called MangalÅ«ru in Kannada), is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A common European superstition dictates that it is bad luck for a black cat to cross ones path. ...


In 1913, he founded an Ashram at Alwaye. It was called Advaita Ashram. This was an important event in his spiritual quest. That Ashram was dedicated to a great principle - Om Sahodaryam Sarvatra (all men are equal in the eyes of God). This became the motto of the new Ashram. 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Aluva (Alwaye) is city north of Kochi in Ernakulam district of Kerala state in South India. ...


When Nārāyana Guru attained the age of sixty, his birth day was observed throughout the west-coast from Mangalore to Sri Lanka. Between the years 1918 and 1923 he visited and taught in Sri Lanka. In 1921, a Conference of Universal Brotherhood was held at Alwaye. Again in 1924, a conference of all religions was held at Alwaye. The Guru stressed the need for a Brahma Vidyalaya for a comparative study of different religious faiths. Mangalore, (called MangalÅ«ru in Kannada), is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Aluva (Alwaye) is city north of Kochi in Ernakulam district of Kerala state in South India. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Sree Nārāyana Guru has many followers and disciples. Nataraja Guru,a notable disciple of Sree Nārāyana Guru, introduced Guru's visions and ideals to the western world. He established Narayana Gurukulamin 1923 at the Nilgiris with the blessings of Nārāyana Guru. Map of The Nilgiris district The Nilgiris or Blue Mountains are a range of mountains and a district in the south-Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. ...


Nārāyana Guru’s philosophy

After a span of a millennium since the time of Adi Shankara, Sree Nārāyana Guru was the next greatest proponent and re-evaluator of Advaita Vedanta and hailing from the same geographic region, i.e., present-day Kerala. Nārāyana Guru’s philosophy, which is fundamentally of Advaitic and non-dual wisdom in principles, further extended Advaita concepts into practical modes of self-realisation through spiritual education, compassion and vision for peaceful co-existence of the human race, whilst promoting social equality and universal brotherhood. His philosophy of non-violence and ahimsa strongly denounced discrimination in the name of caste or religion, and emphasised focusing on education and private enterprise for the ongoing uplift of the quality of life. The Guru’s philosophy emphasised the consistency between true existence of the “common reality” on Earth and one Divine behind the creation and sustenance of the Universe, dismissing any concepts of illusory worlds or any mid-way “city on high”. Adi Shankara with the Four Disciples Adi Shankara (Åšankara, Shri Shankaracharya, Adhi Shankaracharya, Ä€di Åšhankarācārya; the first Shankara in his lineage), reverentially called Bhagavatpada Acharya (the teacher at the feet of the Lord) (approximately 8th century, but see below) was the most famous advaita philosopher, who had a... Advaita Vedanta (IAST ; Devanagari ; IPA []) is probably the best known of all Vedanta schools of philosophy of Hinduism, the others being Dvaita and Vishishtadvaita (total six). ... Kerala ((?); Malayalam: കേരളം — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Advaita Vedanta is probably the best known of all Vedanta schools of Hinduism, the others being Dvaita and Vishishtadvaita. ... In Hinduism, spiritual goals and personal experience (self-realization) through yoga and meditation are seen as the ultimate way to attain God (Moksha) and are inseparable from the religion. ... Ûæ:For the Doctor Who character, see Compassion (Doctor Who). ... Peaceful coexistence was a theory developed during the Cold War among Communist states that they could peacefully coexist with capitalist states. ... Social equality is a social state of affairs in which certain different people have the same status in a certain respect, minimally at least in voting rights, freedom of speech and assembly, and property rights. ... Nonviolence (or non-violence) is a set of assumptions about morality, power and conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political goals. ... Ahimsa is a religious concept which advocates non-violence and a respect for all life. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social stratification, such as clans, gentes, or the Indian caste system. ... Wall Street, Manhattan In economics, business refers to the social science of managing people to organize and maintain collective productivity toward accomplishing particular creative and productive goals. ... The well-being or quality of life of a population is an important concern in economics and political science. ... The concept of the divine or of The Divine, meaning matters relating to a god, forms an important ingredient in many religious faiths (but compare Buddhism, for example, or Scientology). ... Size of the universe and observable universe Main article: Observable universe There is disagreement over whether the universe is indeed finite or infinite in spatial extent and volume. ...


The Guru’s philosophy is exemplified in his mystical writings that are truly interchanging warps and wefts of ethics, logic, aesthetics and metaphysics woven into masterpieces of silken rich poetry. The Guru’s literary works are in Malayalam, Sanskrit and Tamil languages, and these works are of a conceptual and aesthetic quality at par with the Upanishads. Mysticism (ancient Greek mysticon = secret) is meditation, prayer, or theology focused on the direct experience of union with divinity, God, or Ultimate Reality, or the belief that such experience is a genuine and important source of knowledge. ... Ethics (from Greek ἦθος meaning custom) is the branch of axiology, one of the four major branches of philosophy, which attempts to understand the nature of morality; to distinguish that which is right from that which is wrong. ... Logic, from Classical Greek λόγος (logos), originally meaning the word, or what is spoken, (but coming to mean thought or reason) is most often said to be the study of criteria for the evaluation of arguments, although the exact definition of logic is a matter of controversy among philosophers. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം) is the major language of the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... The Upanishads (उपनिषद्, Upanişad) are part of the Hindu Shruti scriptures which primarily discuss meditation and philosophy and are seen as religious instructions by most schools of Hinduism. ...


At the time of its conception, Nārāyana Guru’s philosophy was in many respects ahead of its time and focused on a futuristic world order that could be shaped from his philosophical connotations that are underlain with transcendental aesthetics and logic embodied in knowledge and pure reason. Most of the serious scholars of Nārāyana Guru’s philosophy have been from generations beyond his lifetime; and this list keeps growing. For the meaning in finance, see futures contract. ... Transcendental in philosophical contexts In philosophy, transcendental experiences are experiences of an exclusively human nature that are other-worldly or beyond the human realm of understanding. ... Logic, from Classical Greek λόγος (logos), originally meaning the word, or what is spoken, (but coming to mean thought or reason) is most often said to be the study of criteria for the evaluation of arguments, although the exact definition of logic is a matter of controversy among philosophers. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with epistemology. ... Reason is a term used in philosophy and other human sciences to refer to the higher cognitive faculties of the human mind. ...


Rationalism and atheism

A message sent by Nārāyana Guru to Sahodarasangham during their annual conference - May 15, 1921
A message sent by Nārāyana Guru to Sahodarasangham during their annual conference - May 15, 1921

Although Nārāyana Guru had built a number of temples and composed many poems in praise of popular Hindu deities, he had many atheist followers. This shows his love for humanity as a whole which is irrespective of any faith based affiliations. Many of his atheist followers in fact considered him as an atheist1. For instance, one of his prominent disciples Sahodaran Ayyappan was a militant atheist and one of the founders of Yukthivadi, the first rationalist/atheist magazine in Malayalam. When Sahodaran Ayyappan modified Nārāyana Guru's famous catchphrase, Oru Jati, Oru Matham, Oru Daivam Manushyanu (One Caste, One Religion, One God for Humanbeing) and re-written it as Jati Venda, Matham Venda, Daivam Venda Manushyanu (No Caste, No Religion, No God for Humanbeing), the latter did not protest2. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (653x680, 34 KB) Summary manojtv Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (653x680, 34 KB) Summary manojtv Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Atheism, in its most inclusive sense, is an absence of belief in the existence of deities. ... Sahodaran Ayyappan K. Ayyappan (b. ... Issue of Yukthivadi dated 4. ... This article is not about continental rationalism. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... Malayalam (മലയാളം) is the major language of the state of Kerala, in southern India. ...


Casteism prevalent amongst the Hindus even in the first half of 20th century was so rabid that uppercaste people refused to have food along with the people belonging to lower caste and "untouchable" communities. Hindu scriptures were profusely quoted by them to justify this practice. The Ezhava community in which Nārāyana Guru was born too was not immune to this barbaric practice even after half-a-century of Nārāyana Guru's work. When Sahodaran Ayyappan inspired by Narayanaguru's message of caste-less and creed-less society launched what is called "Panthibhojanam" or community feasts participating people belonging to various castes and communities, the Ezhava lords called him "Pulayanaiappan" (Pulaya was used as a derogatory term for having feast with the "Pulayas", an "untouchable" community in the caste-hierarchy of Hinduism) and tried to forcibly prevent the feast. It was in this context that Nārāyana Guru came out in support of Sahodaran Ayyappan and sent the message reproduced alongside. Translated into English, the message reads: "Whatever be one's religion, costume, language etc, since their caste is the same, there is nothing wrong in having inter-marriages and community feasts". It is this message of Narayanaguru which transgresses the established canons of Hindu religion (or any religion for that matter) that makes Narayanaguru a rationalist icon. In South Asias caste system, a Dalit — formerly called untouchable — is a person outside the four castes, and considered below them. ... Yarkand ladies summer fashions. ... Rationalism, also known as the rationalist movement, is a philosophical doctrine that asserts that the truth can best be discovered by reason and factual analysis, rather than faith, dogma or religious teaching. ...


To avoid the attempts made by a section of his followers to identify him with Hinduism alone, Nārāyana Guru was forced to state explicitly that he did not belong to any religious sects. Through a message he sent in the year 1916, he proclaimed : It is years since I left castes and religions. Yet some people think that I belong to their religion. That is not correct. I do not belong to any particular caste or religion.


Some other prominent rationalist/atheist leaders, apart from Sahodaran Ayyappan, associated with Nārāyana Guru were M.C.Joseph, C.V.Kunhiraman and Mithavadi Krishnan. Moorkancheri Cherian Joseph, popularly known as Yukthivadi M.C. Joseph was an eminent rationalist from Kerala, India. ...


Works by Nārāyana Guru

In Malayalam

  1. Swanubavageethi
  2. Atmopadesa Śatakam
  3. Advaitha Deepika
  4. Arivu
  5. Daiva Desakam
  6. Jeevakarunya Panchakam
  7. Anukamba Dasakam
  8. Jathi Nirnayam
  9. Jathi Lakshanam
  10. Sadacharam
  11. Chijanda Chinthakam
  12. Daiva Chintanam - 1 & 2
  13. Athma Vilasam

In Sanskrit

  1. Darsana Mala
  2. Brahmavidya Panchakam
  3. Nirvruthi Panchakam
  4. Slokathrayi
  5. Vedantha Suthram
  6. Homa Manthram
  7. Municharya Panchakam
  8. Asramam
  9. Dharmam
  10. Charama Slokangal
  11. Homa Mantram
  12. Chidambarashtakam
  13. Guhashtakam
  14. Bhadrakaliashtakam
  15. Vinayaka Ashtakam
  16. Sree Vasudeva Ashtakam
  17. Navamanjari

In Tamil

  1. Thevarappathinkangal

Translations

  1. Thirukural
  2. Isavasyo Upanishad
  3. Ozhivil Odukkam

Notes

  1. Matha virodhathinte Matham - The Religion of Irreligiousness BY M.C.Joseph (Page 322-325 in Narayanaguru: Ed: P.K.Balakrishnan, March 2000 (First Edition 1954) , Kerala Sahitya Academy
  2. See article by T.N.Jayachandran in Yukthireka (August 2004) and the book Charithrathe Aghadhamakkiya Guru by K.P.Appan (May 2005)

Moorkancheri Cherian Joseph, popularly known as Yukthivadi M.C. Joseph was an eminent rationalist from Kerala, India. ... K.P.Appan is a renowned literary critic in Malayalam. ...

Bibiliography/Reference

  • The Word of the Guru : The Life and Teaching of Guru Narayana : Nataraja Guru, D.K. Printworld, 2003, New Delhi, ISBN 81-24602417
  • Guru - Kumaranasante Drushtiyil : DC Books, Kottayam, Kerala
  • Srinarayana Guruvinte Sampoorna Kruthikal (Complete Works of Sri Narayana Guru): Mathrubhoomi Publishers, Kozhikode, Kerala
  • Sri Narayana Guruvinte Mathavum Sivagiriyum (Sivagiri and the Religion of Sri Narayana Guru): K. Maheshwaran Nair
  • Guru: K. Surendran (Biographical novel published in 1992, won the 1994 Vayalar Ramavarma Sahitya Award for the best literary work in Kerala): DC Books, ISBN 81-7130-253-X
  • Sri Narayana Guru - Jeevitham, Darsanum, Kruthikal: Editor: K.N.Shaji, Current Books, Trissur, Kerala
  • Narayanaguru- Editor: P.K.Balakrishnan (A collection of essays in Malayalam):March 2000, (First Edition 1954), Kerala Sahitya Academi, Trichur, Kerala.
  • Narayanam: Perumpadavom Sreedharan (Biographical novel on Sree Narayana Guru published in 2004): Distributors: Current Books. ISBN 81-240-1427-2
  • The Philosophy of Narayana Guru: Swami Muni Narayana Prasad, D.K. Printworld, 2003, New Delhi, ISBN 81-246-0236-0.
  • Yukthirekha August 2004 (Special issue commemorating the 150th Birth Anniversary of Sri Narayana Guru) - Dhanuvachapuram Post, Trivandrum-695503, Kerala.
  • Charithrathe Aghadhamakkiya Guru : K.P.Appan -DC Books, Kottayam -686001 (ISBN 81-264-1025-6)

Vayalar Ramavarma (March 15, 1928 - October 27, 1975) was a modern Malayalam poet and lyricist. ... Thrissur is a city (located at 10. ... Indian Coffee House Thiruvananthapuram or Thiruvanathapuram (formerly known as Trivandrum) is the capital (population - 889,191 (2001)) of the state of Kerala, India. ...

External links

  • Authentic Biography of Sree Narayana Guru
  • Narayana Gurukulam
  • Narayana Guru
  • Sree Narayana Kendra, Delhi
  • Darsana Mala
  • Sivagiri
  • The Sree Narayana Effect
  • A genius and saint

  Results from FactBites:
 
Narayana Guru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2320 words)
Nārāyana Guru’s philosophy, which is fundamentally of Advaitic and non-dual wisdom in principles, further extended Advaita concepts into practical modes of self-realisation through spiritual education, compassion and vision for peaceful co-existence of the human race, whilst promoting social equality and universal brotherhood.
The Guru’s philosophy is exemplified in his mystical writings that are truly interchanging warps and wefts of ethics, logic, aesthetics and metaphysics woven into masterpieces of silken rich poetry.
At the time of its conception, Nārāyana Guru’s philosophy was in many respects ahead of its time and focused on a futuristic world order that could be shaped from his philosophical connotations that are underlain with transcendental aesthetics and logic embodied in knowledge and pure reason.
Biograby by Dr. S. Omana (13577 words)
Narayana Guru was born in the year 1854 AD at Chempazhanthy, in the suburb of the city of Trivandrum, the present capital of Kerala State, India.
Narayana Guru was only concerned with two things in his life; one was the in-dwelling Absolute that shines within all; and the other was the woes of life to which man is exposed everywhere.
Narayana Guru wanted the Indian people to be nourished by their tradition and to be active in their relations with the wider world outside using the medium of English.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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