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Encyclopedia > Nara, Nara
Nara City
奈良市
Location of Nara City
Nara City's location in Nara Prefecture, Japan.
Location
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Nara Prefecture
Physical characteristics
Area 276.84 km²
Population (as of December 31, 2006)
     Total 373,189
     Density 1345.32/km²
Location 34°41′″N, 135°48′″E
Symbols
Tree Quercus gilva
Flower Nara yae zakura
Bird Japanese Bush Warbler
Nara City City Hall
Mayor Akira Fujiwara
Address 〒630-8580
Nara-shi, 1-1-1 Nijo-oji
Phone number 0742-34-1111
Official website: Nara City

Coordinates: 34°41′″N, 135°48′″E Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nara Prefecture ) is part of the Kinki region on HonshÅ« Island, Japan. ... In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical entity, a territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation. ... Map of the regions of Japan. ... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshu. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Nara Prefecture ) is part of the Kinki region on HonshÅ« Island, Japan. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... For other uses, see Tree (disambiguation). ... A Phalaenopsis flower A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... “Aves” redirects here. ... Binomial name Cettia diphone (Kittlitz, 1830) The Japanese Bush Warbler 鶯(ウグイス) (Cettia diphone) is a passerine bird more often heard than seen. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... An address is a code and abstract concept expressing the fixed location of a home, business or other building on the earths surface. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits that uniquely indicates the network termination point. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



Nara (奈良市 Nara-shi?) is the capital city of Nara Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture, directly bordering itself to Kyoto Prefecture. Seven temples, shrines and ruins in Nara, specifically Tōdai-ji, Saidai-ji, Kōfuku-ji, Kasuga Shrine, Gangō-ji, Yakushi-ji, Tōshōdai-ji and Heijo Palace Remains, together with Kasugayama Primeval Forest, collectively form "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara", a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A city ) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ... Nara Prefecture ) is part of the Kinki region on HonshÅ« Island, Japan. ... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshu. ... The Iwashimizu Hachimangu, a Shinto shrine in Yawata. ... Main hall of Tōdai-ji Tōdai-ji (東大寺), the Eastern Great Temple, is a Buddhist temple in Nara, Japan. ... Saidaiji Saidai-ji (西大寺) is a Buddhist temple in the city of Nara, Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... For the temple in Nagasaki Prefecture, see [[Kōfuku-ji (Nagasaki)]]. Grounds of Kofukuji The golden buddha inside the temple Kōfuku-ji ) is a Buddhist temple in the city of Nara, in Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... Kasuga Shrine The Kasuga Shrine (Japanese: 春日大社, Kasuga-taisha) is a Shinto shrine in the city of Nara, in Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... Gangō-ji (元興寺) is an ancient Buddhist temple in Nara, Japan. ... Yakushi-ji Yakushi-ji (薬師寺) is an ancient Buddhist temple of the Hosso sect in the city of Nara, Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... Buildings at Toshodaiji Tōshōdai-ji (唐招提寺) is a Buddhist temple of the Ritsu sect in the city of Nara, in Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... The restored Suzakumon (gate) of Heijo Palace Heijo Palace (平城京) in Nara, was the Imperial Palace of Japan during the Nara Period (710-784 CE). ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Contents

History

See also: Heijo Palace and Nara period

Nara was the capital of Japan from 710 to 784, giving its name to Nara period. The original city, Heijō-kyō, was modelled after the capital of Tang Dynasty China, Chang'an (present-day Xi'an). According to the ancient Japanese book Nihon Shoki, the name "Nara" derived from the Japanese word narashita meaning "made flat".[1][2] The restored Suzakumon (gate) of Heijo Palace Heijo Palace (平城京) in Nara, was the Imperial Palace of Japan during the Nara Period (710-784 CE). ... The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784. ... Tokyo (&#26481;&#20140;; T&#333;ky&#333;, lit. ... // Events End of the Asuka period, the second and last part of the Yamato period and beginning of the Nara period in Japan. ... Events August 31 - Paul IV abdicates as Patriarch of Constantinople December 25 - Tarasius elected Patriarch of Constantinople The Japanese capital moved away from Nara. ... The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784. ... Heijō Kyō(平城京)also known as Nara no Miyako,was the capital city of the Nara period in Japan. ... The Tang Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (18 June 618 – 4 June 907), lasting about three centuries, preceded by the Sui Dynasty and followed by the Song Dynasty and the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. ... Changan â–¶(?) (Simplified Chinese: 长安; Traditional Chinese: 長安; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chang-an) is the ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in China. ... Xian redirects here. ... Nihonshoki (&#26085;&#26412;&#26360;&#32000;) is the second oldest history book about the ancient history of Japan. ...


The capital was relocated to Nagaoka-kyō in the Yamashiro Province in 784, then moved to Heian-kyō in 794, the start of the Heian Period. The temples remained powerful beyond the move of political capital, thus giving Nara a synonym of Nanto (meaning "South Capital") as opposed to Heian-kyō, situated in the North. Nagaokaky&#333; (&#38263;&#23713;&#20140;&#24066;; -shi) is a city located in Kyoto, Japan. ... Categories: Japan geography stubs | Old provinces of Japan ... Events August 31 - Paul IV abdicates as Patriarch of Constantinople December 25 - Tarasius elected Patriarch of Constantinople The Japanese capital moved away from Nara. ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... Events Kyoto becomes the Japanese capital. ... The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Heian Period. ...


In the modern age, as the seat of the prefectural government, Nara has developed into a local center of commerce and government. The city was officially incorporated on February 1, 1898. February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Demographics

As of 2006, the city has an estimated population of 373,189 and the density of 1,384 persons per km². The total area is 276.84 km². For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


Famous places

Because of its many temples and shrines, Nara is a famous tourist destination. It is said that when the first emperor of Japan, Jimmu, descended from heaven, he rode a deer and arrived in Nara, and that the sacred deer that wander Nara are its descendants.

  • Buddhist temples
    • Tōdai-ji, including Nigatsu-dō
    • Saidai-ji
    • Kōfuku-ji
    • Gangō-ji
    • Yakushi-ji
    • Tōshōdai-ji
  • Shinto shrines

Main hall of Tōdai-ji Tōdai-ji (東大寺), the Eastern Great Temple, is a Buddhist temple in Nara, Japan. ... Nigatsu-dō ) is an important structure at the Tōdai-ji, a temple in Nara, Japan. ... Saidaiji Saidai-ji (西大寺) is a Buddhist temple in the city of Nara, Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... For the temple in Nagasaki Prefecture, see [[Kōfuku-ji (Nagasaki)]]. Grounds of Kofukuji The golden buddha inside the temple Kōfuku-ji ) is a Buddhist temple in the city of Nara, in Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... Gangō-ji (元興寺) is an ancient Buddhist temple in Nara, Japan. ... Yakushi-ji Yakushi-ji (薬師寺) is an ancient Buddhist temple of the Hosso sect in the city of Nara, Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... Buildings at Toshodaiji Tōshōdai-ji (唐招提寺) is a Buddhist temple of the Ritsu sect in the city of Nara, in Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... Kasuga Shrine The Kasuga Shrine (Japanese: 春日大社, Kasuga-taisha) is a Shinto shrine in the city of Nara, in Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... The restored Suzakumon (gate) of Heijo Palace Heijo Palace (平城京) in Nara, was the Imperial Palace of Japan during the Nara Period (710-784 CE). ... Kasuga Shrine The Kasuga Shrine (Japanese: 春日大社, Kasuga-taisha) is a Shinto shrine in the city of Nara, in Nara Prefecture, Japan. ... deer in Nara Park Nara Park is a civil park in the city of Nara, established in 1880. ...

Wildlife in Nara

Nara is famous for the tame deer that roam all over the town, and especially in Nara Park. Snack vendors sell small biscuits to visitors so they can enjoy feeding the deer. The deer have learned to bow in response to tourists' bows. They nudge, jostle, and even bite for food. Binomial name Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Subspecies The Sika Deer Cervus nippon is a typical member of the family Cervidae. ... deer in Nara Park Nara Park is a civil park in the city of Nara, established in 1880. ...


Education

Schools in Nara include the Todaiji Gakuen, founded by the temple in 1926. Nara Women's University is one of the only two National Women's University of Japan. Tōdaiji Gakuen (東大寺学園 Tōdaiji Gakuen) is a combined middle and high school in the city of Nara, Japan. ...


Sister cities

Nara has sister-city relationships with five cities outside Japan [1]:

Gyeongju is a city (see Subdivisions of South Korea) and prominent tourist destination in eastern South Korea. ... Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Korea (Korean: 한국 or 조선, see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ... Xian redirects here. ... The Tang Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (18 June 618 – 4 June 907), lasting about three centuries, preceded by the Sui Dynasty and followed by the Song Dynasty and the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. ... Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain, about 70 kilometers south of Madrid. ... Versailles (pronounced , in French), formerly the de facto capital of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important administrative and judicial center. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ...

Gallery

References

  1. ^ 奈良の語源 (Japanese). Retrieved on 2006-05-24.
  2. ^ Yamada Munemutsu 山田宗睦, trans. Nihon shoki 日本書紀. Vol. 1. Newton Press ニュートンプレス, 1992. p. 159.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ...

Miscellany

  • There is a theory that an ancient variant word for Nara, naraku (寧樂 / 寧楽), is related to the Korean word nara for "country" [2].

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Nara Prefecture ) is part of the Kinki region on Honshū Island, Japan. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nara, Nara - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (530 words)
Nara was the capital of Japan during most of the Nara period, from 710 to 784.
Nara is famous for its tame deer that roam all over the town, and especially in the park areas.
The sacred deer that wander Nara are said to be its descendants.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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