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Encyclopedia > Napoleon II of France
The Duke of Reichstadt, formerly Napoleon II
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The Duke of Reichstadt, formerly Napoleon II
French Monarchy -
Bonaparte Dynasty

Napoleon I
Children
   Napoleon II
Siblings
   Napoleone
   Maria Anna
   Joseph, King of Spain
   Lucien, Prince of Canino
   Elisa, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
   Louis, King of Holland
   Pauline, Princess of Guastalla
   Carloine, Queen of Naples
   Jérôme, King of Westphalia
Nephews and nieces
   Princess Julie
   Princess Zénaïde
   Princess Charlotte
   Prince Charles
   Prince Louis
   Prince Pierre
   Prince Napoleon Charles
   Prince Napoleon Louis
   Napoleon III
   Prince Jérôme
   Prince Napoleon Joseph
   Princess Mathilde
Grandnephews and -nieces
   Prince Joseph
   Prince Lucien-Louis
   Prince Roland
   Princess Jeanne
   Prince Charles
   Prince Jerome
   Napoleon (V) Victor
Great Grandnephews and -nieces
   Princess Marie
   Princess Marie Clotilde
   Napoleon (VI) Louis
Great Great Grandnephews and -nieces
   Napoleon (VII) Charles
   Princess Catherine
   Princess Laure
   Prince Jerome
Great Great Great Grandnephews and -nieces
   Princess Caroline
   Prince Jean-Christophe
Napoleon II
Napoleon III
Children
   Napoleon (IV), Prince Imperial

Napoleon II, Duke of Reichstadt (March 20, 1811July 22, 1832) was the son of Napoleon Bonaparte, and briefly the second Emperor of the French. Image File history File links Nap-receis_50. ... Image File history File links Nap-receis_50. ... Image File history File links Armoiries-Empire. ... Napoleon I Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, King of Italy (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution; the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from 11 November 1799 to 18 May 1804; then Emperor of the French (Empereur... Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Naples, King of Spain (January 7, 1768 – July 28, 1844) was the elder brother of the French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples (1806–1808) and King of Spain (1808–1813). ... Lucien Bonaparte, painted by François-Xavier Fabre, after 1800. ... Maria Anna Elisa Bonaparte, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (January 13, 1777 - August 7, 1820) was the fourth surviving child and eldest surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Pauline Bonaparte, Princess and Duchess of Guastalla (October 20, 1780- June 9, 1825) (she spelled the named Buonaparte) was the younger sister of Napoleon I of France, and was his favorite sister. ... Caroline Bonaparte Maria Annunziata Carolina Bonaparte, Queen of Naples, Grand Duchess of Berg and Cleves (Ajaccio, Corsica, 25 March 1782 – 18 May 1839 in Florence), better known as Caroline Bonaparte, was the seventh surviving child and third surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. ... Jérôme Bonaparte Jérôme Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (November 15, 1784 - June 24, 1860) was the youngest brother of Napoleon, who made him King of Westphalia (1807-1813). ... Zénaïde Laetitia Julie Bonaparte (1801-1854) was the daughter of Joseph Bonaparte and Julie Clary. ... Charlotte Bonaparte (October 31, 1802-March 2, 1839) was the daughter of Joseph Bonaparte, the older brother of Emperor Napoleon I, and Julie Clary. ... Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte (May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857) was a French naturalist and ornithologist. ... Louis Lucien Bonaparte (January 4, 1813 - November 3, 1891) was the third son of Napoleons second surviving brother, Lucien Bonaparte. ... Pierre-Napoléon Bonaparte Pierre-Napoléon Bonaparte (11 October 1815 - 7 April 1881) was born in Rome, Italy, the son of Lucien Bonaparte and his second wife Alexandrine de Bleschamp. ... Napoleon Charles Bonaparte (October 10, 1802-May 5, 1807) was the eldest son of Louis Bonaparte and Hortense de Beauharnais. ... Napoleon Louis Bonaparte (1804-March 17, 1831) was the middle son of Louis Bonaparte and Hortense de Beauharnais. ... Napoléon III, Emperor of the French (Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte) (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was President of France from 1849 to 1852, and then Emperor of the French under the name Napoléon III from 1852 to 1870. ... Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte (July 7, 1805 - June 17, 1870) was a son of Jerome Bonaparte and Elizabeth Patterson, and a nephew of Emperor Napoleon I. He was born in Camberwell, Surrey, England, but lived in the United States with his mother, whose marriage had been annulled at the order of... Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte (Trieste, Italy, September 9, 1822-Rome, Italy March 17, 1891) was the son of Jerome Bonaparte and Catharina of Württemberg. ... Princess Mathilde Mathilde Bonaparte, (May 27, 1820 – January 2, 1904), was a daughter of Napoleons brother Jerome Bonaparte and his second wife Catharina of Württemberg. ... Joseph Lucien Charles Napoleo Bonaparte (12 February 1824 - 2 September 1865) was the son of Charles Lucien Bonaparte and Zénaïde Laetitia Julie Bonaparte. ... Lucien Louis Joseph Napoleon Cardinal Bonaparte (November 15, 1828-November 19, 1895) was born in Rome, the son of Charles Lucien Bonaparte and his wife Zénaïde. ... Charles Joseph Bonaparte (June 9, 1851–June 28, 1921) was a grandson of Jérôme Bonaparte (the youngest brother of the French emperor Napoleon I), and a member of the United States Cabinet. ... Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II (November 5, 1830 - September 3, 1893) was a son of Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte and Susan May Williams. ... Napoléon Victor Jérôme Frédéric Bonaparte (July 18th 1862 - May 3rd 1926) ∞ Clémentine Albertine Marie Léopoldine of Belgium (1872-1955) was the son of Prince Napoleon. ... Princess Marie Bonaparte (2 July 1882-21 September 1962) was a French psychoanalyst, closely linked with Freud. ... Napoléon VI, Prince Imperial, born as Louis Jerome Victor Emmanuel Leopold Marie Bonaparte and known as Louis Napoléon, (23 January 1914 - 3 May 1997) was claimant to the Imperial throne of France in the Prince Napoléon pretentious line from 1926 until his death. ... Napoléon VII, Prince Imperial (Charles Marie Jérôme Victor Napoléon) (born 19 October 1950) is the current head of the Imperial House of France in the Prince Napoléon pretentious line. ... Jean-Christophe Louis Ferdinand Albéric Bonaparte was born on the 11 July 1986 in St. ... Napoléon III, Emperor of the French (Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte) (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was President of France from 1849 to 1852, and then Emperor of the French under the name Napoléon III from 1852 to 1870. ... Napoléon Eugène Louis John Joseph, called Napoleon IV, (March 16, 1856 – June 1, 1879), Prince Imperial, Fils de France, was the only child of Emperor Napoleon III of France and his Empress consort Eugénie de Montijo. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... Joyce Rollins is a lesbian. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Napoleon I Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, King of Italy (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution; the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from 11 November 1799 to 18 May 1804; then Emperor of the French (Empereur... Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ...


Napoléon François Joseph Charles, known from birth as the King of Rome, was the son of Emperor Napoleon I and his second wife, Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria. He was styled as HM The King of Rome, which Napoleon I declared was the courtesy title of the heir-apparent. Napoleon I Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, King of Italy (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution; the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from 11 November 1799 to 18 May 1804; then Emperor of the French (Empereur... Marie Louise (December 12, 1791 _ December 17, 1847) was the second wife of Napoleon Bonaparte and Empress of The French. ... A courtesy title is a form of address in the British peerage system used for wives, children, and other close relatives of a peer. ... The term heir apparent is most often used to refer to someone who is first in the order of succession to a throne and who cannot lose this status by the birth of any other person. ...


Three years after his birth in Paris, the First French Empire - to which he was heir - collapsed, and Napoleon abdicated the throne in favour of his infant son, who was taken by the empress to Château de Blois in April 1814. In 1815, after his defeat at Waterloo, Napoleon again abdicated in favour of his son. City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur Tossed by the waves, she does not founder Coordinates : , Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Département Paris (75) Région ÃŽle-de-France Mayor Bertrand Delanoë (PS) City (commune) Characteristics Land Area 86. ... The First French Empire, commonly known as the French Empire or the Napoleonic Empire, covers the period of the domination of France and much of continental Europe by Napoleon I of France. ... The rear of the Château de Blois Staircase in the Château de Blois The Royal Château de Blois is located in the Loir-et-Cher département in the Loire Valley, in France. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants France Anglo-Allied/ United Kingdom Prussian Dutch Commanders Napoléon Bonaparte Michel Ney Duke of Wellington Gebhard von Blücher Strength 73,000 67,000 United Kingdom 60,000 Prussian (48,000 engaged by about 18:00) Casualties 25,000 22,000 Map of the Waterloo campaign The Battle...


The Chamber of Representatives and Chamber of Peers recognized him as Emperor from the moment of his father's abdication (June 22, 1815), but the entrance of the Allies into Paris (July 7) put an end to this short-lived regime. Despite his nominal reign, he is not normally referred to as "Napoleon II" except by Bonapartists who also call him the King of Rome. The next Bonaparte to come to the throne of France took the name Napoleon III in deference to his cousin's mostly theoretical reign. June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... In French political history, Bonapartists were monarchists who desired a French Empire under the House of Bonaparte, the Corsican family of Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon I of France) and his nephew Louis (Napoleon III of France). ... King of the Romans (Latin: Rex Romanorum) was a title used by the rulers of the Holy Roman Empire before their coronation by the Pope, and later also by the heir designate of the Empire. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ...


After 1815, the young prince, now known as "Franz," after his maternal grandfather, rather than as "Napoleon," was a virtual captive in Austria. He was awarded the title of Duke of Reichstadt in 1818. He died of tuberculosis at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna on July 22, 1832. He once said "Had Josephine been my mother, my life would have been different". Duke of Reichstadt (in German Herzog von Reichstadt) was the title given to Napoleon II, the son of Napoleon I and the Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, in 1818 as some consolation for the destruction of the First French Empire, of which he was nominally an Emperor after his father... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Antituberculant be merged into this article or section. ... Schönbrunn Palace, as seen from the gardens The Schönbrunn Palace (Schloss Schönbrunn) in Vienna is one of the most important cultural monuments in Austria and since the 1860s has also been one of the major tourist attractions in Vienna. ... Vienna (German: Wien ) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Joséphine de Beauharnais, later Empress, painted by François Gerard, 1801 (Hermitage Museum) Joséphine de Beauharnais [1] [2] [3] [4] (June 23, 1763 – May 29, 1814) was the first wife of Napoléon Bonaparte, and became Empress of the French. ...


In 1940 his remains were transferred, as a gift to France from Adolf Hitler, from Vienna to the dome of Les Invalides in Paris, where he rested for some time beside his father, later being moved to the lower church. His heart and intestines remain in Vienna, in urn 42 in the Herzgruft, and his viscera are in urn 76 of the Ducal Crypt in Vienna. 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Hitler redirects here. ... The church at the Invalides, with its dome Les Invalides in Paris, France consists of a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement containing museums and monuments, all relating to Frances military history, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the buildings original... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur Tossed by the waves, she does not founder Coordinates : , Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Département Paris (75) Région ÃŽle-de-France Mayor Bertrand Delanoë (PS) City (commune) Characteristics Land Area 86. ... The Herzgruft in Vienna is the chamber protecting 54 urns containing the hearts of deceased members of the Habsburg dynasty. ... The Ducal Crypt (red letters) is but one of several burial locations beneath the Stephansdom. ...

Napoleon II, the King of Rome
Napoleon II, the King of Rome

He was also known as "L'Aiglon", or "The Eaglet". Edmond Rostand wrote a play, L'Aiglon, about his life. Serbian composer Petar Stojanović composed an operetta "Napoleon II: Herzog von Reichstadt", premiered in Vienna in the 1920s. Napoleon II of France This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Napoleon II of France This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (April 1, 1868 - December 2, 1918), French poet and dramatist. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Serbia and Montenegro union... Petar Stojanović (September 7, 1877 – September 11, 1957) was a Serbian violinist and composer of operettas, ballets and orchestral music. ... Vienna (German: Wien ) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social issues of the 1920s. ...


Trivia

  • A stuffed small bird is exhibited in one of the chambers in Schönbrunn Palace, apparently the animal was the only friend the young Duke of Reichstadt had.

Publications

  • Welschinger, Le roi de Rome, 1811-32, (Paris, 1897)
  • Wertheimer, The Duke of Reichstadt, (London, 1905)
House of Bonaparte
Born: 20 March 1811; Died: 22 July 1832
Regnal Titles:Titles of Nobility
Preceded by:
Napoleon I
Emperor of the French
22 June7 July 1815
Vacant
Title next held by
Napoleon III
Preceded by:
Napoleon I
French Head of State
22 June - 7 July, 1815
Succeeded by:
Louis XVIII
Titles in Pretence
Bourbon Restoration * NOT REIGNING *
Emperor of the French
(7 July 181522 July 1832)
Succeeded by:
Joseph
Prince Napoléon Line line
Lucien I
Prince Canino Line line

  Results from FactBites:
 
Napoleon II of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (460 words)
The Duke of Reichstadt, formerly Napoleon II French Monarchy-
Napoleon II, Duke of Reichstadt (March 20, 1811 – July 22, 1832) was the son of Napoleon Bonaparte, and briefly the second Emperor of the French.
He was styled as HM The King of Rome, which Napoleon I declared was the courtesy title of the heir-apparent.
Napoleon I of France (1681 words)
Napoleon Bonaparte was born in the city of Ajaccio on Corsica shortly after Corsica had been sold to France by the Republic of Genoa[?].
On Elba, Napoleon became concerned about his wife and, more especially, his son, in the hands of the Austrians; the French government refused to pay his allowance and he heard rumors that he was about to be banished to a remote island in the Atlantic.
Napoleon's final defeat came at the hands of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington and of Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher at the Battle of Waterloo in present-day Belgium on 18 June 1815.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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