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Encyclopedia > Naples National Archaeological Museum
The National Archaeological Museum of Naples.
The National Archaeological Museum of Naples.

The Naples National Archaeological Museum (Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli) is located in Naples, Italy, at the northwest corner of the original Greek wall of the city of Neapolis. The museum contains a large collection of Roman artifacts from Pompeii and Herculaneum. The collection includes works of the highest quality produced in Greek, Roman and Renaissance times. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Alternate uses: See Naples (disambiguation) Naples (Italian Napoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα-Πόλις, latinised in Neapolis) is the largest town in southern Italy, capital of Campania region. ... I archaeology, an artifact or artefact is any object made or modified by a human culture, and often one later recovered by some archaeological endeavor. ... Pompeii is a ruined Roman city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the commune of Pompeii. ... Herculaneum (in modern Italian Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town, located in the territory of the current commune of Ercolano. ... Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ...

Contents

History

Collections

The museum hosts extensive collections of Greek and Roman antiquities. Their core is from the Farnese Collection, which includes a collection of engraved gems (including the Farnese Cup, a Ptolemaic bowl made of sardonyx agate and the most famous piece in the "Treasure of the Magnificent", and is founded upon gems collected by Cosimo de' Medici and Lorenzo il Magnifico in the 15th century) and the Farnese Marbles. // The Farnese Cup is a 2nd century BC cameo cup of Hellenistic Egypt in four-layered sardonyx agate. ... Ptolemy, one of Alexander the Greats generals, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexanders death in 323 BC. In 305 BC he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as Soter (saviour). ... Agate is a term applied not to a distinct mineral species, but to an aggregate of various forms of silica, chiefly chalcedony. ... Jacopo Pontormo: Cosimo de Medici, 1518-1519 Cosimo di Giovanni de Medici (September 27, 1389 – August 1, 1464), was the first of the Medici political dynasty, rulers of Florence during most of the Italian Renaissance; also known as Cosimo the Elder (il Vecchio) and Cosimo Pater Patriae. ... The exact same full name was also carried by his grandson Lorenzo (1492 - 1519), Duke of Urbino, with whom he is sometimes confused. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


Building

Charles III of Bourbon founded the museum in the 1750s. The building he used for it had been erected as a cavalry barracks and during its time as the seat of the University of Naples (from 1616 to 1777) was extended, in the late 1700s. Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The University of Naples is the third Italian university and was initiated in 1224 by Emperor Frederick II. It is known as one of the first universities to be founded by a secular ruler. ...


Collections

Among the notable works found in the museum are:


Marbles

The greater part of the museum's classical sculpture collection largely comes from the Farnese Marbles, important since they include Roman copies of classical Greek sculpture, which are in many cases the only surviving indications of what the lost works by ancient Greek sculptors such as Calamis, Kritios and Nesiotes. Omphalos Apollo, Roman copy, Musei Capitolini Calamis (fl. ... Roman copy of Kritios Tyrannicides (Archaeological Museum, Naples) Kritios was an Athenian sculptor, probably a pupil of Antenor, working in the early fifth century BCE, whose manner is on the cusp of the Late Archaic and the severe style of Early Classicism in Attica. ... Roman copy of Kritios Tyrannicides (Archaeological Museum, Naples) Kritios was an Athenian sculptor, probably a pupil of Antenor, working in the early fifth century BCE, whose manner is on the cusp of the Late Archaic and the severe style of Early Classicism in Attica. ...

Bronzes from the Villa of the Papyri

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 810 KB) Description: Seleuco I Nicatore (roman copy from a greek original) from Herculaneum Source: self-made Location: National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Italy Photographer: Massimo Finizio File links The following pages link to this file: Seleucus I Nicator ... Silver coin of Seleucus. ... Lucius Annaeus Seneca, national museum, naples, italy The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Roman bronze bust, the so-called Pseudo-Seneca, now generally identified as an imaginative portrait of Hesiod (Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples) The so-called Pseudo-Seneca is a Roman bronze bust of the late first century BCE that was discovered at Herculaneum in 1754, the finest example of about two... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 664 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1648 × 1488 pixel, file size: 525 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Young man Source: self-made Location: National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Italy Photographer: Massimo Finizio File links The following pages on the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 684 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1486 × 1302 pixel, file size: 607 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Dancer from Villa dei papiri Source: self-made Location: National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Italy Photographer: Massimo Finizio File links The following... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 727 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Hermes. ... Hermes bearing the infant Dionysus, by Praxiteles, found at the Heraion, Olympia, 1877 Hermes (IPA: , Greek IPA: ), in Greek mythology, is the Olympian god of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and... Image File history File links Old_man. ...

Mosaics

The museum's Mosaic Collection includes a number of important mosaics recovered from the ruins of Pompeii and the other Vesuvian cities. Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ... Pompeii is a ruined Roman city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the commune of Pompeii. ...

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1160x630, 743 KB) Alexander the Great battling Darius at the Battle of Issus. ... The Alexander Mosaic, dating from approx. ... Image File history File links BattleofIssus333BC-mosaic-detail1. ... Darius III or Codomannus (c. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1560, 320 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Arrian ... Alexander the Great (Greek: ,[1] Megas Alexandros; July 356 BC–June 11, 323 BC), also known as Alexander III, king of Macedon (336–323 BC), was one of the most successful military commanders in history. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 553 pixel Image in higher resolution (1991 × 1376 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 602 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1355 × 1349 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 565 pixel Image in higher resolution (1988 × 1405 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Egyptian Collection

The museum has the third largest collection of Egyptian artifacts in Italy, after the Vatican Museum and the Museo Egizio in Turin. It is made up primarily of works from two private collections, assembled by Cardinal Borgia in the second half of the 18th century, and Picchianti in the first years of the 19th. In the recent rearrangement of the galleries the two nuclei have been exhibited separately, while in the connecting room other items are on display, including Egyptian and "pseudo-Egyptian" artefacts from Pompeii and other Campanian sites. In its new layout the collection provides both an important record of Egyptian civilization from the Old Kingdom (2700-2200 B.C.) up to the Ptolemaic-Roman era.[1] Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... Categories: Stub | Vatican City ... The Museo Egizio in Turin is home to what is regarded as the second largest collection of Egyptian antiquities in the world (the first being the Cairo Museum). ... Torino redirects here. ... Borja (better known by the Italian spelling of the name, Borgia) was an influential Spanish family during the Renaissance. ...

Secret Cabinet

  • The Secret Cabinet, a separately housed collection of erotic Roman art.
  • The Placentarius, the small bronze statue represents a distinctly ithyphallic old nude man who, on the palm of his hand, holds a little silver tray.

The term Secret Museum (or Secret Cabinet/Gabinetto Segreto) principally refers to the collection of erotic or sexually explicit finds from Pompeii, held in the Naples National Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Naples National Archaeological Museum
  • Official website
  • Museum Guide to Naples information
  • Archeonapoli: il MANN
  • Il museo nel sito del Ministero

 
 

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