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Encyclopedia > Nantes
Ville de Nantes
Coat of arms of Nantes
Traditional city flag City coat of arms
Motto: Favet Neptunus eunti
(Latin: "Shall Neptune favour the traveller")
Location
Map highlighting the commune of Nantes
Coordinates 47°13′05″N, 01°33′10″W
Time Zone CET (GMT +1)
Administration
Country Flag of France France
Region Pays de la Loire
Department Loire-Atlantique (44)
Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS)
(since 1989)
City Statistics
Land area¹ 65.19 km²
Population² 6th in France
 - 2005 estimate 280,600
 - Density 4,304/km² (2005)
Urban Spread
Urban Area 476 km² (1999)
 - Population 544,932 (1999)
Metro Area 2,242.6 km² (1999)
 - Population 790,314 (2007 estimate)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 44109/ 44000, 44100, 44200 and 44300
Dialling code 02
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Nantes (Breton: Naoned; Gallo: Naunnt) is a city in western France, located on the Loire River, 50 km (31 mi) from the Atlantic coast.[1] The city is the sixth largest in France, with 711,120 inhabitants in its metropolitan area at the 1999 census, and 790,318 inhabitants at a 2007 estimate.[2] Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... This article is about the Greek god. ... Image File history File links Paris_plan_pointer_b_jms. ... Image File history File links France_jms. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Loire-Atlantique (formerly Loire-Inférieure) is a department on the west coast of France named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Jean-Marc Ayrault Jean-Marc Ayrault (born 25 January 1950 in Maulévrier, in the departement of Maine-et-Loire) is a French politician and a member of the French Socialist Party. ... The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS) is one of the largest political parties in France. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... In France an unité urbaine (literally: urban unit) is a statistical area defined by INSEE, the French national statistics office, for the measurement of contiguously built-up areas. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... The French telephone numbering plan is not only used for metropolitan France, but also for the French overseas departments and collectivités territoriales. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Rio de la Plata estuary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Estuaries An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For a city with this name in france (pronunciation: NAHNT), see Nantes Nantes is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Breton (Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken by some of the inhabitants of Brittany (Breizh) in France. ... Gallo is a regional language of France, traditionally spoken in Eastern Brittany. ... The Loire River (pronounced in French), the longest river in France with a length of just over 1000 km, drains an area of 117,000 km², more than a fifth of France. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... This is a list of communes in France with a population over 20,000 at the 1999 census. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Nantes is the préfecture of the Pays de la Loire région, as well as the Loire-Atlantique département. It is also the most important city of the historic province of Brittany, and culturally still remains strongly identified with it.[3] The city's name derives from the Nemnètes, a Gallic tribe who had settled there before the Romans conquered Gaul.[4] A prefecture (French: ) in France can refer to : the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a département is located ; the Chef-lieu de région, the town in which the administration of a région is located ; the jurisdiction of a préfecture... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Loire-Atlantique (formerly Loire-Inférieure) is a department on the west coast of France named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Gallic, derived from the name for the ancient Roman province of Gaul, describes the cultural traditions and national characters of the French speaking nations and regions, as Hispanic does for the Hispanophone world, Anglo-Saxon for the Anglophone, and Lusitanic for the Lusophone. ... Gaul (Latin: ) was the name given,in ancient times, to the region of Western Europe comprising present-day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ...


In 2004, Time described Nantes as the "the most livable city in all of Europe".[5] Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ...

Contents

History

Originally founded as a town by the Celtic tribe named Namnèti around 70 BC, it was conquered by Julius Caesar in 56 BC and named Portus Namnetus. Christianised in the 3rd century AD, Nantes was successively invaded by the Saxons (around 285), the Franks (around 500), the Britons (in the 6th and 7th centuries) and the Normans (in 843). In 937, Alain Barbe-Torte, grandson of the last king of Brittany who was expelled by Norris, drove them out and founded the Duchy of Brittany. A map of Gaul showing the relative position of the tribes. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC - 70s BC - 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC Years: 75 BC 74 BC 74 BC 73 BC 72 BC 71 BC 70 BC 69 BC 68... Gaius Julius Caesar [1] (Latin pronunciation ; English pronunciation ; July 12 or July 13, 100 BC or 102 BC – March 15, 44 BC), was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in world history. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 61 BC 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... Brython and Brythonic are terms which refer to indigenous, pre-Roman, Celtic speaking inhabitants of most of the island of Great Britain, and their cultures and languages, the Brythonic languages. ... Norman conquests in red. ... Alan II of Vannes (died 952), was count of Vannes and Nantes and duke of Brittany, from 936 to his death. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... The Duchy of Brittany was an independent state from 841 to 1532. ...


When the duchy of Brittany was annexed by the kingdom of France in 1532, Nantes kept the parliament of Brittany for a few years, before it was moved to Rennes. In 1598, King Henry IV of France signed the Edict of Nantes here, which granted Protestants rights to their religion. Some medieval houses, such as these at Champ-Jacquet, can still be found in the center of Rennes. ... Henry IV of France, also Henry III of Navarre (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), ruled as King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. ... The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant French Calvinists (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Catholic. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


During the 18th century, prior to abolition of slavery, Nantes was the slave trade capital of France. This kind of trade led Nantes to become the first port in France and a wealthy city. When the French Revolution broke out, Nantes chose to be part of it, although the whole surrounding region soon degenerated into an open civil war against the new republic. The excesses of the revolution led to thousands of summary executions, mainly by drowning in the Loire River. In the 19th century, Nantes became an industrial city. The first public transport anywhere may have been the omnibus service initiated in Nantes in 1826. It was soon imitated in Paris, London and New York. The first railroads were built in 1851 and many industries were created. This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... The Loire River (pronounced in French), the longest river in France with a length of just over 1000 km, drains an area of 117,000 km², more than a fifth of France. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... NY redirects here. ...


In 1940, the city was occupied by German troops. In 1941, the murder of a German officer, Lt. Col. Fritz Hotz, caused the retaliatory execution of 48 civilians. The city was twice severely bombed by British forces, on 16 and 23 August 1943, before being freed by the Americans in 1944.[6] 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Until the 1970's, Nantes' harbour was located on the Île de Nantes, when it was moved to the very mouth of the Loire river, at Saint-Nazaire. In the subsequent 20 years, many service sector organisations moved into the area, but economic difficulties forced most of these to close. In 2001, a major redevelopment scheme was launched, the goal of which is to revitalise the island as the new city centre.[7] Saint-Nazaire is also a commune of the Gard département of France. ... The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ...


Politics and administration

This section includes information translated from the Wikipedia article « fr:Nantes », specifically from this version.

Mayor of Nantes

Main article: List of mayors of Nantes

The current mayor of Nantes is Jean-Marc Ayrault (PS), first elected in 1989 and now serving a third term, until 2008.[8] The office of the Mayor of Nantes is a directly elected position. ... Jean-Marc Ayrault Jean-Marc Ayrault (born 25 January 1950 in Maulévrier, in the departement of Maine-et-Loire) is a French politician and a member of the French Socialist Party. ... The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS) is one of the largest political parties in France. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Neighbourhoods

Since 1995, Nantes has been divided into 11 neighbourhoods, each resembling an historic city quarter. Each of these neighbourhoods are controlled by a Comité consultatif (Consultative committee), comprising directly elected officials and a team of municipal members, similar to a New England board of selectmen. These neighbourhoods are: Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ...

  • Centre-ville
  • Bellevue-Chantenay
  • Dervallières-Zola
  • Hauts-Pavés-Saint-Félix
  • Malakoff-Saint-Donatien
  • Île de Nantes
  • Breil-Barberie
  • Nantes-Nord
  • Nantes-Erdre
  • Doulon-Bottière
  • Nantes-Sud

Nine of these neighbourhoods are situated on the right bank of the Loire, one is on the left bank, and one is on the Île de Nantes island. This article is about the French department. ...


Metropolitan area

The Nantes metropolitan area (Nantes Métropole) is the intercommunal structure connecting the city of Nantes with nearby suburbs. It had a 1999 population of 554,478, 48.7% of which comprised the city of Nantes. Founded January 1, 2001 President Jean-Marc Ayrault (PS) (since 2001) Communes 24 Area 523. ... Founded January 1, 2001 President Jean-Marc Ayrault (PS) (since 2001) Communes 24 Area 523. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...


Région and département

Nantes is the préfacture (capital city) of both the Loire-Atlantique département and the Pays de la Loire région. A prefecture (French: ) in France can refer to : the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a département is located ; the Chef-lieu de région, the town in which the administration of a région is located ; the jurisdiction of a préfecture... Loire-Atlantique (formerly Loire-Inférieure) is a department on the west coast of France named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common...


Nantes and Brittany

Flag of the Pays de la Loire
Flag of Bretagne
Flag of Bretagne

The city of Nantes, and the Loire-Atlantique département, were formerly part of the historic province of Brittany; Nantes was one of its former capitals, along with Rennes. Image File history File links PLflag. ... Image File history File links PLflag. ... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brittany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brittany. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,208 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Some medieval houses, such as these at Champ-Jacquet, can still be found in the center of Rennes. ...


Historically, the country around Nantes (French: Le Pays Nantais; Breton: Bro Naoned; Gallo: Paeï de Nàntt) was always seen as being part of Brittany. In 1207, the Dukes of Brittany made Nantes their home, building the Château des Ducs de Bretagne on the banks of the Loire. Most of the dukes and duchesses were buried in either the castle or the nearby abbey. Breton (Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language spoken by some of the inhabitants of Brittany (Breizh) in France. ... Gallo is a regional language of France, traditionally spoken in Eastern Brittany. ... Events Stephen Langton consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury June 17 by Pope Innocent III Births September 8 - King Sancho II of Portugal October 1 - King Henry III of England (d. ... The Duchy of Brittany was an independent state from 841 to 1532. ... The Chateau des ducs de Bretagne (Castle of the dukes of Brittany) is a large fortified château located in the city of Nantes in the Loire-Atlantique département of France; it served as the centre of the historical province of Brittany until its seperation in 1941. ...


In 1789, the separation of the historical provinces of France resulted in Brittany being split in five; the lower of the five, Loire-Inférieure (today Loire-Atlantique) was where Nantes was situated. As such, Brittany as an administrative region did not exist during the 19th and early 20th, although it did still exist culturally and informally.[9] When regional regroupments during the 20th century resulted in the reinstatement of the regions, Loire-Atlantique found itself split from the other four départements by the Vichy regime in 1941; a new région had been created centred on Nantes, the Pays de la Loire. 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Motto Travail, famille, patrie French: Unoccupied zone of Vichy France (until November 1942) Capital Vichy Capital-in-exile Sigmaringen (1944-1945) Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholic Government Dictatorship Chief of state  - 1940 — 1944 Philippe Pétain President of the Council  - 1940 — 1942 Philippe Pétain  - 1942 — 1944 Pierre Laval... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...


Much debate surrounding this move persists. Those against (sometimes called the Breton militants) maintain that the separation was made by a non-democratically elected government, and that Loire-Atlantique is culturally, historically and geographically united to Brittany; those in favour argue that any reunification would reopen a "quarrel of the capitals" between Nantes and Rennes, and that it would be fatal to the Pays de la Loire région.[10]


The issue of linguistics is also relevant; in the east of Brittany (variously called Bretagne Gallèse or Haute Bretagne) the French language and its derivatives, such as Gallo, have long had more influence than Breton. However, in many large cities, including Nantes and Saint-Brieuc, the Breton language has always been spoken more widely (even though in Le Pays Nantais the opposite was true). In recent years, many bilingual plaques have appeared on tourist attractions in the city, with the help of the Office de la Langue Bretonne. Saint-Brieuc (Breton: Sant-Brieg) is a commune France, situated in Côtes-dArmor and in the Brittany région. ...


Most recently, on 15 May 2004, a hastily organised demonstration in Nantes calling for the reunification of Brittany attracted 6,000 participants, while in five surveys on the issue, between 62% and 75% of the population of Loire-Atlantique have come out in favour of reunification.[11]


Leisure and sights

The courtyard of the Château des Ducs de Bretagne
The courtyard of the Château des Ducs de Bretagne

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 286 pixelsFull resolution (5697 × 2039 pixel, file size: 6. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 286 pixelsFull resolution (5697 × 2039 pixel, file size: 6. ... The Chateau des ducs de Bretagne (Castle of the dukes of Brittany) is a large fortified château located in the city of Nantes in the Loire-Atlantique département of France; it served as the centre of the historical province of Brittany until its seperation in 1941. ...

Castles and churches

  • Église Saint-Nicolas (Church of Saint Nicolas)
  • Église Sainte-Croix (Church of the Holy Cross)

The Chateau des ducs de Bretagne (Castle of the dukes of Brittany) is a large fortified château located in the city of Nantes in the Loire-Atlantique département of France; it served as the centre of the historical province of Brittany until its seperation in 1941. ... The Duchy of Brittany was an independent state from 841 to 1532. ... Façade of the Cathedral (February 2005). ... The Église Notre-Dame De Bon-Port, seen from the île de Nantes This article includes information translated from the Wikipedia article « fr:Église Notre-Dame de Bon-Port Â», specifically from this version. ...

Museums

  • Musée d'histoire de Nantes (inside the Château des ducs de Bretagne )
  • Musée des Beaux arts de Nantes (Fine arts museum of Nantes)
  • Musée Thomas Dobrée (Thomas Dobrée archaeological museum)
  • Muséum d'histoire naturelle (Natural History museum)
  • Musée Jules Verne (Jules Verne museum)
  • Musée de l'imprimerie (museum of printing)
  • Musée naval Maille Breze (naval museum)
  • Musée de la machine à coudre (sewing machine museum)
  • Musée des sapeurs pompiers du Pays de la Loire; the firefighting museum of the Pays de la Loire
  • Musée des compagnons du devoir, also Manoir de la Hautière; an exhibition of masterpieces crafted by journeymen
  • The Pays de la Loire regional contemporary art collection
  • The Planetarium

Jules Gabriel Verne (February 8, 1828–March 24, 1905) was a French author who pioneered the science-fiction genre. ... // A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ...

Historical places

  • Passage Pommeraye; 19th century galleria with shopping
  • Brasserie La Cigale; renowned as one of France's most beautiful brasseries
  • Place du Commerce; the city's main square
  • Place Royale; an historic quarter located in the heart of the city, recently renewed
  • Place Graslin; an historic quarter featuring the Theatre of Nantes
  • Crebillon street and Orleans street lined with luxury boutiques linked by the Place Royale
  • The new Palais de Justice (court house); built in 2000 and designed by Jean Nouvel
  • La Tour LU (the LU Tower); a tower standing the entrance of the former Lefèvre-Utile Biscuit Co. factory
  • Beaujoire Stadium; Nantes' largest sports stadium, home of FC Nantes Atlantique soccer club
  • Le Marché de Talensac (Talensac Market); the main and historical public market
  • The Isle of Nantes; a former shipyard turned into a leisure and cultural site, including the Machines of the Isle of Nantes permanent exhibition.

The Passage Pommeraye is a small shopping mall in central Nantes, France, named after its property developer, Louis Pommeraye. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jean Nouvel (born August 12, 1945) is a French architect. ... Petit Ecolier by Firmin Bouisset, 1897 The Lefèvre-Utile Biscuit Co. ... FC Nantes Atlantique is a French football team, playing in the city of Nantes. ... The Elephant, the day of the inauguration The Machines of the Isle of Nantes (France) are a set of giant mecanic animals, designed by two artists, including a former member of Royal De Luxe. ...

Parks and gardens

  • Jardin des plantes de Nantes (botanical gardens of Nantes)
  • Ile de Versailles (Versailles Island); Japanese gardens
  • Parc de Procé (Procé park)
  • Parc du Grand Blottereau (Grand Blottereau park)
  • Parc de la Chantrerie (Chanterie park)
  • Parc de la Beaujoire (Beaujoire park)
  • Parc de la Gaudinière (Gaudiniere park)
  • Le cimetière paysager (the landscape cemetery)
  • Le jardin des cinq sens (the five senses garden)
  • Vallée de l'Edre (Erdre valley)
  • Prairie aux Ducs

Concert halls

  • Nantes Zénith (concert hall); France's largest and newest, which can hold 8,500 people
  • Théatre Graslin (Graslin Theatre); Nantes' opera house & historical theatre.
  • Lieu Unique; located in the former LU biscuit factory.
  • Olympique; Built in an old cinema in 1927
  • Carrière; located in the borough of Saint-Herblain
  • Trocardière; located in the borough of Rezé
  • Onyx; located in the Atlantis commercial zone, designed by Jean Nouvel
  • Pannonica
  • Cité Des Congrès
  • Terrain Neutre Théatre
  • Bouche D'Air
  • University Theatre

The Zenith (Le Zénith in French) is a famous concert hall in Paris. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint-Herblain is a commune of the Loire-Atlantique département, in France. ... Rezé is a commune in the département of Loire-Atlantique and the Pays de la Loire region of France. ... Jean Nouvel (born August 12, 1945) is a French architect. ...

Cinemas

  • Gaumont Nantes; centrally located at the Place du Commerce in the heart of the city
  • UGC Atlantis, located in the borough of Saint-Herblain, in the Atlantis commercial zone
  • Pathé Atlantis; also located in the borough of Saint-Herblain, in the Atlantis commercial zone
  • Cinématographe, specialising in arthouse movies

Art film is a film style that began as a European reaction to the classical Hollywood style of film making. ...

Media

Local television channels

  • Nantes 7
  • Télé Nantes
  • France 3 Ouest

Radio

  • NRJ (pop rock)
  • Fun Radio (dance and soul)
  • Le Mouv' (rock)
  • Hit West (pop rock)
  • FIP (public broadcasting)
  • Alternantes
  • France Bleu Loire Ocean (public broading)
  • Jet FM
  • Prun' (student radio)
  • Sun FM
  • NTI
  • Radio Classic

Newspapers

Newspapers for sale:

  • Ouest France
  • Nouvel Ouest
  • Le Journal Des Entreprise
  • Nantes Poche
  • Presse Ocean
  • L'éclair

Free newspapers:

  • La lettre A Lulu
  • Le mois Nantais
  • Métro
  • 20 Minutes
  • Nantes Attitude
  • Nantes Passion
  • Pil'
  • Pulsomatic
  • People Nantes
  • INSITU Nantes

Geography

Nantes is located on the banks of the Loire river, at the confluence of the Erdre and the Sèvre Nantaise, and near the river's mouth, 55 km (35 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. The city was built in a place where many branches of the Loire river created several islands, but most of those branches were filled in at the beginning of the 20th century (and the confluence with the Erdre river diverted and covered) due to the increasing car traffic. This article is about the French department. ... Erdre is a river in western France, tributary to the river Loire. ... Sèvre Nantaise is a river in western France, tributary to the river Loire. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Demographics

As of the 1999 census, there were 270,251 inhabitants in the commune of Nantes. The population density was 4260 persons/km². There were 711,120 inhabitants in the metropolitan area.[citation needed] Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ...


As of February 2004 estimates, the population of the city of Nantes has reached 276,200 inhabitants.[citation needed] Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Climate

About 50 kilometers away from the coast, Nantes has generally cool winters and mild summers, with rainfalls at least every week, which makes Nantes a temperate city, though winters can be freezy and summers hot, especially during the month of July. [citation needed]


Miscellaneous

The Cathedral of Nantes
The Cathedral of Nantes

In 2003, the French weekly L'Express voted Nantes to be the "greenest city" in France, while in both 2003 and 2004 it was voted the "best place to live" by the weekly Le Point. In August 2004, Time designated Nantes as the "the most livable city in all of Europe".[5][12] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 969 KB) The facade of the gothic cathedral of Nantes, France, in the winter of 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 969 KB) The facade of the gothic cathedral of Nantes, France, in the winter of 2005. ... LExpress is the name the first news magazine in France. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ...


The local football team is FC Nantes Atlantique. For the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France, Nantes will play host to a number of matches including England against Samoa and Wales against Fiji. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... FC Nantes Atlantique is a French football team, playing in the city of Nantes. ... The 2007 Rugby World Cup will be the sixth Rugby World Cup, the quadrennial rugby union world championship. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... This article is about the country. ...


The Celtic band Tri Yann was originally known as Tri Yann an Naoned (the three Johns from Nantes). Tri Yann is a celtic music band from Brittany. ...


On December 31, 2006, some 600 people gathered in Nantes to protest the arrival of the New Year. They marched and held up banners that read "No to 2007" and "Now is better!" The protesters asked several governments and even the UN to declare a moratorium on the future. When the clock ticked past midnight, indicating the arrival of 2007, the protesters happily began to cheer "No to 2008!" The organisers claimed that they would stage the same event at the end of 2007, but this time on the Champs-Elysees avenue in Paris.[13] is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Avenue des Champs- es from Place de la Concorde Looking east along the Champs- es from the top of the Arc de Triomphe The Champs- es (pronounced /ʃɑ̃zelize/, IPA; /SA~ ze. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...


Colleges and universities

  • Ecole Centrale de Nantes
  • Audencia Nantes; school of management
  • Ecole Polytechnique de l'Université de Nantes
  • Ecole des Mines de Nantes
  • Ecole d'Architecture de Nantes
  • Université de Nantes; founded in 1460, reestablished in Nantes in 1962
  • Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs des Techniques des Industries Agricoles et Alimentaires
  • Ecole Supérieure du Bois
  • Ecole de design Nantes Atlantique
  • Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Nantes; one of four national schools of veterinary in France

École Centrale de Nantes is one of the leading French Grandes écoles of engineering. ... The University of Nantes is a well-known French university, located in the city of Nantes. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Veterinary medicine is the application of medical diagnostic and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals. ...

Transport

Public transport

The omnibus, the first organized public transit system within a city, appears to have originated in Nantes in 1826.[14] The Tramway de Nantes began operation in 1879, but would close in 1958. The system was reopened in 1985, and is now the largest tramway network in France.[15] For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Tramway de Nantes is a tramway system in Nantes, France. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...

The tramway of Nantes
The tramway of Nantes

Transport de l'Agglomération Nantaise (TAN) now operate three tramway lines, one busway line, hundreds of bus routes, two navibus lines and four suburban train lines. Current expansion projects on the tram network include the extension of lines one and three. Download high resolution version (3072x2048, 2139 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (3072x2048, 2139 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Intercity trains

Nantes lies on a number of rail lines, including several TGV lines. Nantes is connected via TGV to Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, and Strasbourg. By Corail (classical train), Nantes is connected to Quimper, La Rochelle, Bordeaux, Lyon, and Toulouse. Transport express régional (TER, regional transport) links to Saint-Nazaire, Angers, Le Mans, La Roche sur Yon, and many other regional cities. For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see transposition of the great vessels. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Nord-Pas de Calais Department Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Alsace Department Bas-Rhin (67) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg Mayor Fabienne Keller  (UMP) City Statistics Land area¹ 78. ... Corail is an arrondissement of GrandAnse Department in southwestern Haiti. ... Quimper (Kemper in Breton, Corspotium in Latin) is a commune of Brittany in northwestern France. ... La Rochelle is a city and commune of western France, and a seaport on the Atlantic Ocean (population 78,000 in 2004). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... A Bombardier AGC train belonging to TER, in Hazebrouck station. ... Saint-Nazaire is also a commune of the Gard département of France. ... Maison dAdam, House of Adam, the oldest house of Angers. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... La Roche-sur-Yon is a town and commune in western France, préfecture (capital) of the Vendée département. ...


Airports

Nantes Atlantique Airport, located to the south west, serves the city and surrounding areas, with daily flights linking main French airports as well as several European cities and further destinations. Nantes Atlantique Airport (IATA: NTE, ICAO: LFRS) (French: Aéroport International Nantes Atlantique, formerly Aéroport Château Bougon) is an international airport located in Bouguenais serving Nantes, France. ...

Current event marker This article or section contains information about planned or expected future infrastructure.
It may contain speculative information and may change upon or during construction.
Infrastructure stub mini pictogram.png

The construction of L’Aéroport du Grand Ouest is soon expected to begin at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, just north of Nantes. The €580 million project is expected to come into operational use by 2012, and will become the main airport of western France.[16] Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... Image File history File links Bridge_drawing. ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Famous people born in Nantes

Portrait of Anne of Brittany by Jean Bourdichon. ... The Duchy of Brittany was an independent state from 841 to 1532. ... Eugénie de Montijo, the last Empress of France Marie Antoinette, Queen of Louis XVI was beheaded during the French Revolution This is a list of the women who have been Queens consort or Empresses consort of the realm of France. ... Louis XII Louis XII the Father of the People (French: Louis XII le Père du Peuple) (June 27, 1462 - January 1, 1515) was King of France from 1498-January 1, 1515. ... Pierre Cambronne. ... Many things bear the name Waterloo. ... Claire Bretécher (born April 17, 1940) is a French cartoonist, known particularly for her portrayals of women and gender issues. ... Aristide Briand (March 28, 1862 – March 7, 1932) was a French statesman who served several terms as Prime Minister of France and won the Nobel Peace Prize. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize Image:Nobel-medal. ... Claude Cahun (25 October 1894 – 8 December 1954) was a French photographer and writer. ... Claude Cahun (25 October 1894 - 8 December 1954) was a French photographer and writer. ... Jean Graton (born August 10, 1923) is a comic book author and cartoonist of Belgian nationality. ... Julien de Lallande Poydras (April 3, 1740 - June 14, 1824) was a Delegate from the Orleans Territory to the United States House of Representatives. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... Suzanne Malherbe (1892-1972), also known by the alias Marcel Moore, was an illustrator and designer. ... Beno gent born August 19, 1953 - died October 21, 1994 in Z rich, Switzerland, was a French motion-picture actor. ... Jules Gabriel Verne (February 8, 1828–March 24, 1905) was a French author who pioneered the science-fiction genre. ... Eric Tabarly (1933 - June 14, 1998) was a notable French sailor. ... Pierre Marie René Ernest Waldeck-Rousseau (December 2, 1846 - August 20, 1904) was a French statesman. ...

Twinnings

Nantes has town twinning agreements with several cities; Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Cardiff (English:  , Welsh: ) is the capital, largest and core city of Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Saarbrücken [] is the capital of the Saarland Bundesland in Germany. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Where Florida Begins Location in the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Duval Government  - Mayor John Peyton (R) Area  - City  885 sq mi (2,264. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...

See also

The land hemisphere, sometimes but not always capitalized as the Land Hemisphere, is a hemisphere on the Earth centered on (near the city of Nantes). ...

References

  1. ^ Nantes Hutchinson Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 14 August 2007.
  2. ^ Population des villes de France au dernier recensement PopulationData.net. Retrieved on 14 August 2007.
  3. ^ A New Luster in the Ancient Heart of Brittany The New York Times, 5 August 2007. Retrieved on 7 August 2007.
  4. ^ Nantes Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 14 August 2007.
  5. ^ a b The Last Best Place In Europe Time Europe, 22 August 2004. Retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  6. ^ http://www.reception.com/US/nantes/histoire.htm
  7. ^ Revit Metropolitan Development
  8. ^ http://www.nantes.fr/mairie/municipalite/delegations-d-elus/jean-marc-ayrault.html
  9. ^ http://www2.phys.canterbury.ac.nz/~wjt23/Horn.html
  10. ^ Loire-Atlantique guide
  11. ^ Does the Breton language have a future? Breizh.net, May 2004. Retrieved 7 August 2007.
  12. ^ A recognized quality of life Business in Western France. Retrieved on 4 August 2007.
  13. ^ French marchers say 'non' to 2007 BBC News, 1 January 2007. Retrieved on 12 February 2007.
  14. ^ Omnibus, Paris Late 19th Century Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
  15. ^ City tram now a mature network Tramways & Urban Transit, January 2001. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
  16. ^ http://www.airports.org/aci/aci/file/ADN%20-%20Momberger/ACI-ADN_Dec06.pdf

The Hutchinson Encyclopedia is an English-language general encyclopedia. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Hofstra University is a private institution of higher learning located in Hempstead, Long Island, New York (USA) founded in 1935 on the basis of the estate of wealthy lumber magnate William Hofstra and widow Kate Davidson. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Railway Technology - Nantes Light Railway - Tram (905 words)
Nantes claims to be the city which invented public transport when, in 1826, it saw the first public hackney cab.
Nantes' trams are governed by twin-aspect colour-light signals which, in the street-level city centre sections, are integrated with road traffic signals.
Nantes is being closely watched by other European cities and is particularly seen as a model for the light rail system planned for Nottingham, UK - the two cities are of almost identical size and have seen similar growth in population and transport needs in the latter part of the 20th century.
Nantes Guide - Railbookers.com (391 words)
Nantes is set alongside the Loire River, west of the Loire Valley, and was once the capital of Brittany.
Nantes is a lively port city, with excellent night life and plenty of cafés and restaurants to enjoy.
Nantes' Musée des Beaux-Arts is housed in a 19th century building with light modern styled galleries.
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