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Encyclopedia > Nanjing University
Nanjing University

Motto: 誠樸雄偉, 勵學敦行 (Sincerity, Austerity, Majesty, Greatness, Endeavor to Learn, Urge to Action)[1]
Established originated in 258 , established as a modern school in 1902 and refounded in 1915 after three years close[2]
Type: Public
President: Chen Jun (陈骏)
Faculty: 3,000
Undergraduates: 12,200
Postgraduates: 9,900
Location: Nanjing, China
Campus: Urban: Gulou Campus
Suburban: Pukou Campus
Website: www.nju.edu.cn

Nanjing University (Chinese: 南京大學; pinyin: Nánjīng Dàxué; colloquially 南大) is a national comprehensive university located in Nanjing, an ancient capital of China. It is regarded as one of the best and most selective universities in China. Its history dates back to the first year of Yong'an reign (AD 258), making it one of the oldest higher learning institutions in the world. It became the first modern Chinese university in the early 1920s. Image File history File links NJUShield. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The term public school has three distinct meanings: In the USA and Canada, elementary or secondary school supported and administered by state and local officials. ... University President is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Chancellor or rector. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Degree ceremony at Cambridge. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate... Map of medieval European universities This is a list of the oldest extant universities in the world. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... The 1920s they were sexy referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...

Contents

History

North Great Building (北大樓)
North Great Building (北大樓)
南雍祭酒 湛若水(Zhan Ruoshui, former president)
南雍祭酒 湛若水(Zhan Ruoshui, former president)

Nanjing University was refounded in 1915 with the name Nanjing Higher Normal Institute (南京高等師範學校) on the site of former Nanking Imperial University. Imperial Nanking University, the predecessor of Nanjing University, was originally founded in the first year of Yong'an reign (AD 258) under the Kingdom of Wu by the emperor Sun Xiu, and the first president was Wei Zhao. The Imperial University in Nanking (南京太學, Nanking Daixue) was reestablished by Jin Dynasty's emperor Sima Rui in 317 and 155 new rooms were built in the campus. Like its original forerunner Shang Hsiang (上庠) founded by Yu (禹, 21st century BC) in Zhongyuan, the earliest recorded imperial higher school, it was the Kingdom's central university, with the role of educating literate and virtuous citizens and educating leaders to govern and serve the kingdom. In 470 during the Song Dynasty, the Imperial Nanking University became a comprehensive institution combining higher education and research and consisted of five divisions: Literature, History, Confucianism, Dao Study and Yin Yang Study[3], and it was the first research educational institution in history. In the period the faculty members included such scholars and scientists as Zu Chongzhi, Ge Hong, Wang Xizhi. Download high resolution version (1280x960, 653 KB)North Great Building- Administration Building of Nanjing University (The Photo of NJU campus has been shared widely at lilybbs. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 653 KB)North Great Building- Administration Building of Nanjing University (The Photo of NJU campus has been shared widely at lilybbs. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 湛若水.jpg‎ found somewhere and made a little modification File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 湛若水.jpg‎ found somewhere and made a little modification File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Zhan Ruoshui (湛若水) (1466 - 1560), Confucian, philosopher, educator. ... Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate... The Kingdom of Wu (Chinese: 吳, pinyin: wú) refers to a historical nation and several states in a region of China. ... Sun Xiu(235-264), the third emperor of the Kingdom of Wu. ... Wei Zhao(韋昭)( -273), scholar. ... The Jìn Dynasty (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; 265-420), one of the Six Dynasties, followed the Three Kingdoms period and preceded the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China. ... Format of naming convention in English is under discussion at Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese) and Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese)/monarchical titles. ... Events Jin Yuan Di succeeds Jin Min Di; end of the western and beginning of the eastern Jin Dynasty King Marian II of Iberia declares Christianity the official state religion Births February _ Constantine II, Roman Emperor Deaths Categories: 317 ... Shang Hsiang or Shang Xiang (上庠, shàng hsiáng or shàng xiáng), was a school founded in Youyu (有虞) period in China. ... King Yu of Xia of China, in chinese: 禹, (2070 BC-2061 BC),born Si Wen Ming, in chinese: 姒文命 , often called Da Yu (大禹,who mean Yu the Great). Yu was the legendary first Chinese monarch of the Xia Dynasty, considered as the founder of the dynasty. ... (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2112 BC — 2095 BC — Sumerian campaigns of Ur-Nammu. ... The Song Dynasty (宋朝, previous spelling Sung) (420-479) was first of the four Southern Dynasties in China, followed by the Qi Dynasty. ... For other uses, see Literature (disambiguation). ... This article is about the study of the past in human terms. ... A Confucian temple in Wuwei, Peoples Republic of China. ... Taoism (or Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical traditions and concepts. ... Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ: Chữ nôm: Hán tá»±: The Taijitu of Zhou Dun-yi In Chinese philosophy, yin and yang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are generalized descriptions of the antitheses or mutual correlations in human perceptions of phenomena... Zu Chongzhi (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ZÇ” ChōngzhÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tsu Chung-chih, 429–500), courtesy name Wenyuan (文遠), was a prominent Chinese mathematician and astronomer during the Liu Song and Southern Qi Dynasties. ... Ge Hong(葛洪) (284-364, also known as Zhichuan) was a minor southern official during the Jin dynasty (263-420), best known for his interest in Daoism, alchemy, and techniques of longevity. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Author:Wang Xizhi Wang Xizhi (王羲之) (303-361) was a famous Chinese calligrapher. ...


In the 15th century during the Ming Dynasty, the Imperial Central University in Nanking was the world's largest higher education institution, with about 10 thousand students, many of whom came from a number of other countries. Wu Cheng'en, Zheng He and Zheng Chenggong studied there around the time. Each time when Nanking became a non-capital city, the Nanking Imperial University was changed to be Nanking Academy. The Nanking Imperial Central University (南京國子監, Nanking Guozijian) was changed to Nanking Academy (江寧府學, Jiangning Fuxue) in 1650 after Qing Dynasty replaced Ming Dynasty. [4] The Sanjiang Normal College under new educational system was established to replace the traditional Chinese school Nanking Academy in 1902. The name was changed to Liangjiang Normal College in 1906, and established the first Faculty of Art in China. In 1915 after the Republic of China replaced Qing Dynasty, the Nanking Higher Normal School was founded to replace Liangjiang Higher Normal School, and the school established the first Faculty of Gymnastics (Physical Education) in 1916. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... Wu Chengen (Traditional Chinese: 吳承恩; Simplified Chinese: 吴承恩; pinyin: Wú ChéngÄ“n) (1500? or 1506?-1582) , was a Chinese novelist and poet of the Ming Dynasty. ... A modern illustration of Zheng He, by an unidentified artist. ... Koxinga (國姓爺; Taiwanese: Kok-sèng-iâ/Kok-sìⁿ-iâ; pinyin: Gúoxìngyé) is the popular name of Zheng Chenggong (鄭成功; pinyin: Zhèng Chénggōng; WG: Cheng Cheng-kung; Cheng Kung; Taiwanese: Tēⁿ Sêng-kong) (1624 - 1662), who was a military leader at the end of the Chinese Ming Dynasty. ... Year 1650 (MDCL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of sequences of movements requiring physical strength, flexibility, balance, endurance, gracefulness, and kinesthetic awareness, and includes such skills as handsprings, handstands, split leaps, aerials and cartwheels. ... Physical education (PE) is the interdisciplinary study of all area of science relating to the transmission of physical knowledge and skills to an individual or a group, the application of these skills, and their results. ...


The "Chinese Science Society" (中國科學社), the earliest comprehensive science society in China, and mainly by whose members the "Academia Sinica" (中央研究院) which was later moved to Taiwan and known as the "Chinese Academy of Sciences" (中國科學院) in mainland China was established, settled in the university in 1918. Numerous Chinese modern science pioneers converged there to found many sciences in China. It became the Chinese cradle of modern science. Hereafter, many graduates achieved pioneering works in many fields for Chinese scientific enterprise. For instance, among 81 academicians of "Academia Sinica" elected for the first time in 1948, 5 entered or graduated from the university in the year 1920. More than half of the leading Chinese scientists whose works were published in journals such as Science and Nature in the early period of Chinese modern science were graduates or academics of Nanjing University. The Academia Sinica (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), headquartered in the Nan-kang district () of Taipei, is the national academy for Taiwan. ... The Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese: 中国科学院; pinyin: Zhōngguó KÄ“xuéyuàn), formerly known as Academia Sinica (not to be confused with Taiwans Academia Sinica currently headquartered in Taipei which shares the same root), is the national academy for the natural sciences of the Peoples Republic of... ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Academia Sinica (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), headquartered in the Nan-kang district () of Taipei, is the national academy for Taiwan. ...


Guo Bingwen was an extremely influential university president, appointed in 1919. He insisted on the university’s independence and academic freedom. Liu Boming advocated liberty education, scholar spirit and pure learning ethos. Tao Xingzhi changed the traditional Instruction Approach to the Approach of Unity of Teaching and Learning, and adopted the Discipline-elective and Cause-credit-elective system. Tao Xingzhi, is famous for proposing The Audit Law for Women Students (《規定女子旁聽法案》) on December 7th, 1919. He also proposed that the university to recruit female students. He was supported by Guo Bingwen, Liu Boming and famous professors such as Lu Zhiwei and Yang Xingfo. Finally, the meeting passed the law and decided to recruit women students next year. Nanjing Higher Normal Institute became the first in China to recruit coeducational students and enrolled eight women students in 1920. In 1921 the school became National Southeastern University (國立東南大學). The earliest modern scientific research laboratories and groups in China were established at the university. It integrated teaching and research, and was regarded as the earliest modern Chinese university. [5] The Faculty of Business established in 1917 was moved to Shanghai to establish the first business school in China. Guo Bingwen (郭秉文) (1879-1969), modern educator. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Liu Boming(1887—1923), educator, philosopher. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Guo Bingwen (郭秉文) (1879-1969), modern educator. ... Liu Boming(1887—1923), educator, philosopher. ... Lu Zhiwei (Chinese: ) (6 February 1894 - 21 November 1970) was a famous Chinese psychologist and linguist from Wuxing, Zhejiang. ... Coeducation is the integrated education of males and females at the same school facilities. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in Business Administration. ...


In October 1921, "Hsuehheng Society" (學衡社) was founded in the university which was the focus of the "Hsuehheng School" included the scholars Liu Boming, Liu Yizheng, Mei Guangdi, Wu Mi and Hu Xianxiao. They tried to reinvigorate traditional Chinese culture and start to publish the monthly "Critical Review" (Xueheng, 學衡 in Chinese) in January 1922. During this period, Nanjing University was known as the foremost "Oriental Education Centre" and recognized as an academic and cultural exchange centre for east and west. Many famous scholars visited and instructed there, including the American educationist Paul Monroe, W. H. Kilpatrick, E. L. Thorndike, philosopher John Dewey, writer Pearl Buck, British ideologist Bertrand Russell, German philosopher Hans Driesch and the Indian (also Bengali) poet Rabindranath Tagore. Liu Boming(1887—1923), educator, philosopher. ... Liu Yizheng, famous Chinese modern historian. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Paul Monroe, Ph. ... Edward Lee Thorndike (August 31, 1874 - August 9, 1949) was an American psychologist whose work on animal behaviour and the learning process led to the theory of connectionism. ... John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer, whose thoughts and ideas have been greatly influential in the United States and around the world. ... Pearl S. Buck (birth name Pearl Comfort Sydenstricker, Chinese name 賽珍珠) (June 26, 1892 - March 6, 1973) was a novelist. ... Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS, (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970), was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, advocate for social reform, and pacifist. ... Hans Adolf Eduard Driesch (October 28, 1867 - April 16, 1941) was a German biologist and philosopher. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... (Bengali: , IPA: ) (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), also known by the sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali poet, Brahmo Samaj philosopher, visual artist, playwright, novelist, and composer whose works reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ...


The "Chinese Association of Natural Science" (中華自然科學社) was founded at the university in 1927. In August 1928 the school became National Central University (國立中央大學). During the Anti-Japanese War between 1937 and 1945, the university moved to Chongqing. The "Natural Science Forum" was founded by the faculties of the university in 1939 and it founded the "China Association of Scientific Workers" (中國科學工作者協會) in 1944. In 1958 the associations were merged to be the "China Association for Science and Technology" (中国科学技术协会) in Beijing. The "Natural Science Forum" was renamed "Sept. 3rd Forum" and later again renamed "Sept. 3rd Society" in 1945. The "Sept. 3rd Society", or called "Jiusan Society", is a China organization for intellectual workers. Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Second Sino-Japanese War was a major invasion of eastern China by Japan preceding and during World War II. It ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Peking redirects here. ...


In 1949, the central government of the Republic of China moved from mainland China, to Taiwan, and the National Central University was renamed National Nanjing University (國立南京大學). In 1952, a famous Christian university, University of Nanking (金陵大學), was merged with Nanjing University (南京大學). National Central University was reinstated in Taiwan under the ROC in 1962. Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Nanking (金陵大学) was a Christian university founded in 1888 in Nanjing, China. ... National Central University (國立中央大學) is a university located in Taiwan. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ...


In 1976, the faculties and students of the university launched the "Nanjing 3.29 Movement" to oppose the Cultural Revolution, spreading countrywide. In 1978, Hu Fuming, a faculty member of the Philosophy Department of Nanjing University, wrote and published the historic article entitled "Practice is the Sole Criterion for Testing Truth". It led to the nationwide "Debate on Standards for Judging the Truth" and promoted the end of the Cultural Revolution. Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nanjing 3. ... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


Faculties

Old Great Hall (大禮堂)
Old Great Hall (大禮堂)

Nanjing University has been at the forefront of developments in teaching and research in China. It was the first institution in the country to adopt student-centred teaching methods. It was the first co-educational Chinese university. It was the first Chinese university to provide doctoral education. It has been a pioneer in many fields in China, such as literature, art, history, philosophy, religion, sociology, biology, astronomy, physics, geoscience, computer science and business studies. Old Great Hall of Nanjing University (The Photo of NJU campus has been shared widely at lilybbs. ... Old Great Hall of Nanjing University (The Photo of NJU campus has been shared widely at lilybbs. ... For other uses, see Literature (disambiguation). ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... This article is about the study of the past in human terms. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge [1]) is the systematic and scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social action, and culture[2]. Areas studied in sociology can range from the analysis of brief contacts between anonymous... For the song by Girls Aloud see Biology (song) Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, speech lit. ... For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... Earth science (also known as geoscience or the geosciences), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ...


Schools and Departments

  • School of Humanities
    • Chinese, History, Philosophy, Religion
  • School of Foreign Studies
    • English, French, German, Spanish, Japanese, Russian, International Business
  • School of Science
    • Mathematics, Physics, Astronomy
  • School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering
    • Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Polymer material
  • School of Geoscience
    • Earth Science, Atmosphere Science, Urban & Resources Science
  • School of Technology
    • Computer Science & Technology, Electronics Science & Engineering, Material Science & Technology
  • School of Business
    • Business Administration, Finance, Economics, Accounting, International Trading, Electronic Commerce,Marketing
  • School of Public Administration
    • Politics, Government Administration, Sociology, Information Management
  • School of Journalism & Communication
  • School of Law
  • School of Medicine
  • School of Environment
  • School of Architecture
  • Software Institute
  • Department of Intensive Instruction
  • Education, Gymnastics, Art
  • Other research and education institutes in areas such as African Studies, Judaic Studies, International Affairs, Anthropology, Agriculture, Space Science, Engineering Management, etc.

Campus

Campus in snow (校園雪景)
Campus in snow (校園雪景)

Nanjing University consists of two campuses: Gulou Campus and Pukou campus. The main campus, Gulou campus, as the name suggests, is located in Gulou District, center of Nanjing City. The main campus itself is divided into two sections by Hankou Road: North Garden, Bei Yuan, is where most of teaching and research take place, and South Garden, Nan Yuan, serves as the living area for both students and academic staff. Download high resolution version (680x1000, 168 KB)Nanjing University campus in snow (The Photo of NJU campus has been shared widely at lilybbs. ... Download high resolution version (680x1000, 168 KB)Nanjing University campus in snow (The Photo of NJU campus has been shared widely at lilybbs. ... Nanjing (南京, Pinyin: Nánjīng, Wade-Giles: Nan-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Nanking, formerly Jinling 金陵, Jiangning 江宁, and Tianjing 天京) is the central city of downstream Yangtze Basin and is a renowned historical and cultural city. ...


The newly added Pukou campus rests in suburban Pukou District and became part of Nanjing University in 1993. Pukou campus hosts undergraduate freshmen, sophomore and junior students and is connected with the main campus by both shuttle bus and public transportation.


International exchanges

Charles W. Woodworth (1865–1940) was the founder of the Entomology Department at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... Not to be confused with Etymology, the study of the history of words. ... Charles W. Woodworth (1865–1940) was the founder of the Entomology Department at the University of California, Berkeley. ...   IPA: (October 26, 1916 – January 8, 1996) served as President of France from 1981 to 1995, elected as representative of the Socialist Party (PS). ... George H. W. Bush - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... // The Hopkins-Nanjing Center, located in Nanjing, China, was opened in 1986, by a joint venture between Nanjing University and The Johns Hopkins University. ... The Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876, is a private institution of higher learning located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. ... Robert James Lee (Bob) Hawke, AC (born 9 December 1929) was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia after previously being an Australian trade union leader. ... Order: 6th Secretary-General Term of Office: January 1, 1992–December 31, 1996 Predecessor: Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Successor: Kofi Annan Born: November 14, 1922 Place of birth: Cairo, Egypt Died: Place of death: Boutros Boutros-Ghali (born November 14, 1922) was the sixth Secretary_General of the United Nations from... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... Johannes Rau (January 16, 1931, Wuppertal – January 27, 2006, Berlin) was a German politician of the SPD. He was the eighth President of the Federal Republic of Germany from July 1, 1999 until June 30, 2004 and prime minister of North Rhine Westfalia from 1978 to 1998. ... The Georg-August University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, often called the Georgia Augusta) was founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and opened in 1737. ...

Notable alumni

Renzi House (人字樓)
Renzi House (人字樓)

Graduates RenZiHouse, Nanjing University campus (The Photo of NJU campus has been shared widely at lilybbs. ... RenZiHouse, Nanjing University campus (The Photo of NJU campus has been shared widely at lilybbs. ...

  • Chang Chi-yun, historian, geographer, educationist, politician.
  • Chung-Yao Chao, physical scientist. The first scientist that captured positron through electron-positron annihilation and tested the existence of antimatter.
  • Chiang Yee, poet, author, painter, calligrapher. The "Silent Traveller".
  • Kwoh-Ting Li, economic expert, statesmen. The "Father of Taiwan's Economic Miracle".
  • Chien-Shiung Wu, scientist. Regarded as the "Greatest Experimental Physicist in 20th Century".
  • Feng Duan, physicist.
  • Yuan-Cheng Fung, scientist of bioengineering and biomechanics
  • Feng Kang, mathematician. The founder of finite element algorithm.
  • Liu Feipeng, Prevalent Forestry Wood Scientist
  • Kim Jun-Yop, historian, educationalist, social activist.
  • Gang Tian, mathematician.
  • Hu Bangji, journalist. China's war correspondent in European battlefield in World War II. She interviewed many men of the time, including Winston Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin, De Gaulle, Truman, Chamberlain and Tito. Her husband, Bi Jilong, former vice secretary general of United Nations, was her schoolmate at Nanjing University.
  • Chang Cheh, film director. The "Father of New Gongfu Film".
  • Kenneth J. Hsu, scientist and geologist
  • Liu Dongsheng, geologist. Tyler Environmental Prize winner.
  • Mochtar Riady, financial magnate in southeast Asia. Founder and CEO of Lippo Group. Chairman of the Asian Bankers Association. The founder of several banks.
  • Nieh Hua-Ling, writer. Contributed a lot to world literature exchange.
  • Sha Zukang, diplomat. Ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva.
  • Tang I-Fang, industry magnate. The founder and Chairman of Board of WBL Corporation. The Pioneer of Singapore Industry.
  • Tang Junyi, philosopher.
  • Wang Gungwu, historian, educator.
  • Vikram Seth, poet, novelist.
  • Y. H. Woo, physical scientist. After Wu Youxun verified Compton effect (X-ray diffraction), Nobel Prize was given to Arthur H. Compton.
  • Yu Chi-chung, Taiwan's media gurus, the founder of the China Times Group.
  • Jeff Xia, mathematician.
  • Jiang Zemin, President of the People's Republic of China (Studied at Nanjing Central University from 1943 to 1945).

Faculty Chang Chi-yun, historian, geographer, educator, politician. ... Chung-Yao Chao (赵忠尧; 1902–1998), physical scientist. ... The first detection of the positron in 1932 by Carl D. Anderson The positron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron. ... Naturally occurring electron-positron annihilation as a result of beta plus decay Feynman Diagram of Electron-Positron Annihilation Electron-positron annihilation occurs when an electron and a positron (the electrons anti-particle) collide. ... For other senses of this term, see antimatter (disambiguation). ... Chiang Yee (born 1903) is a Chinese poet, author, painter and calligrapher. ... Kwoh-Ting Li was born in Nanjing, China in 1910. ... Chien-Shiung Wu (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Wú Jiànxíong; May 13, 1912–February 16, 1997) was a Chinese American physicist with an expertise in radioactivity. ... Yuan-Cheng Bert Fung (冯元桢, born 1919) is a modern scientist, regarded as the Father of Bioengineering and the Founder of Biomechanics. He was born in Jiangsu Province, China in 1919. ... Biological engineering (also biosystems engineering and bioengineering) deals with engineering biological processes in general. ... Biomechanics is the research and analysis of the mechanics of living organisms or the application and derivation of engineering principles to and from biological systems. ... Feng Kang, mathematician, scientist. ... Kim Jun-Yop, historian, educator, social activist. ... Gang Tian (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tián Gāng; 1958 -) is a Chinese mathematician and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Churchill redirects here. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... For other uses, see Charles de Gaulle (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ... This article is about the British prime minister. ... Josip Broz Tito (May 7, 1892 - May 4, 1980) was the ruler of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... Chang Cheh (張徹; pinyin:Zhāng Chè) (February 10, 1923 – June 22, 2002) was Shaw Brothers Studios best known and most prolific film director, with such films as the Five Venoms, the Brave Archer (based on the works of Jin Yong), the One-Armed Swordsman, and other classics of wuxia... Alternative meaning: Kung Fu (TV series) Kung fu or gongfu (功夫, Pinyin: gōngfu) is a well-known Chinese term used in the West to designate Chinese martial arts. ... Kenneth J. Hsu (许靖华, Pinyin: Xǔ Jìnghuá) (born July 7, 1929),is a scientist and geologist. ... Mochtar Riady is a financial magnate in southeast Asia. ... Sha Zukang (1947-) (Simplified Chinese: 沙祖康) is a career diplomat. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... Wang Gungwu (Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) (born October 9, 1930)[1] is an academic who has studied and written about the Chinese diaspora. ... Vikram Seth (pronounced ), born June 20, 1952 is an Indian poet, novelist, travel writer, librettist, childrens writer, biographer and memoirist. ... Y. H. Woo, physical scientist. ... The Compton Effect is the second album from rapper Greydon Square. ... Jiāng Zémín (Traditional Chinese: 江澤民, Simplified Chinese: 江泽民, Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāng Zémín, Wade-Giles: Chiang Tse-min, Cantonese (Jyutping): gong1 zaak6 man4) (born August 17, 1926) was the core of the third generation of Communist Party of China leaders, serving as General Secretary of the Communist... The President of the Peoples Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席; Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó ZhÇ”xí, or abbreviated Guójiā ZhÇ”xí 国家主席) is the head of state of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Alumni of the University of Nanking (merged in 1952) Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was the Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ... The Presidential Building is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... Chang Dai-chien(张大千, 張大千), great Chinese artist. ...

  • Choh Hao Li, biologist, biochemist. His achievements include isolating and synthesizing the human pituitary growth hormone and he received many honors including Lasker Award.
  • Choh-Ming Li, educationist, economist.
  • Francois Cheng, writer, poet. A "Bridge Between Eastern and Western Culture".
  • T.C. Tso, agriculturalist, tobacco scientist.
  • Te-Tzu Chang, agriculturalist. Member of Pontifical Academy of Sciences (Vatican City). He receives Tyler World Prize for Environmental Achievement 1999.
  • Thome H. Fang, philosopher.
  • Wu Teh Yao, educationist, politics scholar.

Alumni of Attached/Affiliated Schools/Institutions Choh Hao Li (sometimes Cho Hao Li) (April 21, 1913—November 28, 1987) was a Chinese-born U.S. biochemist who discovered, in 1966, that human pituitary growth hormone (somatotropin) consists of a chain of 256 amino acids. ... Growth hormone (GH) or somatotropin (STH) is a protein hormone which stimulates growth and cell reproduction in humans and other animals. ... The Albert Lasker Medical Research Awards have been awarded annually since 1946 to living persons who have made major contributions to medical science. ... Choh-Ming Li, educator, economist. ... François Cheng (程抱一 Chéng Bàoyī) (born August 30, 1929) is a French writer, poet and calligrapher. ... The Pontifical Academy of Sciences was founded in 1936 under its current name by Pope Pius XI and is placed under the protection of the reigning Supreme Pontiff (the current Pope). ... Wu Teh Yao, educator, politics scholar. ...

  • Gao Xingjian, novelist, dramatist and critic. Nobel Prize Winner in Literature in 2000. He entered Middle School Attached to University of Nanking (Now Nanjing University Experiment School -- Jinling High School) in 1952.
  • Yuan Longping, agriculturalist. "China's Most Famous 'Farmer'", "Father of Hybrid Rice", Wolf Award winner. He graduated from Middle School Attached to National Nanjing University (Now NSFZ) in 1949.

Gao Xingjian (pron. ... Longping Yuan (袁隆平), was born in Peking, China on September 7, 1930. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Motto counterparts between English and Chinese: Sincerity (誠/Cheng), Austerity (樸/Pu), Majesty (雄/Xiong), Greatness (偉/Wei), Endeavor to Learn (勵學/Li Xue), Urge to Action (敦行/Dun Xing).
  2. ^ Since the origination in 258, the public higher learning institution at Nanjing changed in each dynasty or period. Liangjiang Higher Normal school was closed in the end of 1911 when the Qing Dynasty was overthrown. In 1915 after the Republic of China was founded, Nanking Higher Normal School was established to replace the Liangjing Normal School, and in 1949 when the Republic of China was replaced by the People's Republic of China in mainland, its name was changed from National Central University to Nanjing University. During Cultural Revolution after 1966, the university stopped recruiting students twice altogether for six years.
  3. ^ Confucianism is a culture covers a broad range of subjects such as moralities, ethics, convenance, life attitude and manner, social and political ideas. Dao Study (道學, Dao Xue) at the time was not simply Taoism. It integrated Taoism with Xuan Study (玄學, Xuan Xue) and Xuan Study is a Chinese metaphysics with the view that social and natural principle and order are uniform. Yin Yang Study (陰陽學, Yin Yang Xue) is a learning that studies the negative and positive features and changes of both nature and human beings. Yin Yang Xue supposes that Yin and Yang are two universal paired and opposite characters and elements. For instance, life world consists of Yin Jie and Yang Jie. Yang Jie is where people live and Yin Jie is where ghosts and gods live. The death of a person or an animal means that he, she or it goes from Yang Jie to Yin Jie. Human bodies are controlled by Yin Qi and Yang Qi, and the balance between them will keep a healthy body. This theory is one of the foundations of traditional Chinese medicine. According to the concept, female is Yin, male is Yang, moon is Yin, sun is Yang, cold is Yin, hot is Yang, soft is Yin, hard is Yang .... Using it to explain modern sciences, acid is Yin, alkaline is Yang, negatron is Yin, positron is Yang, antimatter is Yin and matter is Yang.
  4. ^ The ancient school history was recorded in the university's official school history book before 1949, but the school administration under CPC no longer recognized the history just as they did not recognize the traditional culture.
  5. ^ There were many comments from educators and scholars. For instance, John Leighton Stuart named it the first Chinese national modern university. The historic contributions of Nanjing University were not limited to higher education and academe. Under the leadership of Kuo Ping-wen and Tao Xingzhi, the primary school and the middle school attached to the university also became models. They laid the foundations for the establishment of modern educational system (壬戌學制, Renwu Xuezhi, 1922) in China. The Kindergarten attached to the university (Gulou Kindergarten) founded in 1923 was also adopted as the model for Chinese kindergartens in 1928, including its teaching system, teaching materials, teaching methods and teaching tools.

This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... John Leighton Stuart (Chinese: Sītú Léidēng 司徒雷登; born in Hangzhou of U.S.-American missionary parents on June 24, 1876; died in 1962) was the first President of Yenching University and later US ambassador to China, and the last one at the position before 1949 when the People...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Profile of NJU (1493 words)
Nanjing University is one of China's key comprehensive universities and it functions directly under the Ministry of Education.
The new university remained Nanjing University and the campus of Nanjing University moved from Sipailou to Gulou.
And in 1999 Nanjing University was the first comprehensive university endorsed by the Ministry of Education to pass a national evaluation of undergraduate teaching in China.
ESL Job Center (2411 words)
New Teaching at university is good in famous Nanjing city.
New You are welcome to teach in Shijiazhaung university.
Teaching at university is good in famous Nanjing city.
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