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Encyclopedia > Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat

Nanga Parbat from Fairy Meadow
Elevation 8,125 metres (26,657 ft)
Ranked 9th (2nd in Pakistan)
Location Northern Areas of Pakistan
Range Himalaya
Prominence 4,608 m (15,118 ft)Ranked 14th
Coordinates 35°14′15″N, 74°35′21″E
First ascent July 3, 1953 by Hermann Buhl
Easiest route snow/ice climb

Nanga Parbat (also known as Nangaparbat Peak or Diamir) is the ninth highest mountain on Earth and the second highest in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Nanga Parbat means "Naked Mountain" in Hindi, parbat deriving from parvata "mountain", a Sanskrit derivative in Hindi. Nanga Parbat was one of the deadliest of the eight-thousanders for climbers in the first half of the twentieth century; since that time it has been less so, though still an extremely serious climb. It is also an immense, dramatic peak that rises far above its surrounding terrain. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 836 KB) Nanga parbat, fairy medow pakistan auteur : gul791 There are no usage restrictions for this photo. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ... K2, the 2nd highest of the world Broad Peak, the 12th highest of the world Pakistan contains five of the highest fourteen independent peaks in the world (the eight-thousanders) and many other high peaks, in the Himalaya, Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Hindu Raj ranges. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... This is a list of peaks by prominence; that is, a list of mountains on Earth ordered by their topographic prominence. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hermann Buhl (September 21, 1924 – June 27, 1957) is considered one of the best post-war Austrian climbers and one of the best climbers of all time. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 100+ highest mountains per height above sea level, all of which are located in Asia. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... K2, the 2nd highest of the world Broad Peak, the 12th highest of the world Pakistan contains five of the highest fourteen independent peaks in the world (the eight-thousanders) and many other high peaks, in the Himalaya, Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Hindu Raj ranges. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the two official languages of India, the other being English. ... Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ...


Location

Nanga Parbat is the western anchor of the Himalayas, and is the westernmost eight-thousander. It lies just south of the Indus River, in the Astore District of the Northern Areas. Not far to the north is the western end of the Karakoram range. Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ... The Indus River (Urdu: Sindh; Sindhi: Sindh; Sanskrit and Hindi: सिन्धु ; Persian: حندو ; Pashto: ّآباسنFather of Rivers; Tibetan: Lion River; Chinese: Yìndù; Greek: Ινδους Indus) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan and one of the most important rivers on the Indian subcontinent and has given the country India its... Astore District was carved out of Diamer District in 2004. ... This article details only the area administered by Pakistan. ... Karakoram is a mountain range spanning the borders between Pakistan, China, and India, located in the regions of Gilgit, Ladakh and Baltistan. ...


Notable features

Nanga Parbat has tremendous vertical relief over local terrain in all directions. To the south, Nanga Parbat boasts what is often referred to as the highest mountain face in the world: the Rupal Face rises an incredible 4,600 m (15,000 feet) above its base. To the north, the complex, somewhat more gently sloped Rakhiot Flank rises 7,000 m (22,966 feet) from the Indus River valley to the summit in just 27 km, one of the 10 greatest elevation gains in so short a distance on Earth.


Layout of the mountain

The core of Nanga Parbat is a long ridge trending southwest-northeast. The southwestern portion of this main ridge is known as the Mazeno Ridge, and has a number of subsidiary peaks. In the other direction, the main ridge starts as the East Ridge before turning northeast at Rakhiot Peak (7,070 m). The south/southeast side of the mountain is dominated by the Rupal Face, noted above. The north/northwest side of the mountain, leading to the Indus, is more complex. It is split into the Diamir (west) face and the Rakhiot (north) face by a long ridge. There are a number of subsidiary summits, including the North Peak (7,816 m) some 3 km north of the main summit.

Approaching Nanga Parbat Base Camp
Approaching Nanga Parbat Base Camp

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3652x900, 648 KB) Summary This panorama was taken on the way to the base camp of Nanga Parbat, also known as the killer mountain. At 8,125 metres (26,658 feet), it is the 9th highest peak of the world and... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3652x900, 648 KB) Summary This panorama was taken on the way to the base camp of Nanga Parbat, also known as the killer mountain. At 8,125 metres (26,658 feet), it is the 9th highest peak of the world and...

Climbing history

Nanga Parbat From Deosai

Climbing attempts started very early on Nanga Parbat. In 1895 Albert F. Mummery led an expedition to the peak, and reached almost 7,000 m on the Diamir (West) Face, but Mummery and two Gurkha companions later died reconnoitering the Rakhiot Face. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 542 KB)By: Abdul Rafey Khan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 542 KB)By: Abdul Rafey Khan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Deosai is the treeless highest Plateau on earth, it is located in Baltistan north of city Skardu. ... Albert F. Mummery (1855-1895), was a highly respected British mountaineer. ...


Five German expeditions attempted the peak in the 1930s, but none succeeded, and dozens of climbers died in storms and avalanches. However, an altitude of about 7,700 m was reached on the East Ridge, attained via the Rakhiot Face. Nanga Parbat became known in the 1930s as the "German peak" among the eight-thousanders, as opposed to Annapurna ("French") and Everest ("British"), due to the nationalities of most of the climbers on the respective peaks. In fact, the tragic outcomes of the German expeditions led to the mountain being called the "German mountain of fate" ("Deutscher Schicksalsberg") in Germany, by both the media and the public.[citation needed] A Himalayan avalanche near Mount Everest. ... Annapurna (Sanskrit, Nepali, Nepal Bhasa: अन्नपूर्ण) is a series of peaks in the Himalaya, a 55-km-long massif whose highest point, Annapurna I, stands at 8,091 m (26,538 ft), making it the 10th-highest summit in the world and one of the 14 eight-thousanders. It is located... “Everest” redirects here. ...

Image:Gletscherspalte.jpg
Press photo of the 1934 German expedition

Nanga Parbat was first climbed on July 3, 1953 by Austrian climber Hermann Buhl, a member of a German-Austrian team. By the time of this expedition, 31 people had already died trying to make the first ascent. The final push for the summit was dramatic: Buhl continued alone, after his companions had turned back, and spent a night standing up on the descent. Buhl is the only mountaineer to have made the first ascent of an eight-thousander solo (at least at the summit) and without oxygen. is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hermann Buhl (September 21, 1924 – June 27, 1957) is considered one of the best post-war Austrian climbers and one of the best climbers of all time. ... Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ...


The second ascent of Nanga Parbat was via the Diamir Face, in 1962, by Germans Toni Kinshofer, S. Löw, and A. Mannhardt. This route is now the "standard route" on the mountain. The Kinshofer route does not ascend the middle of the Diamir Face, which is threatened by avalanches from massive hanging glaciers. Instead it climbs a buttress on the left side of the face. Toni Kinshofer (died October 24, 1964) was a German mountain climber. ...


In 1970 Reinhold and Günther Messner reached the summit via a direct route on the huge, difficult Rupal Face; this was the third ascent of the mountain. Their descent was epic: they were unable to descend their ascent route, and instead made the first traverse of the mountain, going down the Diamir Face. Unfortunately Günther was killed in an avalanche on the Diamir. (Messner's account of this incident was disputed, and cast a further shadow over this achievement. In 2005 Günther's remains were found on the Diamir Face.) Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Reinhold Messner (born September 17, 1944) is an Italian mountaineer and explorer, often cited [1] as the greatest mountain climber of all time, noted for making the first solo ascents of Mount Everest without supplemental oxygen and for being the first climber to ascend all fourteen eight-thousanders (peaks over... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1978 Reinhold Messner returned to the Diamir Face and achieved the first completely solo ascent (i.e. always solo above Base Camp) of an 8,000m peak. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1984 the French climber Lilliane Barrard became the first woman to climb Nanga Parbat, along with her husband Maurice Barrard. Lilliane Barrard (1948-86) and Maurice Barrard (1941?-86) were a French couple who made a brief celebrity career climbing at high altitude, mainly in the Himalayan and Karakoram ranges, and emphasising Alpine, fast and light style ascents. ... Lilliane Barrard (1948-86) and Maurice Barrard (1941?-86) were a French couple who made a brief celebrity career climbing at high altitude, mainly in the Himalayan and Karakoram ranges, and emphasising Alpine, fast and light style ascents. ...


Among other ascents of the peak, the 1985 ascent by Jerzy Kukuczka et al stands out. They climbed a bold line up the Southeast Pillar (or Polish Spur) on the right-hand side of the Rupal Face. Jerzy Kukuczka Jerzy Kukuczka(March 24, 1948 - October 24, 1989)- born in Katowice, Poland - Polish alpine and high - altitude climber. ...


Recently some well-known climbers have been attempting very quick ascents of the Rupal Face. In particular, late summer of 2005 was a busy time on the face. In August, Pakistani military helicopters rescued renowned Slovenian mountaineer Tomaž Humar, who was stuck under a narrow ice ledge at 5,900 metres for six days. It is believed to be one of the few successful rescues carried out at such high altitude. In September, Vince Anderson and noted alpinist Steve House did an extremely lightweight, fast ascent of a new, direct route on the face, earning high praise from the climbing community.[1] Tomaž Humar (born February 18, 1969 in Ljubljana) is a Slovenian mountaineer. ... Steve House is a professional climber and mountain guide. ...


On the 17th or 18th of July 2006, José Antonio Delgado Sucre, an elite high altitude climber from Venezuela, died a few days after making the summit, where he was caught by bad weather for 6 straight days and was not able to make his way down. He was the only Venezuelan climber, and one of the few Latin Americans, to have summited five eight-thousanders.[2] Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ...


Tourist access

Fairy Meadow is a meadow on the north side of Nanga Parbat, a few kilometres south of the Karakoram Highway and the Indus River. Fairy Meadow can be reached from the Raikot Bridge on the Karakoram Highway. At Raikot Bridge local jeeps can be hired for the journey to Tatu Village, after which porters and horses can be hired to continue. Fairy Meadow is 3 to 4 hours walk from Tatu village. It is known as the best place to view the majestic beauty of Nanga Parbat. Willy Merkl, the leader of the 1932 German-American expedition, named it Fairy Meadow due to its wonderful scenery. A meadow is a habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. ... Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... The Indus River (Urdu: Sindh; Sindhi: Sindh; Sanskrit and Hindi: सिन्धु ; Persian: حندو ; Pashto: ّآباسنFather of Rivers; Tibetan: Lion River; Chinese: Yìndù; Greek: Ινδους Indus) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan and one of the most important rivers on the Indian subcontinent and has given the country India its... Fairy Meadow is a region near the city of Wollongong, Australia. ... Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ...


Most tourists who come to see Nanga Parbat stay at Fairy Meadow, which is at an elevation of 3,300 m (10,827 ft). Tents and simple food are available there; one of the most popular tourist resorts is the Raikot sarai. Many visitors then continue on to the standard (northern) base camp of Nanga Parbat.


References in popular culture

In DC Comics, there is a fictional city called Nanda Parbat, which is also featured in the Justice League Unlimited television show. DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Justice League Unlimited (or JLU) was the name of an American animated television series that was produced by and aired on Cartoon Network. ...


In the first chapter of Mistress of Mistresses, by E.R. Eddison, the narrator compares his now deceased compatriot, Lessingham, to Nanga Parbat in a beautifully descriptive passage: Mistress of Mistresses is The first novel in the Zimiamvian Trilogy by Eric Rucker Eddison. ... Eric Rucker Eddison (November 24, 1882 - August 18, 1945) was an English civil servant and author. ...

"I remember, years later, his describing to me the effect of the sudden view you get of Nanga Parbat from one of those Kashmir valleys; you have been riding for hours among quiet richly wooded scenery, winding up along the side of some kind of gorge, with nothing very big to look at, just lush, leafy, pussy-cat country of steep hillsides and waterfalls; then suddenly you come round a corner where the view opens up the valley, and you are almost struck senseless by the blinding splendour of that vast face of ice-hung precipices and soaring ridges, sixteen thousand feet from top to toe, filling a whole quarter of the heavens at a distance of, I suppose, only a dozen miles. And now, whenever I call to mind my first sight of Lessingham in that little daleside church so many years ago, I think of Nanga Parbat." (MoM, 1967, p.2-3)

Nanga Parbat is featured in the film adaptation of Heinrich Harrer's memoir Seven Years in Tibet. Harrer was a member of the 1939 German expedition to the peak. (However note that many of the mountain scenes for that film were actually filmed in the Andes.) Heinrich Harrer Heinrich Harrer (July 6, 1912 – January 7, 2006) was an Austrian mountaineer, sportsman, geographer, and author. ... For the 1997 film, see Seven Years in Tibet (1997 film). ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ...


See also

Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Northern Areas (Urdu: شمالی علاقے ) or Gilgit-Baltistan is the northernmost region of Pakistani-administered Kashmir. ... K2, the 2nd highest of the world Broad Peak, the 12th highest of the world Pakistan contains five of the highest fourteen independent peaks in the world (the eight-thousanders) and many other high peaks, in the Himalaya, Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Hindu Raj ranges. ... Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ... Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 100+ highest mountains per height above sea level, all of which are located in Asia. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Alpinist 15 on the Anderson/House ascent
  2. ^ http://www.nangaparbat2006.explorart.com/

Sources

A View Of Nanga Parbat From Thalichi, a village on the KKH
  • Ahmed Hasan Dani, Chilas: The City of Nanga Parvat (Dyamar). 1983. ASIN B0000CQDB2
  • Alpenvereinskarte "Nanga Parbat", 1:50,000, Deutsche Himalaya Expedition 1934.
  • Andy Fanshawe and Stephen Venables, Himalaya Alpine-Style, Hodder and Stoughton, 1995.
  • Audrey Selkeld (editor), World Mountaineering, Bulfinch, 1998.
  • American Alpine Journal
  • Himalayan Index
  • DEM files for the Himalaya (Corrected versions of SRTM data)
  • Guardian International story on Gunther Messner
  • Climbing magazine, April 2006.

This photo has been kindly supplied by Dr. Volker Thewalt who has given his written permission for its use here. ... This photo has been kindly supplied by Dr. Volker Thewalt who has given his written permission for its use here. ... Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... Ahmad Hassan Dani (born 1920) is a Pakistani archaeologist and linguist, and is considered to be one of the foremost authorities on South Asian archaeology and history. ... Overview map of the Karakoram Highway Chilas (Urdu: چلاس) is a small town located in the Northern Areas, Pakistan. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Herman Buhl and Nanga Parbat
  • Nanga Parbat on Peakware
  • Nanga Parbat on summitpost.org
  • BBC Story on Rescue of Tomaz Humar
  • A mountain list ranked by local relief and steepness showing Nanga Parbat as the World #1
  • Nanga Parbat Massif in northern Pakistan

  Results from FactBites:
 
*** Adventure Tours Pakistan - Expeditions - Nanga Parbat *** (381 words)
Nanga Parbat massif is the western corner pillar of the Himalayas.
Nanga Parbat has always been associated with tragedies and tribulations until it was climbed in 1953.
The Nanga Parbat peak was discovered in the nineteenth century by Europeans.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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