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Encyclopedia > Nandigram
  ?Nandigram
West Bengal • India
 Nandigram 
Coordinates: 22°01′N 87°59′E / 22.01, 87.99
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

• 6 m (20 ft)
District(s) Midnapore East

Coordinates: 22°01′N 87°59′E / 22.01, 87.99 Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOVD Articles that have been linked to this page are the subject of an NPOV dispute (NPOV stands for Neutral Point Of View; see below). ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_West_Bengal_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Midnapore East is one of the districts of the state of West Bengal, India. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Nandigram is a rural area in Purba Medinipur district of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located about 70 km south-west of Kolkata, on the south bank of the Haldi River, opposite the industrial city of Haldia. The area falls under Haldia Development Authority.[1] Map of West Bengal showing Purba Medinipur district Map of Purba Medinipur showing Tamluk Midnapore East or Purba Medinipur (Bengali: পূ্র্ব মেদিনীপুর) is one of the districts of the state of West Bengal, India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Haldia is a city and a municipality in Purba Medinipur in the Indian state of West Bengal. ...


The West Bengal government recently decided that the Salim Group would set up a chemical hub at Nandigram under the SEZ policy. In 2007 this lead to resistance by villagers, clashes with police that left 14 villagers dead, and accusations of police brutality. See Nandigram dispute. The Salim Group is Indonesias big­gest conglomerate with assets including Indofood Sukses Mamur, the worlds largest instant noodle producer, and Bogasari, a larg­e flour-milling operation [1]. The group was founded by Sudono Salim. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Nandigram SEZ controversy, which caused the Nandigram massacre, started when the West Bengal government decided that the Salim Group of Indonesia[1][2][3] would set up a chemical hub under the SEZ policy at Nandigram, a rural area in the district of Purba Medinipur. ...

Contents

History

During the Bengal famine of 1943, Qudrat Ullah Shahab (who later become famous a famous Urdu writer in Pakistan) served in Nandigram as magistrate in pre-independence India - he came under fire from the authorities when he was involved in distributing strategic wheat reserves to starving local community. The Bengal famine of 1943 is one amongst the several Famines that occurred in British administered undivided Bengal (now independent Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal) in 1943. ... Qudrat Ullah Shahab Qudrat Ullah Shahab (or Qudratullah Shahab; 1917–1986) (Urdu: قدرت اللہ شہاب) was an eminent Urdu writer and civil servant from Pakistan. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (until 1912), New Delhi (after 1912) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858...


Politics

The Communist Party of India had a strong presence in the area. It not only holds Nandigram constituency but also neighbouring Patashpur, Panskura (West) and Tamluk The Communist Party of India (CPI) is a political party in India. ... Panskura (Bengali: পাঁসকুড়া) is a town and a Police station in Purba Medinipur in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... Tamluk is an ancient city of West Bengal state in India, near the Rupnarayan River. ...

The controversy over the Nandigram issue was raised by the opposition parties MAHAJOT, (Great Alliance) at which point, some citizens of Nandigram organized against what they perceived as the forced acquisition of land. The TMC, Congress and Jamiyate Ulema e hind parties cooperated to establish the Bhumi Uchched Protirodh Committee, BUPC (Committee against land acquisition). The aim of BUPC is to protect their livelihood & shelter from the hands of alleged land encroachers.[citation needed] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 380 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (819 × 1292 pixels, file size: 339 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Own map I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the...


Recent bloodshed in nandigram has posed it in the rampage of Indian media


At least 11 people were killed in police firing at Nandigram in east Midnapore on Wednesday as the administration moved in to take charge of an area that had virtually been marooned since January 7, 2007.


The casualty, West Bengal’s worst in 30 years of Left Front rule, left the state stunned. Trinamool Congress estimates put the toll at 50. PWD minister Kshiti Goswami of the RSP, a Left Front constituent, said 50 bodies were taken to hospital, but it was impossible to ascertain how many were actually dead.


Many parts of Nandigram are inaccessible and there were reports of bodies lying around unattended on the fields, till late in the evening. Some reports hinted that bodies were thrown into the river Haldi, that flows through the village. Director-general of police, AB Vohra told newsmen at Writers’ Buildings that he had been informed of 11 deaths. He said police fired “as they were attacked in several pockets.’’


The killings immediately sparked off state-wide protests. Trinamool Congress and Congress have called a 12-hour ‘Bangla Bandh’ on Friday, when West Bengal finance minister Asim Dasgupta will place the state budget in the assembly. SUCI also called a 12-hour bandh on Friday.


The BJP, matched Trinamool’s call, with a 24-hour bandh call on Friday. Worse, the Forward Bloc, a Left Front constituent, called a 12-hour Coochbehar bandh from Wednesday evening and that to demand “Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee’s resignation”. The Left Front’s political opposition have en bloc demanded the same.


The state government’s move to acquire land for industry purposes was opposed first by Trinamool Congress and later fanned up by Naxalites and Left Front constituents — each with a very definite motive.


Support to farmers and resistance to a state-sponsored land acquisition drive was a very easy way of winning rural votes for West Bengal’s panchayat elections in mid-2008. Always easy to manipulate, villagers at Nandigram were indoctrinated to the Singur model of protest-making.


Ever since, volume-wise and nature-wise, the agitation at Nandigram turned uglier by the day. As hordes of political opportunists took charge at Nandigram, the CPM political machinery was beaten back. Roads were dug up, bridges destroyed over the last few months to ensure that the state administration could not send men in uniform to restore law and order. Nandigram, for all practical purposes, was cut off.


Health

In March 2001, Nandigram II Block of Medinipur District claimed to have achieved full toilet coverage in the entire block.[2]


Transport

There is no rail connection and roads and other means of reaching Nandigram are ill-developed. Buses, jitney trekkers and van rickshaws are the primary public vehicles inside the villages. Nandigram is connected by ferry with Haldia. Jitney may mean: A form of share taxi found in the United States and Canada. ...


Within the village, houses are not very close to each other so one has to walk for many a mile as van rikshaws are incapable of travelling on the small mud roads (aal path).


Education

The area has a college affiliated to Vidyasagar University, and there are several schools.


References

  1. ^ http://www.hdaindia.com/about_us.htm
  2. ^ The Hindu 11 May 2003

3. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Nandigram_turns_blood_red/articleshow/1764786.cms


External links

  • Governance failure in West Bengal from The Acorn
  • Frontline story on Rural Resistance, October 2006
  • Nandigram links, photos, videos and updates from Sacred Media Cow
  • Nandigram Links, photos, videos and updates from Intellectuals of Bangalore protesting Nandigram
  • Nandigram Lessons from Nandigram and What Next?
  • Regularly updated (and archived) news about Nandigram

 
 

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