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Encyclopedia > Nanda dynasty
The Nanda Empire at its greatest extent under Dhana Nanda circa 323 BC.

The Nanda dynasty ruled Magadha during the 5th and 4th centuries BC. It is said to have been established by an illegitimate son of the king Mahanandin of the previous Shishunaga dynasty. Mahapadma Nanda died at the age of 88 and, therefore, he ruled the bulk of the period of this dynasty, which lasted 100 years. At its greatest extent, the Nanda Empire extended from Bihar and Bengal in the east, to eastern Punjab in the west.[1] The Nanda Empire was later conquered by Chandragupta Maurya, who founded the Maurya Empire. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 337 pixelsFull resolution (400 × 337 pixel, file size: 10 KB, MIME type: image/gif) The Nanda Empire at its greatest extent under Dhana Nanda circa 323 BC. I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 337 pixelsFull resolution (400 × 337 pixel, file size: 10 KB, MIME type: image/gif) The Nanda Empire at its greatest extent under Dhana Nanda circa 323 BC. I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. ... Mahanandin was the king of Sisunga Dynasty ... Shishunaga dynasty of north India ruled the Magadhan Empire from 684 BCE to 424 BCE. Its dynastic succession was: Shishunaga (ruled from around 684 BCE) Kakavarna Kshemadharman Kshatraujas Bimbisara 544 BCE - 491 BCE Ajatashatru 491 BCE - 461 BCE Darshaka Udayin Nandivardhana Mahanandin Mahavira and Gautama Buddha lived during the period... Mahapadma Nanda (450 B.C - 362 B.C) the first king of the nanda dynasty. ... , Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار, IPA: ,  ) is a state of the Indian union situated in the eastern part of the country. ... Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গ Bôngo, বাংলা Bangla, বঙ্গদেশ Bôngodesh or বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh), is a historical and geographical region in the northeast of South Asia. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... Allegiance: Maurya Dynasty Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Bindusara Maurya Reign: 322 BC-298 BC Place of birth: Indian subcontinent Chandragupta Maurya (Sanskrit: चन्द्रगुप्त मौर्य), sometimes known simply as Chandragupta (born c. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BC. It is the emblem of India. ...


The first Nanda, the Mahapadma Nanda has been described as the destroyer of all the Kshatriyas. He defeated the Ikshvaku dynasty, Panchalas, Kasis, Haihayas, Kalingas, Asmakas, Kurus, Maithilas, Surasenas, Vitihotras, etc. He expanded his territory till south of Deccan. The last of the Nandas was Dhana Nanda (called Xandrames or Aggrammes in ancient Greek and Latin sources). Plutarch tells that Chandragupta Maurya had stated that he was able to overthrow Dhana Nanda as he was hated and despised by his subjects on account of the wickedness of his disposition: Nanda Dynasty, ruled Eastern India in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE Nanda (mythology), in Hinduism, a peasant and foster-father of Krishna Nanda (Buddhism), half-brother of the Buddha NANDA, North American Nursing Diagnosis Association Nanjing University, colloquially called Nanda (pinyin Nándà, Chinese characters 南大) Nanda (indigenous Australians), a... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Ikshvaku dynasty or Sun Dynasty are the same. ... Haihayas were the ancient clans who claimed their common ancestry from Yadu. ... Allegiance: Maurya Dynasty Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Bindusara Maurya Reign: 322 BC-298 BC Place of birth: Indian subcontinent Chandragupta Maurya (Sanskrit: चन्द्रगुप्त मौर्य), sometimes known simply as Chandragupta (born c. ...

"Sandrocottus, when he was a stripling, saw Alexander himself, and we are told that he often said in later times that Alexander narrowly missed making himself master of the country, since its king was hated and despised on account of his baseness and low birth."[2]

The Nandas who usurped the throne of the Shishunaga dynasty were of low origin. Some sources state that the founder, Mahapadma, was the son of a Shudra mother, others that he was born of a union of a barber with a courtesan. Nandas were the first of a number of dynasties of northern India who were of non-kshatriya origin.[citation needed] Shishunaga (also called King Sisunaka) was the founder of a dynasty of 10 kings collectively called Shishunaga dynasty. ...


The Nandas are sometimes described as the first empire builders of India. They inherited the large kingdom of Magadha and wished to extend it to yet more distant frontiers. To this purpose they built up a vast army consisting of 200,000 infantry, 20,000 cavalry, 2,000 war chariots and 3,000 war elephants (at the lowest estimates).[3] According to Plutarch however, the size of the Nanda army was even larger, numbering 200,000 infantry, 80,000 cavalry, 8,000 war chariots, and 6,000 war elephants. Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means. ... French Republican Guard - May 8, 2005 celebrations Cavalry (from French cavalerie) were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback in combat. ... Hittite chariot (drawing of an Egyptian relief) Approximate historical map of the spread of the chariot, 2000–500 BC. A chariot is a two-wheeled, horse-drawn vehicle. ... The elephants thick hides made them difficult to injure or kill and the high position made them favored by commanding officers War elephants were important, although not widespread, weapons in ancient military history. ... Mestrius Plutarchus (Greek: Πλούταρχος; 46 - 127), better known in English as Plutarch, was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist. ...


However, the Nandas never had the opportunity to use this army against the Greeks, who invaded India at the time Dhana Nanda, since Alexander's campaign terminated in the Punjab. Alexander's campaign terminated in the Punjab because of the powerful empire of Magadha ruled by the Nanda dynasty. Fearing the prospects of facing another powerful Indian army and exhausted by years of campaigning, his army mutinied at the Hyphasis River (the modern Beas River) refusing to march further east. This river thus marks the eastern-most extent of Alexander's conquests: Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (Persian: ‎, meaning Land of the five Rivers) (c. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (Persian: ‎, meaning Land of the five Rivers) (c. ... Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. ... Nanda dynasty is said to be established by an illegitimate son of the king Mahanandin of the previous Shishunaga dynasty. ... The Beas River (Punjabi: ) runs through the Northwestern Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. ... The Beas River (Punjabi: ) runs through the Northwestern Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. ...

"As for the Macedonians, however, their struggle with Porus blunted their courage and stayed their further advance into India. For having had all they could do to repulse an enemy who mustered only twenty thousand infantry and two thousand horse, they violently opposed Alexander when he insisted on crossing the river Ganges also, the width of which, as they learned, was thirty-two furlongs, its depth a hundred fathoms, while its banks on the further side were covered with multitudes of men-at-arms and horsemen and elephants. For they were told that the kings of the Ganderites and Praesii were awaiting them with eighty thousand horsemen, two hundred thousand footmen, eight thousand chariots, and six thousand fighting elephants."[4].

The Nandas made the methodical collection of taxes by regularly appointed officials a part of their administrative system. The treasury was continually replenished, the wealth of the Nandas being well-known. The Nandas also built canals and carried out irrigation projects. The possibility of an imperial structure based on an essentially agrarian economy began to germinate in the Indian mind. But further development of the Nandas was cut short by Chandragupta Maurya and his mentor Chanakya. Dhana Nanda was dethroned after he was defeated by Chandragupta Maurya, a young adventurer born of a Nanda prince and a maid named "Mura". Dhana Nanda was murdered which finally signaled the advent of the Maurya Empire in 321 BC. Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil. ... Allegiance: Maurya Dynasty Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Bindusara Maurya Reign: 322 BC-298 BC Place of birth: Indian subcontinent Chandragupta Maurya (Sanskrit: चन्द्रगुप्त मौर्य), sometimes known simply as Chandragupta (born c. ... Chānakya (Sanskrit: चाणक्य) (c. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BC. It is the emblem of India. ...


List of Nanda rulers

  • Mahapadm Ananda (c. 424 BC – ?)
  • Pandhuka
  • Panghupati
  • Bhutapala
  • Rashtrapala
  • Govishanaka
  • Dashasidkhaka
  • Kaivarta
  • Dhana Nanda (Argames) (? – c. 321 BC)

[[[[[[The names mentioned above are mentioned in buddhism, as Maha Padam Anand followed buddhism in the later time. The eight names were also mentioned in Vedas and in Ramayan (Qualities of Lord Raam) All eight son of Maha Padam Anand migratted to north west india (punjab) and established their kingdoms. Later their descendents kept the names of their fore fathers(Eight Brothers) as the name of their clan. They became famous by the name KUSH-RAYAN and later as KHUKHRAIN (in punjabi accent). They ruled uptill 1857 A.D.After partition in 1947 they migratrd to India. (Edited By:-G. Suri )]]]]]]

Preceded by
Shishunaga dynasty
Magadha dynasties Succeeded by
Maurya dynasty

Shishunaga dynasty of north India ruled the Magadhan Empire from 684 BCE to 424 BCE. Its dynastic succession was: Shishunaga (ruled from around 684 BCE) Kakavarna Kshemadharman Kshatraujas Bimbisara 544 BCE - 491 BCE Ajatashatru 491 BCE - 461 BCE Darshaka Udayin Nandivardhana Mahanandin Mahavira and Gautama Buddha lived during the period... Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BC. It is the emblem of India. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Radha Kumud Mookerji, Chandragupta Maurya and His Times, 4th ed. (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1988 [1966]), 31, 28–33.
  2. ^ Plut. "Alex." 62-3.
  3. ^ cf. Diod. XVII.93.2; Curt. IX.2.3-4; Plut. "Alex." 62.3.
  4. ^ Plut. "Alex." 62.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sanskrit: nanda (872 words)
nanda-ālayam — to the house of Mahārāja Nanda; SB 10.5.11
nanda-gṛhe — in the house of Nanda Mahārāja; SB 10.6.7
nanda-veśmani — in the house of Nanda Mahārāja; SB 10.43.24
Nanda Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (587 words)
Nanda dynasty ruled Magadha during the 5th and 4th centuries BC.
Mahapadma Nanda died at the age of 88 and, therefore, he ruled the bulk of the period of this dynasty, which lasted 100 years.
Nandas were the first of a number of dynasties of northern India who were of non-kshatriya origin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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