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Encyclopedia > Namib Desert
Dune 7, one of the highest sand dunes in the world (ca. 383 m.), in the Namib Desert, Namibia.
Dune 7, one of the highest sand dunes in the world (ca. 383 m.), in the Namib Desert, Namibia.
The dune sea of the Namib Desert. Note how the crests of the dunes are aligned in a marked northwest-southeast orientation. These crests form transverse to the formative wind (i.e. crosswise). The dunes act as obstacles, and obstacles cause winds to be deflected significantly to the right, in the southern hemisphere—in effect reorienting the southerly wind as a southwesterly wind. A strand plain lies between the dunes and the ocean.
The dune sea of the Namib Desert. Note how the crests of the dunes are aligned in a marked northwest-southeast orientation. These crests form transverse to the formative wind (i.e. crosswise). The dunes act as obstacles, and obstacles cause winds to be deflected significantly to the right, in the southern hemisphere—in effect reorienting the southerly wind as a southwesterly wind. A strand plain lies between the dunes and the ocean.
Sunset at the Namib Rand Nature Reserve, Namibia.
Sunset at the Namib Rand Nature Reserve, Namibia.
Satellite image of the Namib Desert.
Satellite image of the Namib Desert.

The Namib Desert is a desert in Namibia which forms part of the Namib-Naukluft National Park one of Africa's largest. The name "Namib" is of Nama origin. The desert occupies an area of around 50 000 km², stretching some 1,000 miles (1,600 km) along the Atlantic Ocean coast of Namibia, which is named after this desert. Its east-west width varies from 30 to 100 miles (50-160 km). The Namib Desert also reaches into southwest Angola. Image File history File links Dune_7_in_the_Namib_Desert. ... Image File history File links Dune_7_in_the_Namib_Desert. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x674, 334 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Namib Desert Strand plain ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x674, 334 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Namib Desert Strand plain ... In George Lucass Star Wars saga, Tatooine is the home planet of the Skywalker family and the setting for much of the action in the sagas films (as well as several of the novels and other pieces of written fiction). ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Image File history File linksMetadata NamibDesert01. ... Image File history File linksMetadata NamibDesert01. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (4000 × 5600 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (4000 × 5600 pixel, file size: 3. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... High dunes in the Namib desert Namib-Naukluft National Park is an ecological preserve in the Namib Desert in southwest Africa, thought to be Earth’s oldest desert. ... Nàmá, previously called Hottentot, is the most populous and widespread of the Khoisan languages. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...


The area is considered to be the oldest desert in the world, having endured arid or semi-arid conditions for at least 80 million years. Its aridity is caused by the descent of dry air cooled by the cold Benguela current along the coast. It has less than 10 mm (0.4 inches) of rain annually and is almost completely barren. This article is about arid terrain. ... An arid environment has a high precipitation deficit, receiving much less precipitation annually than would satisfy the climatological demand for evaporation and transpiration. ... The frigid waters of the north-flowing Benguela current move from the Southern Ocean that surrounds Antarctica along the west coast of Africa as far as Angola. ...


A number of unusual species of plants and animals are found only in this desert. One of these is Welwitschia mirabilis, one of the most unusual species. Welwitschia is a shrub-like plant, but grows just two long, strap-shaped leaves continuously throughout its lifetime. These leaves may be several meters long, gnarled and twisted from the desert winds. The taproot of the plant develops into a flat, concave disc in age. Welwitschia is notable for its survival in the extremely arid conditions in the Namib, sometimes deriving moisture from the coastal sea fogs. In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... Digimon, the only known animals. ... Species Welwitschia mirabilis Welwitschia is a monotypic genus of succulent plant, consisting exclusively of the very odd Welwitschia mirabilis Hook. ... The dandelions taproot, quite apparent in this drawing, renders this plant very difficult to uproot – the plant itself gives way, but the root stays in the ground and may sprout again. ...


Although the desert is largely unpopulated and inaccessible, there are year-round settlements at Sesriem, close to the famous Sossusvlei and a huge group of sand dunes, which at up to 340 metres high are among the tallest sand dunes in the world. The complexity and regularity of dune patterns in its dune sea have attracted the attention of geologists for decades; however, they remain poorly understood. Sossusvlei is a salt pan in the central Namib Desert, lying within the Namib-Naukluft National Park. ... This article is about the sand formations, for other meanings see Dune (disambiguation) Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ... In George Lucass Star Wars saga, Tatooine is the home planet of the Skywalker family and the setting for much of the action in the sagas films (as well as several of the novels and other pieces of written fiction). ... the are cool The Geologist by Carl Spitzweg A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology, studying the physical structure and processes of the Earth and planets of the solar system (see planetary geology). ...


The interaction between the water-laden air coming from the sea via southerly winds, some of the strongest of any coastal desert, and the dry air of the desert causes immense fogs and strong currents, causing sailors to lose their way. Along with the Skeleton Coast further north, it is notorious as the site of many shipwrecks. Some of these wrecked ships can be found as much as 50 metres inland, as the desert is slowly creeping westwards into the sea, reclaiming land over a period of many years. Wind, tacuinum sanitatis casanatensis (XIV century) Wind is the rough horizontal movement of air (as opposed to an air current) caused by an area of lo pressure and an area of hi pressure near eachother and the wind will blow from the hi pressure point to the lo pressure point... Evening fog obscures Londons Tower Bridge from passers by. ... The Skeleton Coast is located on the west coast of Namibia, where the upwelling of the cold Benguela current gives rise to dense ocean fogs for much of the year. ... Shipwreck of the SS American Star Shipwreck in the Saugatuck River mouth in Westport, Connecticut A shipwreck or sunken ship can refer to the remains of a wrecked ship or to the event that caused the wreck, such as the striking of something that causes the ship to sink, the...


The Namib is an important location for the mining of tungsten, salt and diamonds. General Name, Symbol, Number tungsten, W, 74 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 6, 6, d Appearance grayish white, lustrous Atomic mass 183. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) Salt covering the floor of Bad Water in Death Valley, CA, the lowest point in the US. A salt, in chemistry, is any ionic compound composed of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is neutral... This article is about the gemstone. ...


Access is via light aircraft from Windhoek (the capital of Namibia, about 480 km east of the centre of the desert), Swakopmund and Walvis Bay at the north end of the desert, or overland on gravel roads. Windhoek, Namibia Windhoek (pronounced Vind hook or German «Windhuk») is the capital of Namibia. ... Swakopmund is a city in Namibia, with around 35,000 inhabitants. ... Walvis Bay, Namibia Walvis Bay, (Dutch/Afrikaans Walvisbaai, meaning Whale Bay), is an area in Namibia with a checkered history. ...


See Also

List of deserts by area There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


References

  • National Geographic, January 1992, pp. 54-85.
  • Dune Patterns, Namib Desert, Namibia. NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved on May 5, 2006.
  • Namib Naukluft Park photo gallery
  • Namib Desert photo gallery
  • Mary Seely: The Namib: Natural History of an Ancient Desert, 3rd ed., Windhoek: Desert Research Foundation of Namibia 2004, ISBN 99916-68-16-0.


NASA Earth Observatory is an online publication of NASA where the public can access satellite imagery and scientific information about our planet for free. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Deserts
Ad-Dahna | Alvord | Arabian | Aral Karakum | Atacama | Baja California | Barsuki | Betpak-Dala | Chalbi | Chihuahuan | Dasht-e Kavir | Dasht-e Lut | Dasht-e Margoh | Dasht-e Naomid | Gibson | Gobi | Great Basin | Great Sandy Desert | Great Victoria Desert | Kalahari | Karakum | Kyzylkum | Little Sandy Desert | Mojave | Namib | Nefud | Negev | Nubian | Ordos | Owyhee | Qaidam | Registan | Rub' al Khali | Ryn-Peski | Sahara | Saryesik-Atyrau | Sechura | Simpson | Sonoran | Strzelecki | Syrian | Taklamakan | Tanami | Thar | Tihamah | Ustyurt
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This article is about arid terrain. ... The ad-Dahna desert is the central division of the Arabian desert. ... The Alvord Desert is a desert in the southeastern part of the American state of Oregon. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Aral Karakum desert lies north of the Aral Sea in Kazakhstan. ... Atacama Desert The Atacama Desert of Chile is a virtually rainless plateau made up of salt basins (salares), sand, and lava flows, extending from the Andes mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... The Baja California desert is a Desert ecoregion of Mexicos Baja California Peninsula. ... The Chihuahuan Desert is a desert that straddles the U.S.-Mexico border. ... Dasht-e Kavir desert: satellite photograph Dasht-e Kavir (دشت كوير in Persian), also known as Kavir-e Namak or Great Salt Desert is a large desert lying in the middle of the Iranian Plateau. ... As seen from space Dasht-e Lut is a large salt desert in southeastern Iran. ... A four wheel drive in the Gibson Desert The Gibson Desert is a Western Australian desert made up of sandhills and dry grass. ... The Gobi is a large desert region in northern China and southern Mongolia. ... The Great Basin is a large, arid region of the western United States, commonly defined as the contiguous watershed region, roughly between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, that has no natural outlet to the sea. ... The Great Sandy Desert is a 360,000 km² (223,700 mi²) expanse in northwestern Australia. ... The Great Victoria Desert is a barren, arid and sparsely populated desert ecoregion in southern Australia. ... The Kalahari Desert is a large arid to semi-arid sandy area in southern Africa extending 900,000 km², covering much of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa, as semi-desert, with huge tracts of excellent grazing after good rains. ... For the desert in Kazakhstan, see Aral Karakum. ... The Kyzyl Kum (Uzbek: , Kazakh: ), also called Qyzylqum is the 11th largest desert in the world. ... The Little Sandy Desert is desert in Australia, located in Western Australia near the Great Sandy Desert. ... Looking across from Emigrant Pass towards the Kingston Range in the eastern Mojave. ... The Nefud or An-Nafud is a desert area in the northern part of the Arabian peninsula, occupying a great oval depression; 180 mi (290 km) long and 140 mi (225 km) wide. ... Ruins in the Negev desert The Negev (Hebrew נֶגֶב;, Tiberian Hebrew Néḡeḇ; Arabic النقب an-Naqab) is the desert region of southern Israel. ... Fragment of Nubian Desert seen from space The Nubian Desert, is in the eastern region of the Sahara Desert, it spans 407, 000 km2 or 157,000 square miles of northeastern Sudan between the Nile and the Red Sea, at . ... Ordos Desert 1912 The Ordos Desert (Chinese: 鄂尔多斯沙漠; Pinyin: ÈěrduōsÄ« Shāmò) is a desert and steppe region lying on a plateau in the south of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Qaidam, also spelt Tsaidam, is an arid basin in Qinghai, western China. ... The Rub al Khali (الربع الخالي), or Empty Quarter, is the largest sand desert in the world, encompassing the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, including southern Saudi Arabia, and areas of Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. ... The Ryn Desert or Ryn-Peski Desert, is a desert in western Kazakhstan, north of the Caspian Sea and southeast of the Volga Upland. ... The Saryesik Atyrau Desert stretches for about 400 km south of Lake Balkhash in eastern Kazakhstan. ... The Sechura desert is a desert ecoregion of coastal Peru. ... The Simpson Desert is a desert covering nearly 100,000 square kilometres in central Australia, occupying an area bounded on the west by the Finke River and the Mabel Range, the Adam Range to the north, the Georgina River and the Diamantina River to the east, and Lake Eyre to... Sonoran Desert wildlife Mountains in the Sonoran Desert 3D photograph of Saguaro National Park at dusk. ... The Strzelecki Desert is located in South Australia. ... Dust storm in Taklamakan from space, June 25, 2005 The Taklamakan (also Taklimakan) is a desert of Central Asia, in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Tanami Desert is a desert in northern Australia. ... A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. ... Tihamah or Tihama (Arabic: []) is a narrow coastal region of Arabia on the Red Sea. ... The Ustyurt Plateau, Ustyurt also spelled Ust-Urt and Usturt (Kazakh: Üstirt, Turkmen: Üstyurt), is a central Asian plateau in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, between the Aral Sea and the Caspian Sea. ...


Coordinates: 24°45′07″S, 15°16′35″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Terrestrial Ecoregions -- Namib desert (AT1315) (3781 words)
The Namib Desert ecoregion extends along the coastal plain of western Namibia, from the Uniab River in the north to the town of Luderitz in the south.
The Namib Desert is home to a large number of small rodent species that occur among the rocky habitats in the western deserts, in the sand dunes and in the vegetation of the gravel plains.
The Namib Desert is nested within the ‘Namib’ biogeographical province of Udvardy (1975) and the ‘Namib Desert’ unit of White (1983), with the eastern boundary taken from the 100 mm rainfall isohyet.
Desert - MSN Encarta (1031 words)
Desert, term applied to regions of the earth that are characterized by less than 254 mm (10 in) of annual rainfall, an evaporation rate that exceeds precipitation, and, in most cases, a high average temperature.
Among the northern deserts are the Gobi in China, the deserts of southwestern North America, the Sahara in North Africa, and the Arabian and Iranian deserts in the Middle East.
Other desert areas in the interiors of some continents have formed because the prevailing winds are far removed from large bodies of water and have lost much of their moisture by the time they reach those regions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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