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Encyclopedia > Nakhichevan City
Map of Azerbaijan showing Nakhichevan City.
Map of Azerbaijan showing Nakhichevan City.

Nakhichevan City (Azerbaijani: Naxçıvan şəhəri), is the capital of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan. It was an ancient trading centre and some historians consider that it was founded in the 16th century BCE. According to a legend, the city was founded by Noah, and one interpretation of the meaning of the city's name is "the place of first descent", a reference to the descent from Noah's Ark. This meaning was first written down by the 5th century Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi. The Greeks and Romans called it Naxuana. In Persian, the region is called "Nagsh-e-Jahan" or "image of the world," a reference to the city's beauty. As early as the 2nd century CE it is mentioned by Ptolemy as a thriving city. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic (Azerbaijani: Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası, Armenian: Õ†Õ¡Õ­Õ«Õ»Ö‡Õ¡Õ¶Õ« Ô»Õ¶Ö„Õ¶Õ¡Õ¾Õ¡Ö€ Õ€Õ¡Õ¶Ö€Õ¡ÕºÕ¥Õ¿Õ¸Ö‚Õ©ÕµÕ¸Ö‚Õ¶, Russian: Нахичеванская Автономная Республика, Persian:جمهوری خودمختار نخجوان, Turkish: Nahçıvan Özerk Cumhuriyeti), known simply as Nakhichevan, is a landlocked exclave of Azerbaijan. ... (Redirected from 16th century BCE) (17th century BC - 16th century BC - 15th century BC - other centuries) (1600s BC - 1590s BC - 1580s BC - 1570s BC - 1560s BC - 1550s BC - 1540s BC - 1530s BC - 1520s BC - 1510s BC - 1500s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events... Noahs Ark, Französischer Meister (The French Master), Magyar Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest. ... A painting by the American Edward Hicks (1780–1849), showing the animals boarding Noahs Ark two by two. ... Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... (1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century - other centuries) Events Roman Empire governed by the Five Good Emperors (96–180) – Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; c. ...

Nakhichevan City coat of arms under Imperial Russia (designed in 1843).
Nakhichevan City coat of arms under Imperial Russia (designed in 1843).

It is spread over the foothills of Zangezur chain, on the right bank of the Nakhchivan river at an altitude of almost 1000 m. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Anthem: God Save the Tsar! Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721-1725 Peter the Great  - 1894-1917 Nicholas II History  - Established 22 October, 1721  - February Revolution 2 March, 1917 Area  - 1897 22,400,000 km2 8,648,688 sq mi Population  - 1897... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Invader after invader looted, destroyed and (in some cases) rebuilt the city. It was the capital of the Atabek Eldegiz emirate in the 12th century and the Nakhichevan khanate in the 18th century. Atabeg is a title of nobility of Turkic origin, indicating a governor of a nation or province who was subordinate to a king or Emperor but senior to a Khan. ... Nakhichevan khanate (Naxçıvan xanlığı in Azerbaijani) was a feudal state that existed in the territory of the present-day Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. ...


The main sight in the city is the heavily restored 12th century Momine Khatun Mausoleum, also known as 'Atabek Gumbezi'. Momine Khatun was the wife of Eldegizid Atabek Djakhan Pakhlevan, ruler of the Atabek Eldegiz emirate. The 10-sided monument is decorated with intricate geometrical motives and Kufic script, it uses turquoise glazed bricks. It shares the neighbourhood with a statue of its architect - Ajami Nakhchivani - and a bust of Heydar Aliyev. Also from the 12th century and by the same architect, is the octagonal Yusuf Ibn Kuseir tomb, known as 'Atababa', half abandoned near the main cemetery. Mausoleum of Momine Khatun The Mausoleum of Momine Khatun (or Mumine Khatun) is located in Nakhichevan, the capital of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan. ... Atabeg is a title of nobility of Turkic origin, indicating a governor of a nation or province who was subordinate to a king or Emperor but senior to a Khan. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Ajami ibn Abubakr Nakhchivani (12th-13th centuries) is a distinguished person in Azerbaijan architecture and founder of the Nakhichevan school of architecture. ... Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev (Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev in Azerbaijani) (sometimes transliterated as Heidar Aliev or Geidar Aliev from the Russian Гейдар Алиев) (May 10, 1923? - December 12, 2003) served as president of Azerbaijan for the New Azerbaijan Party from June 1993 to October 2003, when his son Ilham Aliyev...


More recent (1993) is the white marble mausoleum of Hussein Javid. The Azeri writer died in the Gulag under Stalin. Both the mausoleum and his house museum are located east of the theatre. Although being a recent construction, Hussein Javid's mausoleum is of great iconic importance, representing the ability of the exclave to live despite the Armenian embargo and becoming a symbol of Nakhchivan itself. Gulag ( , Russian: ) is an acronym for Главное Управление Исправительно—Трудовых Лагерей и колоний, Glavnoye Upravleniye Ispravitelno-trudovykh Lagerey i kolonii, The Chief Directorate [or Administration] of Corrective Labour Camps and Colonies of the NKVD. Anne Applebaum, in her book Gulag: A History, explains: // Literally, the word GULAG is an acronym, meaning Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei, or Main Camp... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314...


The city also has an historical museum, a literary museum (both on Nizami street) and the house museum of Nakhchivanski (on Atatürk street). There is also an archeological museum on (?) Istiqlal street. Have a look also at the baths and the blue domed Imamzade, the Uzbek style tomb of Abu Muzaffar Bahdur Khan. The city has a few interesting mosques, particularly the Juma mosque, with its large dome. External links The Legend of Leyli and Majnun Nizami, Jamal al-Din Ilyas. ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 – November 10, 1938), until November 24, 1934 Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, Turkish army officer and revolutionary statesman, was the founder and the first President of the Republic of Turkey. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...


Today Nakhchivan city is home to over 60.000 inhabitants. It has some industry, centred around glass, furniture, textiles and carpets, aluminum, tobacco and grape processing. Currently the government is looking for investment to develop tourism and oil production. Socially, this regional capital is quite sophisticated with its own university and a significant scientific and artistic community. For entertainment try the palace of culture, on Azadlyg avenue, the state musical and drama theatre on Ahmed Javad street or the puppet theatre on Nizami street. The city has a lot of business visitors from Iran, Turkey and Russia (these countries have consulates in the city), leading to a reasonable offer of hotels. Glass can be made transparent and flat, or into other shapes and colors as shown in this sphere from the Verrerie of Brehat in Brittany. ... A Shaker rocker, or rocking chair. ... Sunday textile market on the sidewalks of Karachi, Pakistan. ... A carpet is any loom-woven, felted textile or grass floor covering. ... Aluminum is a soft and lightweight metal with a dull silvery appearance, due to a thin layer of oxidation that forms quickly when it is exposed to air. ... Species Nicotiana acuminata Nicotiana alata Nicotiana attenuata Nicotiana benthamiana Nicotiana clevelandii Nicotiana excelsior Nicotiana forgetiana Nicotiana glauca Nicotiana glutinosa Nicotiana langsdorffii Nicotiana longiflora Nicotiana obtusifolia Nicotiana paniculata Nicotiana plumbagifolia Nicotiana quadrivalvis Nicotiana repanda Nicotiana rustica Nicotianasuaveolens Nicotiana sylvestris Nicotiana tabacum Nicotiana tomentosa Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005... Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis lincecumii Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis... External links The Legend of Leyli and Majnun Nizami, Jamal al-Din Ilyas. ...


Nakhchivan city is served by an airport and theoretically has good road and rail links, however the Nagorno-Karabakh war has made access more difficult contributing to a greater isolation. The best way to get to Nakhchivan is to fly from Baku to Yevlakh airport, south-east of the city (airport code: EVL). From Yevlakh you can also fly to Moscow with Samara airlines. If you are arriving from Baku there is no passport check and you can simply walk out of the terminal. There are buses and taxis to the city, which is only 3km away. From the city, buses to the airport leave from the Shahbuz bus station on the NW part of the city. Combatants Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh1 Republic of Armenia 2 CIS mercenaries Republic of Azerbaijan Afghan Mujahideen 3 Chechen Volunteers 4 CIS mercenaries Commanders Samvel Babayan, Hemayag Haroyan, Monte Melkonian, Vazgen Sargsyan, Arkady Ter-Tatevosyan Ä°sgandar Hamidov, Suret Huseynov, Rahim Gaziev, Shamil Basayev Casualties 6,000 dead, 25,000 wounded 17... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: AZ10 Area code: +99412 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... Yevlakh (Azeri: Yevlax) is a small town in Azerbaijan, 265 km west of capital Baku. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ... Samara (Russian: ), from 1935 to 1991—Kuybyshev (), is a major city situated on the Volga River in the southeastern part of European Russia, Volga Federal District, the administrative center of Samara Oblast. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: AZ10 Area code: +99412 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Shahbuz rayon Shahbuz is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ...


Several buses a day depart for Iğdır and Erzurum in eastern Turkey, allowing easy connections to the rest of Turkey. There are train services to Ordubad and Sharur. Inside the city there are buses and trolley-buses and numerous taxis. (450 km west of Baku) IÄŸdır (Ô»Õ£Õ¤Õ«Ö€ in Armenian) is a city in eastern Turkey, close to the border with Armenia. ... shows the Location of the Province Erzurum Erzurum (or Erzerum, Arzen in antiquity, Karin in ancient Armenian, Theodosiupolis or Theodosiopolis during Byzantine rule) is one of the Provinces of Turkey, in the Eastern Anatolia Region, to the east of the country. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Ordubad rayon Ordubad is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Sharur rayon Sharur is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: AZ10 Area code: +99412 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ...

Subdivisions of Azerbaijan Flag of Azerbaijan
Districts: Absheron | Agdam | Agdash | Agjabadi | Agstafa | Agsu | Astara | Babek* | Balakan | Barda | Beylagan | Bilasuvar | Dashkasan | Davachi | Fizuli | Gadabay | Goranboy | Goychay | Hajigabul | Imishli | Ismailli | Jabrayil | Jalilabad | Julfa* | Kalbajar | Kangarli* | Khachmaz | Khanlar | Khizi | Khojali | Khojavend | Kurdamir | Lachin | Lankaran | Lerik | Masally | Neftchala | Oguz | Ordubad* | Qabala | Qakh | Qazakh | Qobustan | Quba | Qubadli | Qusar | Saatly | Sabirabad | Sadarak* | Salyan | Samukh | Shakhbuz* | Shaki | Shamakhi | Shamkir | Sharur* | Shusha | Siazan | Tartar | Tovuz | Ujar | Yardymli | Yevlakh | Zangilan | Zaqatala | Zardab
Municipalities: Ali Bayramli | Baku | Ganja | Khankendi | Lankaran | Mingachevir | Naftalan | Nakhichevan City* | Shaki | Sumqayit | Shusha | Yevlakh
Asterisks indicate parts of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic

Coordinates: 39°11′35″N, 45°25′42″E Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... AbÅŸeron (AbÅŸeron Yasaqligi) is a peninsula and a rayon in eastern Caucasus in the historical region of Arran. ... Ruins of Aghdam from a minaret of a mosque. ... Agdas is a rayon in central Azerbaijan. ... Agjabadi (AÄŸcabÉ™di) is a rayon in central Azerbaijan. ... Agstafa is a rayon in northwestern Azerbaijan. ... Agsu is a rayon in central Azerbaijan. ... Astara is a rayon in southeastern Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Babak rayon Babek (BabÉ™k) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. ... Balakan is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Barda (BÉ™rdÉ™) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Beylagan (BeylÉ™qan) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Bilasuvar is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Daskasan is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Davaci is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Fizuli (Füzuli) is a rayon of Azerbaijan (in Karabakh). ... Gadabay is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Goranboy is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Goycay is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Haciqabul is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Imishli (Ä°miÅŸli) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Ismailli (Ä°smayıllı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Cabrayil is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Calilabad is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Julfa rayon Julfa (Culfa) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Kalbacar is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Kangarli rayon Kangarli or Kengerli (Azeri: KÉ™ngÉ™rli) is the newest rayon of Azerbaijan, in the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. ... Xacmaz is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Xanlar is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Xizi is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Khojali (Azerbaijani: Xocalı), also called Khojaly, is a town and a rayon in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. ... Khojavend (XocavÉ™nd) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Kurdamir is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Lachin (Laçın) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Lankaran (LÉ™nkÉ™ran) is a rayon of Azerbaijan, not to be confused with the city of LÉ™nkÉ™ran, which is a separate administrative region. ... Lerik is a town and rayon located near the Iranian border in southern Azerbaijan, between tall mountains and the agricultural plain. ... Masally (Masallı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan Republic. ... Neftcala is a city and rayon on the shores of the Caspian Sea. ... Oguz is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Ordubad rayon Ordubad is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. ... Qabala can mean: Qabala Rayonu in Azerbaijan it is also an alternative spelling for Kabbalah This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Qakh (Qax) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Qazakh (Qazax) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Qobustan is a district of Azerbaijan. ... Quba (also known as Guba and Kuba) is a city and a rayon in northeastern Azerbaijan. ... Qubadli is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Qusar is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Saatly (Saatlı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Sabirabad is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Sadarak rayon Sadarak is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Salyan is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Samukh (Samux) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Shahbuz rayon Shakhbuz (Åžahbuz) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Shaki (Şəki), also called Sheki, is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Shamakhi (Åžamaxı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Samkir is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Azerbaijan showing Sharur rayon Sharur is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. ... Shusha (ÅžuÅŸa) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Siazan (SiyÉ™zÉ™n) is a city and rayon in Aran (Republic of Azerbaijan). ... Tartar (TÉ™rtÉ™r) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Tovuz is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Ucar is a rayon, situated to the south of Goycay, in the centre of Azerbaijan. ... Yardymli (Yardımlı) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Yevlakh (Yevlax) is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Zangilan is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Municipality: Zaqatala Altitude: 500m Population: 35,000 census Zaqatala is a rayon of Azerbaijan. ... Categories: Caucasus geography stubs | Cities in Azerbaijan | Rayons of Azerbaijan ... Əli Bayramlı is a sahar of Azerbaijan. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: AZ10 Area code: +99412 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... For the city in Tajikistan, see Panj. ... Province: Stepanakert (City) Area: Altitude: 813 meter (2670 feet) Population: ~40,000 Population density: Latitude: 39° 48 55N Longitude: 46° 45 7E Mayor: Eduard Aghabekian Map of Azerbaijan showing town of Stepanakert within Nagorno-Karabakh. ... Lankaran, or Lenkoran, (Azeri: LÉ™nkÉ™ran) is a small city in Azerbaijan, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, near the southern border with Iran, with a population of 48,400 (2002), at least half of which are Talysh. ... Mingachevir (Mingaçevir) is the fourth-biggest city in Azerbaijan with a population of about 100,000. ... Naftalan is a sahar (city) in Azerbaijan. ... Saki is a sahar (city) in Azerbaijan. ... Sumqayit is located about 30 kilometers (approximiately 20 miles) northwest of Azerbaijans capital Baku, near the Caspian Sea. ... Azeri subdivsion Shusha rayon Nagrono Karabakh Republic Subdivsion Shushi province Elevation 1,400 m above sea level m Population  - City ~3,000 Shusha (Azerbaijani: ÅžuÅŸa, Armenian: Õ‡Õ¸Ö‚Õ·Õ«; translit. ... Yevlakh (Azeri: Yevlax) is a small town in Azerbaijan, 265 km west of capital Baku. ... The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic (Azerbaijani: Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası, Armenian: Õ†Õ¡Õ­Õ«Õ»Ö‡Õ¡Õ¶Õ« Ô»Õ¶Ö„Õ¶Õ¡Õ¾Õ¡Ö€ Õ€Õ¡Õ¶Ö€Õ¡ÕºÕ¥Õ¿Õ¸Ö‚Õ©ÕµÕ¸Ö‚Õ¶, Russian: Нахичеванская Автономная Республика, Persian:جمهوری خودمختار نخجوان, Turkish: Nahçıvan Özerk Cumhuriyeti), known simply as Nakhichevan, is a landlocked exclave of Azerbaijan. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nakhichevan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (594 words)
Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic (Azerbaijani: Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası) is an exclave of Azerbaijan.
In 1924, Nakhichevan obtained the status of an Autonomous Republic as a concession on the part of Stalin to the newly founded Turkish Republic under Kemal Atatürk, whom at the time was seen as a potential ally.
Nakhichevan's parliament in the late 1990's passed a resolution calling upon Azerbaijan to recognize the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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