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Encyclopedia > Nairobi
Nairobi, Kenya
Nairobi Skyline
Flag of Nairobi, Kenya
Flag
Nairobi, Kenya (Kenya )
Nairobi, Kenya
Location of Nairobi
Coordinates: 1°16′S 36°48′E / -1.267, 36.8
Country Kenya
Province Nairobi Province
HQ City Hall
Founded 1899
Constituencies of Nairobi
Government
 - Mayor Geoffrey Majiwa
Area
 - City 684 km² (264.1 sq mi)
Elevation 1,661 m (5,450 ft)
Population (2007)
 - City 2,940,911
 - Density 4,230/km² (10,955.6/sq mi)
 - Urban 3 million
 - Metro 4 million
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Website: http://www.nairobicity.org/

Nairobi (pronounced /naɪˈroʊbɪ/) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The name "Nairobi" comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyorobi, which translates to "the place of cool waters". However, it is popularly known as the "Green City in the Sun."[1] Image File history File links NBO5. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Nairobi Province is one of eight provinces in Kenya. ... It has been suggested that Town Hall be merged into this article or section. ... Makadara Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. ... Kamukunji Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. ... Starehe Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. ... Langata Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. ... Dagoretti Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. ... Waiyaki Way, Kangemi, Westlands (Nairobi) Westlands Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. ... Kasarani Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. ... Emkakasi Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... Language(s) Maa (É”l Maa) Religion(s) Monotheism including Christianity Related ethnic groups Samburu The Maasai are an indigenous African ethnic group of semi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. ...


Founded in 1899, the city was handed capital status from Mombasa in 1905.[2] Nairobi is also the capital of the Nairobi Province and of the Nairobi District. The city lies on the Nairobi River, in the south of the nation, and has an elevation of 1661 m (5450 ft) above sea-level.[3] Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ... Nairobi Province is one of eight provinces in Kenya. ... Nairobi River is a river flowing through the Kenyan capital Nairobi. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...


Nairobi is the most populous city in East Africa, with an estimated urban population of between 3 and 4 million. According to the 1999 Census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 2,143,254 inhabitants lived within 684 km².[4] Nairobi is currently the 4th largest city in Africa.  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... The following is a list of the 50 most populous cities in Africa. ...


Nairobi is now one of the most prominent cities in Africa politically and financially.[5] Home to many companies and organizations, Nairobi is established as a hub for business and culture. The Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre. Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Nairobi was ranked at 58th in the Capital of the World rank. The list ranks of cities in order of their prominence as a global capital as an economic and cultural powerhouse.

Contents

History

Main article: History of Nairobi

The area was an essentially uninhabited swamp until a supply depot of the Uganda Railway was built in 1899, which soon became the railway's headquarters. The city was named after a water hole known in Maasai as Ewaso Nyirobi, meaning "cool waters." It was totally rebuilt in the early 1900s after an outbreak of plague and the burning of the original town.[6] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A distribution center for a set of products is a warehouse or other specialized building with refrigeration or air conditioning which is stocked with products to be re-distributed to retailers or wholesalers. ... The Uganda Railway is a railway system linking the interiors of Uganda and Kenya to the Indian Ocean at Mombasa in Kenya. ... Maasai is an Eastern Nilotic language spoken in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania by the Maasai people, numbering about 900,000. ... Bubonic plague is the best-known manifestation of the bacterial disease plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. ...


The location of the Nairobi railway camp was chosen due to its central position between Mombasa and Kampala. It was also chosen because its network of rivers could supply the camp with water, and its elevation would make it cool enough for residential purposes. Furthermore, at 1661 metres above the sea level the temperatures are too low for the malaria mosquito to survive.[7] Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ... Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. ...


In 1905, Nairobi replaced Mombasa as capital of the British protectorate,[8] and the city grew around administration and tourism, initially in the form of big game hunting. As the British colonialists started to explore the region, they started using Nairobi as their first port of call. This prompted the colonial government to build several grand hotels in the city. The main occupants were British game hunters. This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... Public Administration can be broadly described as the development, implementation and study of government policy. ... Tourist redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into hunting. ... // Grand hotel is a term for a large and luxurious hotel, especially one built in a traditional architectural style. ...


Nairobi continued to grow under the British rule, and many Britons settled within the city's suburbs. The continuous expansion of the city began to anger the Maasai, as the city was devouring their land to the south. It also angered the Kikuyu people, who wanted the land returned to them. Language(s) Maa (ɔl Maa) Religion(s) Monotheism including Christianity Related ethnic groups Samburu The Maasai are an indigenous African ethnic group of semi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...



In 1919, Nairobi was declared to be a municipality.[9] In February 1926, E.A.T. Dutton passed through Nairobi on his way to Mount Kenya, and said of the city: A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Mount Kenya has a low profile typical of a shield volcano. ...

Maybe one day Nairobi will be laid out with tarred roads, with avenues of flowering trees, flanked by noble buildings; with open spaces and stately squares; a cathedral worthy of faith and country; museums and galleries of art; theatres and public offices. And it is fair to say that the Government and the Municipality have already bravely tackled the problem and that a town-plan ambitious enough to turn Nairobi into a thing of beauty has been slowly worked out, and much has already been done. But until that plan has borne fruit, Nairobi must remain what she was then, a slatternly creature, unfit to queen it over so lovely a country.

Dutton, [10]

After the end of World War II, this friction developed into the Mau Mau rebellion. Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's future president, was jailed for his involvement even though there was no evidence linking him to the rebellion. Pressure exerted from the locals onto the British resulted in Kenyan independence in 1963, with Nairobi as the capital of the new republic. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Mau Mau Uprising was an insurgency by Kenyan rebels against the British colonial administration from 1952 to 1960. ... Jomo Kenyatta (October 20, 1889 – August 22, 1978) served as the first Prime Minister (1963–1964) and President (1964–1978) of Kenya. ...


After independence, Nairobi grew rapidly and this growth put pressure on the city's infrastructure. Power cuts and water shortages were a common occurrence, though in the past few years better city planning has helped to put some of these problems in check.


The U.S. Embassy in Nairobi was bombed in August 1998 by Al-Qaida, as one of a series of U.S. embassy bombings. Over two hundred civilians were killed. It is now the site of a memorial park.[11] For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... Aftermath at the Nairobi embassy. ...


Geography

An aerial of Nairobi, the central business district and Ngong Road

The city is located at 1°16′S, 36°48′E and occupies 684 square kilometres (260 sq mi). It is situated 1661 metres (5450 ft) above sea level.[12] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x616, 642 KB) Summary An aerial of the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x616, 642 KB) Summary An aerial of the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Nairobi is situated between the cities of Kampala and Mombasa.[citation needed]As Nairobi is adjacent to the eastern edge of the Rift Valley, minor earthquakes and tremors occasionally occur. The Ngong hills, located to the west of the city, are the most prominent geographical feature of the Nairobi Area. Mount Kenya is situated north of Nairobi and Mount Kilimanjaro is towards the south-east. Both mountains are visible from Nairobi on a clear day.[13] Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. ... Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ... Northern section of the Great Rift Valley. ... The Ngong Hills are located close to Nairobi in southern Kenya. ... Mount Kenya has a low profile typical of a shield volcano. ... For other uses, see Kilimanjaro (disambiguation). ...


The Nairobi River and its tributaries traverse through the Nairobi Province. Nobel Peace Prize laureate Wangari Maathai has fought fiercely to save the indigenous Karura Forest in northern Nairobi which was under threat of being replaced by housing and other infrastructure.[14] Nairobi River is a river flowing through the Kenyan capital Nairobi. ... Look up tributary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Dr. Wangari Muta Maathai born April 1, 1940 in Ihithe village, Tetu division, Nyeri District of Kenya is an environmental and political activist. ...


Nairobi's western suburbs stretch all the way from the Kenyatta National Hospital in the south to the UN headquarters and Gigiri in the north, a distance of about 20 kilometres (12 mi).


The city is centred on the City Square, which is located in the Central Business District. The Kenyan Parliament buildings, the Holy Family Cathedral, Nairobi City Hall, Nairobi Law Courts and the Kenyatta Conference Centre all surround the square. The unicameral National Assembly of Kenya is the countrys legislative body. ... Cathedral of the Holy Family is a name shared by several cathedrals of the Roman Catholic Church: Cathedral of the Holy Family in Anchorage Cathedral of the Holy Family in Orange Cathedral of the Holy Family in Pago Pago This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... Kenyatta International Conference Centre is a 30-storey building located in Nairobi, Kenya. ...


Climate

At 1,661 metres (5,449 ft) above sea level, Nairobi enjoys a fairly moderate climate.[15] The altitude makes for some chilly evenings, especially in the June/July season when the temperature can drop to 10 °C (50 °F). The sunniest and warmest part of the year are from December to March, when temperatures average the mid-twenties during the day. The mean maximum temperature for this period is 24 °C (75 °F).[16] For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...


There are two rainy seasons but rainfall can be moderate. The cloudiest part of the year is just after the first rainy season, when, until September, conditions are usually overcast with drizzle. As Nairobi is situated close the equator, the differences between the seasons are minimal. The seasons are referred to as the wet season and dry season. The timing of sunrise and sunset does not vary tremendously throughout the year, due to Nairobi's close proximity to the equator.[17] A wet season or rainy season is a season in which the average rainfall in a region is significantly increased. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ...

Weather averages for
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 24.5 (76) 25.6 (78) 25.6 (78) 24.1 (75) 22.6 (73) 21.5 (71) 20.6 (69) 21.4 (71) 23.7 (75) 24.7 (76) 23.1 (74) 23.4 (74)
Average low °C (°F) 11.5 (53) 11.6 (53) 13.1 (56) 14.0 (57) 13.2 (56) 11.0 (52) 10.1 (50) 10.2 (50) 10.5 (51) 12.5 (55) 13.1 (56) 12.6 (55)
Precipitation mm (inches) 64.1 (2.5) 56.5 (2.2) 92.8 (3.7) 219.4 (8.6) 176.6 (7) 35.0 (1.4) 17.5 (0.7) 23.5 (0.9) 28.3 (1.1) 55.3 (2.2) 154.2 (6.1) 101.0 (4)
Source: [18] 2008-01-10

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Districts

Nairobi is divided into a series of districts. The constituencies of Nairobi are Makadara, Kamukunji, Starehe, Langata, Dagoretti, Westlands, Kasarani and Embakasi.[19] The main administrative divisions of Nairobi are Central, Dagoretti, Embakasi, Kasarani, Kibera, Makadara, Pumwani and Westlands.[20] Most of the upmarket suburbs are situated to the west of Nairobi, where most European settles resided in colonial times.[21] These include Karen, Langata, Lavington and Highridge. The region's European past is highlighted by the number of English place-names in the area. In the western outskirts, Kangemi and Dagoretti areas are inhabit by non-wealthy residents. Most low and lower-middle income estates are located in eastern Nairobi. These include Kariokor, Dandora, Kariobangi, Embakasi and Huruma. Many Somali immigrants have settled in Eastleigh, nicknamed 'Little Mogadishu'.[22] Langata is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre and south of Karen. ... Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic area that rivals the Central Business District of Nairobi. ... Embakasi is a suburb of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. ... Embakasi is a suburb of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. ... View of Kibera Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya is the largest slum in Africa with a population of perhaps one million. ... Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic area that rivals the Central Business District of Nairobi. ... Karen is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre. ... Langata is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre and south of Karen. ... Lavington is a northern suburb of Albury, New South Wales, Australia about 20 km squared in area and a population of about 15 000 people. ... Highridge is a residential estate in Nairobi, located in northern parts of the larger Parklands estate. ... Dandora is an eastern suburb in Nairobi, Kenya. ... Kariobangi is a low-income residential estate in northeastern Nairobi, Kenya. ... Embakasi is a suburb of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. ... Huruma Flats is a residential estate located in the northeast of Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. ... Eastleigh is a suburb of Nairobi, Kenya. ... Mogadishu (Somali: Muqdisho, popularly Xamar; Arabic: ; Italian: ) is the largest city in Somalia, and its capital. ...


Parks and gardens

Nyayo Monument, located in Uhuru Park, was built in 1988 to commemorate 10 years in power of former president Daniel Arap Moi.
Nyayo Monument, located in Uhuru Park, was built in 1988 to commemorate 10 years in power of former president Daniel Arap Moi.

Nairobi has many parks and open spaces throughout the city. Most of Nairobi is green-space, and the city has dense tree-cover.[23] The most famous park in Nairobi is Uhuru Park. The park borders the central business district and the neighbourhood Upper Hill. Uhuru (Freedom) Park is a centre for outdoor speeches, services and rallies. The park was to be built-over by former President Daniel Arap Moi, who wanted his KANU party's 62-storey headquarters situated in the park.[24] However, the park was saved by Wangari Maathai, who won a Nobel Peace Prize in 2004 for her efforts.[25] Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Recreational park adjacent to the central business district of Nairobi, Kenya. ... Recreational park adjacent to the central business district of Nairobi, Kenya. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ... Daniel Toroitich arap Moi (born September 2, 1924) was the President of Kenya from 1978 until 2002. ... The Kenya African National Union, better known as KANU, ruled Kenya for nearly 40 years after its independence from British colonial rule in 1963, until its electoral loss at the end of 2002. ... Dr. Wangari Muta Maathai born April 1, 1940 in Ihithe village, Tetu division, Nyeri District of Kenya is an environmental and political activist. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ...


Central Park is adjacent to Uhuru Park, and includes a memorial for [Jomo Kenyatta], the first president of Kenya. Other notable open spaces include Jeevanjee Gardens, City Park and Nairobi Arboretum. Jeevanjee Gardens is an open garden in the Central Business District of Nairobi, Kenya. ...


Business and economy

I&M Bank headquarters in Nairobi.

Nairobi is home to the Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE), one of Africa's largest. The NSE was officially recognised as an overseas stock exchange by the London Stock Exchange in 1953. The exchange is Africa's 4th largest (in terms of trading volumes) and 5th (in terms of Market Capitalization as a percentage of GDP).[26] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (549x800, 271 KB) Summary I&M Bank Tower in Nairobi, Kenya I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (549x800, 271 KB) Summary I&M Bank Tower in Nairobi, Kenya I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Source by Greyworld, in the new LSE building Paternoster Square. ...


Nairobi is the regional headquarters of several international companies and organizations. This makes it one of the most influential cities in Africa. In 2007 alone, General Electric, Young & Rubicam, Google, Coca Cola and Celtel relocated their African headquarters to the city.[27] The United Nations has strong presence in Nairobi; the United Nations Office at Nairobi hosts UNEP and UN-Habitat headquarters. GE redirects here. ... Young & Rubicam, Inc. ... This article is about the corporation. ... This article is about the beverage. ... Celtel is a telecommunications company operating in several African countries and is a subsidiary of Mobile Telecommunications Company, or MTC in short. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... The United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON) is one of the four major UN office sites where several different UN agencies have a joint presence. ... Klaus Töpfer, former UNEP Exec. ... is the United Nations agency for human settlements. ...


Several of Africa's largest companies are headquartered in Nairobi. KenGen, which is the largest African stock outside South Africa,[28] is based in the city. Kenya Airways, Africa's fourth largest airline, uses Nairobi's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport as a hub. Kenya Airways, the flag carrier airline of Kenya, based in Nairobi, Africa, started operations on 4 February 1977 It operates scheduled services throughout Africa and to Europe and the Indian subcontinent, with its main base at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Nairobi. ... Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, (IATA: NBO, ICAO: HKJK) formerly called Nairobi International Airport is one of Kenyas large aviation facilities and East Africas busiest airport. ...


Goods manufactured in Nairobi include clothing, textiles, building materials, processed foods, beverages, cigarettes etc. Several foreign companies have factories based in and around the city. These includes Goodyear, General Motors, Toyota Motors, Coca Cola and American audit firm PricewaterhouseCoopers A baby wearing many items of winter clothing: headband, cap, fur-lined coat, shawl and sweater. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Food preservation is the process of treating and handling food in such a way as to stop or greatly slow down spoilage to prevent foodborne illness while maintaining nutritional value, texture and flavor. ... The word drink is primarily a verb, meaning to ingest liquids, see Drinking. ... Unlit filtered cigarettes. ... Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company was founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is a multinational corporation headquartered in the United States and has been the worlds largest and most dominant automaker since 1931 till the second half of 2007, surpassed by Toyota; as well as the global industry sales leader for 77 years. ... Toyota redirects here. ... This article is about the beverage. ... A former PwC office building (Southwark Towers) in London, England. ...


Nairobi has a large tourist industry, being both a tourist destination and a transport hub. A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ...


Central business district and skyline

Nairobi skyline viewed from Westlands.
Nairobi skyline viewed from Westlands.

Nairobi has grown around its central business district. It takes a rectangular shape, around the Uhuru Highway, Haille Selasse Avenue, Moi Avenue and University Way. It includes many of Nairobi's important buildings, including the City Hall and Parliament Building. The city square is also located within the perimeter. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...


A feature of the central business district that strikes foreign tourists the most is the skyline. Nairobi's skyline has been compared to many Asian and American cities. This is due to a construction boom after independence, and another construction boom in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Most of the skyscrapers in this region are the headquarters of businesses and corporations, such as I&M and the iconic building, Kenyatta international conference center. The United States Embassy bombing took place in this district, prompting the new embassy building to be located in the suburbs. For other uses, see Skyline (disambiguation). ... This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ...


In 2006, a large beautification project took place in the CBD, as the city prepared to host the 2006 Afri-Cities summit. Iconic buildings such as the Kenyatta International Conference Centre had their exteriors cleaned and repainted.[29] Kenyatta International Conference Centre is a 30-storey building located in Nairobi, Kenya. ...


The district is bordered to the south-west by Nairobi's largest park: Uhuru Park and Central Park. The Mombasa to Kampala railway runs to the south-east of the district. Recreational park adjacent to the central business district of Nairobi, Kenya. ... Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ... Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. ...


Upper Hill

Today, many businesses have, or are considering relocating or establishing their headquarters outside the Central Business District. This is because land is cheaper, and better facilities can be easily built and maintained elsewhere. Two areas that are seeing a growth in companies and office-space are Upper Hill, approximately 2 km from the CBD and Westlands, approximately the same distance. Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic area that rivals the Central Business District of Nairobi. ...


Companies that have moved from the CBD to Upper Hill include Citibank and in 2007, Coca Cola began construction on their East and Central African headquarters in Upper Hill,[30] cementing the district as the preferred location for office space in Nairobi. The largest office development in this area is the Rahimtulla Tower, which is primarily occupied by British firm PriceWaterhouseCoopers. Citibank is a major international bank, founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York. ... This article is about the beverage. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Rahimtulla Tower, also known as the Rahimtulla Trust Building, is the tallest building in the Upper Hill neighbourhood of Nairobi, Kenya. ... A former PwC office building (Southwark Towers) in London, England. ...


To accommodate the large demand for floorspace in Nairobi, various commercial projects are being constructed. New business parks are being built in the city, including the flagship Nairobi Business Park. Nairobi is currently being considered by a Middle-Eastern company, interested in building a high-rise headquarters in Africa. Nairobi Business Park is a flagship business park located in Nairobi, Kenya. ...

Nairobi panorama, viewed from Westlands.
Nairobi panorama, viewed from Westlands.
Nairobi's tallest skyscrapers[31]
Times Tower 140 m
Teleposta Towers 120 m
Kenyatta International Conference Centre   105 m
NSSF Building 103 m
I&M Bank Tower 100 m
Government Office Conference Hall 98 m
Nyayo House
Rahimtulla Tower

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 154 pixelsFull resolution (2604 × 500 pixel, file size: 973 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)A panorama taken from the Westlands area of Nairobi. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 154 pixelsFull resolution (2604 × 500 pixel, file size: 973 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)A panorama taken from the Westlands area of Nairobi. ... This article is an overview of the term Panorama. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Teleposta Towers is the second tallest building in Nairobi, Kenya. ... Kenyatta International Conference Centre is a 30-storey building located in Nairobi, Kenya. ... The I&M Bank Tower is a tower located in Nairobi, Kenya. ... Rahimtulla Tower, also known as the Rahimtulla Trust Building, is the tallest building in the Upper Hill neighbourhood of Nairobi, Kenya. ...

Society and culture

Nairobi is a cosmopolitan and multicultural city. Since its foundation, Nairobi has maintained a strong British presence, and a lasting legacy from colonial rule. This is highlighted by the number of English-named suburbs, including Hurlingham and Parklands. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 439 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 819 pixel, file size: 346 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 439 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 819 pixel, file size: 346 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kenyatta International Conference Centre is a 30-storey building located in Nairobi, Kenya. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Hurlingham is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Parklands, Nairobi is a suburb of Nairobi divided into numbered Avenues. ...


In the mid twentieth century, many foreigners settled in Nairobi from other British colonies, primarily India and Pakistan. The majority of these immigrants were workers who arrived to construct the Kampala - Mombasa railway, and ended up settling in Nairobi after its completion. Nairobi also has established communities from Somalia and Sudan. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. ... Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ...


As Nairobi has a diverse and multicultural composition, there are a number of churches, mosques, temples and gurdwaras within the city. Prominent places of worship in Nairobi include the Holy Family Basilica Cathedral, All Saints Cathedral, Ismaili Jamat Khana and Jamia Mosque. Multan, Pakistan boasts of having some of the oldest mosques, which were once considered as the jewels of the city. ...


Nairobi has two informal nicknames. The first is "The Green City in the Sun", which is derived from the city's foliage and warm climate.[32] The second is the "Safari Capital of the World", which is used due to Nairobi's prominence as a hub for safari tourism.[33]


Literature and film

Nairobi is the home and meeting place of many budding writers and film makers.


Kwani? is Kenya's first literary journal and was established by modern writers living in Nairobi. Nairobi's publishing houses have also produced the works of some of Kenya's best known and most respected authors, including Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Meja Mwangi who were all part of the post-colonial writing boom. Kwani? is a journal founded by some of Kenyas most exciting new writers, including Binyavanga Wainaina and published by Kwani Trust. ... NgÅ©gÄ© wa Thiongo (born January 5, 1938) is a Kenyan author, formerly working in English and now working in GÄ©kÅ©yÅ©. His work includes novels, plays, short stories, essays and scholarship, criticism and childrens literature. ... Meja Mwangi (born 1948) is one of Kenyas leading novelists. ...


Many film makers also practice their craft out of Nairobi. Film-making is still young in the country but people like producer Njeri Karago and director Judy Kibinge are paving the way for others.


Perhaps the most famous book and film set in Nairobi, is Out of Africa. The book was written by Karen Blixen (pen name Isak Dinesen), and it is her account of living in Kenya. Karen Blixen lived in the Nairobi Area from 1917 to 1931 (though the neighbourhood in which she lived, Karen, is named after her cousin Karen Melchior). For the 1985 film based on this novel, see Out of Africa (film). ... Baroness Karen von Blixen-Finecke (April 17, 1885 – September 7, 1962), née Karen Dinesen, was a Danish author also known under her pen name Isak Dinesen. ... Karen is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre. ...


In 1985, Out of Africa was made into a film, directed by Sydney Pollack. The film won 28 awards, including 7 Academy Awards. The popularity of the film prompted the opening of Nairobi's Karen Blixen Museum. In 1985, the film Out of Africa was released, based loosely on the autobiographical book by Isak Dinesen published in 1937, as well as Dinesens Shadows on the Grass and other sources. ... Sydney Pollack (born July 1, 1934 in Lafayette, Indiana) is an American actor, producer, and director. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Karen Blixen Museum is the home of the author Karen Blixen (1885–1962), in Roskilde, Denmark. ...


Nairobi is also the setting of many of the novels of Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenya's foremost writer. NgÅ©gÄ© wa Thiongo (born January 5, 1938) is a Kenyan author, formerly working in English and now working in GÄ©kÅ©yÅ©. His work includes novels, plays, short stories, essays and scholarship, criticism and childrens literature. ...


Nairobi has been the set of several other American and British films. The most recent of these was The Constant Gardener (2005), a large part of which was filmed in the city. The story revolves around a British diplomat in Nairobi whose wife is murdered in northern Kenya. Much of the filming was in the Kibera slum. The United Kingdom has been influential in the technological, commercial and artistic development of cinema. ... The Constant Gardener is a 2005 Academy Award-winning film based on the John le Carré novel of the same name. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... View of Kibera Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya is the largest slum in Africa with a population of perhaps one million. ...


Most new Hollywood films are nowadays screened at Nairobi's cinemas. Up to early 90s there were only few film theatres and the repertoire was scanty. There are also two drive-in cinemas in Nairobi. ... Hulls Drive In Theatre, outside Lexington, Virginia A drive-in theater is a form of cinema structure consisting of a large screen, a projection booth, a concession stand and a large parking area for automobiles. ...


Music

Nairobi is the centre of the Kenyan music scene. Benga is a Kenyan genre which was developed in Nairobi. The genre evolved between the 1940s and the 1960s, and by the late 1960s, it was the most popular music genre in Kenya. The genre is a fusion of jazz and Luo music forms. There is also Benga in the province of Nyanga, see Benga, Gabon Benga is a musical genre of Kenyan popular music. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A traditional Luo village at the Bomas of Kenya museum The Luo (also called Jaluo and Joluo) are an ethnic group in Kenya, eastern Uganda and northern Tanzania. ...


In the 1970s, Nairobi became the prominent centre for East and Central African music. During this period, Nairobi was established as a hub of soukous music. This genre was born in Kinshasa and Brazzaville. After the political climate in the region deteriorated, many Congolese artists relocated to Nairobi. Artists such as Orchestra Super Mazembe moved from Congo to Nairobi and found great success.[34] Virgin records became aware of the popularity of the genre and signed recording contracts with several soukous artists.  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ...  Central Africa  Middle Africa (UN subregion)  Central African Federation (defunct) Central Africa is a core region of the African continent often considered to include: Burundi Central African Republic Chad Democratic Republic of the Congo Rwanda Middle Africa (as used by the United Nations when categorising geographic subregions) is an analogous... // Soukous is a musical genre that originated in the Congos during the 1930s and early 1940s, and which has gained popularity throughout Africa. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... This article is about the city named Brazzaville. ... Combatants Congo ONUC Cuba Belgium Katanga South Kasai CIA Commanders Patrice Lumumba Pierre Mulele Laurent-Désiré Kabila Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi Che Guevara Moise Tshombe Joseph Mobutu Mike Hoare Charles Laurent Albert Kalonji Early history Migration & states Colonization Stanley (1867–1885) Congo Free State Leopold II (1885–1908) Belgian Congo... Orchestra Super Mazembe was a popular band based in Kenya playing Lingala (Soukous) music. ... Virgin Records was a British recording label founded by English entrepreneur Richard Branson, and Nik Powell in 1972. ... // Soukous is a musical genre that originated in the Congos during the 1930s and early 1940s, and which has gained popularity throughout Africa. ...


More recently, Nairobi has become the centre of the Kenyan hip hop scene. The genre has become very popular amongst the East African youth, and Nairobi acts have become some of the most popular in the region. Successful artists based in Nairobi include Nonini and Nameless, and record labels based in the city include Ogopa DJs. Genge music, a subgenre of hip hop, was born in Nairobi. Kenyan hip hop music has become very popular among local youth lately. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Nonini (1981-), whose real name is Hubert Nakitare, is a Kenyan hip hop artist originally signed to Calif Records, but later joined Homeboyz Productions after falling out with producer Clemo citing lack of attention to his work. ... David Mathenge (born August 1976), better known for his stage name Nameless, is a Kenyan hip hop artist signed to the Ogopa DJs label. ... Ogopa DJs are a Kenyan music production team and record label formed in the late-1990s which gained regional fame and popularity due to standards of their production work. ... Genge music is a genre of hip hop music that had its beginnings in Nairobi, Kenya. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ...


Hip-hop has become a major part of the youth's culture in Nairobi. While some rock and alternative music can be found, the most popular types among black Africans are hip-hop and raggamuffin. [35] Raggamuffin is a more Americanized version of Reggae music, openly acceptive of drugs. In fact, Bob Marley made marijuana standardly used among Raggamuffin fans. [36]


Many foreign musicians who tour Africa, perform and visit Nairobi. Bob Marley's first ever visit to Africa started in Nairobi. Acts that have performed in Nairobi recently include Shaggy, Sean Paul and Ja Rule. Nairobi has number of nightclubs in the CBD as well as suburbs. Some of them are open through the night, many customers are hesitant to leave before morning due to nightly insecurity. This article is about the reggae musician. ... Shaggy (born October 22, 1968, in Kingston, Jamaica as Orville Richard Burrell) is a Jamaican reggae deejay who takes his nickname from Scooby-Doos companion, a nickname given to him by his friends, during his teenage years in which his hair bore a similarity to the Scooby Doo character. ... This article is about the Jamaican reggae artist. ... Jeffrey Atkins (born February 29, 1976), better known by his stage name Ja Rule is an American rapper from Hollis, Queens, New York City, New York, United States. ...


Sport

Exterior of the 60,000 capacity Moi International Sports Centre.
Exterior of the 60,000 capacity Moi International Sports Centre.

Nairobi is East Africa's sporting centre. The premier sports facility in Nairobi is the Moi International Sports Centre in the suburb of Kasarani. The complex was completed in 1987, and was used to host the 1987 All Africa Games. The complex comprises a 60,000 seater stadium, the second largest in East Africa (after Tanzania's new national stadium), a 5,000 seater gymnasium, and a 2,000 seater aquatics centre.[37] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 681 pixel, file size: 513 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 681 pixel, file size: 513 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Moi International Sports Centre is a multi-use stadium in Kasarani, outskirts of Nairobi, Kenya. ... Moi International Sports Centre is a multi-use stadium in Kasarani, outskirts of Nairobi, Kenya. ... The All-Africa Games, sometimes called the African Games or Pan African Games, are a regional multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA). ... This article is about the building type. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops. ...


Nyayo National Stadium is Nairobi's second largest stadium. Completed in 1983, the stadium has a capacity of 30,000.[38] This stadium is primarily used for football. The facility is located close to the Central Business District, which makes it a convenient location for political gatherings. Nyayo National Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Nairobi, Kenya. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...


Nairobi City Stadium is the city's first stadium, and used for club football. Nairobi Gymkhana is the home of the Kenyan cricket team, and was a venue for the 2003 Cricket World Cup. Notable annual events staged in Nairobi include Safari Rally (although it lost its World Rally Championship status in 2003), Safari Sevens rugby union tournament, and Nairobi Marathon. Nairobi City Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Nairobi, Kenya. ... Nairobi Gymkhana Club is a multi-use stadium in Nairobi, Kenya. ... For more coverage of cricket, go to the Cricket portal. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD ST185 in the 1993 edition The Safari Rally is considered by many to be the worlds toughest rally. ... The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ... The 2006 Safari Sevens logo. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Nairobi Marathon is an annual Marathon held in Nairobi, Kenya. ...


Football is the most popular sport in the city by viewership and participation. This is highlighted by the number of football clubs in the city, including Mathare United, AFC Leopards, Gor Mahia and Tusker FC. “Soccer” redirects here. ... Mathare United is an Kenyan football club based in Mathare slums of Nairobi. ... AFC Leopards is a football club based in Nairobi, Kenya. ... Gor Mahia is a football club based in Nairobi, Kenya. ... Tusker FC is a football club based in Nairobi, Kenya. ...


There are six golf courses within a 20km radius of Nairobi.[39] The oldest 18-hole golf course in the city is the Royal Nairobi Golf Club, founded in 1906 by the British, just seven years after the city was founded. Other notable golf clubs include the Windsor Country Club, Karen Country Club and Muthaiga Country Club. The Kenya Open golf tournament, which is part of the Challenge Tour, takes place in Nairobi.[40] This article is about the sport of golf. ... KM, Km, or km may stand for: Khmer language (ISO 639 alpha-2, km) Kilometre Kinemantra Meditation Knowledge management KM programming language KM Culture, Korean Movie Maker. ... The Muthaiga Country Club is a club in Nairobi, Kenya. ... The Kenya Open is a golf tournament on the Challenge Tour. ... The Challenge Tour is the second tier mens professional golf tour in Europe. ...


Tourism

A giraffe at Nairobi National Park, with Nairobi's skyline in background.

Nairobi is not a prime tourist destination, but it does have several tourist attractions. The most famous is the Nairobi National Park. The national park is unique, in being the only game-reserve of this nature to border a capital city, or city of this size. The park contains many animals including lions and giraffes. The park is home to over 400 species of bird,[41] which is more than the entire British Isles.[42] Image File history File linksMetadata Giraffe_nairobi_natl_park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Giraffe_nairobi_natl_park. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... Nairobi National Park is 117 km² but is only a few km from the centre of Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya. ... Nairobi National Park is 117 km² but is only a few km from the centre of Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya. ... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... This article explains the archipelago in north-western Europe. ...


Nairobi is home to several museums. The National Museum of Kenya is the largest in the city. It houses a large collection of artefacts, including the full remains of a homo erectus boy. Other prominent museums include the Nairobi Railway Museum and the Karen Blixen Museum. The National Museums of Kenya (NMK) is a governmental body maintaining museums and monuments in Kenya. ... Binomial name (Dubois, 1892) Synonyms † Pithecanthropus erectus † Sinanthropus pekinensis † Javanthropus soloensis † Meganthropus paleojavanicus Homo erectus (Latin: upright man) is an extinct species of the genus Homo. ... The Karen Blixen Museum is the home of the author Karen Blixen (1885–1962), in Roskilde, Denmark. ...


Nairobi is nicknamed the Safari Capital of the World, and has many hotels to cater for safari-bound tourists. Five star hotels in Nairobi include the Nairobi Serena, Grand Regency, Windsor (Karen), Holiday Inn, East African Safari Club (Lilian Towers), The Stanley Hotel, Safari Park & Casino, InterContinental, Panari Hotel, Hilton, and the Norfolk Hotel, the oldest continuously operating hotel in the city. Panari Hotel is the newest five-star hotel in the city, and opened in 2006. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the hotel chain. ... InterContinental The Grand, New Delhi, 2006. ... Entrance of the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California Beverly Hilton Hotel viewed from Wilshire Boulvard Hilton is a brand of the Hilton Hotels Corporation, based in Beverly Hills, California. ...


Nairobi is also home to the largest ice rink in Africa: the Solar Ice Rink at the Panari Sky Centre. The rink, opened in 2005, covers 15,000 square feet and can accommodate 200 people.[43] Rockefeller Center ice rink Outdoor ice rink in Ottawa. ... The Solar Ice Rink is an ice rink located in Nairobi, Kenya. ...


Other attractions of note include Jomo Kenyatta's mausoleum, Kenya National Theatre and the Kenya National Archives. Art galleries in Nairobi include the Rahimtulla Museum of Modern Art (Ramoma) and the Mzizi Arts Centre. Jomo Kenyatta (October 20, 1889 – August 22, 1978) served as the first Prime Minister (1963–1964) and President (1964–1978) of Kenya. ... St. ... Kenya National Theatre is a national organisation bringing performing artists together. ...


Places of interest

Nairobi National Park is 117 km² but is only a few km from the centre of Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya. ... The Karen Blixen Museum is the home of the author Karen Blixen (1885–1962), in Roskilde, Denmark. ... Bomas of Kenya is located just outside of Nairobi. ... The Giraffe Centre is located just outside Nairobi, near Karen. ... A safari park is a zoo-like commercial tourist attraction where visitors can drive in their own vehicles and observe the wildlife, rather than viewing animals in cages or small enclosures. ... Carnivore is a famous [1] restaurant in Langata, Nairobi. ...

Transport

Airports

An aerial of the cargo terminal at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in East Africa.
An aerial of the cargo terminal at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in East Africa.

Nairobi is served primarily by Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. It is the largest airport in East and Central Africa.[44] and handled over 4.4 million passengers in 2006.[45] The airport is a major transit hub for passengers flying to East Africa's natural attractions, and other smaller cities in East and Central Africa. The airport is situated 20km from Nairobi's Central Business District, and is served by taxis, shuttle services and coaches. The airport directly serves intercontinental passengers from Europe and Asia. Image File history File linksMetadata Kenyatta_International_Airport_Aerial. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kenyatta_International_Airport_Aerial. ... Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, (IATA: NBO, ICAO: HKJK) formerly called Nairobi International Airport is one of Kenyas large aviation facilities and East Africas busiest airport. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, (IATA: NBO, ICAO: HKJK) formerly called Nairobi International Airport is one of Kenyas large aviation facilities and East Africas busiest airport. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...


Wilson Airport is a small, busy airport to the south of Nairobi. It handles small aircraft that generally operate within Kenya, although some offer services to other East African destinations. Wilson Airport (IATA: WIL, ICAO: HKNW) is located five kilometres south of Nairobi, Kenya, next to Langata, South c and Kibera. ...


Eastleigh Airport was the original landing strip in the pre-jet airline era. It was used in a landing point on the 1930s and 1940s British passenger and mail route from Southampton to Cape Town. This route was served by flying boats between Britain and Kisumu and then by land-based aircraft on the routes to the south. The airport is now a military base. Eastleigh Airport (ICAO airport code: HKRE} is a military airport located to the east of Nairobi, near Kenyatta International Airport. ... Jet aircraft are aircrafts with jet engines. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... For other uses, see Mail (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - Total 2,499 km² (964. ... Boeing 314 A flying boat is an aircraft that is designed to take off and land on water, in particular a type of seaplane which uses its fuselage as a floating hull (instead of pontoons mounted below the fuselage). ... Kisumu ( ) is a port city in western Kenya at 1131m, with a population of 322,024 (1999 census). ... Flying machine redirects here. ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ...


Buses

A Nairobi Matatu, after the regulation changes.
A Nairobi Matatu, after the regulation changes.

Buses are the most common form of public transport in Nairobi. Matatus, privately owned minibuses, are the most popular form of local transport,[46] and generally seat fourteen to twenty-four. Matatus operate within Nairobi and from Nairobi to other towns. The matatu's destination is imprinted on the side of the bus. Matatus plying specific routes have specific route numbers. Matatus were easily distinguishable by their extravagant paint schemes. Owners would paint their matatu with their favourite football team or hip hop artist. They were notorious for their poor safety records, which was a result of overcrowding and reckless driving. Matatu drivers were pressured to make as many round trips as possible to maximize profits for their operator. Image File history File links Nairobi_matatu. ... Image File history File links Nairobi_matatu. ... A fully-loaded matatu. ... A fully-loaded matatu. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ...


However, in 2004 a law was passed in which all matatus had to include seat-belts, speed governors, and all be painted in a uniform white with yellow band across it. At first, this caused a furore amongst matatu operators, but they were pressured by government and public to make the changes. Matatus are now limited to 80 km/h.[47] Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ...


Citi Hoppa is the newest bus fleet operating in Nairobi. Run privately, the Citi Hoppa offer relatively modern buses on many routes within the city. The Citi Hoppa buses are distinguishable by their green livery. It is now the leading bus operator in Nairobi, after Bustrack fell along with its mother company, Kenya Bus Services.


Railways

Nairobi was founded as a railway town, and the Kenya Railways (KR) main headquarters are still situated there, near the city centre. The line runs through Nairobi, from Mombasa to Kampala. Its main use is freight traffic, but regular nightly passenger trains connect Mombasa, Nairobi and Kisumu. A number of morning and evening commuter trains connect the centre with the suburbs, but the city has no proper light rail, tramway or subway lines. A JKI airport shuttle rail service is being contemplated. Kenya Railways Corporation (KRC), also Kenya Railways (KR) is the national railway of Kenya. ... Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ... Kampala is the capital city of Uganda. ...


Nairobi is also the junction for a branch railway to Nanyuki. Nanyuki is a market town in central Kenya, lying north west of Mount Kenya. ...


Media

Nairobi is home to most of Kenya's news and media organisations. The city is also home to East Africa's largest newspapers: the Daily Nation and the The Standard. These are circulated within Kenya and cover a range of domestic and regional issues. Both newspapers are published in English. The Daily Nation, an independent newspaper is the most influential newspaper in Kenya with a daily circulation of about 205,000 copies [1]. The total readership is likely to be higher as each copy is read by a large number of people. ... The Standard is a leading newspaper in Kenya, and Kenyas oldest newspaper. ...


Kenya Television Network is the largest television station based in Nairobi. It generally broadcasts business news for Kenya and the continent. Kenya Broadcasting Corporation, a state-run television and radio station, is also headquartered in the city. The Nation Newspaper also runs a TV Station that broadcasts from and is based in Nairobi. Kenya Television Network is a leading TV station in Kenya with its headquartes in I & M Towers in downtown Nairobi (Capital City of Kenya). ... Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC) is the state run media (Radio and Television) organization. ...


GTV launches expand to region- GTV a pan African pay Television has set up its African office in Kenya that will serve as the hub for the whole of the continent via satellite transmission to over 48 countries. GTV services across Africa will run through Gateway Broadcasting Services, a subsidiary of Gateway Communications that provides satellite infrastructure to most telecoms and corporations in Africa.


Several multinational media organizations have their regional headquarters in Nairobi. These include the BBC, CNN, Agence France-Presse, Reuters, and the Associated Press. The East African bureau of CNBC Africa is located in Nairobi. For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... AFP logo Paris headquarters of AFP Charles Havas Agence France-Presse (AFP) is the oldest news agency in the world, and one of the three largest with Associated Press and Reuters. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... CNBC Africa is a television service for Sub-Saharan Africa to be launched by CNBC and Africa Business News in May 2007. ...


Kiss 100FM is one of the most popular radio stations in Nairobi. Kiss 100 FM


Housing

Kibera - one of Africa`s largest slums.
Kibera - one of Africa`s largest slums.

There are wide variety of standards of living in Nairobi. Most wealthy Kenyans live in Nairobi but the majority of Nairobians are poor. Half of the population have been estimated to live in slums which cover just 5% of the city area. The growth of these slums is a result of urbanization, poor town planning and the unavailability of loans for low income earners. Image File history File links Kibera. ... Image File history File links Kibera. ... A slum is an overcrowded and squalid district of a city or town usually inhabited by the very poor. ...


Kibera is the one of the largest slums in Africa,[48] and is situated to the west of Nairobi. ("Kibera" is the Nubian word for "forest"). The slums cover two square kilometres[49] and is on government land. Kibera has been the setting for several films, the most recent being The Constant Gardener. View of Kibera Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya is the largest slum in Africa with a population of perhaps one million. ... The Constant Gardener is a 2005 Academy Award-winning film based on the John le Carré novel of the same name. ...


Other notable slums include Mathare and Korogocho. Altogether, 66 areas are counted as slums within Nairobi.[50] Mathare is a collection of slums in Nairobi, Kenya with a population of approximately 500,000 people; [1] the population of Mathare Valley alone, the oldest of the slums that make up Mathare, is 180,000 people. ...

A typical[citation needed] Nairobi residential suburb, with the Central Business District in the distance.
A typical[citation needed] Nairobi residential suburb, with the Central Business District in the distance.

Many Nairobi non slum-dwellers live in relatively good housing conditions. Large houses can be found in many neighbourhoods, especially to the west of Nairobi. Historically, British immigrants have settled in Langata and Karen. Other middle and high income estates include Parklands, Westlands, Hurlingham, Milimani and Nairobi Hill. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 625 KB) A typical Nairobi suburb. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 625 KB) A typical Nairobi suburb. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ... Langata is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre and south of Karen. ... Karen is a suburb of Nairobi in Kenya, lying south west of the city centre. ... Parklands, Nairobi is a suburb of Nairobi divided into numbered Avenues. ... Westlands is a suburb of Nairobi that was until the early 1980s composed of residential homes and a few shops which has now developed into a major commercial and economic area that rivals the Central Business District of Nairobi. ... Hurlingham is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. ...


To accommodate the growing middle class, many new apartments and housing developments are being built in and around the city. The most notable development is Greenpark, at Athi River town, 25 km from Nairobi's CBD. Over 5,000 houses, villas and apartments are being constructed at this development, including leisure, retail and commercial facilities.[51] The development is being marketed at families, as are most others within the city. this an article on Athi River town. ...


Population

Nairobi has experienced some of the highest growth rates of any city in Africa. Since its foundation in 1899, Nairobi has grown to become the largest city in East Africa, despite being the youngest large city in the region. The growth rate of Nairobi is currently 6.9%.[52] It is estimated that Nairobi's population will reach 5 million in 2015.[53]  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ...

Year Population
1906 11,500
1911 14,000
1921 24,300
1926 29,900
1929 32,900
1931 47,800
1939 61,300
1944 108,900
1948 119,000
1955 186,000
1957 221,700
1960 251,000
1962 266,800
1965 380,000
1969 509,300
1979 827,775
1989 1,324,570
1995 1,810,000
1999 2,143,254
2005 2,750,561

Crime

Throughout the 1990s, Nairobi had struggled with rising crime, earning a reputation for being a dangerous city and the nickname "Nairobbery". In 2001, the United Nations International Civil Service Commission rated Nairobi as among the most insecure cities in the world, classifying the city as "status C." The head of one development agency cited the "notoriously high levels of violent armed robberies, burglaries and carjackings.[54] Crime had risen in Nairobi as a result of urbanization. As a security precaution, most large houses have a watch guard, burglar grills, and dogs to patrol their grounds during the night. Tourists are advised to conceal valuables at night. UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


Crime has since decreased in the city[citation needed], due to increased security and an improved police presence. The government has taken measures to combat crime with heavy police presence in and around the city. The government further announced its intention to employ over 20,000 new police officers to boost its war on criminal and gang activities in the country.


Universities

The grounds of Kenyatta University
The grounds of Kenyatta University

Nairobi is home to several universities. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 600 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 600 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kenyatta University in Kenya is the second largest university in the country (after University of Nairobi. ...


The University of Nairobi is the oldest university in Kenya. It was established in 1956, as part of the University of East Africa, but became an independent university in 1970. The university has approximately 22,000 students.[55] This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: no content If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... Makerere University is Ugandas premier institution of higher learning. ...


Kenyatta University is situated 23km from the centre of Nairobi, on over 1,000 acres of land. The university was established in 1985 after a long struggle for the status, which started in 1963. Kenyatta University in Kenya is the second largest university in the country (after University of Nairobi. ...


Strathmore University started in 1961 as an Advanced Level (UK) Sixth Form College offering Science and Arts subjects. The college started to admit accountancy students in March 1966, and thus became a university. In January 1993 Strathmore College merged with Kianda College and moved to Ole Sangale Road, Madaraka Estate, Nairobi. Strathmore University is a non-state run University based in Nairobi, Kenya. ... The A-level, short for Advanced Level, is a General Certificate of Education qualification in England, Northern Ireland and Wales, usually taken by students during the optional final two years of secondary school (Years 12 & 13*, commonly called the Sixth Form except for Scotland), or at a separate sixth form... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ...


United States International University - Nairobi is a branch of the United States International University, which has campuses across the world. The Nairobi campus was established in 1969, with the first graduation taking place in 1979. The university has accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, in USA and the Government of Kenya. Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Daystar University is a Christian liberal arts university located in Athi River, south-east of Nairobi. Daystar is a Christian liberal arts university in Nairobi, Kenya. ... this an article on Athi River town. ...


In 2005, The Aga Khan Hospital, Nairobi was upgraded as the only teaching hospital in East Africa, providing post graduate education in medicine and surgery including nursing education.


The Catholic University of Eastern Africa - In 1989, the Institute obtained the "Letter of Interim Authority" as the first step towards its establishment as a private university. After three years of intensive negotiations between the Authority of the Graduate School of Theology (CHIEA) and the Commission for Higher Education, the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences was established. The climax of the negotiations was a granting of the Civil Charter to CHIEA on 3 November 1992. This marked the birth of the university as a private institution. is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


Africa Nazarene University- located in Ongata Rongai, it's just minutes from the Kenyan capital Nairobi. Africa Nazarene University is a private chartered Christian university sponsored by the Church of the Nazarene International and it is a member of the worldwide family of Nazarene institutions. The mission of Africa Nazarene University is to provide a holistic education that develops individuals academically, spiritually, culturally and physically to equip them with excellent skills, competencies and Christian values which will enable them to go into the world well prepared to meet the challenges of their time. Africa Nazarene University is a liberal arts university located in Ongata Rongai, Kenya. ...


References

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  25. ^ See: Nobel Peace Prize
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  28. ^ KenGen Heads Index of Africa's Top 40 Stocks. nationmedia.com. Retrieved on October 15, 2006.
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  30. ^ Kenya Broadcasting Corporation. Vice president Moody Awori urges investors to market the country (html). kbc.co.ke. Retrieved on 2007-06-28.
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  53. ^ Build cities to contain population explosion
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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Merriam-Webster, originally known as the G. & C. Merriam Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, is a United States company that publishes reference books, especially dictionaries that are descendants of Noah Websters An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nairobi Province is one of eight provinces in Kenya. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Geographic Society was founded in the USA on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

External links

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  • Nairobi is at coordinates 1°17′13″S 36°49′08″E / -1.287, 36.819 (Nairobi)Coordinates: 1°17′13″S 36°49′08″E / -1.287, 36.819 (Nairobi)
  • August 7th Memorial Park, a tribute to the victims and survivors of the 1998 bombings
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