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Encyclopedia > Nail gun
Nail gun in use.
Nail gun in use.

A nail gun, nailgun or nailer is a type of tool used to drive nails into wood or some other kind of material. It is usually driven by electromagnetism, compressed air (pneumatic), highly flammable gases such as butane or propane, or, for powder-actuated tools, a small explosive charge. Nail guns have in many ways replaced hammers as tools of choice amongst builders. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 259 KB) Nail gun in use File links The following pages link to this file: Nail gun ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 259 KB) Nail gun in use File links The following pages link to this file: Nail gun ... A modern hammer is directly descended from ancient hand tools A tool or device is a piece of equipment which typically provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturally available to the user of a tool. ... A pile of nails. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Electromagnetism is the physics of the electromagnetic field: a field which exerts a force on particles that possess the property of electric charge, and is in turn affected by the presence and motion of those particles. ... A gas compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume. ... Look up air in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Pneumatics, from the Greek πνευματικός (pneumatikos, coming from the wind) is the use of pressurized air in science and technology. ... Butane, also called n-butane, is the unbranched alkane with four carbon atoms, CH3CH2CH2CH3. ... Propane is a three-carbon alkane, normally a gas, but compressible to a liquid that is transportable. ... It has been suggested that Powder Actuated Tools be merged into this article or section. ... Pyrotechnics is a field of study often thought synonymous with the manufacture of fireworks, but more accurately it has a wider scope that includes items for military and industrial uses. ... A claw hammer For other uses, see Hammer (disambiguation). ...

Nail guns often do not use individual nails. Instead, the nails are mounted in long strips (similar to a stick of staples) or in a plastic carrier coil, depending on the design of the nailgun. Some strip nailers use a clipped head so the nails can be placed closer together, which necessitates less frequent reloading. Industrial nailers designed for use against steel or concrete may have a self-loading action for the explosive caps, but require nails to be loaded by hand. Nail guns vary in the length and gauge (thickness) of nails they can drive. Smaller nail guns are often called brad nailers, bradders, or pin nailers, and drive nails with no head. Finish nailers drive smaller gauge nails, over a wide range of lengths, with very small heads. Strap nailers drive 1.5" to 2.5" (38.1mm to 63.5mm) nails for metal connectors used to increase structural strength on wood framed buildings. Framing nailers typically drive 8d to 16d nails, and timber nailers drive spikes up to 6.25 inches long. Roofing nailers, almost always coil-loaded, drive large headed nails that decrease the risk of the nail tearing through the material being secured. Nail guns also have many advantages over hammers as they quickly and repeatedly drive the fastener and consistently set the nail head at, or below, the surface. A pile of nails. ...

A variation on the nail gun is the palm nailer which is a lightweight handheld pneumatic nailer that straps to the hand. It is convenient for working in tight spaces where a conventional nailer won't fit and is flexible enough to drive either short nails into metal straps or six inch nails into timber. To drive a nail you place the head in the magnetic nose, position the tip of the nail at the desired spot, and apply pressure from the palm in the direction of nail travel. The palm pressure triggers a repeated hammer action of around 40 hits per second. Once pressure is removed, or the nail reaches the maximum depth, the nailer shuts off. Pneumatics, from the Greek πνευματικός (pneumatikos, coming from the wind) is the use of pressurized air in science and technology. ...



In the U.S., about 37,000 people every year go to emergency rooms with injuries from nail guns, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Forty percent of those injuries occur to consumers. Nail gun injuries have tripled from 1991 to 2005. A recent survey shows that foot and hand injuries are among the most common. Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, is recognized as the leading United States agency for protecting the public health and safety of people. ...

All kinds of nail guns can be dangerous, so safety precautions similar to those for a firearm are usually recommended for their use. For safety, nail guns are designed to be used with the muzzle touching the target; they are short-range and inaccurate if a user tries to use one as a projectile weapon. Firearms redirects here. ... For other uses, see Safety (disambiguation). ... The muzzle of a firearm is the end of the barrel from which the projectile will exit. ...

The most common firing mechanism is the dual-action contact-trip trigger, which requires that the manual trigger and nose contact element both be depressed for a nail to be discharged. The sequential-trip trigger, which is safer, requires the nose contact to be depressed before the manual trigger, rather than simultaneously with the trigger. Approximately 65% to 69% of injuries from contact-trip tools likely could be prevented through use of a sequential-trip trigger instead, according to the CDC[1]. When using a nail gun it is important to note that the safety features above are there for a reason. Actions such as leaving the trigger depressed while just using the tip as the triggering device can lead to serious injury.

Explosive-powered ("powder actuated") nailguns fall into two broad categories:

  • Direct drive or high velocity devices. This uses gas pressure acting directly on the nail to drive it.
  • Indirect drive or low velocity devices. This uses gas pressure acting on a heavy piston which drives the nail. Indirect drive nailers are safer because they cannot launch a free-flying projectile even if tampered with or misused, and the lower velocity of the nails are less likely to cause explosive shattering of the work substrate.

Either type can, with the right cartridge loads, be very powerful indeed, driving a nail or other fastener into hard concrete, stone, or rolled steelwork with ease. Perhaps the most famous manufacturer of indirect-drive fastening tools is SPIT of FRANCE. Spit may refer to: Look up spit in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Some areas of the world may need registration, secure storage or other measures to regulate the possession and use of nailguns.

Other uses of term

Various fictional projectile weapons in stories and video games have been called "nail guns", most prominently in the Quake series [2]. When electromagnetically-powered, they sometimes merge into the categories of railguns and coilguns. FicTioNaL is a Gaming Legend. ... A projectile is any object sent through space by the application of a force. ... For other uses, see Weapon (disambiguation). ... “Computer and video games” redirects here. ... Zombies attacking the player at the starting of Episode 1, Mission 3: The Necropolis. ... Electromagnetism is the physics of the electromagnetic field: a field, encompassing all of space, composed of the electric field and the magnetic field. ... A railgun is a form of gun that converts electrical energy (rather than the more conventional chemical energy from an explosive propellant) into projectile kinetic energy. ... A coilgun (not to be confused with a railgun) is a type of cannon which uses one or more electromagnetic coils to accelerate a magnetic projectile to high velocity. ...

Nail guns in popular culture

Nail guns have been featured several movies (and games), some of which are listed below. They are rarely depicted as being used for building purposes. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

  • The nailgun is a hyped weapon in the Hitman game series. It could be activated by cheats, as a joke, in the first game, but is an actual weapon in the latest, Hitman: Blood Money.
  • Quake: Two of the weapons to feature in the computer game Quake are a nail gun and a rotary nail gun. It is likely the term is used here as a fictitious slang for flechettes in a dedicated futuristic military application, not as anything related to the contemporary construction tool described in this article.
  • Date Movie: A construction worker shoots and kills himself with a nail gun to avoid seeing an unattractive lady dance.
  • Final Destination 3: At a home improvement center, Erin, dies by falling on a nail gun and getting nails through her head.
  • Stay Alive: A girl unsuccessfully attempts to shoot the villain with a nail gun she has found.
  • Lethal Weapon: Mel Gibson chases down a contractor as he dodges nails being shot from the first cordless nail gun, the Paslode Impulse.
  • Casino Royale: During a fight in a collapsing construction site in Venice, James Bond dispatches an opponent by shooting him in the eye with a nailgun. Earlier the same opponent accidentally shot his guard with the same nailgun.
  • F.E.A.R.: A nail gun is available as a weapon in the computer game F.E.A.R. in both single-player and multi-player gameplay.
  • Nail guns also feature prominently in several episodes of CSI, CSI: Miami and CSI: NY, and also play a very important role in the violent computer game Manhunt.
  • Arachnophobia: The use of a nail gun appeared twice. Once to show the poor state of the cellar joists and once more significantly in the death of a large spider.
  • The Island: During a chase scene Scarlett Johansson's character uses a nail gun to shoot several nails into a man's hand, securing it to a wall.
  • American Psycho: The Nailgun is a favourite of the fictitious serial-killer Patrick Bateman. It is seen once in the film (about to be used in an aborted attack)- but was referenced more heavily in the novel where he uses one frequently 'in anger'. It is considered an iconic part of the character's arsenal; one is included as an accessory with the 7" action-figure.
  • The Wire: Snoop buys a fully-automatic .27-caliber powder-actuated nailgun from a hardware store. The gun costs $600, yet she pays the clerk $800 in cash and walks out of the store.
  • Color of Night: The villain uses a nail-gun to immobilize a police detective by nailing the detectives hand to a support beam.
  • Mark Brandon Read In his first book Chopper Read claims to have shot a man in the kneecap with a nailgun.
  • Poke646's protagonist, Damien Reeves is allowed to handle 2 types of nailguns: The brad nailer and fully-automatic nailgun, however, in the sequel, Poke646: Vendetta, theese nailgun-type weapons are replaced by the Par21 rifle.

For other uses, see Hitman (disambiguation). ... 47 disguised. ... Zombies attacking the player at the starting of Episode 1, Mission 3: The Necropolis. ... The word flechette is French and means dart (literally, little arrow). It is a projectile having the form of a small metal dart, usually steel, with a sharp-pointed tip and a tail with several vanes to stabilize it during flight. ... This article is about the spoof. ... Final Destination 3 is a 2006 horror film, and the third film in the Final Destination series. ... For other uses, see Stay Alive (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Casino Royale (2006) is the 21st film in the James Bond series and the first to star Daniel Craig as MI6 agent James Bond. ... Cranes are essential in large construction projects, such as this skyscraper In project architecture and civil engineering, construction is the building or assembly of any infrastructure. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... This article is about the computer game. ... CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ... CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ... CSI: NY (working title CSI: New York) is an American police procedural television series which premiered on September 22, 2004. ... Manhunter: New York and Manhunter 2: San Francisco Manhunt is a controversial video game released by Rockstar Games in November, 2003. ... Arachnophobia is a 1990 American horror and comedy film[1] directed by Frank Marshall and starring John Goodman and Jeff Daniels. ... The Island is a 2005 science fiction film directed by Michael Bay and starring Ewan McGregor and Scarlett Johansson. ... For other uses, see American Psycho (disambiguation). ... Christian Bale as Patrick Bateman Patrick Bateman is a fictional character, the protagonist and narrator of the novel American Psycho by Bret Easton Ellis and its film adaptation. ... The Wire is an American television drama set and produced in Baltimore, Maryland. ... On the fictional television drama The Wire, the Stanfield Organization is a criminal organization led by Marlo Stanfield. ... Color of Night is a 1994 erotic mystery thriller film starring Bruce Willis. ... Mark Brandon Read, also known as Chopper Read and Chopper, is an Australian criminal and published author. ... Poke646 is a single-player mod for the computer game Half-Life. ...


See also

Hand-operated staple gun with staples Accu staple gun A staple gun is a powerful hand-held machine used to drive heavy metal staples into wood or masonry. ...


  1. ^ [1]Nail-Gun Injuries Treated in Emergency Departments --- United States, 2001--2005, MMWR, April 13, 2007, 56:329-332.

External links

  • Original nail gun idea started in Winsted
  • "Nail Gun Injuries Treated in Emergency Departments, United States, 2001-2005"
  • Accidental self-inflicted nail gun injury to the heart

  Results from FactBites:
Nail Gun Lawsuits: Verdicts and Settlements (1658 words)
Plaintiffs sued the manufacturer and distributor of the nail gun and were awarded compensatory damages of $4,700,000.00 and punitive damages of $5,000,000.00.
Plaintiff was injured by a nail fired by a nail gun.
The nail penetrated the 2 x 4, struck a piece of aggregate in a concrete wall, fishhooked and exited through a 2 x 8, injuring the plaintiff in the neck.
Nail Gun Accident Lawsuits: Submit Your Inquiry (472 words)
Nails are preloaded into the nail gun.and are often joined by copper wires or adhesive.
When the nail gun is fired, parts of the copper wire ("barbs") may remain attached to the nail by the resin.
Mechanisms of nail gun injury include direct penetration- shrapnel wounds from exploding cartridges and high-pressure injection injuries from the compressed air used to activate the gun.
  More results at FactBites »



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