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Encyclopedia > Nahum Syrkin

Nahum Syrkin or Nahman Syrkin (1868-1924) was a political theorist and founder of Labour Zionism. Born in Russian Empire (now territory of Belarus), Syrkin was influenced by Zionism and socialism in his youth and dedicated himself to synthesising the two concepts (a task in which he was joined by Ber Borochov though unlike Borochov he was not a Marxist) . He was a leader of the socialist Zionist faction at the First Zionist Congress in 1897 and was an early proponent of the Jewish National Fund. He was also the first person to propose that emigrants to Palestine form collective settlements. Labor Zionism (or Labour Zionism) is the traditional left-wing of the Zionist ideology. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... For other meanings, please see Zionism (disambiguation) Zionism is a political movement among Jews, although supported by some non-Jews and not supported by some Jews, which maintains that the Jewish people constitute a nation and are entitled to a national homeland. ... For information on mainstream political parties using the term Socialist, see Social democracy and Democratic socialism,For the governments of the USSR, the PRC, and others, see: Communist state, Other variants of Socialism include Marxism, Communism, and Libertarian Socialism. ... Ber Borochov, c. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... The World Zionist Organization [WZO] was founded as the Zionist Organization [ZO] on September 3, 1897, at the First Zionist Congress held in Basel, Switzerland. ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Jewish National Fund is a private organisation, created in 1901 at the Fifth Zionist Congress in Basel with the aim of purchasing land in Palestine to serve as a Jewish homeland. ... Palestine (Latin: Syria Palæstina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina, ארץ־ישראל Eretz Yisrael; Arabic: فلسطين Filasṭīn) is the region between the Mediterranean Sea and the banks of the Jordan River, plus various adjoining lands to the east. ...

Syrkin worked to establish socialist Zionist groups throughout central Europe. After studying and working in Germany and France, Syrkin returned to Russia after the 1905 Revolution. He subsequently moved to the United States where he became the leader of the Poale Zion party in America. (Redirected from 1905 Revolution) The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a country-wide spasm of anti-government and undirected violence. ...

In 1919, Syrkin was a member of the American Jewish delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference. He was also a leading figure in the World Poale Zion conference that year and was given the task of visiting Palestine to develop a plan for kibbutz settlement. He intended to return to Palestine but died of a heart attack in 1924 in the US. The Paris Peace Conference was an international conference, organized by the victors of the World War I for negotiating the peace treaties between the Allied and Associated Powers and their former enemies. ... Kibbutz Dan, near Qiryat Shemona, in the Upper Galilee, 1990s A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ; plural: kibbutzim: קיבוצים, gathering or together) is an Israeli collective community. ...

External Links

  • The Jewish Problem and the Socialist Jewish State, Nachman Syrkin 1898
  • Biography of Nachman Syrkin at Zionism and Israel Information Center Biography Section
  • Labor and Socialist Zionism at MidEastWeb for Coexistence

  Results from FactBites:
Nahman Syrkin (653 words)
Syrkin tried supporting himself and his family by writing, but eventually gave up and returned to philosophy, publishing his doctoral thesis in Bern in 1903.
A leader of the Socialist Zionists at the First Zionist Congress, Syrkin was also an early sponsor of the concept of the Jewish National Fund, and submitted a resolution to this effect at the Second Zionist Congress (1898).
Syrkin was banished from Germany in 1904, spent some time in Paris and, after the 1905 revolution, went to Russia where he continued to work with Zionist-Socialists, as they called themselves.
  More results at FactBites »



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