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Encyclopedia > Nahua
Nahua
Total population Mexico:+1,500,000
U.S.: Unknown
Regions with significant populations Mexico: Oaxaca, Morelos, Puebla, Hidalgo, Michoacán, Veracruz, Estado de México, Distrito Federal, Tlaxcala, Durango, Guerrero; United States
Language Nahuatl, Spanish,
Religion Predominantly Roman Catholic

The Nahua are a group of indigenous peoples of Mexico. Their language of Uto-Aztecan affiliation is called Nahuatl and consists of many more dialects, some not mutually intelligible at all. The Mexican state of Oaxaca (pronounced in English) is in the southern part of Mexico, west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. ... Morelos is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2000 the state had a population of some 2,231,000 people. ... Michoacán de Ocampo (From michoaque, Nahuatl for those who have fish) is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... The state of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that compose Mexico (does not include the Mexican Federal District). ... The United Mexican States, or Mexico, is a federal republic, comprising 31 states. ... Federal Districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... Tlaxcala is the name of both a state of Mexico and of that states capital city. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Guerrero is a state in the United Mexican States. ... Nahuatl (pronounced in two syllables, NA-watl ) is a term applied to some members of the Aztecan or Nahuan sub-branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, indigenous to central Mexico. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Mayas at San Juan Chamula, Chiapas Mexico has defined itself, in the second article of its constitution, as a pluricultural nation, in recognition of the diverse ethnic groups that constitute it. ... The Uto-Aztecan languages are a Native American language family. ... Nahuatl ( [1] is a term applied to a group of related languages and dialects of the Aztecan [2] branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, indigenous to central Mexico. ... Nahuatl dialects and and dialect groupings The Uto Aztecan Nahuatl language can be grouped into two rough dialect continua, labelled the central and the peripheral dialects. ...


The Nahua peoples are supposed to have originated in southwestern United States split of from the other Uto-Aztecan peoples and migrated into central Mexico at some point around 2000 BC. They settled in and around the Basin of Mexico and spread to become the dominant people in central Mexico. Some important Mesoamerican civilizations were of Nahua ethnicity, for example the Aztec culture as well as the Tepaneca, Acolhua, Tlaxcalteca, and Xochimilca, and many more. Some speculate a presence of Nahuan cultural groups in the ancient citystate of Teotihuacan. The cultural areas of Mesoamerica The term Mesoamérica is used to refer to a geographical region that extends roughly from the Tropic of Cancer in central Mexico down through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua to northwestern Costa Rica, and which is characterized by the particular cultural homogeneity... The Aztecs were a Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican people of central Mexico in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. ... The Tepanec are a Mesoamerican people who arrived in the Valley of Mexico in the late 12th or early 13th centuries. ... The Acolhua are a Mesoamerican people who arrived in the Valley of Mexico in or around the year 1200 CE.[1] The Acolhua were a sister culture of the Aztecs (or Mexica) as well as the Tepanec, Chalca, Xochimilca and others. ... Tlaxcala is the name of both a state of Mexico and of that states capital city. ... Teotihuacan was the largest Pre-Columbian known city in the Americas, and the name Teotihuacan is used to refer to the civilization this city dominated, which at its greatest extent included most of Mesoamerica. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Aztec Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] (9627 words)
Nahua culture flourished in the fifteenth- and sixteenth- centuries prior to 1521 (CE), the fall of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, and official date of the Conquest.
Nahuas philosophers also conceived teotl pantheistically: (a) everything that exists constitutes an all-inclusive and interrelated unity; (b) this unity is sacred; (c) everything that exists is substantively identical and hence one with the sacred; (d) the sacred is teotl.
Nahua morality is rooted in the claim that balance-and-purity constitute the ideal condition as well as what is intrinsically valuable for humans, and derives two fundamental moral precepts from this claim: humans should promote balance-and-purity and avert imbalance-and-impurity.
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