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Encyclopedia > Nahal
Nahal Brigade

Active: 1982
Country: Israel
Branch: Army
Type: Infantry
Role: Combat service for distinct population (Haredi Jews, Moshavniks, New Immigrants etc)
Command structure: Israel Centeral Command
Current commander: Brigadier General Roni Numa
Ceremonial chief:
Colonel of the Regiment: {{{colonel_of_the_regiment}}}
Patron: {{{patron}}}
Motto: "The Human Advantage"
Colors: Light Green berets
March: "Ha-Nachal Kan" ("The Nachal is here")
Notable battles or wars: Operation Peace for Galilee
Notable commanders:

Nahal, a Hebrew acronym for Noar Halutzi Lohem (lit. Fighting Pioneer Youth), refers historically to a program for Israeli youth that allows them to combine their compulsory three-year military service with volunteer-type 'civilian' service - organizing social welfare projects in neighborhoods and towns suffering from socioeconomic difficulties, acting as counselors for youth organizations, or founding and developing new agricultural settlements. Army (from French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme, First World War. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... The 1982 Invasion of Lebanon, dubbed Operation Peace for Galilee, began June 6, 1982, when the Israel Defence Force invaded southern Lebanon in response to the Abu Nidal organizations assassination attempt against Israels ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel, the West Bank, the United States, and by Jewish communities around the world. ...

There is a general Nahal command which organizes and coordinates these projects, and also other educational endeavours such as Gadna, a week-long 'introduction' to the military for high-schoolers in which they become acquainted with the history, traditions, and routines of the military that they are about to join.

Nahal is also the name of one of the Israel Defence Forces infantry regiments, along with Golani, Givati, Tzanhanim (Paratroopers), and others. In addition there is an infantry unit formerly associated with the Nahal command called Karakal (קרקל) that allows women to serve as combat soldiers alongside men (the first IDF infantry unit to do so). Lastly, there is another infantry unit formerly associated with the Nahal command called Nahal Haredi, an attempt by the IDF to reach out to the ultra-religious community and persuade them to serve in the military (most ultra-orthodox Israelis are exempt from military service). Nahal Haredi, which has recently changed its name to Netzah Yehuda, combines regular infantry service with religious elements and allows orthodox Israeli youth to complete their service in an ideal religious environment (special kosher food, religious instruction, etc.). The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces (army, air force and navy). ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ...

The history of the Nahal reaches all the way back to the early days of the Jewish state. In 1948, in a famous letter, a gar'in (seed) committee sent a letter to Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion requesting that he allow all gar'in members to enlist into military service as a group, instead of being split up at random into different units according to the military's needs. A gar'in is essentially a 'cell' of a larger youth movement, such as the Israeli Scouts, usually formed by youths of high school age in order to take part in various public welfare activities. In the years before and slightly after the creation of Israel, gar'inim were mainly involved in settlement, but have expanded their activities to all manner of charitable volunteerism. Gar'inim are usually tightly knight groups, identified often with communist and/or democratic socialist philosophies, and continue living together on communes for many years, sometimes decades, after their military service, though this has become less common. In response to the letter, Ben-Gurion created the Nahal program, which allowed the gar'inim to combine their military service with volunteerism. Gar'inei Nahal served together in various army units, most famously in the Nahal Mutznach battalion (Airborne Nahal) of the Paratroopers Regiment, the reserve battalion of which was instrumental in the Israeli victory in the Battle of Jerusalem during the Six Day War (1967). Nahal settlements can be found in the Galilee, the Negev, and the West Bank (as well as formerly in the Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip). Jerusalem (31°46′N 35°14′E; Hebrew: (help· info) Yerushalayim; Arabic: (help· info) al-Quds), Greek Ιεροσόλυμα, is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ... The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ... Galilee (Arabic al-jaleel الجليل, Hebrew hagalil הגליל), meaning circuit, is a large area overlapping with much of the North District of Israel. ... Ruins in the Negev desert This article is about the region of Israel, for the light machine gun see IMI Negev. ... Sinai Peninsula, Gulf of Suez (west), Gulf of Aqaba (east) from Space Shuttle STS-40 For other uses of the word Sinai, please see: Sinai. ...

As of 2006, Nahal may refer to one or more of the following service programs:

  • The Nahal Regular Infantry Regiment: The Nahal Regiment was created in 1984 as a result of an increased need for infantry manpower in the IDF- a direct consequence of the conflict in southern Lebanon. The name Nahal was given to the regiment because the first battalion attached to it, the 50th, was the Airborne Nahal battalion, transferred over from the Paratroopers regiment (which was compensated with the raising of a new battalion). Two former patrol units, the 931st and the 932nd were also converted into infantry battalions and attached to the new regiment. Today, the 931st and 932nd are both high-quality, regular infantry battalions whose soldiers are drafted from the general population and serve a full three-year combat service. The 50th battalion, on the other hand, currently has a unique makeup. Half of the battalion's companies are made up of gar'inim, who serve two years military service and then one year civilian volunteer service, and the other half, including the battalion's veteran combat companies, are made of Bnei Mashakim LePikud, nick named Mishkonim. The Mishkonim are youths from kibbutzes and moshavs, who, prior to their military service were invited to and completed/passed a three-day gibush (selection phase involving various physical, mental, and sociometric challenges), and after their initial training are sent, most often within the first year, to Command Sergeants School. They also, as a continuation of 50th Battalion tradition, complete a paratrooper course after their advanced infantry training. The 50th is considered to be the IDF regular infantry battalion with the highest quality manpower, even more than the Paratroopers Regiment, as a result of the selection phase that the soldiers must pass prior to admittance and the fact that nearly 70% of its soldiers are qualified command sergeants, though only a few are picked to actually serve in this regard. The Mishkonim all serve a full three-year service and many continue on to Officer Candidates School. A fourth Nahal battalion was created in the early 1990s to serve as a special forces detachment for the regiment. Soldiers wishing to serve in this elite battalion must pass a three-day gibush, after which they are dispersed into specialized training programs for each of the three companies that make up the battalion: the Palsar (Plugat Siur, Reconnaissance Company), which is generally considered to be the most elite company (enjoying the highest budget, longest training cycle, and receiving first pick of the soldiers from the gibush- though, in truth, the difference in quality between it's soldiers and those of the other two companies is negligible), the Palnat (Pluga Neged Tankim, Anti-Tank Company), and the Palhan (Plugat Handasa VeHabala, Engineering and Explosives Company). The task of the battalion is to serve as a pathfinder force for the regiment, and to conduct special operations in accordance with each company's unique abilities. In the current low intensity conflict, the companies usually act as counter-terrorist forces, raiding terrorist homes and hideouts. Nahal regiment soldiers are distinguished by their light green ("sticklight") berets.
  • Karakal: A light infantry battalion in which male and female soldiers serve together. Currently assigned to security missions on the borders with Egypt and Jordan.
  • Nahal Haredi: Netzah Yehuda Battalion - the unit for Haredi Jews.
  • The Nahal Band: A famous military band known for its canonical Eretz Israel songs which have become classics. The band gave birth to many Israeli entertainment talents such as Tuvya Tzafir, Neomy Polani, Gidi Gov and more.

A kibbutz קיבוץ (Hebrew, pl. ... Moshav (מושב Hebrew, plural: moshavim, meaning settlement or village) is a type of collective agricultural community of individual farms pioneered by the Labour Zionists during the second aliyah (wave of Jewish immigration during the 19th Century) The moshavim are similar to kibbutzim with an emphasis on community labour and were designed... Haredi Judaism, also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Judaism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

See also

Israel Defense Forces
Corps, Commands, Directorates & Branches
Branches: Navy | Air Force | GOC Army Headquarters
Commands: Northern Command | Central Command | Southern Command | Home Front Command
Directorates: General Staff | Military Intelligence | Manpower Directorate | Signal Directorate |
echnological and Logistics | Operations Directorate | Plans and Policy Directorate
Consultant & Attachment to General Staff: Financial Advisor to the Chief of Staff | Womens' Affairs advisor | Military Rabbinate | Military Advocate General | Military Court of Appeals | Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories
IDF corps
Ground forces Armor Corps | Artillery Corps | Engineering Corps | Field Intelligence Corps
Infantry corps: Infantry Corps | 900 Brigade | Paratroopers Brigade | Golani Brigade | Nahal Brigade | Givati Brigade | Bislmach Brigade
Combat support corps: Ordnance Corps | Medical Corps | Intelligence Corps | C4I Corps
Rear-line corps: Education and Youth Corps | Adjutant Corps | Logistics Corps | Military Police | General Corps
See Also
History of the Israel Defense Forces | Military equipment of Israel | Israel Defense Forces ranks | Israeli Military decorations
Mossad | Shabak | Police | Border Police | Israel

Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל (help· info), [Army] Force for the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces, comprising the Israeli army, Israeli air force and Israeli navy. ... Depiction of actual IDF military badge File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Main operational areas of the Israeli Sea Corps as seen from Space Shuttle STS-40: Mediterranean Sea (north), Gulf of Aqaba (east), Red Sea (south), and Gulf of Suez (west). ... The Israeli Air Force (IAF) (Hebrew: חיל האוויר Heyl haAvir) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ... The Northern Command of the Israel Defense Forces has as its mission the maintenance of peace in the north of Israel and the Galil (Galilee) region. ... Aman badge Aman (אמן) is the Hebrew abbreviation for the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) Directorate of Military Intelligence (אגף מודיעין), Israels central, overarching military inteligence. ... The Israeli Engineering Corps are the combat engineering forces of צהל - the Israeli Defence Forces. ... The Paratroopers Brigade (חטיבת הצנחנים) is a unit of paratroopers within the Israel Defence Forces (IDF). ... The Golani Brigade חטיבת גולני (aka. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Aman badge Aman (אמן) is the Hebrew abbreviation for the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) Directorate of Military Intelligence (אגף מודיעין), Israels central, overarching military inteligence. ... The military police of the Israel Defense Forces (Hebrew: חיל המשטרה הצבאית, Heyl HaMishtara HaTzvait) is the Israeli military police. ... The history of the Israel Defense Forces is intertwined with history of the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. ... Notes If the ranks of the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) are to be translated one-to-one to Western ranks then a Rav Aluf is equivalent to Lieutenant General (since Major General is Aluf). But since Rav Aluf in Israel is the high commander of the army (including air force... Official seal of the Mossad (help· info) (Hebrew: המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים, The Institute for Intelligence and Special Tasks) is an Israeli intelligence agency, commonly referred to as Mossad. ... Shabak emblem Defender who shall not be seen The Shabak (in Hebrew, שבכ (help· info)) an acronym of Shérūt ha-Bītāhōn ha-Klālī שירות ביטחון כללי) known in English as the Shin Bet (which was how the Shabak was known in Israel in its early days) or the... The Israel Border Police (Hebrew: משמר הגבול, mishmar hagvul) is the combat branch of the Israeli Police. ...

External links

  • IDF Official Website
  • Sayeret NAHAL at isayeret.com - The Israeli Special Forces Database
  • Nahal Haredi Official Website



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