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Encyclopedia > Nagasaki
Nagasaki
長崎市
Location of Nagasaki
Nagasaki's location in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.
Location
Country Japan
Region Kyūshū
Prefecture Nagasaki Prefecture
District N/A
Physical characteristics
Area 406.35 km² (156.9 sq mi)
Population (as of 2007)
     Total 459,198
     Density 1,120.1/km² (2,901/sq mi)
Location 32°47′N, 129°52′E
Symbols
Tree Chinese tallow tree
Flower Hydrangea

Symbol of Nagasaki
Nagasaki Hall
Address 〒850-8685
2-22 Sakura-machi, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki-ken
Phone number 095-825-5151
Official website: Nagasaki City

Nagasaki (長崎市 Nagasaki-shi?) ( listen ) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. It was formerly part of Nishisonogi District. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1181x701, 37 KB) Map of Nagasaki Prefecture highlighting Nagasaki city. ... Oranda-zaka (Dutch Slope) in Nagasaki Castle in Shimabara The island of Hirado boasts a fine castle Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県; Nagasaki-ken) is located on Kyushu island, Japan. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Map of the regions of Japan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Oranda-zaka (Dutch Slope) in Nagasaki Castle in Shimabara The island of Hirado boasts a fine castle Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県; Nagasaki-ken) is located on Kyushu island, Japan. ... The district (郡; gun) was most recently used as an administrative unit in Japan between 1878 and 1921 and is roughly equivalent to the county of the United States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Binomial name Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb. ... Look up flower in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Species See text Hydrangea (common names also Hydrangea, in English pronounced IPA , and Hortensia) is a genus of about 70-75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (from Japan to China, the Himalaya and Indonesia) and North and South America. ... Nagasaki City symbol. ... An address is a code and abstract concept expressing the fixed location of a home, business or other building on the earths surface. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits that uniquely indicates the network termination point. ... Image File history File links Ja-Nagasaki. ... Image File history File links Ja-Nagasaki. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Japan has three levels of government: national, prefectural, and municipal. ... Oranda-zaka (Dutch Slope) in Nagasaki Castle in Shimabara The island of Hirado boasts a fine castle Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県; Nagasaki-ken) is located on Kyushu island, Japan. ... Nishisonogi (西彼杵郡; -gun) is a district located in Nagasaki, Japan. ...

Contents

Description

Nagasaki was the second city in the world to be bombed by a nuclear weapon (plutonium bomb), following Hiroshima. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ...


It was variously used as a centre of European influence from the 16th century until the Meiji Restoration of the late 1800s. Nagasaki became a major Imperial Japanese Navy base during the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War. The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japans political and social structure. ... For Combined Fleet, please see that article. ... Combatants Qing Empire (China) Empire of Japan Commanders Li Hongzhang Yamagata Aritomo Strength 630,000 men Beiyang Army Beiyang Fleet 240,000 men Imperial Japanese Army Imperial Japanese Navy Casualties 35,000 dead or wounded 13,823 dead, 3,973 wounded The First Sino-Japanese War (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese... Combatants Russian Empire Montenegro[1] Empire of Japan Commanders Emperor Nicholas II Aleksey Kuropatkin Stepan Makarov â€  Emperor Meiji Oyama Iwao Heihachiro Togo The Russo–Japanese War (Japanese: Nichi-Ro Sensō, Russian: , Chinese: , February 10, 1904 – September 5, 1905) was a conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of...


Geography

Nagasaki and Nishisonogi Peninsulas are located within the city limits. The city is surrounded by the cities of Isahaya and Saikai, and the towns of Togitsu and Nagayo in Nishisonogi District. Isahaya (諫早市; -shi) is a city located in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Saikai (西海町; -chou) is a town located in Nishisonogi District, Nagasaki, Japan. ... Togitsu (時津町; -chou) is a town located in Nishisonogi District, Nagasaki, Japan. ... Nagayo (長与町; -chou) is a town located in Nishisonogi District, Nagasaki, Japan. ... Nishisonogi (西彼杵郡; -gun) is a district located in Nagasaki, Japan. ...


Nagasaki lies at the head of a long bay which forms the best natural harbor on the island of Kyūshū. The main commercial and residential area of the city lies on a small plain near the end of the bay. Two rivers divided by a mountain spur form the two main valleys in which the city lies. The heavily built-up area of the city is confined by the terrain to less than 4 square miles.


History

Medieval era

Founded before 1500, Nagasaki was originally secluded by harbors. It enjoyed little historical significance until contact with European explorers in 1542, when a Portuguese ship accidentally landed nearby, somewhere in Kagoshima prefecture. The Portuguese Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier arrived in another part of the territory in 1549, but left for China in 1551 and died soon afterwards. His followers who remained behind converted a number of daimyo (feudal lords). The most notable among them was Omura Sumitada, who derived great profit from his conversion through an accompanying deal to receive a portion of the trade from Portuguese ships at a port they established in Nagasaki in 1571 with his assistance. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/png) A map showing the position of Macau in global trade routes, 1580-1640. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/png) A map showing the position of Macau in global trade routes, 1580-1640. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... Kagoshima Prefecture ) is located on Kyūshū island, Japan. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... Two Mormon missionaries A missionary is traditionally defined as a propagator of religion who works to convert those outside that community; someone who proselytizes. ... Saint Francis Xavier (Basque: San Frantzisko Xabierkoa; Spanish: San Francisco Javier; Portuguese: São Francisco Xavier; Chinese: 聖方濟各沙勿略) (7 April 1506 - 2 December 1552) was a Spanish pioneering Roman Catholic Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order). ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ... Year 1551 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... Omura Sumitada (大村純忠, 1533-June 23, 1587) Japanese daimyo lord of the Sengoku period. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ...

Kameyama Ware Jar With Nagasaki Dutch Trading Ship, 19th Century
Kameyama Ware Jar With Nagasaki Dutch Trading Ship, 19th Century

The little harbor village quickly grew into a diverse port city, and Portuguese products imported through Nagasaki (such as tobacco, bread, textiles and a Portuguese sponge-cake called castellas) were assimilated into popular Japanese culture. Tempura, while not Portuguese in origin, takes its name from the Portuguese word, 'Tempero,' another example of the enduring effects of this cultural exchange. The Portuguese also brought with them many goods from China. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 3456 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 3456 pixel, file size: 2. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in genus Nicotiana. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Vendor sells kasutera at a festival in Hakone Kasutera (カステラ) is a sponge cake made of sugar, flour, eggs, and starch syrup. ... Tempura Tempura Ice Cream Tempura (Japanese: てんぷら or 天麩羅, tenpura) refers to classic Japanese deep fried batter-dipped seafood and vegetables. ...


Due to the instability during the Warring States period, Sumitada and Jesuit leader Alexandro Valignano conceived a plan to pass administrative control over to the Society of Jesus rather than see the Catholic city taken over by a non-Catholic daimyo who was not quickly ascending to in Kyūshū. Thus, for a brief period after 1580, the city of Nagasaki was a Jesuit colony, under their administrative and military control. It became a refuge for Christians escaping maltreatment in other regions of Japan.[1]. In 1587, however, Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaign to unify the country arrived in Kyūshū. Concerned with the large Christian influence in southern Japan, as well as the active and somewhat arrogant role the Jesuits were playing in the Japanese political arena, Hideyoshi ordered the expulsion of all missionaries, and placed the city under his direct control. However, the expulsion order went largely unenforced, and the fact remained that most of Nagasaki's population remained openly practicing Catholics. Alessandro Valignano, circa 1600. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... This is a Japanese name; the family name is Toyotomi Toyotomi Hideyoshi ) February 2, 1536 or March 26, 1537 – September 18, 1598) was a sengoku daimyo who unified Japan. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ...


In 1596, the Spanish ship San Felipe was wrecked off the coast of Shikoku, and Hideyoshi learned from its pilot (so says the Jesuit account) that the Spanish Franciscans were the vanguard of an Iberian invasion of Japan. In response, Hideyoshi ordered the crucifixions of twenty-six Catholics in Nagasaki on Feb. 5 of that year. Portuguese traders were not ostracized, however, and so the city continued to thrive. Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... This article is about the island. ... Franciscans is the common name used to designate a variety of mendicant religious orders of men or women tracing their origin to Francis of Assisi and following the Rule of St. ...

Meganebashi (Spectacles Bridge)
Meganebashi (Spectacles Bridge)

In 1602, Augustinian missionaries also arrived in Japan, and when Tokugawa Ieyasu took power in 1603, Catholicism was still grudgingly tolerated. Many Catholic daimyo had been critical allies at the Battle of Sekigahara, and the Tokugawa position was not strong enough to move against them. Once Osaka Castle had been taken and Toyotomi Hideyoshi's offspring killed, though, the Tokugawa dominance was assured. In addition, the Dutch and English presence allowed trade without religious strings attached. Thus, the hammer fell in 1614, with Catholicism officially banned and all missionaries ordered to leave. Most Catholic daimyo apostatized, and forced their subjects to do so, although a few would not renounce the religion and left the country as well. A brutal campaign of persecution followed, with thousands across Kyūshū and other parts of Japan killed, tortured, or forced to renounce their religion. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 785 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1146 pixel, file size: 697 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 785 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1146 pixel, file size: 697 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This page is about the year. ... The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu The Tokugawa clan crest This is a Japanese name; the family name is Tokugawa Tokugawa Ieyasu (previously spelled Iyeyasu) January 31, 1543 – June 1, 1616) was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until... Year 1603 (MDCIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Forces loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, many clans from Western Japan Forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu, Clans of Eastern Japan Commanders Ishida Mitsunari, Mōri Terumoto, others Tokugawa Ieyasu, others Strength 81,890 88,888 Casualties At least 40,000 dead Otani Yoshitsugu Shimazu Toyohisa Unknown; but not excessive The Battle... Osaka Castle Osaka Castle (大坂城・大阪城; ÅŒsaka-jō) is a castle in Chuo-ku, Osaka, Japan. ... This is a Japanese name; the family name is Toyotomi Toyotomi Hideyoshi ) February 2, 1536 or March 26, 1537 – September 18, 1598) was a sengoku daimyo who unified Japan. ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Catholicism's last gasp as an open religion, and the last major military action in Japan until the Meiji Restoration, was the Shimabara rebellion of 1637. While there is no evidence that Europeans directly incited the rebellion, Shimabara had been a Christian han for several decades, and the rebels adopted many Portuguese motifs and Christian icons. Consequently, in Tokugawa society the word "Shimabara" solidified the connection between Christianity and disloyalty, constantly used again and again in Tokugawa propaganda. The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japans political and social structure. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ...


The Shimabara rebellion also convinced many policy-makers that foreign influences were more trouble than they were worth. The Portuguese, who had been previously living on a specially-constructed island-prison in Nagasaki harbor called Deshima, were expelled from the archipelago altogether, and the Dutch were moved from their base at Hirado into the trading island. In 1720 the ban on Dutch books was lifted, causing hundreds of scholars to flood into Nagasaki to study European science and art. Consequently, Nagasaki became a major center of rangaku, or "Dutch Learning". During the Edo period, the Tokugawa shogunate governed the city, appointing a hatamoto, the Nagasaki bugyō, as its chief administrator. View of Dejima in Nagasaki Bay Scale model of Dutch trading post on display in Dejima (2003) Edo-era boundaries of Dejima island (outlined in red) within the modern city of Nagasaki. ... Categories: Cities in Nagasaki Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Rangaku (蘭学) or Dutch Learning was the method by which Japan kept abreast of Western technology and medicine in the period when the country was closed to foreigners, 1641-1853, because of the Tokugawa shogunates policy of national isolation (sakoku). ... The Edo period ), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868. ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... A hatamoto (旗本: Lit. ...


Consensus among historians was once that Nagasaki was Japan's only window on the world during its time as a closed country in the Tokugawa era. However, nowadays it is generally accepted that this was not the case, since Japan interacted and traded with the Ryukyus, Korea and Russia through Satsuma, Tsushima and the north of Honshū respectively. Nevertheless, Nagasaki was depicted in contemporary art and literature as a cosmopolitan port brimming with exotic curiosities from the Western World..[2] The Ryukyu Islands (琉球列島 Ryūkyū-rettō) are an island group, the southern portion belonging to Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and the northern part belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. ... This article is about the Korean peninsula and civilization. ... Satsuma is the name of a town in Japan, Satsuma, Kagoshima, the surrounding district, Satsuma District, Kagoshima, the former province, Satsuma Province, which is now the western half of Kagoshima Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, a revolt, the Satsuma Rebellion. ... Tsushima is a name related to Japan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1808, the Royal Navy frigate HMS Phaeton entered Nagasaki harbour in search of Dutch trading ships. The local magistrate was unable to resist the British demand for food, fuel, and water, later committing seppuku as a result. Laws were passed in the wake of this incident strengthening coastal defenses, threatening death to intruding foreigners, and prompting the training of English and Russian translators. This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... HMS Phaeton was a frigate of the Royal Navy which was active in the Pacific during the Napoleonic Wars. ... Seppuku (Japanese: 切腹, belly-cutting) is a form of Japanese ritual suicide by disembowelment. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The Tōjinyashiki or Chinese Factory in Nagasaki was also an important conduit for Chinese goods and information for the Japanese market. Various colorful Chinese merchants and artists sailed between the Chinese mainland and Nagasaki. Some actually combined the roles of merchant and artist such as 18th century Yi Hai. Nantoyōsō Collection, Japan Yi Hai (Chinese: , or I FukyÅ« in Japanese) was a Chinese painter and merchant who at least frequented the Japanese trading port of Nagasaki. ...


Modern era

Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 60,000 feet into the air on the morning of August 9, 1945
Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 60,000 feet into the air on the morning of August 9, 1945

U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry landed in 1853. The Shogunate crumbled shortly afterward, and Japan opened its doors once again to foreign trade and diplomatic relations. Nagasaki became a free port in 1859 and modernization began in earnest in 1868. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1246x1468, 760 KB) if you look closely, you can see a japanese person in the bottom right corner TITLE: Mushroom cloud CALL NUMBER: POS 6 - U.S., no. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1246x1468, 760 KB) if you look closely, you can see a japanese person in the bottom right corner TITLE: Mushroom cloud CALL NUMBER: POS 6 - U.S., no. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Commodore is a rank of the United States Navy with a somewhat complicated history. ... Matthew Calbraith Perry (1794-1858). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... A free port (porto franco) or free zone (US: Foreign-Trade Zone) is a port or area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


With the Meiji Restoration, Nagasaki quickly began to assume some economic dominance. Its main industry was ship-building. This very industry would eventually make it a target in World War II, since many warships used by the Japanese Navy during the war were built in its factories and docks. The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japans political and social structure. ... Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For Combined Fleet, please see that article. ...

On 9 August 1945, Nagasaki was the target of the world's second atomic bomb attack at 11:02 a.m., when the north of the city was destroyed and an estimated 40,000 people were killed. According to statistics given at the Nagasaki Peace Park, the dead totaled 73,884, injured 74,909 and diseased several hundred. [3] The mushroom cloud over Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The mushroom cloud over Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy. ... A picture of the Nagasaki Peace Park showing the famous Peace Statue. ...

Catholic Church in Nagasaki
Catholic Church in Nagasaki

The city was rebuilt after the war, albeit dramatically changed. New temples were built, as well as new churches due to an increase in the presence of Christianity. Nagasaki is the seat of a Catholic archdiocese led by Archbishop Joseph Mitsuaki Tagami. Some of the rubble was left as a memorial, such as a one-legged torii gate and an arch near ground zero. New structures were also raised as memorials, such as the Atomic Bomb Museum. Nagasaki remains first and foremost a port city, supporting a rich shipping industry and setting a strong example of perseverance and peace. Image File history File links Catholic church in Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Catholic church in Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. ... A famous floating torii at Itsukushima Shrine Multiple torii at Fushimi Inari-taisha, Kyoto Torii are widespread in Japan, to the extent that modern architecture sometimes emulates their form, such as at Kanazawa Station. ... Ground zero is the exact location on the ground where any explosion occurs. ... The Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum is in the city of Nagasaki, Japan. ...


Nagasaki in Western music and song

Nagasaki is the title and subject of a 1928 song with music by Harry Warren and lyrics by Mort Dixon. A popular success in its day, the music remains a popular base for jazz improvisations. The lyrics today are enjoyed for their ludicrous incongruity and their lack of political correctness. The song asserts: "Hot ginger and dynamite/There's nothing but that at night/Back in Nagasaki/Where the fellers chew tobaccy/And the women wicky wacky woo." The song is featured prominently in Bob Clampett's 1943 Warner Brothers cartoon, Tin Pan Alley Cats. Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nagasaki is a jazz song from 1928 by Harry Warren and Mort Dixon that became a popular Tin Pan Alley hit. ... Harry Warren (December 24, 1893 - September 22, 1981) was a music composer of many different styles. ... Mort Dixon (b. ...


Nagasaki is also the setting for Puccini's opera Madama Butterfly. Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... Madama Butterfly (Madame Butterfly) is an opera in three acts (originally two acts) by Giacomo Puccini, with an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. ...


Schools

Universities

  • Kwassui Women's College (活水女子大学)
  • Nagasaki Junshin University (長崎純心大学)
  • Siebold University of Nagasaki

Nagasaki University ) is a national university of Japan located in the city of Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. ... Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science ) is a Japanese university of Japan located in the city of Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. ... Nagasaki University of Foreign Studies is located in Togitsu outside of Nagasaki, Japan. ... Kwassui Womens College was founded in 1879 in Nagasaki, Japan by Elizabeth Russell. ...

Junior Colleges

  • Nagasaki Junshin Women's Junior College (純心女子短期大学)
  • Tamaki Women's Junior College (玉木女子短期大学)
  • Nagasaki Women's Junior College (長崎女子短期大学)
  • Nagasaki College of Foreign Languages (長崎外国語短期大学)

Transportation

The nearest airport is Nagasaki Airport in the neighboring city of Ōmura. The Kyushu Railway Company provides rail transportation on the Nagasaki Main Line, whose terminal is at Nagasaki Station. In addition, the Nagasaki Electric Tramway operates five routes in the city. The Nagasaki Expressway serves vehicular traffic with interchanges at Nagasaki and Susukizuka. In addition, six national highways crisscross the city: Routes 34, 202, 251, 324, and 499. Nagasaki Airport ) is an international airport located on an island, part of the city of Omura, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. ... JR Kyushu Midori Express Train on Sasebo Line The Kyushu Railway Company (九州旅客鉄道,Kyushu Ryokaku Tetsudo) is one of the constituent companies of Japan Railway. ... The Nagasaki Main Line runs from Tosu Station in Saga prefecture to Nagasaki Station in Nagasaki prefecture. ... Nagasaki Station may refer to either of the following railway stations in Japan: Nagasaki Station (Nagasaki) Nagasaki Station (Kōchi) Category: ... Type 3000 tramcar. ... National Route 2 connects Osaka and Fukuoka. ... National Route 34 ) is a highway in Japan on the island of KyÅ«shÅ« which runs from Saga City in Saga Prefecture to Nagasaki in Nagasaki Prefecture. ...


Tourism

Sights

Monument at the atomic bomb hypocenter in Nagasaki
Monument at the atomic bomb hypocenter in Nagasaki
Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims
Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims
Nagasaki's vibrant waterfront features events like visits from sailing ships
Nagasaki's vibrant waterfront features events like visits from sailing ships
  • Former site of Latin Seminario (旧羅典神学校)
  • Former site of the British Consulate in Nagasaki (旧長崎英国領事館)
  • Former site of Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Nagasaki Branch (旧香港上海銀行長崎支店)
  • Kōfuku-ji (興福寺)
  • Confucius Shrine (孔子廟)
  • Nagasaki Shinchi Chinatown [3] (長崎新地中華街)
  • Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture [4] (長崎歴史文化博物館)
  • Nagasaki Penguin Aquarium [5] (長崎ペンギン水族館)
  • Nagasaki Science Museum [6] (長崎市科学館)
  • Gunkanjima (軍艦島)
  • Siebold Memorial Museum
  • Suwa Shrine
  • Tateyama Park (立山公園)

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 908 KB)The monument marking the atomic bomb hypocenter in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 908 KB)The monument marking the atomic bomb hypocenter in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1125 pixel, file size: 530 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1125 pixel, file size: 530 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ōura Church Ōura Church ) is a Catholic church in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Sōfuku-ji Sanmon, a gate Sōfuku-ji ) is an Ōbaku Zen temple that was built by the Chinese monk Chaonian in 1629 as the family temple of the Chinese from Fujian Province who settled in Nagasaki. ... Hill to the West of Nagasaki. ... Meganebashi Meganebashi ) or Spectacles Bridge, was built in Nagasaki in 1634 by the Chinese monk Mozi of Kofukuji Temple. ... A picture of the Nagasaki Peace Park showing the famous Peace Statue. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... The Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum is in the city of Nagasaki, Japan. ... Nyoko-dō hermitage ) is the former residence of Dr Takashi Nagai, the famous radiologist from Nagasaki. ... The Urakami Cathedral, one of Nagasakis prominent landmarks, stands on a hill amid the rubble of a residential district east of ground zero. ... The Martyrs of Japan refers to a group of Christians who were executed by crucifixion in 1597 at Nagasaki. ... Sanno Shinto Shrine, located about 900 metres south-east of the atomic bomb hypocentre in Nagasaki, is noted for its one-legged stone torii arch. ... uyhv08yv8vy-8yv-8yv-8yvb-8yvb-8yv-8yv-8yv08yv08yv0-8yv-8yiv-8yvb-08vyb-8y9ibv-p9un ... Tōmeizan Kōfuku-ji ) is an Ōbaku Zen temple in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Confucius Shrine in Nagasaki Confucius Shrine (孔子廟 Kōshi-byō) in Nagasaki, Japan is said to be the worlds only Confucian shrine built outside China by Chinese hands. ... The Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture is one of the few museums in Japan devoted to the theme of overseas exchange. The museum holds 48,000 items in its collection, including historical documents and arts and crafts, that tell the story of Nagasaki as the sole window opened to... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Battleship Island. ... Siebold Memorial Museum was opened in Nagasaki city in 1989 in honour of Philipp Franz von Siebolds great contributions to the development of modern science in Japan. ... Suwa Shrine (諏訪神社 suwa jinja) is the major Shinto shrine of Nagasaki, Japan, and home to the Kunchi festival. ...

Events

The Prince Takamatsu Cup Nishinippon Round-Kyūshū Ekiden, the world's longest relay race, begins in Nagasaki each November. The Prince Takamatsu Cup Nishinippon Round-Kyushu Ekiden (九州一周駅伝 KyÅ«shÅ« isshÅ« ekiden) has been an annual race in Japan since 1951. ... During a relay race, members of a team take turns swimming or running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. ...


Kunchi, the most famous festival in Nagasaki, is held from 7-9 October. Kunchi, also Nagasaki Kunchi or Nagasaki Okunchi, is the most famous festival in Nagasaki, Japan. ...


The Nagasaki Lantern Festival [7], celebrating the Chinese New Year, is celebrated from 2/18 to 3/4 in 2007.


Foods and souvenirs

  • Chinese Confections
  • Urakami Soboro
  • Shippoku Cuisine
  • Toruko rice (Turkish rice)
  • Karasumi
  • Nagasaki Kakuni Manju

Champon (ちゃんぽん) is a type of noodle dish originating from Nagasaki. ... Sara udon with thin noodles served in Kyoto, Japan Served with thick noodles in Nagasaki Sara udon ), literally plate noodles is a dish native to Nagasaki prefecture, Japan. ... Vendor sells kasutera at a festival in Hakone Kasutera (カステラ) is a sponge cake made of sugar, flour, eggs, and starch syrup. ... Karasumi (カラスミ) is a specialty of Nagasaki and along with salt-pickled sea urchin roe and Konowata one of the so-called three chinmi of Japan . ...

Shopping

  • You-me Plaza
  • Hamanomachi Shopping Arcade
  • AMYU Plaza

Sister cities

This sculpture at Peace Park commemorates Nagasaki's sister-city relationship with Saint Paul.
This sculpture at Peace Park commemorates Nagasaki's sister-city relationship with Saint Paul.

The city of Nagasaki maintains sister-city or friendship relations with other cities worldwide.[8] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (938 × 1250 pixel, file size: 619 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (938 × 1250 pixel, file size: 619 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Within Japan

  • Hiroshima

For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ...

Outside Japan

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For an overview of the Twin Cities metropolitan area, see Minneapolis-Saint Paul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Motto: Patriam Charitatem et Libertatem Docui (Latin: To the homeland I taught charity and liberty) Location in the state of São Paulo and Brazil Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region Southeast State São Paulo Settled 1546 Incorporated 1839 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Tavares Papa (PMDB) Area  - City 280. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Grande Porto  - District or A.R. Porto Mayor Rui Rio  - Party PSD Area 41. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 53. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chou; BUC: Hók-ciÅ­; EFEO: Fou-Tcheou; also seen as Foochow or Fuchow) is the capital and the largest prefecture-level city of Fujian (福建) province, Peoples Republic of China. ...

See also

The mushroom cloud over Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy. ... Ground zero is the exact location on the ground where any explosion occurs. ... Foreigners cemetery in Hakodate The foreign cemeteries (gaijin bochi) in Japan are chiefly located in Tokyo and at the former treaty ports of Nagasaki, Kobe, Yokohama, and Hakodate. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Battleship Island. ... For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ... Hiroshima is a 1995 Japanese / Canadian film by Koreyoshi Kurahara and Roger Spottiswoode about the decision making process behind the dropping of the first nuclear bombs by the US on the towns of Hiroshima and Nagasaki towards the end of WWII. It is a combination of a dramatisation, historical footage... Kokura (小倉) is an ancient castle town and the center of Kitakyūshū, Japan, guarding, via its suburb Moji, the Straits of Shimonoseki between Honshū and Kyūshū. Kokura is also the name of the penultimate station on the southbound Sanyo Shinkansen line, which is owned by JR Kyūshū and... Kitakyushu , literally North Kyūshū) is a city located in Fukuoka prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. ...

External links

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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ Diego Paccheco, Monumenta Nipponica, 1970.
  2. ^ Cambridge Encyclopedia of Japan, Richard Bowring and Haruko Laurie
  3. ^ Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR VII) report to the Natianal Academies of Science, 2007
Shadow picture of Nagasaki Prefecture Nagasaki Prefecture
Cities
Gotō | Hirado | Iki | Isahaya | Matsuura | Minamishimabara | Nagasaki (capital) | Ōmura | Saikai | Sasebo | Shimabara | Tsushima | Unzen
Districts
Higashisonogi | Kitamatsuura | Minamimatsura | Nishisonogi
Subprefecture
Tsushima
  See also: Towns and villages by district edit

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nagasaki Prefecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (799 words)
Nagasaki Prefecture, an unification of former provinces of Hizen, Tsushima, and Iki, has had close ties with foreign civilization for centuries.
Nagasaki borders Saga Prefecture on the east, and is otherwise surrounded by water, including Ariake Bay, the Tsushima Straits, and the East China Sea.
As of 2002, there are 68,617 Catholics in Nagasaki Prefecture, accounting for 4.52 percent of the total population of the prefecture.
Nagasaki - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1552 words)
Nagasaki became a free port in 1859 and modernization began in earnest in 1868.
On 9 August 1945, Nagasaki was the target of the world's second atomic bomb attack at 11:02 a.m., when the north of the city was destroyed and an estimated 39,000 people were killed outright with another 75,000 believed to have died of bomb-related causes in the decades that followed.
Nagasaki is the title and subject of a 1928 song with music by Harry Warren and lyrics by Mort Dixon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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