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Encyclopedia > Naan
A bakery near Kabul, Afghanistan
A bakery near Kabul, Afghanistan

Naan (Hindi: नान, Urdu/Persian: نان, IPA [nɑn]) is a round flatbread made of white flour. Naan is a staple accompaniment to hot meals in Central and South Asia, including Afghanistan, Iran, India, Pakistan,Bangladesh, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and the surrounding region. In Turkic languages (such as Uzbek and Uyghur) the bread is known as nan. In Burmese, naan is known as nan bya. It bears a resemblance to pita, but is softer in texture. The first recorded history of Naan can be found in the notes of Amir Khusrau (1300 AD) as naan-e-tunuk (Persian: نان تنک) (light bread) and naan-e-tanuri (Persian: نان تنوری) (cooked in a tandoor oven) at the imperial court in Delhi. Naan was in Mughal times a popular breakfast food, accompanied by qeema or kabab, of the royals. Image File history File links Photo:IOM-ATI Staff, via USAID. Original description: This bakery in a west Kabul neighborhood is back in business, providing women with a reliable income. ... Image File history File links Photo:IOM-ATI Staff, via USAID. Original description: This bakery in a west Kabul neighborhood is back in business, providing women with a reliable income. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Crisp bread Making Tortillas A flatbread is a simple bread made from flattened dough. ... This article is about the color. ... For other uses, see Flour (disambiguation). ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China. ... For other uses, see Bread (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pita (disambiguation). ... Abul Hasan Yaminuddin Khusrau (1253-1325 AD), better known as Amir Khusro Dehlavi, is one of Indias greatest poets. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Farsi redirects here. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ...


Description

Naan from India
Naan from India
A Uyghur naan baker, Kashgar.
A Uyghur naan baker, Kashgar.

Naan resembles pita bread and, like pita bread, is usually leavened with yeast; unleavened dough (similar to that used for roti) is also used. Naan cooks in a tandoor, or clay oven, from which tandoori cooking takes its name. This distinguishes it from roti which is usually cooked on a flat or slightly concave iron griddle called a tava. Modern recipes sometimes substitute baking powder for the yeast. Milk or yogurt may also be used to give greater volume and thickness to the naan. Typically, the naan will be served hot and brushed with ghee or butter. It can be used to scoop other foods, or served stuffed with a filling: for example, keema naan is stuffed with a minced meat mixture (usually lamb or mutton); peshwari naan and Kashmiri naan are filled with a mixture of nuts and raisins; aloo naan is stuffed with potatoes. Possible seasonings in the dough include cumin and nigella. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x683, 360 KB) Summary naan http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x683, 360 KB) Summary naan http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 726 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1391 × 1149 pixel, file size: 339 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 726 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1391 × 1149 pixel, file size: 339 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For the language spoken by this ethnic group, see Uyghur language. ... Location of Kashgar Kashgars Sunday market Kashgar (also spelled Cascar[1]) (Uyghur: /; Chinese: ; pinyin: , ), is an oasis city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... One might be looking for peta. ... Typical divisions Ascomycota (sac fungi) Saccharomycotina (true yeasts) Taphrinomycotina Schizosaccharomycetes (fission yeasts) Basidiomycota (club fungi) Urediniomycetes Sporidiales Yeasts are a growth form of eukaryotic microorganisms classified in the kingdom Fungi, with approximately 1,500 species described. ... It has been suggested that Chapati be merged into this article or section. ... An Indian chef places bread into a modern tandoor A tandoor is a cylindrical clay oven used in Punjab region, northern India and Pakistan in which food is cooked over a hot charcoal fire. ... It has been suggested that Chapati be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tawa. ... [[Image:PIPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPbe caused by ingredients like buttermilk, lemon, yoghurt, citrus, or honey. ... A glass of cows milk. ... Yoghurt Yoghurt or yogurt, less commonly yoghourt or yogourt, is a dairy product produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. ... Ghee in a jar Ghee (Hindi घी, Urdu گھی, Punjabi ਘੋ, Kashmiri ग्याव/گیاو - from Sanskrit घृत sprinkled; also known in Arabic as سمن, samn, meaning ghee or fat) is a class of clarified butter that originates in the Indian subcontinent, and continues to be important in Indian cuisine as well as Egyptian cuisine. ... For other uses, see Butter (disambiguation). ... Keema (Punjabi: , ), is a traditional home cooked dish in northern India and Pakistan. ... It has been suggested that Lambing be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the domestic species. ... Raisins Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Geerah redirects here. ... Species About 14, including: Nigella arvensis Nigella ciliaris Nigella damascena Nigella hispanica Nigella integrifolia Nigella nigellastrum Nigella orientalis Nigella sativa Nigella is a genus of about 14 species of annual plants in the family Ranunculaceae, native to southern Europe, north Africa and southwest Asia. ...


A typical naan recipe involves mixing white [flour] with salt, a yeast culture, and enough yogurt to make a smooth, elastic dough. The dough is kneaded for a few minutes, then set aside to rise for a few hours. Once risen, the dough is divided into balls (about 100 grams or 3½ oz each), which are flattened and cooked. In Indian cuisine, naans are typically graced with fragrant essences, such as rose, khus (vetiver), and kevra (a pine essence native to Southern India), with butter or ghee melted on them. The ounce (abbreviation: oz) is the name of a unit of mass in a number of different systems, including various systems of mass that form part of English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...

Nan bya with mutton soup - a popular breakfast choice in Myanmar (Burma)
Nan bya with mutton soup - a popular breakfast choice in Myanmar (Burma)

Starting in the 1970s, the popularity of Indian cuisine increased rapidly in Western culture, starting in Britain with the emergence of curry restaurants. Many of the earliest such restaurants based their food on the cuisines of north and west India and Pakistan, such as the spicy and filling Punjabi and the sweet and colourful Gujarati cuisines. These restaurants have typically provided a basket of bread at the table in the same manner that European restaurants set out a basket of rolls. Thus breads like the naan soon became familiar outside their areas of origin.... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 883 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Nan bya (naan bread) with mutton soup - one of many breakfast options in Myanmar I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 883 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Nan bya (naan bread) with mutton soup - one of many breakfast options in Myanmar I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The multiple families of Indian cuisine are characterized by their sophisticated and subtle use of many spices and herbs. ... For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture. ... This article is about the dish. ... Tandoori chicken is a popular dish in Punjabi cuisine. ... Gujarati cuisine refers to the cuisine of the people from the state of Gujarat in the West region of India. ... Look up roll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Raisins and spices can be added to the bread to alter the flavor. Naan can also be covered with various toppings of meat, vegetables, and/or cheese. This version is sometimes prepared as fast food. It can also be dipped into such "soups" as dal and goes well with sabzis (also known as Shaakh). Nan bya in Myanmar is a popular breakfast choice served usually with tea or coffee. It is round, soft, and blistered, often buttered, or with pè byouk (boiled peas) on top, or dipped in hseiksoup (mutton soup). This article is about the food. ... For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... Masoor dal Masoor dal prepared using traditional yellow dal recipe Dal (also spelled dhal, dahl, or daal, daar) is a preparation of pulses which have been stripped of their outer hulls and split, as well as a thick, spicy stew prepared therefrom, a mainstay of Indian and Pakistani cuisine. ... Breakfast is the last meal of the week, typically eaten in the afternoon. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Naan (218 words)
Naans are a staple accompaniment to hot savoury meals in Central and South Asia, including the Punjab and Rajasthan in north-west India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbekistan and the surrounding region.
Unlike roti naans are made using yeast, and milk or yogurt may also be used to give greater volume and make them thicker.
Traditionally the naan is cooked in a tandoor, the type of clay oven after which tandoori food is named.
Naan Glossary Term (269 words)
There are a variety of different flavors produced, such as naan with sesame seeds, whole-wheat naam, herbal flavored naan, and other flavors continuing to be made in the traditional tandoori baking method.
For serving, naan can be filled with various ingredients such as onion, garlic, salsa, meats, cheese, and then folded over or rolled to create a sandwich.
Naan has a dense chewy texture, similar to focaccia bread, and is best eaten when it is still fresh and hot.
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