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Encyclopedia > NYK Line

The Japan-based Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha, Nippon Yusen Kaisha (日本郵船), or NYK Line, is one of the largest shipping companies in the world. It is one of the Mitsubishi core companies. Shipping is the transport of cargo between seaports by ships, typically large steel vessels powered by diesel engines or steam turbine plants. ... The Mitsubishi companies, or the Mitsubishi Group of Companies or the Mitsubishi Group is a large group (keiretsu) of independently operated Japanese companies which share the Mitsubishi brand name. ...

Contents


History

NYK has long history with a rich tradition.


1870 -to- 1900

The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as Mitsubishi Shokai, it inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama to Shanghai. The company merged with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) in 1885, and adopted its present name. Tosa is the name of several places in Japan: In Kochi Prefecture Tosa City. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A passenger ship is a ship whose primary function is to carry passengers. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: ; Shanghainese IPA: ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta, is Chinas largest city. ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other ports of the East and then worldwide, with liner service to London inaugurated in 1899. Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... St. ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


1900 -to- 1937

NYK became a state monopoly. The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed with it, before and during the Pacific war. Regular services linked Kobe and Yokohama with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent cruises to San Francisco and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. In economics, government monopoly is a form of coercive monopoly, in which a government agency is the sole provider of a particular good or service and competition is prohibited by law. ... The Pacific War, which is known in Japan as the Greater East Asia War and in China as the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (kang-Ri zhanzheng, literally Resist Japan War), occurred in the Pacific Ocean, its islands, and in Asia. ... Port Tower at night Kōbe (Japanese: 神戸市; -shi) is a city in Japan, located on the island of Honshu. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Map of Indonesia showing Jakarta Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta, formerly known as Batavia) is the capital and the largest city of Indonesia, located on the northwest coast of the island of Java, at 6°11′ S 106°50′ E. It has an area of 650 km² and a... Melbourne is the capital and largest city of the state of Victoria, and the second largest city in Australia, with a population of 3,600,650 in the Melbourne metropolitan area (June 2004) and 61,670 in the City of Melbourne (which covers only the central city area). ... The central area of Cape Town as seen from Table Mountain. ... This article is about the city in California. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Cabotage is the regulation of transport services between two points in the same country, restrictng it to carriers from that country. ... Length 6,380 km Elevation of the source  ? m Average discharge 31,900 m³/s Area watershed 1,800,000 km² Origin Qinghai Province and Tibet Mouth East China Sea Basin countries China The Yangtze River (Chinese: 扬子江; pinyin: ) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in...


Ocean routes went east from Japan to Vancouver (Canada) or Seattle(USA). Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia and New Zealand. The fastest sevices took ten days from Yokohama to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Members of Parliament Libby Davies, Ujjal Dosanjh, David Emerson, Hedy Fry, Stephen Owen Members of the Legislative Assembly Gordon Campbell, David Chudnovsky, Adrian Dix, Colin Hansen, Jenny Kwan, Lorne Mayencourt, Wally Oppal, Gregor Robertson, Shane Simpson, Carole Taylor Mayor Larry Campbell Governing Body Vancouver City Council Latitude: Longitude: 49°16... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... This article is about the city in California. ... Panama Canal The Panama Canal is a large canal, 82 kilometres (51 miles) long, that cuts through the isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... The East China Sea, showing surrounding countries. ... Map of Indonesia showing Jakarta Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta, formerly known as Batavia) is the capital and the largest city of Indonesia, located on the northwest coast of the island of Java, at 6°11′ S 106°50′ E. It has an area of 650 km² and a... The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands Indië) was the name of the colonies set up by the Dutch East India Company, which came under administration of the Netherlands during the 19th century (see Indonesia). ...


Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean products from Dairen and Ryojun arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. Mojiko station Moji ward in Kitakyushu is the former city of Moji which was one of five cities merged to create Kitakyushu city in 1963. ... Karafuto (樺太, literal meaning: Fat Birch, Ainu: Karaputo or Kraftu),(in German:Sachalin or Karafuto)(in French:Karafouto or Sakhaline),(in Spanish:Karafuto or Sakhalin)(in english:Karafuto or Sakhalin)(in Russian:Sakhalin or Saghalien),(in Manchu:Saghalien),(in Korean:Fu-Sang(?)),(in Chinese:Ku-Ye-Dao), formerly known as... Binomial name Glycine max Soybeans (US) or soya beans (UK) (Glycine max) are a high-protein legume (Family Fabaceae) grown as food for both humans and livestock. ... Dalian (Simplified Chinese: 大连; Traditional Chinese: 大連; pinyin: Dàlián; Wade-Giles: Ta-lien), formerly Lüda or Luta, is an ice-free seaport and a sub-provincial city in eastern Liaoning Province of the Northeastern Peoples Republic of China (Manchuria). ... Lüshunkou (旅顺口), or Lüshun Port, is a southernmost district of Dalian City of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... This article needs to be Cleaned Up. ... Formosa is a placename which comes from the Portuguese word meaning beautiful. ...


The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. During the war the NYK Line operated a military transport service for Japanese Army and Navy troops. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Its surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities, as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states, during 1945-46. Joseon (Cháoxiǎn (朝鲜) in Chinese; Chosen (朝鮮) in Japanese) is a name for Korea, as used in the following cases: As part of the name of several ancient kingdoms (including Gojoseon, Gija Joseon, and Wiman Joseon); During most of the Joseon Dynasty, when the countrys full official name was... Karafuto (樺太, literal meaning: Fat Birch, Ainu: Karaputo or Kraftu),(in German:Sachalin or Karafuto)(in French:Karafouto or Sakhaline),(in Spanish:Karafuto or Sakhalin)(in english:Karafuto or Sakhalin)(in Russian:Sakhalin or Saghalien),(in Manchu:Saghalien),(in Korean:Fu-Sang(?)),(in Chinese:Ku-Ye-Dao), formerly known as... Kwantung (Simplified Chinese: 关东; Traditional Chinese: 關東; pinyin: Guāndōng; Wade-Giles: Kuan-tung) is a coastal area of northeastern China which is remembered most for its connection to Japans Kwantung Army. ... Formosa is a placename which comes from the Portuguese word meaning beautiful. ... This article is in need of attention. ... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... Reparations refers to two distinct ideas: Reparations for slavery of groups or individuals War reparations: Payments from one country to another as compensation for starting a war under a peace treaty, such as those made by Germany to France under the Treaty of Versailles. ...


1945 -to- present

World War II resulted in the destruction of much of the fleet, but by the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air, August 9, 1945 after the Allied atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. ... Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the...


As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... Container ship Rita being loaded at Copenhagen; note crew standing on deck, and stacks of containers on shore. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Nippon Cargo Airlines Boeing 747 at Schiphol Airport (Amsterdam, the Netherlands) in December 2003 Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA, 日本貨物航空 Nippon Kamotsu Kôkû) is a cargo subsidiary of All Nippon Airways. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark SP) was an American railroad. ...


NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly-formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. It is the tenth largest container transportation and shipping company in the world. 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MV Pride of Aloha docked in Port of Nāwiliwili, Kaua‘i in the Hawaiian Islands A cruise ship, or less commonly cruise liner or luxury liner, is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the amenities of the ship are considered an essential part... Crystal Cruise Lines, most commonly seen as Crystal Cruises, is a cruise ship line founded in 1989 and notable for its three medium-sized high-end ships. ... Thousands of shipping containers at the terminal at Port Elizabeth, New Jersey A container ship being loaded by a portainer crane in Copenhagen Harbour A container freight train in England Part of an American doublestack container train Containerization is a system of intermodal cargo transport using standard ISO containers that...


The today funnel-colors of NYK Line are introduced in 1929.


External link

  • NYK Line homepage

  Results from FactBites:
 
NYK Line - definition of NYK Line in Encyclopedia (245 words)
As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship on a route to California in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports.
NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific.
NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly-formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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