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NTL Incorporated
Type Public: (NASDAQ: NTLI)
Founded 1992
Headquarters Flag of United States Corporate: New York, NY, USA
Flag of United Kingdom Operational: Hook, Hampshire, UK
Key people James Mooney, Chairman
Stephen Burch, Chief Executive
Jacques Kerrest Chief Financial Officer
Industry Cable Communications
Products Cable television
Broadband
Telephone
Mobile phone
Revenue $6.10 billion (2005)
Employees 22,500 (2005)
Slogan Cable, if you can you should
Website www.ntl.com

NTL Incorporated, a U.S.-listed British company, has become the first "quadruple-play" media-company in the UK, bringing together television, Internet, mobile phone and fixed-line telephone services. While NTL has its headquarters in New York City, the company's activities focus heavily on the United Kingdom, with operational headquarters in Hook, Hampshire. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Telewest (formerly Telewest Broadband and Telewest Communications) is a trading name of NTL Incorporated, the dominant cable operator in the United Kingdom with more than 90% of the market. ... Virgin. ... The initialism NTL may stand for: Arqiva, formerly the broadcast division of NTL. NTL Incorporated, a corporation providing communication services; also marketed as ntl and originally standing for National Transcommunications Limited. ... NTL logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... A public company is a company owned by the public rather than by relatively few individuals. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses of chair, see chair (disambiguation). ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... The Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of a company is the corporate officer primarily responsible for managing the financial risks of a business. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Broadband in telecommunications is a term which refers to a signaling method which includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... The telephone or phone is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. ... Revenue is a U.S. business term for the amount of money that a company earns from its activities in a given period, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Look up Slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... In telecommunications, a quadruple play service is a marketing term combining the triple play service of high-speed Internet, television and telephone with wireless (mobile) service provisions. ... The telephone or phone is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Hook is a small but expanding town in northern Hampshire, in the South East England region of the UK. It is situated some 10 km (6 miles) east of Basingstoke, 58 km (36 miles) northeast of Southampton and 68 km (42 miles) southwest of London on the A30 national route...


NTL has become the dominant cable operator in the United Kingdom, controlling more than 90% of the market. The company formed as the result of the 2006 merger of the UK's two major cable services companies, NTL Holdings and Telewest Global. NTL also owns mobile operator Virgin Mobile and Virgin.net, which supplies Internet services in non-cabled areas via ADSL and dial-up. NTL also produces content through its Flextech subsidiary. In 2005 residential services generated 78% of NTL's revenue, and business services 22%. Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Telewest (formerly Telewest Broadband and Telewest Communications) is a trading name of NTL Incorporated, the dominant cable operator in the United Kingdom with more than 90% of the market. ... Virgin Mobile Ltd is a mobile phone service provider operating in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, South Africa, the United States and France. ... Virgin. ... Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ... Dial-up access is a form of Internet access through which the client uses a modem connected to a computer and a telephone line to dial into an Internet service providers (ISP) node to establish a modem-to-modem link, which is then routed to the Internet. ... Flextech is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Telewest and acts as its television programme production arm. ... Wall Street, Manhattan is the location of the New York Stock Exchange and is often used as a symbol for the world of business. ...


On 2006-11-08, NTL announced that it would rebrand as Virgin Media in the first quarter of 2007[1]. This rebrand is expected to happen on 2007-02-14 [2] For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with NTL, Telewest and Virgin. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

1992 - 2006

NTL

Barclay Knapp and George Blumenthal, the founders of the cellular network company Cellular Communications, Inc. (sold to Airtouch in 1996), established International CableTel in 1993. They founded CableTel in order to take advantage of the deregulation of the UK cable market. Initially, Cabletel acquired local cable franchises covering Guildford and parts of Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. In 1996 CableTel acquired National Transcommunications Limited (NTL), the privatised UK Independent Broadcasting Authority transmission-network. In 1998 CableTel adopted "NTL" as its new name. George Blumenthal is an American professor and astronomer and the Acting Chancellor of the University of California, Santa Cruz. ... AirTouch Communications was a U.S.-based wireless service provider that was created when PacTel Cellular was spun off from Pacific Telesis on April 1, 1994, forming both AirTouch Cellular and AirTouch Paging. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Deregulation is the process by which governments remove restrictions on business in order to (in theory) encourage the efficient operation of markets. ... Statistics Population: 66819 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU9949 Administration District: Guildford Shire county: Surrey Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Surrey Historic county: Surrey Services Police force: Surrey Police Ambulance: South East Coast Post office and telephone Post town: GUILDFORD... Motto:  (Latin for Who will separate us?)[1] Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official language(s) English (de facto), Ulster Scots, Irish3, Northern Ireland Sign Language, Irish Sign Language Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... Motto: (Welsh for Wales forever) Anthem: (Welsh for Land of My Fathers) Capital Cardiff (Caerdydd) Largest city Cardiff (Caerdydd) Official language(s) Welsh, English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Rhodri Morgan AM Unification    - by Gruffudd ap Llywelyn 1056... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or — especially in India — disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership. ... The Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA) was the regulatory body in the United Kingdom for commercial television (ITV and Channel 4 - cable and satellite television were the responsibility of the Cable Authority) and radio broadcasts. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


The company spent heavily: both on expanding its network and on acquiring rivals. The company also began to expand outside the UK in 2000, buying into markets on continental Europe and in Ireland. This article is about the year 2000. ... Europe at its furthest extent, reaching to the Urals. ...


A collapse of the telecommunications markets from mid-2000 dealt a serious blow to the company. This, combined with NTL's rapid acquisition of local cable-operators, led to severe integration problems. NTL, struggling to cope with rapid expansion and suffering from significant customer-service problems, then had to contend with the setting up in November 2002 of one of the UK's first consumer lobby-groups, nthellworld, with ntl:hell following shortly after. As a complementary move, a team of NTL employees founded www.chetnet.co.uk to provide customers with a site focused on providing expert advice on its subject-matter. Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... // Customer service is the provision of service to customers before, during and after a purchase. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Lobbying is the practice of private advocacy with the goal of influencing a governing body, in order to ensure that an individuals or organizations point of view is represented in the government. ... nthellworld was one of the first mainstream independent consumer lobby groups in the United Kingdom, whose main focal point was British ISP and Cable Television company ntl Group. ... NTL:Hell is an independent consumer lobby group designed by customers of NTL to discuss issues and create a community where people can submit their own views of the company, and how to make products or services better. ...


Devalued and struggling with debts of around $18bn, NTL had to seek Chapter 11 bankruptcy-protection in May 2002 in order to organise a refinancing deal. The company did not emerge from protection until January 2003, having converted around $11bn of debt into shares — technically, this amounted to the largest debt default in US corporate history. The company reduced its debt to $6.4bn. A re-organisation split NTL itself into NTL Inc. (covering the UK and Irish markets) and NTL Europe Inc. (for the French, Swiss and German parts of the corporation). New executives replaced the NTL president, CEO and co-founder Barclay Knapp, as well as Stephen Carter, the MD and COO. Devaluation is reduction in the value of a currency. ... Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code governs the process of reorganization under the bankruptcy laws of the United States. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In finance, default occurs when a debtor has not met its legal obligations according to the debt contract, e. ... Stephen L. Carter born October 26, 1954 is an American law professor, legal- and social-policy writer, and novelist. ... Managing director is the term used for the chief executive of many limited companies in the United Kingdom and some other English speaking countries. ... A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is a corporate officer responsible for managing the day-to-day activities of the corporation. ...


After exiting from Chapter 11 protection NTL produced an operating profit. In 2004 it announced plans to split the broadcasting division off from the main company. In December 2004 NTL sold its broadcast-unit to a consortium led by Macquarie Communications Infrastructure Group (MCG) for £1.27 billion. (Macquarie renamed the division Arqiva in May 2005.) This sale allowed NTL to focus on its "core businesses" of providing communications packages and cable services. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Macquarie Bank Limited is an Australian merchant bank and financial services group, providing a broad range of products and services to investors, corporations and government. ... Arqiva Logo Arqiva is one of the two main transmitter and broadcast companies in the United Kingdom. ...


In Autumn 2004, NTL purchased the remaining shares of the Internet service provider (ISP) virgin.net, originally a joint venture between NTL and Sir Richard Branson's Virgin Group[3] An Internet service provider (abbr. ... Virgin. ... Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950, Shamley Green, Surrey), sometimes abbreviated as SRB for Sir Richard Branson, is a British entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand, a banner that encompasses a variety of businesses. ... Refreshed Corporate logo of the Virgin Group introduced 2006 Usage of these images is restricted. ...


By 2005 its UK network consisted of a 7,800 km fibre backbone with the potential to reach 8.4 million residential homes and around 610,000 businesses. In January of that year, NTL started rolling out Video On Demand. With content selected by NTL, this service covers genres including music videos, children's programming and adult entertainment. This provides an extension to the basic 'pay per view' services the company offered for film and sport content. The new service allows customers to rewind, fast forward and pause content. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length by total internal reflection. ... A backbone network is the part of a hierarchical network that occupies the top level of that hierarchy: it connects to nothing but itself, or nodes at lower levels in the hierarchy. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... Adult entertainment is entertainment restricted from people under a specified age in by a community, religious group, or government. ...


Despite NTL Ireland turning a profit, in May 2005, NTL sold their Dublin, Galway, and Waterford cable business (which they had acquired in 1999 for €825 million from the Irish government) to UGC Europe for €325 million — this after having spent in excess of €100 million on network infrastructure (i.e. making a gross loss of €500 million - more than 50% - over what they paid). As of September 2006 Liberty continues to use the NTL brand in Ireland, but analysts predict that UPC will eventually replace the branding. NTL Communications (Ireland) Limited is a cable television and MMDS company in the Republic of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... UPC is a three letter acronym that can stand for: Uganda Peoples Congress Ultra Personal Computer Unified Parallel C Uniform Plumbing Code Union des Populations du Cameroun United Pan-Europe Communications United Pentecostal Church United Poultry Concerns United Presbyterian Church Universal Product Code Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya University...


By July 2005, NTL had cut its debt to £1.445 billion with an operating cashflow of £178 million. The company had 3.2 million customers buying at least one service from them, with the 1.4 million subscribers to broadband services making NTL the market leader in this field. A WildBlue Satellite Internet dish. ... The term Market leader means the company that has the largest share of sales in a particular market. ...


Telewest

Telewest was founded in Croydon in 1984 under the name of Croydon Cable. [4] Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...


In recent years Telewest has progressed through a lot of financial problems due to the huge debts it incurred as a result of constructing its cable network, and acquiring other cable companies and assets. In 2004 Telewest re-structured itself by swapping its unsecured debt for 98.5% of its shares. Shares were then consolidated and delisted from the London FTSE. Major Telewest shareholders included Huff and Liberty Media (run by cable tycoon John Malone). Since then, the company has emerged from financial restructuring and completed a merger with larger rival NTL. Huff can refer to: Huff (TV series), a Showtime television program. ... The Liberty Media Corporation is an American media conglomerate. ... John C. Malone is the current chairman of Liberty Media. ...


NTL/Telewest merger

From late 2003 discussions commenced on a merger between Telewest and NTL. Thanks to their geographically different areas, NTL and Telewest had co-operated previously, as in re-directing potential customers living outside their respective areas. On October 3, 2005, NTL announced a USD$6 billion purchase of Telewest, forming one of the largest media companies in the UK. The merger agreement as structured would have left NTL having to negotiate with BBC Worldwide, the BBC's commercial arm, due to a change-of-ownership clause written into the agreement for UKTV, a joint venture with Telewest's Flextech content division. To prevent this, Telewest instead acquired NTL. October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... BBC Worldwide Limited is the wholly-owned commercial subsidiary of the British Broadcasting Corporation, formed out of a restructuring of its predecessor BBC Enterprises in 1995. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ... UKTV UKTV is a joint venture between the BBCs commercial arm, BBC Worldwide, and the NTL owned Flextech. ... Flextech is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Telewest and acts as its television programme production arm. ...


The parties completed the merger on March 3, 2006, making the merged company the UK's largest cable-provider, with more than 90% of the market. Once merged, the combined company renamed itself to NTL Incorporated, with ex-NTL shareholders controlling 75% of the stock and ex-Telewest shareholders 25%. Nine of the eleven directors of the new board came from NTL and two from Telewest. March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Virgin Mobile merger

In December 2005 NTL and Virgin Mobile announced that talks had taken place regarding a merger. Image File history File links Virgin_Media. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Virgin Mobile Ltd is a mobile phone service provider operating in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, South Africa, the United States and France. ...


Virgin Mobile's independent directors rejected the original bid of £817 million ($1.4 billion), taking the view that NTL's bid "undervalued the business". Sir Richard Branson reportedly expressed confidence that a re-structured deal could go ahead, and in January 2006 NTL increased its offer to £961m (372p per share). On 4 April 2006, NTL Incorporated announced a £962.4m recommended offer for Virgin Mobile. According to reports, Branson accepted a mix of shares and cash, making him a 10.7% shareholder of the combined company. Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950, Shamley Green, Surrey), sometimes abbreviated as SRB for Sir Richard Branson, is a British entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand, a banner that encompasses a variety of businesses. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


The takeover completed on 4 July 2006 creating the UK's first 'quadruple play' media company, bringing together television, Internet broadband, mobile-phone and fixed-line phone services. The deal included a 30-year exclusive branding agreement that will see NTL adopt the Virgin name across its consumer operations as it merges operations with its current Telewest brand. As a result, 2006-11-08 NTL announced it would change its name to Virgin Media Plc [1]. For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... In telecommunications, a quadruple play service is a marketing term combining the triple play service of high-speed Internet, television and telephone with wireless (mobile) service provisions. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with NTL, Telewest and Virgin. ...


Rumoured private equity bid

On August 16, 2006, The Times reported that the ntl Incorporated group could become the subject of a £10bn-takeover-bid from a private-equity firm consortium made up of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, Bain, Cinven, Blackstone and Providence Private Equity with a formal approach expected within a fortnight. The £10bn figure would include £6bn worth of debt already on the NTL balance-sheet. Additional new banking facilities would probably fund the private-equity bid. As of January 2007 no such bid has materialised. August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1785, and under its current name since 1788. ... Private equity is a broad term that refers to any type of equity investment in an asset in which the equity is not freely tradable on a public stock market. ... A consortium is an association of two or more individuals, companies, organisations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal. ... Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co (commonly referred to as KKR) is a New York City-based private equity firm that focuses primarily on late stage leveraged buyouts. ... Bain Capital LLC is a Boston, Massachusetts-based private equity firm founded in 1984 by Mitt Romney, later Governor of Massachusetts, and two other partners from Bain & Company, the consulting firm: T. Coleman Andrews and Eric Kriss. ... Cinven is a European private equity firm founded in 1977 with offices in London, Paris, Frankfurt and Milan. ... The Blackstone Group L.P. is a prominent private equity and management investment firm founded in 1985 by Peter G. Peterson and Stephen A. Schwarzman. ...


ITV merger

On Thursday, 2006-11-09, NTL announced that it had approached commercial television broadcaster ITV about a proposed merger [5], after a similar announcement by ITV[6]. BSkyB effectively blocked the merger on 2006-11-17 when it controversially bought a 17.9% stake in ITV plc [7], a move that attracted anger from NTL shareholder Richard Branson[8] and an investigation from media and telecoms regulator Ofcom[9]. On 2006-12-06, NTL announced that it had complained to the Office of Fair Trading about BSkyB's move, and that it would withdraw its attempt to buy ITV plc, stating that it did not believe that it could currently make a deal on favourable terms. [10] For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB — formerly two companies, Sky Television and BSB) is a company that operates Sky Digital, the most popular subscription television service in the UK and Ireland. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950, Shamley Green, Surrey), sometimes abbreviated as SRB for Sir Richard Branson, is a British entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand, a banner that encompasses a variety of businesses. ... // Ofcom was designed to be a super regulator, required in an age where many media platforms are converging. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Office of Fair Trading or OFT is a UK statutory body established by the Fair Trading Act 1973, which enforces both consumer protection and competition law, acting as the UKs economic regulator. ...


Services

NTL currently offers services branded as NTL, Telewest, Virgin Mobile, and Virgin.net. On February 14th 2007, it will rebrand under the Virgin Media name [2],harmonising NTL and Telewest services and pricing from 01-02-2007. [11] 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Telewest (formerly Telewest Broadband and Telewest Communications) is a trading name of NTL Incorporated, the dominant cable operator in the United Kingdom with more than 90% of the market. ... Virgin Mobile Ltd is a mobile phone service provider operating in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, South Africa, the United States and France. ... Virgin. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


NTL

Internet

NTL offers broadband Internet access connections through cable. The service operates through SACMs (Stand-alone cable modems) and set-top boxes (STBs). A WildBlue Satellite Internet dish. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... Motorola SURFboard 5100 cable modem for broadband Internet access A cable modem is a type of modem that provides access to a data signal sent over the cable television infrastructure. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ...


Current download speeds offered to NTL/Telewest cable users include 2 Mbit/s, 4 Mbit/s and 10 Mbit/s, having upload speeds of 200kbit/s, 400kbits/s, and 512kbits/s respectively. [12] In NTL areas customers can also access a 512kbps download-speed; and both NTL and Telewest offer dial-up Internet services on a pay-as-you-go basis, or at a fixed monthly fee of £14.99 for unlimited usage. A megabit per second (mbps or mbit/s) is a unit of data transmission equal to 1,000 kilobits per second or 1,000,000 bits per second. ... In telecommunication, the term dial-up has the following meanings: Dial-up access, typically to the Internet A service feature in which a user initiates service on a previously arranged trunk or transfers, without human intervention, from an active trunk to a standby trunk. ...


The broadband services do not have a bandwidth-cap or a fair-usage policy, and NTL's acceptable-use policy [13] appears more liberal than that of most ISPs in the UK. This means that customers have unlimited usage and need pay no extra charges related to the amount of data downloaded. However NTL has admitted introducing traffic shaping. [14] This article is in need of attention. ...


NTL has started trialing 20Mbit/s, and temporarily upgraded some 10Mbit/s subscribers to this speed in October 2006. [15] The 20Mbit/s service reportedly supports 768Kbit/s upstream, though some users have reported seeing upstream speeds of 1 Mbit/s [citation needed]. Furthermore, NTL has started conducting trials of a 100Mbit broadband service on its cable network. [16] [17] Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


After trials in the Guildford area from summer 1999, NTL launched its original broadband services at the same time that NTL acquired the Cable business of Cable and Wireless (spring 2000). In the "original NTL" (also known as "Langley") areas, NTL has always supplied broadband services via DOCSIS cable-modems. In these areas the digital television set-top boxes used an incompatible standard, DAVIC. Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification (DOCSIS) is an international standard developed by CableLabs and contributing companies that include: ARRIS, Broadcom, Cisco, Conexant, Correlant, Intel, Motorola, Netgear, Terayon, and Texas Instruments. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ... DAVIC, Digital Audio Video Council, was founded in 1994 with the aim of promoting the success of interactive digital audio-visual applications and services by promulgating specifications of open interfaces and protocols that maximise interoperability, not only across geographical boundaries but also across diverse applications, services and industries. ...


The roll-out of broadband services in the ex-Cable and Wireless franchises started in mid 2001. Initially, NTL provided ex-Cable and Wireless subscribers with broadband through the set-top box (STB) also used for digital television services, adopting the rationale that subscribers could self-install. Initially, NTL supplied a "Self Install Kit" consisting of connecting cable, adapters and an install CD. Following demonstrated problems, NTL gradually introduced cable modems and phased out the self-install approach, Digital television (DTV) is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals, in contrast to analogue signals in analogue (traditional) T.V. It uses digital modulation data, which is digitally compressed and requires decoding by a specially designed television set or a...


The Pace STBs proved highly problematic, exhibiting two major flaws. Firstly, large numbers of connections (for example, those with peer-to-peer (P2P) software) would cause the connection to slow down and eventually freeze the modem part of the STB (also required for interactive TV services, which suffered a similar effect when downloading). Customers in these circumstances had to re-boot the STB. Pace Micro Technology Plc is a British manufacturer of set top boxes for digital and analogue satellite television, founded in 1982. ... A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively few servers. ...


Secondly, the single processor and sharing the internal modem between television and broadband services made the television part of the box slow and unresponsive, for example making it extremely difficult to change channel using the remote. This became particularly evident when using the lower "Tiers of Service" such the 128kbps downstream 64kbps upstream, as the digital television set-top box without broadband service actually enjoyed a 256kbps upstream.


Although capable of higher speeds (up to 4Mbps), NTL did not make speeds higher than 1Mbps available due to degradation of the DTV service.


NTL eventually replaced the Pace set-top boxes with Samsung models that used a dual-processor architecture, overcoming the shortcomings of the Pace, and capable of much better downstream performance. However, with the advent of higher "Tiers of Service" of 10Mbps downstream and higher, plus the reducing cost of NTL's cable modems (supplied by Ambit Broadband) NTL now supplies all subscribers with cable modems. Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ...


A historical view of NTL cable modems appears online at the Chetnet site.


The NTL network runs through transparent proxy servers. Up to 15 server addresses host each area. These transparent proxy servers also override the user's hosts file and prevent manual DNS updates. This makes it easier for NTL to provide a more reliable connection as well as being able to monitor traffic requirements in each area. This also causes many problems for websites which record IP addresses to ban and/or track users. This means that if a website bans one offender, it bans everyone in the same area. Also, many on-line games automatically ban IP addresses with multiple usernames associated with them. Small-scale games do not cause too many problems, but when friends attempt to spread the game around, the system prevents everyone (including the original player) from using the game. On the other hand, advanced users can easily create a large number of illegitimate accounts on the aforementioned websites, allowing one user both to prevent all other users on the NTL network using the game, as well as to become untraceable. In computing, a hosts file, stored on the computers filesystem, is used to look up the Internet Protocol address of a device connected to a computer network, such as your home computer connected to the Internet. ... The domain name system (DNS) stores and associates many types of information with domain names, but most importantly, it translates domain names (computer hostnames) to IP addresses. ...


Some of the STBs cannot support connection speeds above 1Mb. As many customers took up their connections before the system-wide upgrade from 1Mb to 2Mb basic rate, one commonly finds that people have paid for a 2Mb connection, whilst only having a 1Mb connection.


NTL has used MAC addresses to track and register customers to the NTL internet service. As NTL had not supported the use of routers, or XBOX on the minority Set Top Box based Broadband Internet service, users had to use a clone MAC address feature to connect to the Internet when using an STB. This has become a common problem for people wishing to connect their X-Box to the existing internet connection through a router or PC connected to their STB, if they fail to use the official registration process. (These comments do not apply to the majority (>90%) use of cable modems).


Television

The digital television service offers a number of different products including true video on demand, a PVR, and HDTV. On 1 September 2006 NTL introduced the FreeTV digital package to its telephone subscribers free of charge. However, value-pack customers lose their value-pack discounts if they integrate the FreeTV deal into their existing packages. Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... Digital video recorder A digital video recorder (DVR) (or personal video recorder (PVR)) is a device that records video without videotape to a hard drive-based digital storage medium. ... High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


PVR and High Definition services
Main article: V+

NTL launched V+ (formerly known as TV Drive), its High-definition Television (HDTV) and Digital Video Recorder (DVR/PVR) service in Glasgow and Teesside on 2006-11-16 [18]. The service relies on the service of the same name offered in NTL's Telewest areas. The service uses a new PVR set-top-box, with three tuners and a 160GB hard disk for up to 80 hours recording. The presence of three tuners means that TV Drive can record two channels at the same time while watching a third. This contrasts with most other PVR systems such as Sky+, which can only have two tuners. Ntl plans to have this service available in 12 million homes by early 2007. Old TVDrive Logo V+ (previously known as TV Drive) is a product from Virgin Media which provides Personal Video Recording (PVR) and High Definition (HD) functionality to customers who subscribe to the service. ... Old TVDrive Logo V+ (previously known as TV Drive) is a product from Virgin Media which provides Personal Video Recording (PVR) and High Definition (HD) functionality to customers who subscribe to the service. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... Arms of the County Borough of Teesside Teesside is the name given to the conurbation in northern England based on Middlesbrough, Stockton-on-Tees and Redcar, along the banks of the River Tees with a resident population of over 388,000 in 2005. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... A digital video recorder (DVR) is a device that records video to a digital storage medium in digital form. ... A gigabyte (derived from the SI prefix giga-) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to one billion (that is, a thousand million) bytes. ... Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ... Sky Plus, or Sky+ is a subscription service which offers a personal video recorder fully integrated with a Sky Digital decoder. ...


Video on Demand

NTL has started to roll out its Video on Demand (VoD) service branded "NTL On Demand". NTL On Demand uses the Teleport system on Telewest's network. In contrast to Sky Digital which, due to technical limitations, can only provide near-VOD services, NTL On Demand provides a true VoD system. The service allows customers of NTL Digital television to download programmes as and when they want to watch them from servers at the customer's local head-end. As the broadcaster automatically stores content on NTL's servers, it removes the need to pre-record many programmes. Users can search through a large library of programmes and watch them when they want to as part of their subscription. This library includes a free 7-day watch-again feature for TV-programmes produced by the BBC, Channel 4 and Flextech. NTL also offers other television-shows, films (service branded FilmFlex), and music videos, mostly for an additional fee. The VoD service also provides HD content that will work in conjunction with the TVDrive PVR. Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ... Cable television headend is a master facility for receiving television signals for processing and distribution over a cable television system. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ... Channel 4 is a public-service television broadcaster in the United Kingdom (see British television). ... Flextech is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Telewest and acts as its television programme production arm. ... The FilmFlex Logo FilmFlex, previously Front Row Digital is a British pay-per-view system broadcasting on cable television. ...


Fixed-line telephone

NTL also provides telephone services to its customers, as the second-largest fixed-line telephony provider in the UK, behind BT, who until 1984 held the monopoly on fixed-line telephony services in the UK. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ...


Telewest

Main article: Telewest

Telewest (formerly Telewest Broadband and Telewest Communications) is a trading name of NTL Incorporated, the dominant cable operator in the United Kingdom with more than 90% of the market. ...

Virgin Mobile

Main article: Virgin Mobile

Virgin Mobile Ltd is a mobile phone service provider operating in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, South Africa, the United States and France. ...

Virgin.net

Main article: Virgin.net

For customers who do not live in cabled areas, NTL offers an ADSL broadband service through BT landlines under the Virgin.net brand, which it acquired in 2004[3] from Virgin Group, who founded it in 1996. Virgin.net customers receive up to 8 Mbit/s downstream and 400 kbit/s upstream. The service offers various usage-allowances depending on which package a user takes. Virgin.net also offers a dial-up service. Virgin.net also offers bundled phone-services via Carrier Preselect (CPS) to broadband subscribers. Virgin. ... Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with fixed phone. ... Virgin. ... Refreshed Corporate logo of the Virgin Group introduced 2006 Usage of these images is restricted. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Prior to acquiring Virgin.net, NTL offered a similar package called NTL Freedom.


ntl:Telewest Business

NTL also provides extensive business telephony and data network services that provide a significant portion of its revenue streams, and carrier services to other telcos.


Broadcasting

Main article: Flextech

NTL owns Flextech, a content-provider with a number of wholly-owned channels (including Bravo and LIVINGtv). Additionally, Flextech has a 50% share in UKTV (with BBC Worldwide), and owns Sit-Up Ltd, who operate the Screenshop, bid tv, price-drop tv and speed auction tv. Flextech is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Telewest and acts as its television programme production arm. ... Flextech is a British television company and is entirely owned by the British cable company Telewest and acts as its television programme production arm. ... Bravo is a British television channel, owned by Flextech. ... LIVINGtv is a British television channel owned by Flextech. ... UKTV UKTV is a joint venture between the BBCs commercial arm, BBC Worldwide, and the NTL owned Flextech. ... BBC Worldwide Limited is the wholly-owned commercial subsidiary of the British Broadcasting Corporation, formed out of a restructuring of its predecessor BBC Enterprises in 1995. ... sit-up Ltd (or commonly sit-up) is a UK based broadcaster which launched in 2000. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... bid tv (known as until 21 January 2005) is a digital television channel based in the UK that runs daily live auctions. ... price-drop tv (which dropped the dot from its name on 21 January 2005) is a shopping channel owned by sit-up Ltd and is focused on falling prices, using a form of uniform-price Dutch auction. ... speed auction tv was launched on the 27 July 2005, and features rising price auctions lasting about 4 minutes. ...


References

  1. ^ a b NTL (2006-11-08). Virgin Media is on its way. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  2. ^ a b White, Dominic. "Virgin media launch to cost £20m", The Daily Telegraph, 2007-01-20. Retrieved on 2007-02-01.
  3. ^ a b "NTL takes control of Virgin Net", BBC News, 2004-09-28. Retrieved on 2006-12-07.
  4. ^ http://www.ntltelewestbusiness.co.uk/about_us/corporate_info/company_history.aspx
  5. ^ NTL (2006-11-09). Ntl Incorporated Discussions with ITV plc. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  6. ^ ITV plc (2006-11-09). ITV and NTL 'in merger talks'. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  7. ^ Welsh, James. "Sky buys 17.9% of ITV", Digital Spy, 2006-11-17. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  8. ^ Wilkes, Neil. "Sky/ITV: Branson statement in full", Digital Spy, 2006-11-20. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  9. ^ Welsh, James. "Ofcom examines impact of Sky's ITV stake", Digital Spy, 2006-11-21. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  10. ^ Oatts, Joanne. "NTL complains about Sky as it drops plans for ITV Ofcom", Digital Spy, 2006-12-06. Retrieved on 2006-12-06.
  11. ^ http://www.whycable.co.uk/pricechanges/faqs.html
  12. ^ http://home.ntl.com/websales/product.do?id=227
  13. ^ http://www.home.ntl.com/page/userpolicy
  14. ^ http://www.cableforum.co.uk/article/292/ntltelewest-admits-traffic-shaping-on-its-network
  15. ^ http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/forums/showthread.php?t=475832&page=1&pp=25
  16. ^ http://www.digitalmediaasia.com/default.asp?ArticleID=13405
  17. ^ http://www.techdigest.tv/2006/02/ntl_trials_100m.html
  18. ^ NTL (2006-11-16). ntl customers to experience high definition TV. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-12-07.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Spy (or DS as it is often known by its users) is a leading British media and entertainment website, noted for its extensive Big Brother coverage and forums. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
NTL - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1773 words)
NTL, struggling to cope with rapid expansion and suffering from significant customer-service problems, then had to contend with the setting up in November 2002 of one of the UK's first consumer lobby-groups, nthellworld, with ntl:hell following shortly after.
NTL had cut its debt to £1.445 billion by July 2005, with an operating cashflow of £178 million.
NTL Digital makes available to subscribers in enabled areas a number of shows for viewing on-demand for up to a week after their first broadcast.
NTL Institute: About the Institute: Our History (2158 words)
NTL Institute was created over 50 years ago, a product of both the vision of its founders and the demands of their times.
The growth of NTL in the sixties was phenomenal.
At NTL, the Department of Defense cancelled major training contracts; the Board's plan for the proposed NTL University ended abruptly when the site selected was reappraised and found to be too expensive; and the organization incurred a large debt to finance a sorely needed renovation of the Bethel facility.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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