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Encyclopedia > NPR.org
NPR current logo
NPR old logo

National Public Radio (NPR) is an independent, private, non-profit membership organization of public radio stations in the United States.[1] NPR was created in 1970, following congressional passage of the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson, which established the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and also led to the creation of the Public Broadcasting Service. The network was founded in 1970 with 30 employees and 90 public radio stations as charter members. NPR is an initialism that could refer to: National Public Radio Nebraska Public Radio Nevada Public Radio Noise Power Ratio, a term used in Communications engineering. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 354 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available by cable in Canada. ...


Like its fellow public radio networks American Public Media and Public Radio International, NPR produces and distributes news and cultural programming. Its member stations are not required to broadcast all of these programs and most public radio stations broadcast programs from all three providers. Its flagship programs are two drive time news broadcasts, Morning Edition and the afternoon All Things Considered; both are carried by nearly all NPR affiliates and in 2002 were the second- and third-most popular radio programs in the country. In a Harris poll conducted in 2005, NPR was voted the most trusted news source in the US.[2] American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a not-for-profit corporation based in the United States founded in 1983 to develop non-commercial audio programming for public radio and other audio venues. ... Drive time is prime time for radio broadcasting. ... Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... All Things Considered, sometimes abbreviated ATC, is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ...

Contents

History

NPR headquarters at 635 Massachusetts Avenue NW in Washington, D.C.
NPR headquarters at 635 Massachusetts Avenue NW in Washington, D.C.

NPR was incorporated in 1970, taking over the National Educational Radio Network. NPR hit the airwaves in April, 1971 with coverage of the United States Senate hearings on the Vietnam War. The next month, All Things Considered debuted on May 3, hosted by Robert Conley. NPR was merely a production and distribution organization until 1977, when it merged with the Association of Public Radio Stations. As a membership organization, NPR was now charged with providing stations with training, program promotion, and management; representing public radio before Congress; and providing content delivery mechanisms such as satellite delivery. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1616, 1173 KB) Summary National Public Radio headquarters in Washington, D.C. Photo by User:Kmf164, taken on December 9, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1616, 1173 KB) Summary National Public Radio headquarters in Washington, D.C. Photo by User:Kmf164, taken on December 9, 2005. ... Massachusetts Avenue, colloquially abbreviated Mass. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D... The National Educational Radio Network (NERN) was a means of distributing radio programmes in the United States of America between 1951 and 1970. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... The Association of Public Radio Stations was a radio network in the United States of America from 1973 to 1977. ...


NPR suffered an almost fatal setback in 1983 when an attempt to expand its services backfired, and the company found itself nearly seven million dollars in debt. After a Congressional investigation and the resignation of NPR's president, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting agreed to loan the network money to stave off bankruptcy. [2] In exchange, NPR agreed to a new arrangement whereby its annual CPB stipend would be divided among local stations instead, which would then support NPR productions on a subscription basis. NPR also agreed to turn its satellite service into a cooperative venture, making it possible for non-NPR shows to get national distribution. It took NPR another three years to pay off all its debt. [3] The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ...


Governance

NPR is a membership corporation. Member stations are required to be noncommercial or educational radio stations, have at least five full-time professional employees, operate for at least 18 hours per day, and not be designed solely to further a religious philosophy or be used for classroom programming. Each member station receives one vote at the annual NPR board meetings--exercised by its designated Authorized Station Representative (A-Rep).


To oversee the day to day operations and prepare its budget, members elect a Board of Directors. This board is composed of ten A-Reps, five members of the general public, and the chair of the NPR Foundation. Terms are for three years and rotate such that some stand for election every year.


The original "purposes" of NPR, as ratified by the Board of Directors, are the following:

  • Provide an identifiable daily product which is consistent and reflects the highest standards of broadcast journalism.
  • Provide extended coverage of public events, issues and ideas, and to acquire and produce special public affairs programs.
  • Acquire and produce cultural programs which can be scheduled individually by stations.
  • Provide access to the intellectual and cultural resources of cities, universities and rural districts through a system of cooperative program development with member public radio stations.
  • Develop and distribute programs for specific groups (adult education, instruction, modular units for local productions) which may meet needs of individual regions or groups, but may not have general national relevance.
  • Establish liaison with foreign broadcasters for a program exchange service.
  • Produce materials specifically intended to develop the art and technical potential of radio.[3]

Funding

The NPR web site offers annual reports, IRS 990 forms, and audited financial statements. According to the most recent 2005 financial statement, NPR makes just over half of its money from the fees and dues it charges member stations to receive programming, although some of this money originated at the CPB itself, in the form of pass-through grants to member stations. About 2% of NPR's funding comes from bidding on government grants and programs (chiefly the Corporation for Public Broadcasting); the remainder comes from member station dues, foundation grants, and corporate underwriting. Typically, NPR member stations raise about one-third of their budget through on-air pledge drives, one-third from corporate underwriting, and one-third from grants from state governments, university grants, and grants from the CPB itself. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... Fundraising is the term referring to the process of soliciting and gathering money by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies. ...


The 2% figure above refers only to money contributed by the federal government directly to NPR. Additional government money makes its way to NPR indirectly. This is because the government (again chiefly the Corporation for Public Broadcasting) provides some funding to NPR member stations, the states (and via the states state universities) in addition to the funding provided to NPR itself. Since the these member stations contribute to NPR (in the form of dues and programming fees), the federal government's portion of NPR's budget is significantly higher than 2%, and the total government expenditure is higher still.[citation needed]


Over the years, the portion of the total NPR budget that comes from government has been decreasing. During the 1970s and early 1980s, the majority of NPR funding came from the government. Steps were being taken during the 1980s to completely wean NPR from government support, but the 1983 funding crisis forced the network to make immediate changes. More money to fund the NPR network was raised from listeners, charitable foundations and corporations, and less from the government. Budget generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues. ... A Foundation is a type of philanthropic organization set up by either individuals or institutions as a legal entity (either as a corporation or trust) with the purpose of distributing grants to support causes in line with the goals of the foundation. ... Corporate redirects here. ...


Internet funding hoax

In 1995, two "well-meaning but misguided students" (in the official words of the University of Northern Colorado) started an e-mail petition claiming that "[on] NPR's Morning Edition, Tottenberg (sic—Totenberg) said that if the Supreme Court supports Congress, it will, in effect, be the end of the National Public Radio (NPR)…" Although the funding crisis passed, the chain letter continues to circulate on the Internet. (See NPR's statement on the petition.) University of Northern Colorado (Northern Colorado) is a baccalaureate (arts, sciences, humanities, business, human sciences, and education), graduate (primarily in the field of education), and research university located in Greeley, Colorado, USA. It has a 2006 enrollment of 13,775 students. ... Nina Totenberg (born January 14, 1944) is National Public Radios legal affairs correspondent. ...


Underwriting spots vs. commercials

In contrast to commercial radio, NPR does not carry traditional commercials, but has advertising in the form of brief statements from major donors, such as Allstate, Merck, and Archer Daniels Midland. These statements are called underwriting spots, not commercials, and, unlike commercials, are governed by FCC restrictions; they cannot advocate a product or contain any "call to action." Critics of NPR have complained that describing public radio as "commercial free" is "transparently false."[4] In 2005 corporate sponsorship made up 23% of the NPR budget. Since NPR is not as dependent on revenue from underwriting spots as commercial stations are on revenue from advertising, its programming decisions may be less ratings-driven. Nevertheless, some listeners have stopped listening to NPR member stations due to NPR underwriting statements.[5] A radio commercial (often called an advert in the United Kingdom) is a form of advertising in which goods, services, organizations, ideas, etc. ... Commercialism redirects here. ... The Allstate Corporation NYSE: ALL is the largest publicly held personal lines insurer in the United States. ... Merck may refer to: Merck & Co. ... The Archer Daniels Midland Company (NYSE: ADM), based in Decatur, Illinois, operates more than 270 plants worldwide, where cereal grains and oilseeds are processed into numerous products used in food, beverage, nutraceutical, industrial and animal feed markets worldwide. ... An Underwriting Spot is an announcement made on Public Broadcasting outlets, especially in the United States, in exchange for funding. ...


Joan Kroc Grant

On November 6, 2003, NPR was given over $225 million from the estate of the late Joan B. Kroc, the widow of Ray Kroc, founder of McDonald's Corporation. This was a record—the largest monetary gift ever to a cultural institution.[6] For context, the 2003 annual budget of NPR was $101 million. In 2004 that number increased by over 50% to $153 million due to the Kroc gift, as the bequest required that $34 million be spent to shore up operating reserves.[7] NPR has dedicated the earnings from the remainder of the bequest to expanding its news staff and reducing some member stations' fees. The 2005 budget was about $120 million. November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joan Beverly Kroc (née Mansfield) (August 27, 1928, St. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants[1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ...


Production facilities and listenership

NPR's major production facilities have been based in Washington, D.C. since its creation. On November 2, 2002, a West Coast production facility, dubbed NPR West, opened in Culver City, California. NPR opened NPR West to improve its coverage of the western United States, to expand its production capabilities (shows produced there include News & Notes and Day to Day), and to create a fully functional backup production facility capable of keeping NPR on the air in the event of a catastrophe in Washington, D.C. Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Culver City Seal Culver City is a city in western Los Angeles County, California. ... Day to Day is a one-hour weekday American radio newsmagazine distributed by National Public Radio (NPR), and produced by NPR in collaboration with Slate. ...


According to a 2003 Washington Monthly story, about 20 million listeners tune into NPR each week. On average they are 50 years old and earn an annual income of $78,000. Its audience is predominantly white; only about 10% are either African American or Hispanic. Many of its listeners consider NPR to be at the apex of journalistic integrity. While Arbitron does track public radio listenership, they do not include public radio in their published rankings of radio stations. The Washington Monthly is a magazine based in Washington DC which covers American politics and government. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The Hispanic world Hispanic (Spanish: Hispano) is a term denoting a derivation from Spain, its people and culture. ... Journalism is a discipline of writing. ... Arbitron is a radio audience research company in the United States. ...


From 1999 through 2004, listenership has increased by about 66%. This increase may have been the result of any of a number of factors, including audience interest in coverage of the September 11 attacks and the subsequent military actions, a general lack of interest in other terrestrial radio outlets, and an increase in NPR news and talk programming (instead of jazz or classical music). NPR attracted these new listeners at the same time that the size of the overall radio audience in the United States was decreasing rapidly as people abandoned the medium in favor of mp3 players.[citation needed] A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... For other article subjects named Jazz see jazz (disambiguation). ... Classical music is a term with three distinct meanings: The European tradition of music which is associated with high culture, as distinct from popular or folk forms (including works in this tradition in non-European countries). ... A digital audio player (DAP) is a device that stores, organizes and plays digital music files. ...


In recent years, NPR has made some changes to appeal to younger listeners and to minority groups. From 2002 until 2004, Tavis Smiley hosted a show targeted towards African Americans, but left the network, claiming that the organization did not provide enough support to make his production truly successful. (Smiley returned to public radio in April 2005 with a weekly show distributed by PRI.) NPR stations have long been known for carrying classical music, but the amount of classical programming carried on NPR stations and other public radio outlets in the U.S. has been declining. Many stations have shifted toward carrying more news, while others have shifted to feature more contemporary music that attracts a younger audience. Tavis Smiley (born September 13, 1964 in Biloxi, Mississippi) is an American radio and television personality. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a not-for-profit corporation based in the United States founded in 1983 to develop non-commercial audio programming for public radio and other audio venues. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ...


Programming

Programs produced by NPR

News and public affairs programs

NPR News logo
NPR News logo

NPR produces a morning and an afternoon news program, both of which also have weekend editions with different hosts. It also produces hourly news briefs around the clock. NPR formerly distributed the World Radio Network, a daily compilation of news reports from international radio news, but no longer does so. The World Radio Network is a consortium of national public broadcasters from around the world, who share programming on a series of international satellite radio networks. ...

All Things Considered, sometimes abbreviated ATC, is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ... Robert Siegel is an American radio journalist. ... Michele Norris is an American radio journalist and current host of the National Public Radio evening news broadcast All Things Considered. ... Melissa Block Melissa Block is a host of NPRs All Things Considered. ... All Things Considered, sometimes abbreviated ATC, is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ... Deborah Elliot (also known as Debbie Elliott) is a broadcast journalist who has hosted NPRs Weekend All Things Considered since 2005. ... Day to Day is a one-hour weekday American radio newsmagazine distributed by National Public Radio (NPR), and produced by NPR in collaboration with Slate. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... Steve Inskeep is one of the current hosts of Morning Edition on National Public Radio. ... Renée Montagne is a co-host of NPRs syndicated show, Morning Edition. ... The popular Radio Expeditions program is part of NPRs show Morning Edition. ... Flag of the National Geographic Society The National Geographic Society, is a not-for-profit scientific organization based in the United States. ... Weekend Edition is the name given to a set of American radio news magazines produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... Scott Simon is the host of National Public Radios Weekend Edition Saturday. ... Weekend Edition is the name given to a set of American radio news magazines produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... Liane Hansen has hosted National Public Radios (NPRs) Weekend Edition Sunday for over sixteen years. ... Talk of the Nation is a talk radio program based in the United States, produced by National Public Radio, and is broadcasted nationally on weekday afternoons (Eastern Standard Time). ... Neal Conan (born 1949 in Beirut, Lebanon) is an American radio journalist. ... Science Friday is a call-in talk show that is part of National Public Radios Talk of the Nation radio program hosted by Ira Flatow every Friday. ... Ira Flatow (born March 9, 1949) is a radio and television personality who hosts National Public Radios popular Talk of the Nation - Science Friday. ...

Cultural programming

All Songs Considered is an online multimedia program featuring information about, and streaming audio of, the songs used as bumper music on the NPR radio program All Things Considered. ... 2000X is a dramatic anthology series released by NPR and produced by The Hollywood Theater of the Ear. ... A non-profit production company specializing in audio theater, founded in 1993 by Yuri Rasovsky, which releases productions through Blackstone Audio. ... A successor to the NPR series Earplay (1971-1981) and an expansion (as a sort of umbrella title for several dramatic projects) of National Public Radios commitment to radio drama, the various series under the Playhouse aegis were essentially discontinued in September, 2002. ... Earplay The longest-running of the formal series of radio drama anthologies on National Public Radio in the U.S., Earplay for more than a decade in one form or another provided a showcase for original and adapted work; eventually, the less-sustained successor series NPR Playhouse drew episodes from... Jazz Profiles is a radio show produced by NPR and hosted by jazz singer Nancy Wilson. ... Nancy Wilson (born February 20, 1937) is an African-American singer whose sixty-plus albums have blended jazz and pop music. ... The Thistle & Shamrock is a weekly hourlong radio program airing on NPR. The program features celtic music, and its name comes from the national symbols of the countries of Scotland and Ireland respectively. ... Fiona Ritchie (b. ... Wait Wait. ... Chicago Public Radio is a noncommercial public radio station in Chicago, Illinois. ...

Programs distributed by NPR

News and public affairs programs

On Point is a two-hour call-in radio show hosted by Tom Ashbrook and produced by Boston, Massachusetts WBUR-FM. The show often features senior editor of the Atlantic Monthly Jack Beatty as a news analyst The program also has a short diary at the end of each hour... Tom Ashbrook is an American journalist and radio broadcaster. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Diane Rehm Show is an award-winning National Public Radio call-in show with more than 1. ... Diane Rehm Diane Rehm (born 1936 in Washington, D.C.) is an American public radio talk show host. ... WAMU is a public radio station that services the greater Washington, DC metropolitan area. ... For the Scottish student radio station, see Fresh Air (Edinburgh). ... All I Did Was Ask, by Terry Gross Terry Gross (born 1951) is the host and co-executive producer of Fresh Air, an interview-format radio show produced by WHYY-FM in Philadelphia and distributed throughout the United States by National Public Radio. ... WHYY-FM is a National Public Radio member on 90. ... Maria Hinojosa is a reporter for CNN. She is based in the New York bureau and joined CNN in 1997. ... Kūt (كوت; also known as Kut-Al-Imara and Kut El Amara) is a city in eastern Iraq, on the left bank of the Tigris River, about 100 miles south east of Baghdad, at 32. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Margot Adler (born 5 November 1946 in Little Rock, Arkansas) is a journalist and correspondent for National Public Radio. ... On the Media is an hour-long weekly radio program produced by New York Public Radio WNYC. It is broadcast on Sunday morning in New York City, and syndicated nationwide on other public radio stations. ... Brooke Gladstone is co-host of National Public Radios weekend show, On the Media. ... Bob Garfield writes the Ad Review TV-commercial criticism feature in Advertising Age. ... WNYC are the call letters for two public radio stations in New York City. ... American RadioWorks is a dedicated documentary production unit operated by American Public Media, the program distribution arm formerly known by the name of its parent organization, Minnesota Public Radio, which may be best known for A Prairie Home Companion. ... Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... All Things Considered, sometimes abbreviated ATC, is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ... Rafael Suarez, Jr. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ...

Cultural programming

Car Talk is a radio talk show broadcast weekly on National Public Radio stations throughout the United States and elsewhere. ... Tom Magliozzi during a session of Car Talk Doctor Tom Louis Magliozzi is the older brother (to Ray) of Click and Clack, The Tappet Brothers (Tom is Click), the hosts of National Public Radios Car Talk. ... Ray Magliozzi, younger brother to Tom Magliozzi, is a co-host of NPRs weekly radio show, Car Talk. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Dee Dee Bridgewater (b. ... WBGO is a public radio station broadcasting from Newark, New Jersey and located at 88. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Piano Jazz is a weekly one hour radio show produced and distributed by National Public Radio. ... Marian McPartland, born Margaret Marian Turner on March 21, 1918 in England near Slough, Buckinghamshire, is a British jazz pianist. ... Says You! is a weekly half-hour entertainment program distributed by National Public Radio in the United States. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled WGBH-TV and WGBH (FM), accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Selected Shorts is a one-hour radio program, hosted by Isaiah Sheffer, featuring readings of classic and new short fiction, recorded live at New York’s Symphony Space. ... WNYC are the call letters for two public radio stations in New York City. ... The Business is a weekly half hour show focusing on film industry news from National Public Radio and KCRW, hosted by longtime film industry journalist Claude Brodesser. ... The film industry consists of the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking: i. ... KCRW (89. ... World Cafe is a two-hour long nationally syndicated radio program that originates from WXPN, a non-commercial radio station on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. ... David Dye is a longtime Philadelphia radio personality whose music enthusiasm has captivated listeners of World Cafe since 1991. ... WXPN (88. ...

Public radio programs not affiliated with NPR

Individual NPR stations can broadcast programming from sources that have no formal affiliation with NPR.

Many shows produced or distributed by Public Radio International, such as This American Life and Whad'Ya Know?, are broadcast by NPR member stations, although the shows are not affiliated with NPR. Other popular shows, like A Prairie Home Companion and Marketplace, are produced by American Public Media, long known as Minnesota Public Radio. The Pacifica Radio Network also provides some programming to some NPR affiliates, notably the news program Democracy Now!. This article is in need of attention. ... The Sound of Young America is a public radio program and podcast based in Los Angeles, California. ... Hearts of Space is a popular radio show featuring space or ambient music. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Robin Young is a radio host for WBUR in Boston and a former local television personality in that city. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Wynton Learson Marsalis (b. ... Edward Rudolph Bradley, Jr. ... John Merrow is the executive producer, host and president of Learning Matters, Inc. ... Michael Krasny is the host and senior editor of KQEDs award-winning Forum, a news and public affairs program that concentrates on the arts, culture, health, business and technology. ... KQED is a public broadcasting company based in San Francisco, California. ... Planetary Radio is a 30-minute radio show devoted to space exploration and astronomy, hosted and produced by Mat Kaplan of The Planetary Society. ... Space exploration is the physical exploration of outer space by both manned and unmanned spacecraft. ... This article is in need of attention. ... KUCI is a free-form alternative not-for-profit college radio station broadcasting at 88. ... Ask Dr. Science is a daily humorous radio sketch broadcast on many public radio stations which acts as like a cross between a bumper and a public service announcement. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a not-for-profit corporation based in the United States founded in 1983 to develop non-commercial audio programming for public radio and other audio venues. ... This American Life (TAL) is a weekly hour-long radio program produced by Chicago Public Radio. ... WhadYa Know? is a American comedy, interview and quiz show that is distributed weekly by Public Radio International. ... This article is about the radio show. ... Marketplace is a radio program that focuses on business, the economy, and events that influence them. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... Pacifica Radio Network. ... Democracy Now! logo. ...


Podcasts

Many NPR affiliates offer the programs they produce as podcasts. Podcasting is a way of publishing sound files to the Internet, allowing users to subscribe to a feed and receive new audio files automatically. ...


alt. NPR is a series of podcast-only programs distributed by NPR, such as On Gambling with Mike Pesca, Groove Salad, and Youthcast. They are designed to appeal to a younger audience.


Criticism

Many conservative Republicans have alleged that the network tailors its content to the preferences of an audience drawn from a liberal "educated elite." While members of NPR's audience are more likely to be college educated than those who listen to other radio outlets, Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, a self-labeled "progressive"[8] media watchdog group, disputes the claim of a liberal bias.[9] A study conducted by researchers at UCLA and the University of Missouri Columbia found that while NPR is "often cited by conservatives as an egregious example of a liberal news outlet", "[b]y our estimate, NPR hardly differs from the average mainstream news outlet. Its score is approximately equal to those of Time, Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report and its score is slightly more conservative than The Washington Post's."[10] This article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Look up elite, élite in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR), founded in 1986, is an American organization that works against and documents what it perceives as bias in the media, censorship, and erroneous reporting. ... Claims of media bias in the United States attract constant attention. ... Binomial name Ucla xenogrammus Holleman, 1993 The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Christmas Island), and the... The University of Missouri-Columbia (abbreviated UMC and nicknamed Mizzou) is an institution of higher learning located in Columbia, Missouri and is the main campus in the University of Missouri system. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ...


Liberal critics have alleged that NPR caters to its corporate funders and shies away from controversial topics.[citation needed] Many of them believe that NPR avoids the sort of journalism that would embarrass the likes of Monsanto, Archer Daniels Midland, or Wal-Mart, since these companies are among the largest single private donors to NPR programming. In addition to the perception of avoiding direct criticism of corporate sponsors, NPR has had very real threats of funding cuts, especially while Republicans led the House of Representatives. Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... The Monsanto Company (NYSE: MON) is a multinational agricultural biotechnology corporation. ... The Archer Daniels Midland Company (NYSE: ADM), based in Decatur, Illinois, operates more than 270 plants worldwide, where cereal grains and oilseeds are processed into numerous products used in food, beverage, nutraceutical, industrial and animal feed markets worldwide. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ...


African-American community activists have criticized NPR for not being responsive to their interests and those of other minority ethnic groups. Tavis Smiley, a well-known black talk-show host, resigned from NPR claiming that NPR did not effectively promote his daily program to minority communities. In addition, he received complaints from listeners stating that his sound was too harsh and grating for public radio. In 2005, Smiley returned to public radio with a weekly program distributed by Public Radio International. After Smiley's resignation, the African-American centered topics were picked up by a regular substitute host, the Emmy Award-winning Ed Gordon, naming the new show News and Notes with Ed Gordon. Gordon left in 2005 because of difficulty working on the East Coast while the rest of the production team worked in Los Angeles, and was replaced with Farai Chideya, a news correspondent. Despite the criticisms, NPR has nurtured several top minority journalists, including Senior Correspondent Juan Williams, Richard Gonzalez, and Mandalit del Barco. Tavis Smiley (born September 13, 1964 in Biloxi, Mississippi) is an American radio and television personality. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... A talk show (U.S.) or chat show (Brit. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a not-for-profit corporation based in the United States founded in 1983 to develop non-commercial audio programming for public radio and other audio venues. ... Juan Williams is an Emmy Award-winning writer, radio, and television correspondent. ...


American pop culture is fond of referring to the allegedly dull nature of public radio shows. For example, The Simpsons parodied Garrison Keillor's comedic monologues on his American Public Media show A Prairie Home Companion with a character who dressed in a bow tie, spoke monotonously, and expected the audience to laugh at jokes that were not funny.[11] Saturday Night Live had a recurring segment called The Delicious Dish, a parody of public radio weekend programs modeled on the program Good Food, produced by NPR member station KCRW in Santa Monica. The hosts (played by Ana Gasteyer and Molly Shannon) speak in saccharine, hushed tones about their favorite foods; typically, these were boring selections such as "rice". Simpsons redirects here. ... Garrison Keillor (born Gary Edward Keillor on August 7, 1942) is an American author, humorist, columnist, musician, satirist, and radio personality. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... This article is about the radio show. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 90-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City which has been broadcast live by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ... Delicious Dish is a recurring comedy skit from the Saturday Night Live television comedy series. ... KCRW (89. ... Ana Kristina Gasteyer (born May 4, 1967) is an American actress and comedian. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Another common criticism of public broadcasting, including NPR, is the frequency of pledge drives. Individual contributions through pledge drives and other fundraising provide most of the funding for most NPR member stations. For many years, most public radio stations did two one-week pledge drives per year. To the dismay of listeners and staffers alike, some stations now hold pledge drives quarterly. Some listeners feel that there is a connection between pledge drives and programming, and are upset when programming on member stations for which they pledged is cut.


Unlike other radio networks, such as CBC/Radio-Canada, NPR does not produce local or regional content. Instead, each member station must create local news and other programming. This approach means that there is a great variety in the format of member station broadcasts. While this variety may reflect the diversity of the communities in which NPR stations are found, it may come at a sacrifice to uniform quality across the network. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ...


In 2003, some critics accused NPR of being supportive of the invasion of Iraq.[12][13] Combatants Coalition Forces: United States United Kingdom South Korea Australia Poland Romania others. ...


A 2004 FAIR study concluded that "NPR’s guestlist shows the radio service relies on the same elite and influential sources that dominate mainstream commercial news, and falls short of reflecting the diversity of the American public."[9] Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR), founded in 1986, is an American organization that works against and documents what it perceives as bias in the media, censorship, and erroneous reporting. ...


Supporters contend that NPR does its job remarkably well. A study conducted in 2003 by the polling firm Knowledge Networks and the University of Maryland’s Program on International Policy Attitudes showed that those who get their news and information from public broadcasting (NPR and PBS) are better informed than those whose information comes from other media outlets, including cable and broadcast TV networks and the print media. In particular, 80% of Fox News viewers held at least one of three common misperceptions about the Iraq War; only 23% of NPR listeners and PBS viewers were similarly misinformed. See: PIPA Controversy.[14][15] The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince Georges County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. ... The Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) is an institution devoted to research on the public opinion of international politics. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Since its inception, the Fox News Channel has faced accusations of political bias, accusations the network has stedfastly denied. ...


See also

The following is a list of National Public Radio personnel: // Kevin Klose (President/Chief Executive Officer since December 1998) Margot Adler Host, Justice Talking Tom Ashbrook, Host, On Point Melissa Block, Host, All Things Considered Bob Boilen, Host, All Songs Considered Director, All Things Considered Suzanne Bona, Host and Executive... The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 354 member TV stations in the United States, with some member stations available by cable in Canada. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a not-for-profit corporation based in the United States founded in 1983 to develop non-commercial audio programming for public radio and other audio venues. ... Pacifica Radio Network. ... BBC Radio is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation which has operated in the United Kingdom under the terms of a Royal Charter since 1927. ... Kevin Klose (born Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is the president and chief executive officer for National Public Radio (NPR), the United States largest nonprofit radio outlet for news and cultural programming. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ...

References

  1. ^ How NPR Works: NPR's Mission Statement
  2. ^ Eggerton, John. "Survey Says: Noncom News Most Trusted", Broadcasting & Cable, 2005-11-10. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  3. ^ Siemering, William (1999-11-29). National Public Radio Purposes. Public Broadcasting PolicyBase. Retrieved on 2006 October 2.
  4. ^ Conte, Camille. "Radio underwriting is not ‘commercial’", The Anchorage Press, 1998-06-25. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  5. ^ Letter from President of Board to NPR re Wal-Mart Underwriting [1], apparent broken link as of November 10, 2006.
  6. ^ National Public Radio (2003-11-06). NPR Receives a Record Bequest of More Than $200 Million. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  7. ^ Janssen, Mike. "Kroc gift lets NPR expand news, lower fees", Current, 2004-05-24. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  8. ^ What's FAIR?, FAIR Website
  9. ^ a b Steve Rendall and Daniel Butterworth, "How Public is Public Radio?", Extra!, May/June 2004.
  10. ^ Media Bias Is Real, Find UCLA Political Scientist by Tim Groseclose, UCLA, December 14, 2005
  11. ^ The Simpsons Archive, "Marge on the Lam", Airdate: 5-Nov-93. Retrieved 10-Nov-06.
  12. ^ Arnove, Anthony (2003-03-19). Pro-war Propaganda Machine. ZNet. Retrieved on 2006 October 2.
  13. ^ Jensen, Robert (2003-03-24). On NPR, Please Follow the Script. Dissident Voice. Retrieved on 2006 October 2.
  14. ^ Janssen, Mike. "Pubcasting helps audience sort fact, fiction", Current, 2003-10-20. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  15. ^ Misperceptions, the Media and the Iraq War. WorldPublicOpinion.org (2003-10-02). Retrieved on 2006 October 2.

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External links

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(Source: WRN Website and Sirius Radio)


 
 

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