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Encyclopedia > NKVD troika

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The Russian word troika ("threesome", "triumvirate") denoted commissions of three persons as an additional instrument of extrajudicial punishment (внесудебная расправа, внесудебное преследование) introduced to supplement the legal system with a means for quick punishment of anti-Soviet elements. It began as an institution of the Cheka, then later became prominent again in the NKVD, when it was used during the Great Purge period in the Soviet Union. Troika is the Annual Technical Festival organised by the IEEE Student Chapter of Delhi College of Engineering, Bawana Road, New Delhi. ... Extrajudicial execution and extrajudicial punishment are terms to describe death sentences and other types of punishment, respectively, executed without prior proper judicial procedure. ... The Cheka (ЧК in Russian) was the first of many Soviet secret police organizations. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


First "operational troikas" (оперативная тройка) were introduced in the "center", in Moscow military okrug in 1929. The qualifier "operational" means that they were based on operational departments of OGPU. Gradually troika were introduced in other places of the Soviet Union, for various purposes, of different kinds: in addition to operational troikas there were "court troikas" (судебная тройка) and "extraordinary troikas" (чрезвычайная тройка), "special troikas" (специальная тройка). Okrug is a term to denote administrative subdivision in some Slavic states. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Obedinennoe Gosudarstvennoe Politicheskoe Upravlenie (or OGPU) (Combined State Political Directorate, also translated as All Union State Political Board) was the name of the secret police in the Soviet Union in one of the stages of its development. ...


A notable step was the NKVD Order no. 00447 by July 30, 1937 О репрессировании бывших кулаков, уголовников и других антисоветских элементов ("About repression of former kulaks, criminals, and other anti-Soviet elements") undersigned by Nikolai Yezhov. By this order, troikas were created on the levels of republic, krai, and oblast. Investigation was to be performed by operative groups "in a speedy and simplified way", the results were to be delivered to troikas for trials. NKVD Order no. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Yezhov along Moscow-Volga channel. ... Krai (Russian: край; British English transliteration: kray), is a term used to refer to several of Russias 89 administrative regions (federal subjects). ... An oblast (Russian, Ukrainian: о́бласть, Bulgarian: о́бласт) is a subnational entity of Bulgaria, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the now-defunct Soviet Union, approximately equivalent to a province. ...


The chairman of a troika was the chief of the corresponding territorial subdivision of NKVD (People's Commissar of a republican NKVD, etc.). Usually a troika included the prosecutor of the republic/krai/oblast in question; if not, he was allowed to be present at the session of a troika. The third person was usually the Communist Party secretary of the corresponding regional level. The staff of these troikas were personally specified in the Order # 00447. Black Ravens by Boris Vladimirski, a depiction of the cars used by NKVD agents. ... From 1919 to 1946, functions of ministers in the government of Russia and, later, the Soviet Union were performed by Peoples Commissars (Russian title: Narodny Komissar, or Narkom). ... In modern usage, a Communist party is a political party which promotes Communism, a sociopolitical philosophy based on the particular interpretation of Marxism put forth by Vladimir Lenin. ...


Protocols of a troika session were passed to the corresponding operative group for executions of sentences. Times and places of executions of death sentences were ordered to be held in secret. Troikas of this purpose functioned for about a year.


On September 15, 1938 the Politburo issued the resolution (# П64/22) about the creation of Special troikas (Особая тройка) for the period of Polish operation of the NKVD, functioned for about two months. The name was a derivative from the Special Council of the NKVD (Особое Совещание, ОСО). Later the experience was re-used during other National operations of the NKVD: Romanian, Latvian, Finnish. September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Politburo (in Russian: Политбюро), known as the Presidium from 1952 to 1966, functioned as the central policymaking and governing body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. ... Polish operation of the NKVD refers to the coordinated actions of NKVD in 1937-1938 according to the NKVD Order no. ... Special Council of the USSR NKVD (Особое Совещание при НКВД СССР, ОСО) was created by the same decree of Sovnarkom of July 10, 1934 that introduced the NKVD itself. ... Mass operations of the NKVD were carried out during the Great Purge and targeted specific categories of people. ...


The institution of troikas was abolished in 1938 by the Decree about Arrests, Prosecutor Supervision and Course of Investigation, issued jointly by the Sovnarkom and VKP(b) Central Committee. 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Decree about Arests, Prosecutor Supervision and Course of Investigation was issued jointly by the Sovnarkom and VKP(b) Central Committee (undersigned by Molotov and Stalin) on November 17, 1938. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other usage of the initials CPSU see CPSU (disambiguation). ... The 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China meets in 2002 The Central Committee is a leading body of an organization, most often a political party, especially Communist parties. ...


External link

  • The Memorial civil movement

  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: NKVD troika (411 words)
The Russian word troika, "threesome", was used during the Great Purge period in the Soviet Union to denote commissions of three persons as an additional instrument of extrajudicial punishment (внесудебная расправа, внесудебное преследование;) introduced to supplement the legal system with a means for quick punishment of anti-Soviet elements.
First "operational troikas" (оперативная тройка) were introduced in the "center", in Moscow military okrug in 1929.
Gradually troika were introduced in other places of the Soviet Union, for various purposes, of different kinds: in addition to operational troikas there were "court troikas" (судебная тройка) and "extraordinary troikas" (чрезвычайная тройка), "special troikas" (специальная тройка).
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