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Encyclopedia > NKVD massacres of prisoners

Massacre of prisoners was a series of massacres committed by Soviet NKVD on prisoners in cities in the annexed territory of Poland close to the border with the part of Poland occupied by Germany and from which the Red Army was withdrawing after the German invasion in 1941. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Russian: (СССР)   listen?; tr. ... Black Ravens by Boris Vladimirski, a depiction of the cars used by NKVD agents. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

By the beginning of the war most of ethnically Polish population have already beed deported off the border regions, see Involuntary settlements in the Soviet Union. At the moment of massacres the majority of the inmates were Ukrainians accused of alliance to the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. Involuntary settlements in the Soviet Union took several forms. ... Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN, ОУН) was a Ukrainian political movement for the establishment of an independent Ukraine. ...

Most of the prisoners were innocent and waiting deportation. Prisoners were shot and several prisons were burned down.

One of the most notable cases occurred in Lwów. Lviv ( Львів in Ukrainian; Львов, Lvov in Russian; Lwów in Polish; Leopolis in Latin; Lemberg in German—see also cities alternative names) is a city in western Ukraine with 830,000 inhabitants (an additional 200,000 commute daily from suburbs). ...

The death toll is estimated at 30,000-40,000.

  Results from FactBites:
NKVD massacres of prisoners at AllExperts (940 words)
Massacre of prisoners was a series of mass executions committed by Soviet NKVD on prisoners in Poland and parts of the Soviet Union from which the Red Army was withdrawing after the German invasion in 1941.
NKVD prisoner executions in the first week after Barbarossa totaled some ten thousand in the western Ukraine and more than nine thousand in Vinnitsa, eastward toward Kiev; comparable numbers of prisoners were executed in eastern Poland, Byelorussia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Among the common methods of extermination were shooting the prisoners in their cells, killing them with grenades thrown into the cells or starving them to death in the cellars.
NKVD (2335 words)
However, the NKVD apparatus was overwhelmed by functions inherited directly from the Imperial MVD, such as the supervision of the local governments and firefighting, and the new proletarian workforce was largely inexperienced.
Although the NKVD performed the function of state security, the name of the organization today is associated primarily with its criminal activities: political repressions and assassinations, military crimes, violations of the rights of Soviet and foreign citizens, and violation of the law.
Cooperation of NKVD and Gestapo: In March 1940 representatives of NKVD and Gestapo meet for one week in Zakopane, for the coordination of the pacification of resistance in Poland.
  More results at FactBites »



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