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Encyclopedia > NHI NH90
NHI NH90
A NHI NH90 in flight.
Type Medium transport/utility helicopter
Manufacturer NHIndustries
Maiden flight 18 December 1995
Primary users Italian Army
Bundeswehr
French Navy
Royal Netherlands Navy
Number built TTH: 484 firm orders, 64 options
NFH: 128 firm, 17 options

The NHI NH90 is a medium sized, twin-engine, multi-role military helicopter manufactured by NHIndustries, a company established by Agusta, Eurocopter and Stork Fokker Aerospace. The NH90, which can be flown by a single pilot, is designed to operate by night and day and in poor weather. It has been ordered by several nations and is expected to enter service from 2007. Image File history File links NH90_NZDF.jpg‎ Summary Sourced from: http://www. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... NHIndustries is a helicopter manufacturing company established in 1992 by Agusta of Italy, Eurocopter of Germany and France as well as Stork Fokker Aerospace of the Netherlands. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... In the Gregorian Calendar, December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years), at which point there will be 13 days remaining to the end of the year. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ariete Tanks of the Italian Ariete Tank Brigade on exercise Three Bersaglieri ride in a Dardo The Italian Army has recently become a professional all-volunteer force of 112,000 active duty personnel. ... The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Force,  ) is the organization that controls and administers the armed forces of Germany. ... The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... This article is about the Royal Navy of the Netherlands. ... The Bell 206 of Canadian Helicopters Robinson Helicopter Company (USA) R44, a four seat development of the R22 A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors consisting of two or more rotor blades. ... NHIndustries is a helicopter manufacturing company established in 1992 by Agusta of Italy, Eurocopter of Germany and France as well as Stork Fokker Aerospace of the Netherlands. ... A South African Air Force A109LUH Agusta (now part of AgustaWestland) is an Italian helicopter manufacturer. ... The Eurocopter Group is a global helicopter manufacturing and support company formed in 1992 from the merger of the helicopter divisions of French Aérospatiale and German DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA). ... Fokker 100 of British Midland Airways For the physicist and musician, see Adriaan Fokker. ...

Contents

History

On 1 September 1992, NH Industries signed a NH90 design-and-development contract with NAHEMA (NATO Helicopter Management Agency). This agency represented the four participating nations: Germany, Italy, France and the Netherlands. Portugal joined the agency on 21 June 2001. The design work started in 1993, with the first prototype, the PT1, making its first flight on 18 December 1995. A second prototype, the PT2, first flew on 19 March 1997 and the third prototype, the PT3, on 27 November 1998. September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... In the Gregorian Calendar, December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years), at which point there will be 13 days remaining to the end of the year. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


The NH90 program is handled by NH Industries while production shares of the 3 Partner Companies involved are 32.00% for AgustaWestland – Italy, 62.50% for Eurocopter – France and Germany, and 5.50% for Fokker Aerospace - The Netherlands.


The NH90 has been developed into two main variants: the Tactical Transport Helicopter (TTH) and the NATO Frigate Helicopter (NFH), however, many of the customer countries have requested special solutions for their NH90s. The program had some technical and funding problems in the beginning of the 1990s, but a large production order for 298 helicopters was launched on 30 June 2000 by the partner countries. This soon followed by a series of orders from Europe and Asia/Australia. June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 184 days remaining. ...


In 2001, three Nordic countries signed purchase orders, Sweden placed an order for 25 helicopters, Finland for 20 helicopters, and Norway for 24 helicopters. On 29 August 2003, Greece ordered 34 NH90s with another 14 in option. In 2005 Australia ordered 12. The number was revised In June 2006 when Australia announced plans to order at least 34 more NH90s, taking their total order to 46[1]. In Australian service, the NH90 will be known as the MRH-90, where MRH stands for Multi Role Helicopter[2]. In July, 2006, the Saudi Government signed a contract to purchase a total of 142 helicopters, including 64 NH-90, 20 Eurocopter Cougar, 42 Eurocopter Fennec, 4 Eurocopter Panther naval, and 12 Eurocopter Tiger attack helicopters. [2] In July 2006, the New Zealand Government signed a contract to purchase 8 NH90s to replace their Air Force's fleet of Iroquois. 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... AS 532 Cougar The Eurocopter Cougar is a twin-engined, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. ... The Fennec is a single-engined, light-weight, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. ... The Panther helicopter of the Cassard frigate transferring a light load to the Meuse Maneuvering of a Panther helicopter on the Cassard frigate The Eurocopter Panther is the military version of the Eurocopter Dauphin medium-weight multipurpose twin-engine helicopter and is manufactured by Eurocopter (originally by Aérospatiale). ... The Eurocopter Tiger is an attack helicopter manufactured by the Eurocopter Group. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... The Bell Helicopter Textron UH-1 Iroquois, commonly (or officially in the United States Marine Corps) known as the Huey, is a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam War. ...


The program ran into a 2 year production delay due to the complicated type approval procedure, and the first NH90s were delivered by late 2006 to the German Army. These will be followed by Italian and Finnish helicopters in 2007. Later during 2007, the Italian and French navies will start to receive their NFH versions and the first Swedish and Norwegian NH90s will also be delivered. 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...


The NH90 was initially intended to be produced at 3 main assembly lines; Cascina Costa in Italy for AgustaWestland, Marignane in France and Donauwörth in Germany for Eurocopter. However, the Nordic and Australian contracts stipulated production locally (the Nordic ones at Patria in Finland). Patria is a Finnish company which produces a wide range of defence, aviation and aerospace technology. ...


By 2007, 15 countries and 24 armed forces had placed 612 firm orders and 64 options (TTH: 484+64, NFH: 128+17)


Versions

NFH: NATO Frigate Helicopter

The primary role of the NFH version is autonomous anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and anti-surface unit warfare (ASuW), mainly from naval ships. These aircraft are equipped for day and night, adverse weather and severe ship motion operations. For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... Anti-submarine warfare (ASW or in older forms A/S) is a branch of naval warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft or other submarines to find, track and then damage or destroy enemy submarines. ... ASUW may stand for: Associated Students of the University of Washington Anti-Surface Warfare This page expands a three-character combination which might be any or all of: an abbreviation, an acronym, an initialism, a word in English, or a word in another language. ...


Additional roles include anti-air warfare support, vertical replenishment (vertrep), search & rescue (SAR) and troop transport.


TTH: Tactical Transport Helicopter

The primary role of the TTH version is the transport of 20 troops or more than 2,500 kg of cargo, heliborne operations and search & rescue. It can quickly be adapted to MEDEVAC/CASEVAC missions by fitting up to 12 stretchers or cargo delivery capability


Additional roles include medical evacuation (12 stretchers), special operations, electronic warfare, airborne command post, parachuting, VIP transport and flight training. A Very Important Person, or VIP (pronouced vee-eye-pee) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance. ...


The abbrevation TTT (Tactical Troop Transport) is used for Finnish and Swedish TTHs in some contexts.


Users and cost

An NHI example MRH-90 at the 2005 Australian Airshow
An NHI example MRH-90 at the 2005 Australian Airshow

The current NH90 order book is as follows: Example MRH-90 at the 2005 Australian Airshow File links The following pages link to this file: NHI NH90 ... Example MRH-90 at the 2005 Australian Airshow File links The following pages link to this file: NHI NH90 ...

The unit prices were estimated in 2001 as ranging from 19 million Euros for the tactical transport helicopter (TTH) to 30 million Euros for the NATO frigate helicopter (NFH). Italy signed a Euro 3.2 billions contract from 2000 to 2018 for their order of 116 + 1 (in option) NH90s. Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... The Westland Sea King is a license-built version of the Sikorsky helicopter of the same name, built by Westland Helicopters. ... Koksijde Air Base is a Belgian Air Force facility in Koksijde, Belgium. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The German Army (German: Heer, [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... The Luftwaffe (literally, air weapon, prounounced looft-vaaf-fa) is the air force of Germany. ... German frigate Karlsruhe rescuing shipwrecked people off the coast of Somalia while participating in the international anti-terror operation ENDURING FREEDOM, April 2005 The Laboe Naval Memorial for sailors who lost their lives at sea during the World Wars and while on duty at sea and U 995 Modern Air... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Ariete Tanks of the Italian Ariete Tank Brigade on exercise Three Bersaglieri ride in a Dardo The Italian Army has recently become a professional all-volunteer force of 112,000 active duty personnel. ... Pre-unitarian navies of the Italian states Regia Marina - Royal Navy of the Kingdom of Italy (1861 - 1946) Marina Militare - Navy of the Italian Republic (1946 - today) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Coat of arms of the Italian Air Force The Aeronautica Militare Italiana (AMI) is the air force of Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Royal Netherlands Navy Jack The Koninklijke Marine (Royal Netherlands Navy ) is the navy of the Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Portuguese Armed Forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Albacete its origins is derived from Arabic Al Basita (the plain, or the simple). ... The Spanish Army (Ejército de Tierra in Spanish; literally, Land Army) is one branch of the Spanish Armed Forces, in charge of land operations. ... SAF Roundel The Spanish Air Force (Spanish: Ejército del Aire; literally, Army of the Air) is the air force of the Spain. ... The Spanish Navy (in Spanish, Armada Española) is the maritime arm of the Spanish Military. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ...


Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 pilots
  • Capacity: 20 troops/12 stretchers
  • Length: 16.13 m (52 ft 11 in)
  • Rotor diameter: 16.30 m (53 ft 5¾ in)
  • Height: 5.23 m (17 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 5,400 kg (11,900 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 10,600 kg (23,370 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2× Rolls-Royce Turbomeca RTM322-01/9 turboshafts, 1,662 kW (2,230 shp) each
  • Powerplant:General Electric T700-T6E turboshafts, 1,577 kW (2,115 shp) each

Performance

Armament

Missiles: anti-submarine and/or anti-surface missiles (NFH version) In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Ltd. ... An Advanced turboshaft, the RTM322, produced by Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Ltd. ... Turboshaft engines are a type of jet engine, differing from the similar turboprop largely in name and use -- turboshaft engines are used in helicopters, the name referring to the way the torque of the engine drives the power shaft at 90 degrees to the engine mounting. ... GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... The General Electric T700 and CT7 are a family of turboshaft and turboprop engines in the 1500-2500 shp class. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing as limited by its fuel capacity. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...

See also

European defence procurement refers to the collective armaments purchasing polices of European nations. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Sydney Morning Herald (2006-06-19). Defence to spend $2b more on choppers. Retrieved on 2006-06-19.
  2. ^ NHIndustries (2005-02-06). AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT ORDERS 12 NH90 HELICOPTERS.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Canbird Economics", Aviation Week & Space Technology, December 4, 2006.
  5. ^ "News Breaks", Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 1, 2007.

... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... NHIndustries is a helicopter manufacturing company established in 1992 by Agusta of Italy, Eurocopter of Germany and France as well as Stork Fokker Aerospace of the Netherlands. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Aviation Week & Space Technology (often abbreviated as Aviation Week or AW&ST) is a weekly magazine which reports upon the state of the aerospace industry. ... December 4th redirects here. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Aviation Week & Space Technology (often abbreviated as Aviation Week or AW&ST) is a weekly magazine which reports upon the state of the aerospace industry. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...

External links


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