FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > NFL Europe
NFL Europe
NFL Europe logo
Sport American football
Founded 1991
No. of teams 6
Country Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands
Current champions Frankfurt Galaxy

The NFL Europe League is an American football league which operates in Europe. Backed by the National Football League (NFL), the largest professional American football league in the United States, it was founded in 1991 as the World League of American Football (WLAF). NFL Europe logo, claiming fair use This work is copyrighted. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... See also: 1990 in sports, other events of 1991, 1992 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Ernie Irvan won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Michael Andretti won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Rick Mears Formula One Championship - Ayrton... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Year Founded 1991 Home Field Commerzbank-Arena City Frankfurt, Germany Team Colors Purple, Orange Head Coach Mike Jones Championships 3 (1995, 1999, 2003) The Frankfurt Galaxy is an American football team based in Frankfurt, Germany. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The National Football League (NFL) is the largest professional American football league, consisting of thirty-two teams from American cities and regions. ... The World League of American Football (WLAF) was founded in 1990 with support from the NFL to play semi-professional American Football in North America, Europe and later maybe Asia. ...


There are currently six teams in the league: five based in Germany and one in the Netherlands. Players in NFL Europe are predominantly assigned by National Football League teams who want these younger, "developmental" players to get additional game experience and coaching. The expenses of these players and their coaches while living in Europe are assumed by the league.

Contents

History

Old World League of American Football (WLAF) logo
Old World League of American Football (WLAF) logo

NFL Europe was originally founded in 1991 as the World League of American Football. The original WLAF was an American football league partially backed by the National Football League and, like the current NFL Europe, was a spring developmental league. Originally, the ancestor to NFL Europe had 10 teams playing a 10-game regular season: six teams from the United States, three European teams, and one Canadian team. The two teams emerging from the WLAF semi-final playoffs met at the end of the season in the World Bowl. The first two World Bowl games were held at predetermined locations much like the modern Super Bowl. The original WLAF was unpopular in the United States, and only marginally more popular in Europe. Total attendances at the fifty games in each season were between 1.2 and 1.3 million, giving an average attendance in the mid twenty thousands. The WLAF suspended operations in 1993 prior to the season. World League of American Football logo, claiming fair use This work is copyrighted. ... The World League of American Football (WLAF) was founded in 1990 with support from the NFL to play semi-professional American Football in North America, Europe and later maybe Asia. ... The World League of American Football (WLAF) was founded in 1990 with support from the NFL to play semi-professional American Football in North America, Europe and later maybe Asia. ... The World Bowl is the American football Championship game of the NFL Europe, similar to the Super Bowl of the NFL. When the NFL Europe was founded in 1991 as World League of American Football (WLAF), with teams in North America and Europe as well as expansion plans for Asia... The World Bowl is the American football Championship game of the NFL Europe, similar to the Super Bowl of the NFL. When the NFL Europe was founded in 1991 as World League of American Football (WLAF), with teams in North America and Europe as well as expansion plans for Asia... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ...


However, the National Football League still liked the idea of a spring developmental league, and after revamping itself into an exclusively European circuit, the league re-launched in 1995, consisting of the three existing European teams from the original format as well as three new teams in Amsterdam, Düsseldorf and Edinburgh (who would compete as Scotland). All six teams play in a single division and the 10-game format has been preserved. The original playoff format matched the first-half champion against the team with the best overall season record (or the runner-up, in the event the first-half champion also had the best overall record.) The first-half champion would host the championship game. This format was abandoned after the 1997 season. In subsequent years, the two teams with the best overall record after 10 games compete in the World Bowl, to be hosted at a pre-determined site. The change is largely attributed to the play of the eventual 1997 World Bowl champions, the Barcelona Dragons, who secured a World Bowl berth with a 4-1 first-half record and proceeded to rest players and play what some argued was low-intensity football in the second half, finishing with just a 5-5 record and third place overall in the league's standings. Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 743,905 (1 April 2006) Demonym Amsterdammer Coordinates Website www. ... Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and (together with Cologne and the Ruhr Area) the economic center of Western Germany. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ; Dùn Èideann () in Scottish Gaelic) is the capital of Scotland and its second-largest city. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1. ...


By the end of the 1997 season, the league was growing concerned that their markets outside of Germany were not living up to their potential. Radical changes were made to the two British teams, spelling the beginning of the end for one. The London Monarchs would become the England Monarchs, switch their colours from blue, gold and red to red, white and black, and play their home games in London, Birmingham and Bristol. The league had been messing around with the Monarchs as it was, since the pitch at their London stadium, White Hart Lane, was only 93 yards long - nowhere near enough to hold a full 100 yards and two ten-yard endzones. Also, the Scottish Claymores would divide their schedule between Edinburgh and Glasgow. Then, at a press conference in San Diego during Super Bowl XXXII weekend, the league announced it too would be changing: the league would be rebranded as the NFL Europe League. See also Birmingham, USA, and other places called Birmingham. ... This article is about the English city of Bristol. ... For the railway station of the same name, see White Hart Lane railway station. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68...


The NFL Europe era has been beset by instability. The England Monarchs were shut down after the 1998 season, being replaced by the Berlin Thunder. In 2002, the Barcelona Dragons became an official section of FC Barcelona, adopting the name FC Barcelona Dragons, but folded after the 2003 season, when Barça dropped its sponsorship and the NFL was not interested in keeping the franchise alive. A new German franchise, the Cologne Centurions, took the Dragons' place in the league in 2004. The Scottish Claymores, one of the 3 teams added to the league in 1995, were also discontinued with their replacements (Hamburg Sea Devils) being established for the 2005 season. With this change, presently five of the six teams are from Germany, with one from the Netherlands, leading some of the league's detractors to refer to it as 'NFL Deutschland' or 'NFL Germany'; even speculating that the Admirals are only still in Holland because they won World Bowl XIII, and it wouldn't look good if the league moved its champions, or simply to justify its "European" identity by keeping one team outside the German borders. German teams, unsurprisingly, won all 7 World Bowl Championships between 1998 and 2004. In 2005 the total attendance at the thirty games was 568,935, and the average attendance of 18,965 was the highest since 1992. On the other hand, TV contracts were cancelled as a result of teams moving out of the countries they were based upon, such as the NFLEL deal with satellite TV platform Digital Plus in Spain after the demise of the Barcelona Dragons. Year Founded 1999 Home Field Olympiastadion City Berlin, Germany Team Colors Black, Green, Tan, Orange, and White Head Coach Rick Lantz Championships 3 (2001, 2002, 2004) The Berlin Thunder is a franchise in NFL Europe, which is a springtime American football league serving primarily as a developmental league for the... Year Founded 1991 Year Retired 2003 City Barcelona, Spain Team Colors Dark Green, Scarlet Red, Yellow and White Championships 1 (1997) The Barcelona Dragons was a team in the World League of American Football from 1991 and 1992, and in NFL Europe from 1995 to 2003. ... Futbol Club Barcelona, popularly known as Barça, is a sports club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... The Cologne Centurions are an American football franchise that plays in NFL Europe. ... Year Founded 1995 Year Retired 2004 Cities Glasgow/Edinburgh, Scotland Team Colors Navy Blue, Royal Blue, Silver and White Championships 1 (1996) The Scottish Claymores were an American football franchise that played in NFL Europe from 1995 to 2004. ... The Hamburg Sea Devils are a new American football franchise that began play in NFL Europe from 2005. ... Digital Plus Digital+ is a spanish satellite platform who offers a variety of channels, national and international and pay per view films and football, know as taquilla. It is a subdivision of Sogecable, and was founded in July 23, 2003 as a result of the merger of Via Digital (owned...


Future

The league's managing director Jim Connelly has put forward plans for the league's future - with the ultimate goal of "...establishing American football as a major spectator and participation sport in Europe." This, bizarrely, involves making the league even more Germano-centric:

  • shifting the league's head office from London to Frankfurt - this at least makes sense, since the systematic dismantling of the London Monarchs following the 1993-94 hiatus;
  • employing a top-end US coach in this relocated HQ to "...oversee a stepped-up plan to develop more German players";
  • players becoming a permanent part of their teams, even going so far as living in their host cities for PR and grass-roots development.
  • and aiming for an eight-team, two-division, 12-game regular season, with proper playoffs.

Whether the Amsterdam Admirals remain in their current city or not seems increasingly down to how well they perform, as following World Bowl XIV, Connelly said at a press conference that the NFL-E Board "...heard updates on the status of other German markets that remain interested in securing an NFLEL franchise". No indication was made whether these would be expansions or relocations. The two leading potential cities have been listed as Leipzig and Hanover - this would make a supposedly pan-European league at least seven-eighths German. [1] Year Founded 1991 Year Retired 1998 City London, England Team Colours (London) Royal Blue, Gold, Red Team Colours (England) Red, White, Black Championships 1 (1991, beat Barcelona Dragons 21-0) The London Monarchs were a franchise in NFL Europe and its predecessor league, the World League of American Football (WLAF... [] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the Federal State (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... Hanover (German: Hannover []), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ...


NFL Europa?

Possible new NFL Europa Logo
Possible new NFL Europa Logo

On the Rhein Fire's website there appears where the NFL Europe shield should be a new logo featuring the words "NFL Europa" and an entirely new design moving away from the European Union flag design. Also posted on the Amsterdam Admirals message board was a picture with a larger version of the possible new logo being unveiled in Dusseldorf [2] Image File history File links NFLEuropalogo. ... Image File history File links NFLEuropalogo. ... Image File history File links NFLEuropapic. ... Year Founded 1995 Home Field LTU Arena City Düsseldorf, Germany Team Colors Maroon, Black, Gold and White Head Coach Jim Tomsula Championships 2 (1998, 2000) The Rhein Fire is a franchise in NFL Europe, formerly the World League of American Football. Established in Germany in 1995, depending on your... European flag The European flag consists of a circle of twelve golden stars on a blue background. ... The Amsterdam Admirals are a team in NFL Europe, a league of American football operated in Europe primarily as a developmental league for the National Football League. ...


Experimental Rules

The NFL Europe League is not only used to develop young players for the NFL: it is also used to test rule changes with the result that the rules of NFL Europe can be quite different to standard NFL rules. Sometimes these rules prove to be popular and go on to be adopted by the NFL. Others have remained confined to NFL Europe, something which on occasion has been a source of confusion among players. The most famous example is the 2-point conversion rule, in which the ball is passed or run into the endzone again following a touchdown instead of a kick between the uprights. This rule was tested in the World League before it was adopted by the NFL in 1994. Other minor tweaks in gameplay, such as a shorter kickoff tee, were also first used in the WLAF.


The NFL has traditionally used a sudden-death format for overtime. Regular season games have a single period of overtime during which the first team to score goes on to win the game. If neither team scores, the games is declared a tie. In post-season games, overtime is extended indefinitely until one team scores. In NFL Europe, however, the overtime period lasts for 10 minutes with the requirement that each team must have the opportunity of possession at least once. (This gives the format some similarities with the NCAA's overtime format.) So, in NFL Europe, it is possible for one team to score in overtime then have to kick-off to the opponent and give them a chance to either equalise or win the game (still possible on just one possession each; if one team scores a TD followed by an extra point, their opponents could still win by scoring a touchdown followed by a 2-point conversion). The winner is the team with the highest score after both teams have had possession. Only two games have ever remained tied after OT in WLAF/NFL Europe history: London Monarchs vs Birmingham Fire in Week 4 of the 1992 season, and Berlin Thunder at Hamburg Sea Devils, on April 1, 2006. The score of both games was 17-17. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


With soccer being the traditionally popular sport in Europe and American Football being a relative newcomer, the rules were changed slightly to encourage a greater element of kicking which was intended to make the game more enjoyable for soccer and rugby fans. They did this by awarding 4 points to field goals of more than 50 yards, as opposed to 3 points in the NFL. This has the interesting side-effect that a touchdown lead (6 points) can be overcome by one regular field goal (3 points) as well as a long field goal (4 points). Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Rugby football, often just referred to as rugby, refers to sports descended from a common form of football developed at Rugby School in England. ... A field goal (formerly goal from the field) is a general term used in some sports wherein a goal may be scored either during general play (from the field) or via some sort of free shot. ...


Also, there is a requirement that at least one player of Non-American extraction, referred to as "national" players, participate in every down for both teams as of the 2006 season (in previous seasons one was required to play only on every down of every other series). In addition to European players a number of Mexican and Japanese players have played as national players. Up until the 2004 season kicked conversion attempts and short field goals were attempted by national players. Since there are few European players who have had the chance to compete at a level comparable to U.S. College Football and the NFL, many of the most useful European players have prior experience in soccer or rugby so become Kickers in NFL Europe. This, in conjunction with the 4-point field goal rule, meant that, while European players were a small minority of players, they still had a significant involvement in scoring points. A college football game between Colorado State University and the Air Force Academy. ...


NFL Europe Teams (1995-Present)

Current teams

Amsterdam Admirals

(1995) Image File history File links NFLE_Admirals. ... The Amsterdam Admirals are a team in NFL Europe, a league of American football operated in Europe primarily as a developmental league for the National Football League. ...

Berlin Thunder

(1999) Image File history File links NFLE_Thunder. ... Year Founded 1999 Home Field Olympiastadion City Berlin, Germany Team Colors Black, Green, Tan, Orange, and White Head Coach Rick Lantz Championships 3 (2001, 2002, 2004) The Berlin Thunder is a franchise in NFL Europe, which is a springtime American football league serving primarily as a developmental league for the...

Cologne Centurions

(2004) Image File history File links NFLE_Centurions. ... The Cologne Centurions are an American football franchise that plays in NFL Europe. ...

Frankfurt Galaxy

(1991) Image File history File links NFLE_Galaxy. ... Year Founded 1991 Home Field Commerzbank-Arena City Frankfurt, Germany Team Colors Purple, Orange Head Coach Mike Jones Championships 3 (1995, 1999, 2003) The Frankfurt Galaxy is an American football team based in Frankfurt, Germany. ...

Hamburg Sea Devils

(2005) Image File history File links NFLE_SeaDevils. ... The Hamburg Sea Devils are a new American football franchise that began play in NFL Europe from 2005. ...

Rhein Fire

(1995) Image File history File links NFLE_Fire. ... Year Founded 1995 Home Field LTU Arena City Düsseldorf, Germany Team Colors Maroon, Black, Gold and White Head Coach Jim Tomsula Championships 2 (1998, 2000) The Rhein Fire is a franchise in NFL Europe, formerly the World League of American Football. Established in Germany in 1995, depending on your...

Former teams

Scottish Claymores

(1995-2004) Image File history File links NFLE_Claymores. ... Year Founded 1995 Year Retired 2004 Cities Glasgow/Edinburgh, Scotland Team Colors Navy Blue, Royal Blue, Silver and White Championships 1 (1996) The Scottish Claymores were an American football franchise that played in NFL Europe from 1995 to 2004. ...

(F.C.) Barcelona Dragons

(1991-2003) Image File history File links NFLE_Dragons. ... Year Founded 1991 Year Retired 2003 City Barcelona, Spain Team Colors Dark Green, Scarlet Red, Yellow and White Championships 1 (1997) The Barcelona Dragons was a team in the World League of American Football from 1991 and 1992, and in NFL Europe from 1995 to 2003. ...

London Monarchs

(1991-1997) Image File history File links NFLE_Monarchs. ... Year Founded 1991 Year Retired 1998 City London, England Team Colours (London) Royal Blue, Gold, Red Team Colours (England) Red, White, Black Championships 1 (1991, beat Barcelona Dragons 21-0) The London Monarchs were a franchise in NFL Europe and its predecessor league, the World League of American Football (WLAF...

England Monarchs

(1998) Image File history File links NFLE_EnglandMonarchs. ... Year Founded 1991 Year Retired 1998 City London, England Team Colours (London) Royal Blue, Gold, Red Team Colours (England) Red, White, Black Championships 1 (1991, beat Barcelona Dragons 21-0) The London Monarchs were a franchise in NFL Europe and its predecessor league, the World League of American Football (WLAF...

See also

The World Bowl is the American football Championship game of the NFL Europe, similar to the Super Bowl of the NFL. When the NFL Europe was founded in 1991 as World League of American Football (WLAF), with teams in North America and Europe as well as expansion plans for Asia... This is a list of current and defunct leagues of American football. ... The table below lists domestic sports leagues from around the world by total attendances for the last completed season. ... ...

External links

NFL Europe
Amsterdam Admirals | Berlin Thunder | Cologne Centurions | Frankfurt Galaxy | Hamburg Sea Devils | Rhein Fire
Former teams: Barcelona Dragons | London Monarchs| Scottish Claymores
See also: World Bowl

  Results from FactBites:
 
NFL Europe at AllExperts (532 words)
NFL Europe is an American football league which operates in Europe.
NFL Europe was originally founded in the spring of 1991 as the World League of American Football.
While the sport of American football is relatively new to Europe, the apparent popularity of the league and the sport in Germany is, at this point, undeniable.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m