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Encyclopedia > NECTA

A New England City and Town Area or NECTA is a geographic entity in the New England region of the United States. A NECTA is a region associated with a core urban area with a population of at least 10,000, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting and employment. NECTAs are analogous to Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) and are similarly classified as either metropolitan NECTAs (corresponding to Metropolitan Statistical Areas) or micropolitan NECTAs (corresponding to Micropolitan Statistical Areas). A micropolitan NECTA has an urban core with a population of at least 10,000 but less than 50,000 while a metropolitan NECTA has an urban core with a population of at least 50,000. This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... A Core Based Statistical Area is the United States Census Bureau term for a functional region based around an urban center of at least 10,000 people, based on standards published by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 2000. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... A Micropolis (mini-city) is a demographics term that gained currency in the 1990s to describe growing population centers in the United States that are far removed from a large city, even 100 miles (160 km) or more. ...

The principal difference between a CBSA and a NECTA is that NECTAs use New England towns as building blocks instead of counties. In the New England region, towns (which are minor civil divisions) are a much more important level of government than counties. Because of this, NECTAs are usually a much closer approximation to metropolitan areas in New England than metropolitan statistical areas. The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... Minor civil division (MCD) is a term used by the United States Census Bureau to designate the primary governmental and/or administrative subdivisions of a county, such as a civil township, precinct, or magisterial district. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ...

Large NECTAs (with population greater than 2.5 million) may be subdivided into smaller groupings known as NECTA Divisions. Adjacent NECTAs that have a high degree of employment interchange may also be combined to form Combined NECTAS (or CNECTAs). NECTAs that are part of a CNECTA retain their separate identities.


List of NECTAs

The following is a list of metropolitan and micropolitan NECTAs as defined by the Office of Management and Budget. Definitions are as of December 2005. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is a body within the Executive Office of the President of the United States which is tasked with coordinating United States Federal agencies. ...


  • Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Metropolitan NECTA
  • Danbury, CT Metropolitan NECTA
  • Danielson, CT Micropolitan NECTA
  • Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan NECTA
  • New Haven, CT Metropolitan NECTA
  • Norwich-New London, CT-RI Metropolitan NECTA
  • Torrington, CT Micropolitan NECTA
  • Waterbury, CT Metropolitan NECTA
  • Willimantic, CT Micropolitan NECTA


  • Augusta, ME Micropolitan NECTA
  • Bangor, ME Metropolitan NECTA
  • Brunswick, ME Micropolitan NECTA
  • Lewiston-Auburn, ME Metropolitan NECTA
  • Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME Metropolitan NECTA
  • Rockland, ME Micropolitan NECTA
  • Sanford, ME Micropolitan NECTA
  • Waterville, ME Micropolitan NECTA


  • Amherst Center, MA Micropolitan NECTA
  • Athol, MA Micropolitan NECTA
  • Barnstable Town, MA Metropolitan NECTA
  • Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH Metropolitan NECTA
    • Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division
    • Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA NECTA Division
    • Framingham, MA NECTA Division
    • Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, MA-NH NECTA Division
    • Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, MA-NH NECTA Division
    • Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH NECTA Division
    • Lynn-Peabody-Salem, MA NECTA Division
    • Nashua, NH-MA NECTA Division
    • Taunton-Norton-Raynham, MA NECTA Division
  • Greenfield, MA Micropolitan NECTA
  • Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA Metropolitan NECTA
  • New Bedford, MA Metropolitan NECTA
  • North Adams, MA-VT Micropolitan NECTA
  • Pittsfield, MA Metropolitan NECTA
  • Springfield, MA-CT Metropolitan NECTA
  • Worcester, MA-CT Metropolitan NECTA

New Hampshire

  • Berlin, NH Micropolitan NECTA
  • Claremont, NH Micropolitan NECTA
  • Concord, NH Micropolitan NECTA
  • Franklin, NH Micropolitan NECTA
  • Keene, NH Micropolitan NECTA
  • Laconia, NH Micropolitan NECTA
  • Lebanon, NH-VT Micropolitan NECTA
  • Manchester, NH Metropolitan NECTA
  • Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
  • Rochester-Dover, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA

Rhode Island

  • Providence-Fall River-Warwick, RI-MA Metropolitan NECTA


  • Barre, VT Micropolitan NECTA
  • Bennington, VT Micropolitan NECTA
  • Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA
  • Rutland, VT Micropolitan NECTA

List of CNECTAs

External links

  • Census Bureau maps of NECTAs
  • List of NECTAs and their component towns



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