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Encyclopedia > NCAA Division II
NCAA

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said "NC-Double-A") is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. Its headquarters are currently located in Indianapolis, Indiana.


Its predecessor, the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS), was established on March 31, 1906 to set rules for amateur sports in the United States. Its creation was urged by then-president Theodore Roosevelt in reaction to his concern over the growing amount of serious injuries and deaths occurring in collegiate football. The IAAUS later became the National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1910.


Up until the 1980s the association did not offer women's athletics. By 1982 however, all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics and most members of the AIAW joined the NCAA.


In 1973, the NCAA split its membership into three divisions: Division I, Division II and Division III. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Generally, larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in III. Division I football is further divided into I-A and I-AA.


The NCAA's legislative structure is broken down into cabinets and committees, consisting of various representatives of its member schools. These may be broken down further into sub-committees. Legislation is then passed on to the Management Council, which oversees all the cabinets and committees, and also includes repsentatives from the schools, such as athletic directors and faculty advisors. Management Council legislation goes on to the Board of Directors, which consists of school presidents, for final approval.


The NCAA staff itself provides support, acting as guides, liaison, research and public and media relations. The current NCAA president is Myles Brand, former school president of Indiana University.


Sports sanctioned by the NCAA include basketball, baseball (men), softball (women), football (men), cross country, field hockey (women), bowling (women), golf, fencing (coeducational), lacrosse, soccer, gymnastics, rowing (women's), volleyball, ice hockey, water polo, rifle (coeducational), tennis, skiing, track & field, swimming & diving, and wrestling (men's).


The NCAA is not the only collegiate athletic organization in the United States. The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) is another collegiate athletic organization.

Contents

See also

NCAA Championships

  • College World Series (Baseball)
  • Basketball
    • Men's
      • Division I
      • Division II
      • Division III
    • Women's
      • Division I
      • Division II
      • Division III
  • Bowling
  • Men's Cross Country
  • Women's Cross Country
  • Fencing
  • Women's Field Hockey
  • Football
  • Men's Golf
  • Women's Golf
  • Men's Gymnastics
  • Women's Gymnastics
  • Men's Ice Hockey
  • Women's Ice Hockey
  • Men's Indoor Track and Field
  • Women's Indoor Track and Field
  • Men's Lacrosse
  • Women's Lacrosse
  • Men's Outdoor Track and Field
  • Women's Outdoor Track and Field
  • Rifle
  • Rowing
  • Skiing
  • Men's Soccer
  • Women's Soccer
  • Softball
  • Men's Swimming and Diving
  • Women's Swimming and Diving
  • Men's Tennis
  • Women's Tennis
  • Men's Volleyball
  • Women's Volleyball
  • Men's Water Polo
  • Women's Water Polo
  • Wrestling

Foreign Intercollegiate/Interuniversitarial equivalents

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
NCAA Division I, II and III Membership Criteria (487 words)
Division I schools must meet minimum financial aid awards for their athletics program, and there are maximum financial aid awards for each sport that a Division I school cannot exceed.
Division II Division II institutions have to sponsor at least five sports for men and five for women, (or four for men and six for women), with two team sports for each gender, and each playing season represented by each gender.
Division III athletics features student-athletes who receive no financial aid related to their athletic ability and athletic departments are staffed and funded like any other department in the university.
Consideration Of Reclassifying From NCAA Division II to Division I-AA Statement :: Posted Oct. 24 (3451 words)
NCAA Division I is divided into three sections depending on the competitive level at which a school plays football.
In Division I-A, football is financed and played at the highest level with 85 grants-in-aid and large, full-time coaching staffs; in Division I-AA football is operated at a lower, cost containment level with a maximum of 63 grants-in-aid, but at a level higher than in Division II which allows a maximum of 36 football grants-in-aid.
Division I conferences have taken steps to prohibit their member schools from competing against Division II schools because a loss significantly reduces their opportunity to advance to postseason competition.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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