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Encyclopedia > NATO reporting name

NATO reporting names are unclassified code names for Soviet and Chinese military equipment. These were created to facilitate communications between military units speaking different languages. Also, in many cases, the actual name of the equipment often took years to obtain. Much of this so-named equipment is still in use around the world, and NATO reporting names are frequently used. NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used clandestinely to refer to another name or word. ... Soviet redirects here. ...


NATO maintained lists of these names. The administration of assignment of the names for the Soviet and Chinese aircraft was handled by the five-nation Air Standardization Coordinating Committee (ASCC) which consisted of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America.


The initial letter of the name indicated something about the use of that equipment; for example, fighter aircraft were assigned names beginning with the letter F, bomber aircraft with B, helicopters with H, surface-to-surface missiles with S, and surface-to-air missiles with G. For fixed-wing aircraft, names with one syllable were used for propeller-powered craft, while two-syllable names indicated jet engines. Perhaps the most famous reporting name is that of the SS-1 ballistic missile, the “Scud.” This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping boobs. ... A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors consisting of two or more rotor blades. ... A surface-to-surface missile (SSM) is a guided projectile launched from a hand-held, vehicle mounted, trailer mounted or fixed installation or from a ship. ... Akash Missile Firing French Air Force Crotale battery Bendix Rim-8 Talos surface to air missile of the US Navy A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A syllable (Ancient Greek: ) is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. ... For other uses, see Scud (disambiguation). ...


The United States Department of Defense expands on the NATO reporting names in some cases. For example, whereas NATO refers to surface-to-air missile systems mounted on ships or submarines with the same names as the corresponding land-based systems, despite some minor differences (and in one case, lack of corresponding systems at all, although this was not realized for some time), the US DoD assigns a different series of numbers with a different suffix (i.e., SA-N- vs. SA-) for these systems. The names, however, are kept the same as the land-based system as a convenience. In the case where there is no corresponding system, a new name is devised. Some US DoD nomenclature is included in the following pages and is noted as such. The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ... Akash Missile Firing French Air Force Crotale battery Bendix Rim-8 Talos surface to air missile of the US Navy A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ...


The Soviet Union did not assign official “popular names” to its aircraft, although unofficial nicknames were as common as in any air force. Most of the time (though not always) the Soviet pilots did not use the NATO names (or the translations thereof), usually because they were not known for a long time, and because later a different Russian nickname had come into being. Many of the names were not particularly flattering, though that is a matter of opinion. For many there was no real overall meaning, others hinted at clever double meanings, and some others have become memorable and feared names. Literally hundreds of different names had to be thought up and chosen, so the names covered a wide variety of subjects. // A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things proper name (for example, Bob, Rob, Robby, Robbie, Robi, Robin, Robbo, RobBob, Bobby, Rab, Rabbie, Bert, Bertie, Butch, Bobbers, Bobert, Beto, Bobadito, and Robban (in Sweden), are all nicknames for Robert). ... An Air force is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ...


Since there are only so many words that start with a given letter, many aircraft (and other equipment as well) had unusual names. For example, to the layman, “Backfire” sounds like a reference to a plan “backfiring,” but in aeronautics, a “backfire” is a dangerous explosion of fuel out the back of a running jet engine (which can be deadly to ground crews). The bombers had names starting with the letter B and names like Badger, Bear, and Blackjack were also used. “Frogfoot,” the reporting name for the Sukhoi Su-25, references the aircraft’s close air support role. Transports had names starting with C (as in “cargo”), which resulted in names like Careless or Candid as they progressed through the alphabet. The Tupolev Tu-22M (NATO reporting name Backfire) is a supersonic, swing-wing, long-range strategic bomber developed by the Soviet Union. ... Tupolev Tu-16 3-view The Tupolev Tu-16 (NATO codename: Badger) was a twin-engine jet bomber used by the Soviet Union. ... The Tupolev Tu-95 (NATO reporting name Bear) is the most successful and longest-serving Tupolev strategic bomber and missile carrier built by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. ... The Tupolev Tu-160 (NATO reporting name Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-geometry heavy bomber designed by the Soviet Union. ... The Su-25 (NATO reporting name Frogfoot) is a battlefield attack, close air support, and anti-tank aircraft designed by the Soviet Union. ... Close air support (often abbreviated CAS) is the use of military aircraft in a ground attack role against targets in close proximity to friendly troops, in support of ground combat operations. ... The Tupolev Tu-154 (NATO reporting name: Careless) is a Russian medium-range trijet airliner, equivalent to the Boeing 727. ... Ilyushin Il-76T An Indian Air Force IL-76 in Hawaii, with IAF and US personnel. ...

Contents

Lists of NATO reporting names

Missiles

  • Air-to-air missiles (names start with the letter A)
  • Air-to-surface missiles (names start with the letter K)
  • Anti-tank missiles (names start with the letter S)
  • Surface-to-air missiles (including ship- and submarine-launched, G)
  • Surface-to-surface missiles (including ship- and submarine-launched, SS)

NATO reporting name for AA series air-to-air missiles, with Soviet designations: AA-1 Alkali (Kaliningrad K-5) AA-2 Atoll (Vympel K-13) AA-3 Anab (Kaliningrad K-8) AA-4 Awl (Raduga K-9) AA-5 Ash (Bisnovat R-4) AA-6 Acrid (Bisnovat R-40) AA... NATO reporting name for AS series air-to-surface missiles, with Soviet designations: Note: the Soviet / Russian designation is a Cyrillic alphabet letter X, which is translated as Kh or H. Also, sometimes a combination (complex) of a missile with its aircraft is marked with a letter K (for example... NATO reporting name for AT series anti-tank guided missiles, with Soviet designations: AT-1 Snapper (3M6 Shmel) AT-2 Swatter (3M11 Fleyta) AT-3 Sagger (9M14 Malyutka) AT-4 Spigot (9M111 Fagot) AT-5 Spandrel (9M113 Konkurs) AT-6 Spiral (9M114 Kokon) AT-7 Saxhorn (9M115 Metis) AT-8... NATO reporting name for SA series surface-to-air missiles, with Soviet designations: SA-1 Guild (S-25 Berkut) SA-2 Guideline (V-75 Dvina/Volkhov/Desna) SA-3 Goa (S-125 Neva) SA-4 Ganef (9M8 Krug) SA-5 Gammon (S-200 Volga) SA-6 Gainful (3M9 ZRK-SD... NATO reporting name for SS series surface-to-surface missiles, with Soviet designations: SS-1 Scunner (R-1) and Scud (R-11/R-300) SS-2 Sibling (R-2) SS-3 Shyster (R-5/R-5M) SS-4 Sandal (R-12) SS-5 Skean (R-14) SS-6 Sapwood (R...

Aircraft

NATO reporting name/ASCC names for bombers, with Soviet designations, sorted by reporting name: Backfin Tupolev Tu-98 Backfire Tupolev Tu-22M Badger Tupolev Tu-16 Bank North American B-25 Mitchell Barge Tupolev Tu-85 Bark Ilyushin Il-2M3 Bat Tupolev Tu-2 Beagle Ilyushin Il-28 Bear A... NATO reporting name/ASCC names for fighters, with Soviet, Russian and Chinese designations, sorted by reporting name: Faceplate MiG Ye-2A Fagot Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 Faithless Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-231 Fang Lavochkin La-11 Fantail Lavochkin La-15 Fantan Nanchang Q-5/A-5 Fargo Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9... Helicopters, NATO/ASCC names: Mi-26 Halo Mi-1 Hare Mi-10 Harke Ka-25 Harp Ka-10 Hat Mi-28 Havoc Mi-14 Haze Ka-27/29/32 Helix Ka-15 Hen Mi-34 Hermit Mi-24 Hind Mi-8/9/17 Hip Ka-18 Hog Ka-50/Ka... NATO reporting name/Air Standardization Coordinating Committee (ASCC) names for miscellaneous aircraft, with Soviet designations, sorted by reporting name: Madcap Antonov An-74 Madge Beriev Be-6 Maestro Yakovlev Yak-25 Magnet Yakovlev Yak-17UTI Magnum Yakovlev Yak-30 Maiden Sukhoi Su-9U Mail Beriev Be-12 Mainstay Beriev A...

Submarines

NATO reporting name for ballistic missile submarines, with Soviet designations: Ballistic Missile Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Raketnaya Ballistecheskaya - PLARB) Hotel I (Project 658) 8 ships Hotel II (Project 658M) 7 ships (refitted from Project 658 ships) Yankee I (Project 667A) 34 ships Yankee II (Project 667AM, Navaga-M... NATO reporting name for ballistic missile submarines, with Soviet designations: Guided Missile Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Raketnaya Krylataya - PLARK) Oscar II (Krasnodar Class) Oscar I (Arkhangelsk Class) Yankee-Sidecar (Leninets Class) Yankee-Notch Charlie II Charlie I Echo I (K.45 Class) Papa Guided Missile Submarines - Diesel/Electric... NATO reporting name for hunter/killer and experimental submarines, with Soviet Navy designations: Hunter/Killer Submarines - Nuclear Propelled (Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya - PLA) November class submarine (Project 627 - Kit (Кит) Class) Echo II Victor class submarine Victor I (Project 671 - Yorsh (Ёрш) Class) Victor II (Project 671RT - Syomga Class) Victor III (Project 671RTM...

External links

  • External list about NATO reporting names
  • Air Standardization Coordinating Committee Site

  Results from FactBites:
 
List of missiles information - Search.com (1185 words)
Savage (SS-13) (NATO reporting name for the RT-2)
Scalpel (SS-24) (NATO reporting name for the RT-23 Molodets)
Sego (SS-11) (NATO reporting name for the UR-100)
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > NATO reporting name (134 words)
NATO reporting names were code names for Soviet equipment.
Much of that equipment can still be found in use around the world, and those names are still used to refer to it.
The initial letter of the name indicated something about the use of that equipment; for example, fighter airplanes were assigned names beginning with the letter "F," and surface-to-surface missiles' names began with "S." For airplanes, names with one syllable are used for propeller engines while two syllable names indicate jet engines.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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