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Encyclopedia > NASAMS

NASAMS - "Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System" - is a distributed and netted medium range Air and Missile Defense system.

The Norwegian company Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA) teamed up with Raytheon and initiated the NASAMS programme as a co-operative effort for the Royal Norwegian Air Force. The state-of-the-art netcentric air defence system NASAMS was declared fully operational capable (FOC) in 1998, but had an initial operational capability (IOC) as early as in 1994/95. The system integrates US built TPQ-36A 3D-radars and AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles with an indeginously developed BMC4I system called FDC, short for "Fire Distribution Center". The FDC connected to a TPQ-36A radar forms an "Acquisition Radar and Control System" (ARCS). NASAMS is operated by The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF). Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA), one of two operating companies of Kongsberg Gruppen (KOG), is a supplier of defence and space related systems and products, mainly anti-ship missiles, military communications, and command and weapons control systems for naval vessels and air-defence applications. ... Raytheon Company NYSE: RTN is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ... The AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile, or AMRAAM (pronounced am-ram), commonly known to air crews as the Slammer, is a modern air-to-air missile (AAM). ...

Until the late 1990s the RNoAF ground based air defence solution, also known as the "Norwegian Solution" (NORSOL) consisted of three different weapon systems; the 40mm BOFORS "L70" gun - controlled by the Oerlikon Contraves monopulse doppler tracking radar "FCS2000" - the laser beam riding RBS-70 man portable air defence (MANPAD) system and the NASAMS. All three systems were integrated through the ARCS via field wires and radio. The ARCS maintained connection to higher echelons and ensured protection of friendly aircraft while preventing over- and underkill for all subordinate weapon systems. NASAMS capabilites are enhanced by the system's networked and distributed nature. A version of NASAMS has been exported to Spain. A winter firing of the RBS 70 during an exercise in Boden, Sweden in March 2001. ...

The RNoAF together with KDA is currently running a mid-life update of the NASAMS, called NASAMS II, and the upgraded version will be handed over to RNoAF in mid 2006. Full operational capability (FOC) is expected in 2007.

NASAMS is the original surface launched AMRAAM application. It was the first surface-to-air missile system in the western world with active radar guidance. Active radar homing is a type of missile guidance where a guided missile contains a radar transceiver and the electronics necessary for it to find and track its target autonomously. ...

In 2006 the Norwegian magazine Økonomisk Rapport (Economic Report) revealed that several NASAMS were used to guard air space over Washington, D.C. during the 2005 presidential inauguration. According to the report, the same NASAMS units has since been used to protect air space around the White House. The magazine had gotten access to the deal which mentioned specifically that the equipment be used for protection of the President in Washington. Director Tore Sannes of Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace refused to comment, other than acknowledging that they had made a weapon systems deal with US military contractor Raytheon and the US Air Force. Nickname: the District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Official website: http://www. ... The southern side of the White House The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States of America. ... Raytheon Company NYSE: RTN is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ... Seal of the Air Force. ...

External links

  • Royal Norwegian Air Force Air and Missile Defence Team Page 1
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force Air and Missile Defence Team Page 2
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force Home Page
  • NASAMS II (fact sheet in Norwegian)
  • Norwegian business magazine Økonomisk Rapport's report of NASAMS in use by US Air Force in Washington DC, February 16, 2006
  • Norwegian newspaper Dagbladet's report of NASAMS guarding Washington DC, March 13, 2006

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In this configuration, NASAMS is capable of engaging up to 54 different targets by firing 54 individually-targeted missiles within a matter of seconds.
Using a combat net radio, the launchers can be located up to 25km from the FDC, expanding the defended footprint.
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