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Encyclopedia > NASA Ames Research Center
Aerial View of Moffett Field and NASA Ames Research Center.
Map of NASA Ames Research Center

NASA Ames Research Center (ARC) is a NASA facility located at Moffett Federal Airfield, which covers 43 acres at the borders of the cities of Mountain View and Sunnyvale in California. This research center is most commonly called NASA Ames. Download high resolution version (800x706, 173 KB)Description: Aerial view of the NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California. ... Download high resolution version (800x706, 173 KB)Description: Aerial view of the NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 451 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (763 × 1014 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/png) NASA Ames Research Center buildings, January 1996. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 451 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (763 × 1014 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/png) NASA Ames Research Center buildings, January 1996. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States federal government, responsible for the nations public space program. ... Moffett Federal Airfield (IATA: NUQ, ICAO: KNUQ), also known as Moffett Field, is a private airport located 3 miles (5 km) north of Mountain View, in Santa Clara County, California, USA. The airport is near the south end of San Francisco Bay, north of San Jose. ... Mountain View is a city in Santa Clara County, in the U.S. state of California. ... Location of Sunnyvale within Santa Clara County, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


ARC was founded on December 20, 1939 as the second laboratory of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), and moved to NASA in 1958. The Sunnyvale site at Moffett Field was selected in October 1939 by the Charles Lindbergh Committee established by an act of the U.S. Congress in August 1939. The Ames Aeronautical Laboratory (now the Ames Research Center) was named after Joseph Sweetman Ames a longtime (1919-1939) NACA chairman. is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... NACA official seal The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915 to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research. ... For Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Junior, see Lindbergh kidnapping. ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... Joseph Sweetman Ames (1864-1943) was a physics professor at Johns Hopkins University, provost of the university from 1926 until 1929, and university president from 1929 until 1935. ...


ARC is active in aeronautical research, life sciences, space science, and technology research, especially information technology, including machine learning and artificial intelligence. The Center houses the world's largest wind tunnel, part of the National Full-Scale Aerodynamic Complex (NFAC). Although decommissioned by NASA in 2003, the NFAC is now being operated by the U. S. Air Force as a satellite facility of the Arnold Engineering Development Center (AEDC). Six F-16 Fighting Falcons with the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team fly in delta formation in front of the Empire State Building. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... Space science is an all-encompassing term that describes most all of the various science fields that are concerned with the study of the Universe, generally also meaning excluding the Earth and outside of the Earths atmosphere. Originally, all of these fields were considered part of astronomy. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... NASA wind tunnel with the model of a plane A wind tunnel is a research tool developed to assist with studying the effects of air moving over or around solid objects. ... Arnold Engineering Development Center Arnold Engineering Development Center is the most advanced and largest complex of flight simulation test facilities in the world. ...


ARC is also a mission center for several key NASA Science missions (LCROSS, SOFIA, KEPLER) and a major contributer to the new Exploration focus of the Agency as a participant in the Orion crew exploration vehicle, and the Ares crew launch vehicle. Orion is a spacecraft currently under development by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ...


The buildings at Moffett Field consist of those belonging to NASA proper, including the wind tunnels and other core research facilities, as well as an academic research park intended to foster collaborations with universities. Members of this Ames campus include Carnegie Mellon West, the University Affiliated Research Center (UARC) (administered by the University of California, Santa Cruz), the SJSU Metropolitan Technology Center (part of San Jose State University), and The Space Technology Center (STC) (managed by San Jose State University).Link Carnegie Mellon West Title Logo Carnegie Mellon West is a branch campus of Carnegie Mellon University located in the heart of Silicon Valley in Mountain View, CA. It was established in 2002[1] on NASAs Ames Research Center in Moffett Field. ... A University Affiliated Research Center (UARC) is a strategic Department of Defense research center located within a university. ... The University of California, Santa Cruz, also known as UCSC or UC Santa Cruz, is one of the ten campuses of the University of California. ... San Jose State University San José State University, commonly shortened to San Jose State and SJSU, is the oldest university in what became the California State University system. ...

Contents

Missions

GeneSat-1 The 11-pound (5-kilogram) GeneSat-1, carrying bacteria inside a miniature laboratory, was launched on Dec. 16, 2006. The very small NASA satellite has proven that scientists can quickly design and launch a new class of inexpensive spacecraft -- and conduct significant science.


Phoenix (spacecraft) a Mars Scout mission (includes NASA Ames partnership) In the continuing pursuit of water on Mars, the poles are a good place to probe, as water ice is found there. This mission will send the Phoenix high-latitude lander to Mars, deploy its robotic arm and dig trenches up to 1.6 feet (one half meter) into the layers of water ice. For the Star Trek spacecraft, see Phoenix (Star Trek). ...


Mars Science Laboratory (includes NASA Ames partnership) The next generation of Mars rovers exploring for signs of organics and complex molecules. 2007 Mars Science Laboratory concept 2003 Mars Science Laboratory concept Schematic diagram of the planned rover components Schematic diagram of the planned rover components, updated version The Mars Science Laboratory (or MSL for short) is a NASA rover scheduled to launch in December 2009 and perform a precision landing on...


Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) The Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) mission to look for water on the moon will be a 'secondary payload spacecraft.' LCROSS will begin its trip to the moon on the same rocket as the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), which will conduct a different lunar task. Launch is scheduled for October 2008 on an Atlas V rocket from Kennedy Space Center, Florida. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is an unmanned orbiter planned for launch to the Moon in 2008. ... The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is an unmanned orbiter planned for launch to the Moon in 2008. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center (shown in white). ...


Kepler Kepler is NASA's first mission capable of finding Earth-size and smaller planets. The Kepler mission, scheduled to launch in 2008, will monitor the brightness of stars to find planets that pass in front of them during the planets' orbits. During such passes or 'transits,' the planets will slightly decrease the star's brightness.


SOFIA (Joint Venture) The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a joint venture of the U.S. and German aerospace agencies, NASA and the DLR. The aircraft is supplied by the U.S., and the telescope by Germany. Modifications of the Boeing 747SP airframe to accommodate the telescope, mission-unique equipment and large external door were made by L-3 Communications Integrated Systems of Waco, Texas. The 747 which will house NASAs Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) on a test flight in 1997. ... The acronym DLR may stand for Rock singer David Lee Roth Disneyland Resort Docklands Light Railway German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt) Deutsche Luft-Reederei, the first German airline, became part of the Deutsche Lufthansa in 1926 This page concerning a three letter acronym is a...


Information Technology

Ames is the home of NASA's large research and development divisions in Advanced Supercomputing, Human Factors, and Intelligent Systems or Artificial Intelligence. These R&D organizations support NASA's Exploration efforts, as well as the continued operations of the Space Shuttle, and the space science and Aeronautics work across NASA. The center also runs and maintains the E server of the DNS System. Garry Kasparov playing against Deep Blue, the first machine to win a chess game against a reigning world champion. ... For the current Space Shuttle mission, see STS-117 NASAs Space Shuttle, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), is the United States governments current manned launch vehicle. ... Space science is an all-encompassing term that describes most all of the various science fields that are concerned with the study of the Universe, generally also meaning excluding the Earth and outside of the Earths atmosphere. Originally, all of these fields were considered part of astronomy. ... Six F-16 Fighting Falcons with the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team fly in delta formation in front of the Empire State Building. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ...


Image processing

NASA Ames was one of the first locations in the world to conduct research on image processing of satellite-platform aerial photography. Some of the pioneering techniques of contrast enhancement using Fourier analysis were developed at Ames in conjunction with researchers at ESL Inc. An Earth observation satellite, ERS 2 For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... Fourier (SAMPA: [fVri:eI]) can mean: Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, a French mathematician and physicist. ... ESL Incorporated is a high technology U.S. firm engaged in software design, systems analysis and hardware development for the strategic reconnaisance marketplace. ...


Wind tunnels

The NASA Ames wind tunnels are known not only for their immense size, but also for their diverse characteristics enabling various kinds of scientific and engineering research. In the last five decades large numbers of experiments have been conducted in the tunnels: not only on spacecraft and aircraft flight simulation, but also for advanced materials research on ablation phenomena. For example, in the 1960s significant early research was carried out in the hypersonic tunnel to develope new materials for re-entry Apollo vehicles. The Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel, located at the NASA Ames Research Center in Moffett Federal Airfield, Mountain View, California, USA, was a research facility used extensively to design and test new generations of aircraft, both commercial and military, as well as National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) space vehicles, including... NASA wind tunnel with the model of a plane A wind tunnel is a research tool developed to assist with studying the effects of air moving over or around solid objects. ... The Space Shuttle Discovery as seen from the International Space Station. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A flight simulator is a system that tries to replicate, or simulate, the experience of flying an airplane as closely and realistically as possible. ... Ablation is defined as the removal of material from the surface of an object by vaporization, chipping, or other erosive processes. ...


Arc Jet Complex

The Ames Arc Jet Complex has seven available test bays. At the present time, four bays contain Arc Jet units of differing configurations, serviced by common facility support equipment. These are the Aerodynamic Heating Facility (AHF), the Turbulent Flow Duct (TFD), the Panel Test Facility (PTF), and the Interactive Heating Facility (IHF). The support equipment includes two D.C. power supplies, a steam ejector-driven vacuum system, a water-cooling system, high-pressure gas systems, data acquisition system, and other auxiliary systems.


The magnitude and capacity of these systems makes the Ames Arc Jet Complex unique in the world. The largest power supply can deliver 75 megawatts(MW) for a 30 minute duration or 150 MW for a 15 second duration. This power capacity, in combination with a high-volume 5-stage steam ejector vacuum-pumping system, enables facility operations to match high-altitude atmospheric flight conditions with samples of relatively large size. The Thermo-Physics Facilities Branch operates four arc jet facilities. The Interaction Heating Facility IHF), with an available power of over 60-MW, is one of the highest-power arc jets available. It is a very flexible facility, capable of long run times of up to one hour, and able to test large samples in both a stagnation and flat plate configuration. The Panel Test Facility (PTF) uses a unique semielliptic nozzle for testing panel sections. Powered by a 20-MW arc heater, the PTF can perform tests on samples for up to 20 minutes. The Turbulent Flow Duct provides supersonic, turbulent hightemperature air flows over flat surfaces. The TFD is powered by a 20-MW Hüls arc heater and can test samples 203 mm by 508 mm in size. The Aerodynamic Heating Facility (AHF) has similar characteristics to the IHF arc heater, offering a wide range of operating conditions, samples sizes and extended test times. A cold-air-mixing plenum allows for simulations of ascent or high-speed flight conditions. Catalycity studies using air or nitrogen can be performed in this flexible rig. A 5-arm model support system allows the user to maximize testing efficiency. The AHF can be configured with either a Hüls or segmented arc heater, up to 20-MW. 1 MW is enough energy to power 750 homes.


Range Complex

The Ames Vertical Gun Range (AVGR) was designed to conduct scientific studies of lunar impact processes in support of the Apollo missions. In 1979, it was established as a National Facility, funded through the Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program. In 1995, increased scientific needs across various disciplines resulted in joint core funding by three different science programs at NASA Headquarters (Planetary Geology and Geophysics, Exobiology, and Solar System Origins). In addition, the AVGR provides programmatic support for various proposed and ongoing planetary missions (e.g. Stardust, Deep Impact).


Using its 0.30 cal light-gas gun and powder gun, the AVGR can launch projectiles to velocities ranging from 0.5 to nearly 7 km/s. By varying the gun’s angle of elevation with respect to the target vacuum chamber, impact angles from 0° to 90° relative to the gravitational vector are possible. This unique feature is extremely important in the study of crater formation processes.


(2 to 200-?m).


The target chamber is approximately 2.5 meters in diameter and height and can accommodate a wide variety of targets and mounting fixtures. It can maintain vacuum levels below 0.03 torr, or can be back filled with various gases to simulate different planetary atmospheres. Impact events are typically recorded with high-speed video/film, or Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV).


The Hypervelocity Free-Flight (HFF) Range currently comprises two active facilities: the Aerodynamic Facility (HFFAF) and the Gun Development Facility (HFFGDF). The HFFAF is a combined Ballistic Range and Shock-tube Driven Wind Tunnel. Its primary purpose is to examine the aerodynamic characteristics and flow-field structural details of free-flying aeroballistic models.


The HFFAF has a test section equipped with 16 shadowgraph-imaging stations. Each station can be used to capture an orthogonal pair of images of a hypervelocity model in flight. These images, combined with the recorded flight time history, can be used to obtain critical aerodynamic parameters such as lift, drag, static and dynamic stability, flow characteristics, and pitching moment coefficients. For very high Mach number (M > 25) simulations, models can be launched into a counter-flowing gas stream generated by the shock tube. The facility can also be configured for hypervelocity impact testing and has an aerothermodynamic capability as well. Hypervelocity is usually refered to a very high velocity, such as over 10,000 feet per second. ...


The HFFGDF is used for gun performance enhancement studies, and occasional impact testing. The Facility uses the same arsenal of light-gas and powder guns as the HFFAF to accelerate particles that range in size from 3.2 mm to 25.4 mm (1/8 to 1 inch) diameter to velocities ranging from 0.5 to 8.5 km/s (1,500 to 28,000 ft/s). Most of the research effort to date has centered on Earth atmosphere entry configurations (Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and Shuttle), planetary entry designs (Viking, Pioneer Venus, Galileo and MSL), and aerobraking (AFE) configurations. The facility has also been used for scramjet propulsion studies (NASP) and meteoroid/orbital debris impact studies (Space Station and RLV). Recently, the facility was utilized for foam-debris dynamics testing in support of the Return To Flight effort. As of March 2007, the GDF is being reconfigured to operate a cold gas gun for subsonic and transonic CEV capsule aerodynamics. The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne warriors, pirates and traders of Norsemen (literally, men from the north) who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of Britain, Ireland and mainland Europe as far east as the Volga River in Russia from the late 8th–11th century. ... The Pioneer mission to Venus consisted of two components, launched separately: an Orbiter and a Multiprobe. ... Galileo can refer to: Galileo Galilei, astronomer, philosopher, and physicist (1564 - 1642) the Galileo spacecraft, a NASA space probe that visited Jupiter and its moons the Galileo positioning system Life of Galileo, a play by Bertolt Brecht Galileo (1975) - screen adaptation of the play Life of Galileo by Bertolt Brecht... CEV may stand for: Chemins de fer électriques Veveysans (A Swiss railway company) Contemporary English Version (A translation of the Bible into English) Crew Exploration Vehicle (NASAs proposed human spaceflight system, now known as Orion) Combat engineering vehicle (Armoured vehicles supporting battlefield engineering works) Confédération Européenne... The word capsule (from the Latin capsula, a small box), has many similar meanings in English: In botany, a capsule is a type of dry fruit as in the poppy, iris, foxglove, etc. ...


The Electric Arc Shock Tube (EAST) Facility is used to investigate the effects of radiation and ionization that occur during very high velocity atmospheric entries. In addition, the EAST can also provide air-blast simulations requiring the strongest possible shock generation in air at an initial pressure loading of 1 atmosphere or greater. The facility has three separate driver configurations, to meet a range of test requirements: the driver can be connected to a diaphragm station of either a 102 mm (4 inch) or a 610 mm (24 inch) shock tube, and the high-pressure 102 mm shock tube can also drive a 762 mm (30 inch) shock tunnel. Energy for the drivers is supplied by a 1.25-MJ-capacitor storage system.


Recent events

Although the Bush Administration has slightly increased funding for NASA overall, the substantial realignment in research priorities which followed the announcement of the Vision for Space Exploration in 2004 has led to a significant number of layoffs at Ames. The Bush administration includes President George W. Bush, Vice President Richard Cheney, Bushs Cabinet, and other select officials and advisors. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States federal government, responsible for the nations public space program. ... Image from NASA site Two planned configurations for a return to the moon, heavy lift (left) and crew (right) The Vision for Space Exploration is the United States space policy announced on January 14, 2004 by President George W. Bush. ...


On September 28, 2005, both Google and Ames Research Center disclosed details to a long-term research partnership. In addition to pooling engineering talent, Google plans to build a 1-million square foot facility on the ARC campus.[1] is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Google Inc (NASDAQ: GOOG and LSE: GGEA) is an American public corporation, specializing in Internet search and online advertising. ...


One of the projects between Ames, Google and Carnegie Mellon University is the Gigapan Project -- a robotic platform for creating, sharing and annotating terrestrial gigapixel images. Google Inc (NASDAQ: GOOG and LSE: GGEA) is an American public corporation, specializing in Internet search and online advertising. ... Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Gigapan is a collaborative project of Google, Carnegie Mellon University and NASA Ames Intelligent Robotics Group. ... A gigapixel image is composed of 109 pixels (picture elements), about 333 times more than a mid range (3 megapixel) digital camera. ...


HP has become the first corporate affiliate of a new Bio-Info-Nano Research and Development Institute (BIN-RDI); a collaborative venture established by the University of California Santa Cruz and NASA based at the NASA Ames in Mountain View, CA. The Bio|Info|Nano R&D Institute is dedicated to creating scientific breakthroughs made possible by the convergence of biotechnology, information technology and nanotechnology. HP may refer to: Handley Page Aircraft Company Harry Potter, a series of fantasy novels by British writer J. K. Rowling Hello! Project (H!P), a Japanese pop recording project Hewlett-Packard, a computer and computer peripheral company High Point, North Carolina High potency, a term used in biology, pharmacology... The University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC or UC Santa Cruz) is one of the ten campuses of the University of California. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States federal government, responsible for the nations public space program. ...


External links

  • Maps and aerial photos for 37°24′55″N 122°03′46″W / 37.415229, -122.062650Coordinates: 37°24′55″N 122°03′46″W / 37.415229, -122.062650

Astrochemical Laboratory Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

NASA Facilities
NASA Ames Research CenterDryden Flight Research CenterGlenn Research CenterGoddard Space Flight CenterJet Propulsion LaboratoryLyndon B. Johnson Space CenterJohn F. Kennedy Space CenterLangley Research CenterMarshall Space Flight CenterJohn C. Stennis Space Center

  Results from FactBites:
 
NASA Ames Research Center (703 words)
NASA Ames Research Center (ARC) is a NASA facility located at Moffett Field, California, which spans the borders of the cities of Mountain View and Sunnyvale.
NASA Ames Research Center, Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch - Research is focused on the chemical and transport processes that determine atmospheric composition, dynamics, and climate, including man-made perterbations to those processes.
NASA Ames Research Center - The mission of the Atmospheric Physics Branch (SGP) is to advance the scientific knowledge and understanding of the physical processes that determine the behavior of the atmosphere on earth.
NASA Ames Research Center - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (383 words)
ARC is active in aeronautical research, life sciences, space science, and technology research, especially information technology, including machine learning and artificial intelligence.
Members of this Ames campus include Carnegie Mellon West, and the University Affiliated Research Center (UARC), administered by the University of California, Santa Cruz.
NASA has suffered some budgetary cuts by the Bush Administration after the Columbia disaster in 2003.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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