FACTOID # 3: South Carolina has the highest rate of violent crimes and aggravated assaults per capita among US states.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > N3 road
N3
Destinations (SE to NW)
On route / bypassed

* To be bypassed 2010 by M3 Clonee–Kells. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Dublin Code: D Area: 921 km² Population (2006) 1,186,821 County Dublin (Irish: Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath), or more correctly today the Dublin Region[1] (Réigiúin Átha Cliath), is the area that contains the city of Dublin, the capital and largest city... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Castleknock (Caisleán Cnucha in Irish meaning Castle of the Hill or Cnuchas Castle[1] is a Barony, village and district at the edge of County Dublin, located 8 km west of the centre of Dublin, Ireland. ... Blanchardstown (Baile Bhlainséir in Irish) is a sprawling suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Navan Code: MH Area: 2,342 km² Population (2006) 162,831 Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference N965526 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Population (2006) 3,384  Dunshaughlin (Irish: ) [1] is a town in County Meath in Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... An old mill at Kells Folio 34r of the Book of Kells contains the Chi Rho monogram. ... Carnaross (Carn na Ros in Irish) is a small town in County Meath, Ireland, some 4 km northwest of Kells on the N3 road. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Cavan Code: CN Area: 1,931 km² Population (2006) 63,961 Website: www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,774 sq mi (110,785 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... New Inn is a large housing development south of Pontypool, Torfaen in Wales. ... Cavan (Irish: An Cabhán meaning a hollow) is the main town and administrative centre of County Cavan, Republic of Ireland. ... Butlersbridge River Annalee at Butlersbridge Cottage in Butlersbridge Butlersbridge is a village in County Cavan in Ireland, 5km north of Cavan Town just off the N3 National Primary Route. ... Belturbet (Irish: , meaning Entrance to Tairbert island) is a town in Ireland, located 14 km (9 mi) from Cavan town 123 km (76 mi) from Dublin city. ... Statistics Province: Ulster Dáil Éireann: Donegal North East, Donegal South West County Town: Lifford Code: DL Area: 4,841 km² Population (2006) 146,956 Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference G874616 Statistics Province: Ulster County: Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   2,200  2,600 Ballyshannon (Béal Átha Seanaidh in Irish) is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. ...

The N3 road is a National Primary Route in the Republic of Ireland, running between Dublin, Cavan Town and the border with County Fermanagh. The A509 and A46 roads in Northern Ireland form part of an overall route connecting to Enniskillen, and northwest to the border again where the N3 reappears to serve Ballyshannon in County Donegal. The Navan - Kells corridor currently suffers from very poor road infrastructure (the current N3 here is a limited two-lane country road) and has no passenger rail services.* A directional road sign in the Republic of Ireland on an other road (not a national road) at Portlaoise, County Laois, including patches for national roads and advance warning of bridge height restrictions. ... Dublin city centre at night WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ... Cavan (Irish: An Cabhán meaning a hollow) is the main town and administrative centre of County Cavan, Republic of Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Enniskillen Area: 1,691 km² Population (est. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Enniskillen (from the Irish: Inis Ceithleann meaning Kathleens Island) is the county town (and largest town) of County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference G874616 Statistics Province: Ulster County: Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   2,200  2,600 Ballyshannon (Béal Átha Seanaidh in Irish) is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Ulster Dáil Éireann: Donegal North East, Donegal South West County Town: Lifford Code: DL Area: 4,841 km² Population (2006) 146,956 Website: www. ...


Rush hour congestion between Navan and Dublin city is very heavy (up to 22,000 vehicles per day on parts of the N3 in 2002), and problems notably occur at Dunshaughlin and sometimes Navan. A tolled motorway bypass upgrade (M3 motorway) is planned for part of the N3 route.

Contents

Route

The route is known as the Navan Road as it leaves Dublin, passing near the Phoenix Park's northeastern exit and bypassing Castleknock. Deer grazing near the Papal Cross in the Phoenix Park Phoenix Park (in Irish, Páirc an Fhionn-Uisce) is a large park located 3 km to the north west of Dublin city centre in Ireland. ... Castleknock (Caisleán Cnucha in Irish meaning Castle of the Hill or Cnuchas Castle[1] is a Barony, village and district at the edge of County Dublin, located 8 km west of the centre of Dublin, Ireland. ...


It passes through a major junction with the M50 motorway, consisting of a busy (and often grid-locked) grade-separated roundabout on the N3. It is planned to convert it into a 'free-flow' grade separated interchange, as part of a major project to widen the M50. The M50 motorway is a motorway and National Primary Route in the Republic of Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the northern, western and southern sides of the capital city, Dublin. ... Gridlock is a term describing an inability to move on a transport network. ... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... A roundabout or rotary is a type of road junction (or traffic calming device) at which traffic enters a stream around a central island after first yielding (giving way) to the circulating traffic. ...


Having crossed the M50 the road bypasses Blanchardstown, Mulhuddart and Clonee with dual carriageway. The dual carriageway reduces to a single carriageway shortly past the Meath border and it passes through the often heavily congested Dunshaughlin village, Navan town (which is partially bypassed on an inner-relief road with traffic lights controlling junctions) and Kells in County Meath, before passing through Virginia and reaching Cavan Town. After Cavan town, the road continues past Butlersbridge and through Belturbet (both in County Cavan), the route then crosses the border with Northern Ireland, becoming the A509 to Enniskillen. The A49 road connects Enniskillen and the Donegal border, becoming the N3 across the border at Belleek, and connecting to Ballyshannon. From there, the N15 goes North to Donegal Town and Lifford, and south to Sligo. Blanchardstown (Baile Bhlainséir in Irish) is a sprawling suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... // Mulhuddart (Mullach Eadrad in Irish) is a village in southwest County Fingal, Ireland, and is now effectively a suburb of Dublin city, being seven miles from the city centre. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... This early German Autobahn uses a dual carriageway design. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference N965526 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Population (2006) 3,384  Dunshaughlin (Irish: ) [1] is a town in County Meath in Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... An old mill at Kells Folio 34r of the Book of Kells contains the Chi Rho monogram. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Navan Code: MH Area: 2,342 km² Population (2006) 162,831 Website: www. ... Virginia (Irish: ) is a town of population 3,188 persons located in County Cavan, Ireland. ... Cavan (Irish: An Cabhán meaning a hollow) is the main town and administrative centre of County Cavan, Republic of Ireland. ... Belturbet (Irish: , meaning Entrance to Tairbert island) is a town in Ireland, located 14 km (9 mi) from Cavan town 123 km (76 mi) from Dublin city. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Cavan Code: CN Area: 1,931 km² Population (2006) 63,961 Website: www. ... Enniskillen (from the Irish: Inis Ceithleann meaning Kathleens Island) is the county town (and largest town) of County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference G924789 Statistics Province: Ulster County: Population ( ) 2,339 (2006) Website: www. ... Belleek is a village in the west of County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference G874616 Statistics Province: Ulster County: Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   2,200  2,600 Ballyshannon (Béal Átha Seanaidh in Irish) is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. ... N15 may refer to N15 road, Ireland. ... Donegal (Dún na nGall in Irish) is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. ... Lifford (Leifear in Irish) is the county town of Donegal (near Castlefin) in the Republic of Ireland and the seat of Donegal County Council. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ...


Planned M3 Motorway Upgrade

Part of the present N3 route is due to be bypassed by the construction of 49 kilometres of new motorway. The bypassed section of the existing N3 will be reclassified as an regional road, and the N3 national primary route will thereafter include the M3 - according to Ireland's route number scheme). The M3 will begin near the end of the existing dual carriageway outside Clonee and terminate south west of Kells just before the N52. The entire scheme however does not terminate at this point as a new realigned N3 will continue to bypass Kells before terminating metres from the Cavan border. The scheme also includes the N52 Kells northern bypass. Thus when completed it will bypass Dunboyne, Dunshaughlin, Navan, and Kells. Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... A directional road sign in the Republic of Ireland on an other road (not a national road) at Portlaoise, County Laois, including patches for national roads and advance warning of bridge height restrictions. ...


Controversy

M3 motorway
Length 30 miles (48.3 km)
Direction South East - North West
Start Clonee,County Meath
Primary destinations Dunboyne
Dunshaughlin
Navan
Kells
End Kells,County Meath
Construction dates 2007 - 2010 (Under Construction)
Motorways joined None, M3 will be connected to the via 8 km of N3 dual carriageway
The Hill of Tara (aerial view)

As of 2007 the motorway plan is contested because the route passes near the Hill of Tara and through the archaeologically rich Tara-Skyne valley or Gabhra. The planned route corridor was approved by An Bord Pleanála (Ireland's planning appeals board) in August 2003. This development is intensely controversial and looks set to go ahead despite protests.[1][2] An editorial in the 23 May 2007 Irish Times said that the protesters who blocked the gates of the construction compound "may well be doing the State some service" by holding up work until after the 2007 Irish General Election.[3] Objectors, including more than 350 academics and the head of the National Museum of Ireland, say the motorway will irreparably damage the region's heritage. Those opposing the plans wish for an alternative route to be chosen instead. The National Roads Authority (NRA) and others (such as some local residents and business groups) insist that the alternative routes are too far from towns in the area, and that the road is needed to address urgent traffic problems. Supporters of the present M3 plans point out that 71% of the vote in the 2005 Meath bye-election went to parties supporting the construction of the M3, these parties included Fianna Fáil, the Progressive Democrats and Fine Gael. This point was reinforced when 4 Fianna Fáil and 2 Fine Gael TDs were returned in Meath in the 2007 General Election. Supporters also state that the new M3 motorway will be farther away from the historic Hill of Tara than the existing N3 road. However, critics state that the fact that it will be marginally further away is irrelevant because it will have a far greater visual and noise impact than the smaller, relatively hidden single carriageway road. Image File history File links UK_motorway_M3. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Navan Code: MH Area: 2,342 km² Population (2006) 162,831 Website: www. ... The colour scheme used to denote a primary route. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O010422 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Elevation: 76 m (249 ft) Population (2006) 8,691  Dunboyne (Irish: ) is a town in County Meath in the Republic of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference N965526 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Population (2006) 3,384  Dunshaughlin (Irish: ) [1] is a town in County Meath in Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... An old mill at Kells Folio 34r of the Book of Kells contains the Chi Rho monogram. ... An old mill at Kells Folio 34r of the Book of Kells contains the Chi Rho monogram. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Navan Code: MH Area: 2,342 km² Population (2006) 162,831 Website: www. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links UK_motorway_M50. ... This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hill of Tara (Irish Teamhair na Rí, Hill of the Kings), located near the River Boyne, is a long, low limestone ridge that runs between Navan and Dunshaughlin in County Meath, Leinster, Ireland. ... The Gabhra Valley Valley in County Meath in Ireland. ... An Bord Pleanála (or The Planning Appeals Board) determines appeals and other cases under the national planning acts in the Republic of Ireland. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Irish Times is Irelands newspaper of record, launched in the late 1850s. ... The Irish general election of 2007 took place on 24 May 2007 after the dissolution of the 29th Dáil by the President on 29 April 2007, at the request of the Taoiseach. ... The National Museum of Ireland (NMI) is the main museum in Ireland. ... The Hill of Tara (Irish Teamhair na Rí, Hill of the Kings), located near the River Boyne, is a long, low limestone ridge that runs between Navan and Dunshaughlin in County Meath, Leinster, Ireland. ...


The visual impact of the motorway on the Tara-Skryne valley is one of the main objections against the present route. The NRA insist that the route will be heavily planted and integrated into the existing landscape. Those in favour of the route also point out that the Minister for the Environment is on record as saying that he has agreed remedial measures with the NRA to modify the proposed lighting at the controversial Blundelstown interchange near Tara to lessen its visual impact on the environment.


The objectors claim that the motorway will do little to ease the misery of commuters in County Meath as the motorway will feed into the existing N3 dual carriageway which includes an at grade roundabout in Blanchardstown near its junction the M50 motorway, the busiest road in Ireland. This junction is only 3 kilometres north of the congested Westlink toll plaza and is west of the congested Navan Road/Cabra/Phibsboro areas. However, both the M50 and the junction with the N3 are going to be reconstructed; the M50 capacity is being increased by 50% and the junction is to be developed as partially 'freeflow'. The NRA stated in response to a query at the statutory oral hearing into the M3 toll scheme, held in Navan on January 17, 2007 that the N3/M50 junction would now not be fully freeflow as widely believed. Motorists travelling north on the M50 wishing to leave the motorway at the N3 interchange to travel west on the N3 (Cavan and Ballyshannon) or east on the N3 (Dublin) will have to pass through traffic light controlled junctions. Meath (An Mhí in Irish) is a county in the Republic of Ireland, the county is often informally called The Royal County. ... Blanchardstown (Baile Bhlainséir in Irish) is a sprawling suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... The M50 motorway is a motorway and National Primary Route in the Republic of Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the northern, western and southern sides of the capital city, Dublin. ... The West-Link is a toll bridge on the M50 motorway to the west of Dublin, Ireland. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


The opponents of the M3 also point out that (in the worst case) a commuter travelling to work in Suburban South Dublin from Kells would have to pay 3 tolls in each direction (two on the M3 and one on the M50). There are currently 5 toll roads in Ireland. These toll roads are the M50 (which is tolled twice for some users, at its port (tunnel) entrance and exit and at the Westlink toll plaza), M1, M4, M8 and the Eastlink bridge. Tolls are generally used on roads where a private consortium agree to construct and maintain a road in return for toll revenue from those using the road. Controversially when the M3 is built there will be 4 toll plazas in County Meath, on the M3 (tolled twice), M1 and M4. Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Tallaght Code: D (SN proposed) Area: 222. ... An old mill at Kells Folio 34r of the Book of Kells contains the Chi Rho monogram. ...


The M3, as planned, will cut through the grounds of one of Ireland's most historic palladian stately homes, Ardbraccan House, through parkland in the vicinity of the rapidly growing town of Navan at Dalgan Park, and cut off a medieval graveyard which is still in use at Ardbraccan from its hinterland. This has been criticised by environmentalists who claim that alternative routes were available that would have avoided these impacts on heritage or environmentally important sites. The National Roads Authority deny this and state that only one other route would have had less archaeological impact than the chosen route but it would have had far greater impact under other impact assessment headings. They also point out the motorway has gone through the full planning system and was subject to an 28 day oral hearing by An Bord Pleanala, the State planning appeals board, who granted permission for its construction in August 2003 subject to certain conditions. Ardbraccan House (known sometimes historically as Ardbraccan Palace) is a large Palladian county house in County Meath in the Republic of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Ardbraccan is an ancient place of christian worship, and the location of the former residence of the Roman Catholic, then after the Reformation the Church of Ireland Bishop of Meath. ...


Conor Newman, of the Department of Archaeology at NUI Galway, has written some the most important of academic works on Tara. He said that what happens at Tara would be "the yardstick against which our reputation as guardians of cultural heritage will be judged".[4] Dr Pat Wallace, the Director of the National Museum of Ireland, has questioned the methodology used by National Roads Authority (NRA) archaeologists as they document the area before work on the road begins. He said there should be a pause in the work to allow experts to recommend the best way to excavate the site of the henge at Lismullen. Newman went further to say the only way to preserve the site at Lismullen was to cover it with topsoil and walk away.[5] However in more recent times the committee, on which both Wallace and Newman sit, set up to advise the Minister on excavations at Lismullin has agreed in its first report to the Minister that due to the fragile nature of the site it should be excavated as soon as possible due to the fact it would not survive the elements at this stage even if covered due to the continuing bad weather. The National University of Ireland, Galway (NUI, Galway) (Irish Ollscoil na hÉireann, Gaillimh or OÉ, Gaillimh) can trace its existence to 1845 as Queens College, Galway and was known until recently as University College, Galway (UCG) (Irish: Coláiste na hOllscoile, Gaillimh or COG). ... The National Museum of Ireland (NMI) is the main museum in Ireland. ... The National Roads Authority (NRA) (Irish: An tÚdarás um Bóithre Náisiúnta) is a State body in the Republic of Ireland, responsible for the national road network. ...


Brian Duffy Chief Archaeologist of the Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government holds a different view to that of Wallace and Newman. He is on record as defending the route of the road. In advice to the Minister in the recent released M3 file he advised, "In addition a route to the west would have a major impact on the amenity and setting of the National Monuments on the Hill of Tara. A motorway to the west of the hill would be highly visible from the hill itself and would be difficult to screen from the hill to an acceptable degree. The view to the west of the Hill of Tara is the most impressive and significant aspect and to route a motorway across that aspect would be an unacceptable impact. A route to the east of Skreen could also impact on the archaeological heritage and would most likely turn west again north of the Skreen ridge to pass to the north of the Hill of Tara but on a higher slope and with higher visibility than the approved route."


It also states that "If it were decided to move the route entirely and to opt for an alternative route there would still be major archaeological concerns to be addressed."


M3 Latest Developments

On 12 May 2005 excavation licenses were approved by the Environment Minister Dick Roche permitting excavations to be carried out on sites of potential archaeological significance along the route of the motorway. is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government is the senior minister at the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (An Roinn Comhshaoil, Oidhreacht agus Rialtais Áitiúil) in the Irish Government. ... Dick Roche (AKA Cock Roche; Irish: ; born March 30, 1947) is a senior Irish Fianna Fáil politician. ...


On July 4, 2005, leave was granted to Vincent Salafia in the High Court to judicially review the decision of the Minister. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vincent Salafia (born 1966) is an Irish national who studied law in Florida who took legal action, in a personal capacity, against Mr. ... The High Court (Irish: An Ard-Chúirt) of the Republic of Ireland is a court which deals at first instance with the most serious and important civil and criminal cases, and also acts as a court of appeal for civil cases in the Circuit Court. ...


On the March 1, 2006, the challenge by Mr. Salafia to the proposed route of the M3 motorway near the Hill of Tara monument was dismissed on all grounds by the High Court. is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Vincent Salafia announced on April 19, 2006 that he was to appeal against the ruling to the Supreme Court and subsequently to the European Court of Justice if necessary. In October 2006, after protracted negotiations with the authorities, Mr. Salafia announced that he was withdrawing his appeal to the Supreme Court. Vincent Salafia (born 1966) is an Irish national who studied law in Florida who took legal action, in a personal capacity, against Mr. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... European Court of Justice building, Luxembourg The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union (EU). ...


On March 7 2007, SIAC Ferrovial joint venture trading as Eurolink M3 signed a €650 million contract for the construction of the M3 motorway. This is to date the biggest road contract ever signed in Ireland.


On April 4 2007, An Taisce applied for an injunction in the High Court to halt the construction of the motorway on the basis that the National Roads Authority had failed to draw up a 5 year national roads plan as required by section 18 of the Roads Act 1993. The application was refused. Among the reasons given was undue delay in bringing proceedings and that the application was not out of concern to ensure the law was complied with (as stated) but to block construction of the road.


In late April 2007 An Taisce lodged an appeal in the Supreme Court against this decision. The case currently awaits hearing before the court.


The first sod of the M3 Motorway was turned by the then Minister for Transport, Martin Cullen T.D on April 30th 2007.


On May 1st 2007, archaeological work was temporarily suspended on a section of the motorway after archaeologists were reported to have uncovered a potential site of major archaeological significance, an ancient wood henge at Lismullen in the Tara-Skryne Valley, calculated to be at least 4,000 years old, three times the size of a football pitch, evidently a site of ancient outdoor worship, an adjunct to the Hill of Tara, part of the entire Tara complex. Further work at this site was pending the assessment of the Director of the National Museum. The Director was soon after reported to have assessed the site and to have recommended excavation and preservation by record. A henge is a roughly circular or oval-shaped flat area over 20m in diameter which is enclosed and delimited by a boundary earthwork that usually comprises a ditch with an external bank. ...


Following the general election, one of Dick Roche's last acts as Minister for the Environment was to sign an order signed archaeological directions drafted under the National Monuments Act 1930 -2004 directing Meath County Council to excavate the site and preserve the newly discovered monument by record in accordance with the expert advice he had received from the Director of the National Museum.[6]


On the same day Meath T.D, Noel Dempsey, was announced as the new Minister for Transport and Marine. The Minister is a long time vocal supporter of the road.


The new Minister for the Environment, John Gormley TD is expected to review this decision.[7][8] Gormley is a member of the Irish Green Party, which opposed the route of the motorway during the 2007 election campaign, but then accepted the route in a deal which saw them enter coalition government with Fianna Fáil.[9] The grounds for his change of tack were that the authorization is irreversible for legal reasons. However, among others, the former chairman of An Taisce, Michael Smith has queried the legal basis for Gormley's new stance on the issue.[10] John Gormley (born August 4, 1959) is an Irish Green Party politician. ... A Teachta Dála (Irish for Dáil Deputy, pronounced chock-ta dawla) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower chamber of the Irish Oireachtas or National Parliament. ... The Green Party/Comhaontas Glas was founded as the Ecology Party of Ireland in 1981. ... A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. ... Fianna Fáil - The Republican Party (Irish: ), commonly referred to as Fianna Fáil (IPA ; traditionally translated by the party into English as Soldiers of Destiny, though the actual meaning is Soldiers [Fianna] of Ireland[1]), is currently the largest political party in Ireland with 55,000 members. ... An Taisce (Irish for The Treasury), also known as the National Trust for Ireland, was established in 1948 and is the most influential environmental body in the Republic of Ireland. ...


Minster Gormley has appointed Newman and Wallace to a special committee to oversee archaeological work at the site. The committee also includes Prof Gabriel Cooney, Head of Archaeology at University College Dublin and representatives from the NRA and the National Monument's Service at the Department of the Environment.[4][11] University College Dublin - National University of Ireland, Dublin - more commonly University College Dublin (UCD) - is Irelands largest university, with over 20,000 students. ... Photo of a notice at a ring fort near Lough Gur, typical of those at a national monument in Ireland. ...


In early June 2007 the site was declared an endangered monument by the World Monuments Fund (WMF).[12] The World Monuments Fund (WMF) is a private, non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of historic art and architecture worldwide through fieldwork, advocacy, grantmaking, education, and training. ...


Opponents to the road have vowed to take further legal action against the archaeological directions. A similar action in the High Court was dismissed in 2006 in relation to the initial directions given in 2005.


A small group of protestors continue to congregate at construction site entrances in the general Tara area and have blockaded these access points on a number of occasions to date.


On the morning of July 18th 2007 construction workers moved in to carry out preliminary works on the approved road scheme at Blundelstown 2 kilometres from the Hill of Tara. Protestors tried to stop the works by blocking construction traffic. 7 protestors were arrested by Gardai, 4 of whom were remanded in custody for a week until the next sitting of the district court after they refused to agree to bail conditions not to interfere with any site along the M3.


The 4 protestors were released from custody on July 25th having accepted the bail conditions not to interfere with any construction site or workers on the M3. The 7 are due to appear before Navan District Court on September 5th 2007 for trial in relation to blocking the free movement of traffic and failing to follow the lawful direction of a Garda.


Excavation began on the site of the National Monument at Lismullin approximately 2.2 km from the Hill of Tara on Tuesday, August 7, 2007. Work on the remainder of the motorway is ongoing.


An Bord Pleanala directed on August 22nd 2007, that the excavation did not require fresh planning approval or a new environmental impact assessment as it was not a material change to the overall road scheme. The Motorway now has completed every statutory approval process and costruction is ongoing.


Political Considerations

In the run-up to the 2007 General Election opponents of the route of M3 motorway called on the people of Meath to show their dissatisfaction with the route of the M3. An umbrella group of Save Tara organisations published an advert in The Meath Chronicle outlining each parties position on the motorway the day before the election and called on the people of Meath to give their preference to the parties which had policies to reroute the road out of the Tara/Skryne Valley. These parties included Labour, The Green Party and Sinn Féin. The people of Meath did not return any candidates from these parties to the Dáil, choosing instead to elect 4 Fianna Fáil TDs and 2 Fine Gael TDs. This is likely to be interpreted as a clear indication of local support for the motorway along its current route.


Anomaly

The NRA website http://www.nra.ie/News/DownloadableDocumentation/file,4664,en.pdf states that 11 km (7 mi) of road in the environs of Kells at the end of the motorway section is planned to be 2+1 roadway. This is not included in the scheme's plans and therefore it remains to be seen if this correct. The same webpage also states the motorway will be 49 km (30 mi) long, this is at variance with the An Bord Pleanala inspector's report and Meath County Council statutory notices which state the motorway will be 47 km (29 mi) in length with 2 kilometres of new dual carriageway. The scheme however does provide 49 kilometres of new dual carriageway so its exact length will depend on where the "motorway now" signs are placed.


Trivia

  • The most expensive single contract road project ever undertaken in Ireland coming in at approximately €650 million according to SIAC.
  • It will be tolled at two locations, one point north of Navan and another point between Dunshaughlin and Clonee for 45 years running from 2007. The Government have the option to buy out this contract at any time.
  • The price level of tolls is controlled by the Board of the NRA and they can reduce or increase (or even remove) the tolls as they see appropriate (like is the case with every other toll road in Ireland, Port Tunnel weekend price reduction is an example). Should they lower the tolls on the M3 the government would have to make up the difference of what is owed yearly to Eurolink M3 Ltd through tax revenue. Therefore it is a myth that Eurolink would suffer from the opening of the navan rail line as they are guaranteed their financial return regardless. The tolling is a state initiative to pay them back for building it in the first place.
  • The toll at each of the M3 toll plazas if they opened in 2007 would be €1.30 according to the M3 Toll Byelaws. This would be the cheapest toll on the national road network, being €0.40 cheaper than the M1 or M8. Even if users had to use both toll plazas travelling in one direction (e.g. people living in Kells) the toll would be equal to that presently charged on the Kilcock - Enfield - Kinnegad M4 motorway. If you live in Navan you will actually pay €0.80 less per day on a round trip to Dublin using the M3 than people in Drogheda or Dundalk using the M1. That is €4 less per week or approximately €18 less per month than M1 users.
  • It is the longest road project ever to be constructed in Ireland including nearly 100 Kilometres (circa 95km) of new or upgraded road including 49 Km of new M3, 10 Km of new N3, 20 Km of new link roads and interchanges, and approximately 15 kilometres (conservative calculation) of local road improvements, footpaths, cycle lanes and new bridges.
  • Arguably the most controversial road project ever to be built in Ireland.
  • It was originally planned to open in 2006.
  • An Bord Pleanala initially approved the project on 22nd August 2003. Exactly 4 years later to the day, on August 22nd 2007 they directed that the excavation of the Lismullin monument did not require fresh planning approval.

Footnotes

^ The line from Navan to Drogheda, an indirect route to Dublin, remains in use for freight, and has been used by passengers as late as the late 1980s, when it was specially used to bring Meath people to Dublin to attend the All-Ireland Football Final in Croke Park. Croke Park (Irish: Páirc an Chrócaigh) in Dublin, Ireland is the largest sports stadium in Ireland and the principal stadium and headquarters of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA), Irelands biggest sporting organisation. ...


References

  1. ^ Eileen Battersby. "Is nothing scared?", The Irish Times, 26 May 2007. 
  2. ^ Glenn Frankel. "In Ireland, Commuters vs. Kings", The Washington Post, 22 January 2005, p. A01. Retrieved on 2007-06-14. 
  3. ^ "The wrong route (Opinion)", The Irish Times, 23 May 2007. “The small band of protesters who blocked the gates of the M3 construction compound to prevent earth-moving machinery exiting the site to start work on this highly controversial motorway may well be doing the State some service, to paraphrase William Shakespeare, in holding up road-making activity until after the general election.” 
  4. ^ a b Fiona Gartland. "Gormley appoints critic to advise on Tara site", The Irish Times, 28 June 2007. 
  5. ^ Frank McDonald. "Minister urged to rethink excavation of M3 site", The Irish Times, 9 May 2007. 
  6. ^ Roche approves resumption of work at Tara. RTÉ (14 June 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  7. ^ Gormley to review M3-Tara decision. RTÉ (15 June 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  8. ^ Gormley to review Roche's M3 decision. The Irish Times. 2007-06-15 (15 June 2007).
  9. ^ Mark Hennessy, Stephen Collins and Miriam Donohoe. "Greens agree on terms to join coalition government", The Irish Times, 13 June 2007. “The Greens have also accepted that the controversial M3 motorway in Co Meath, which is to run near the Hill of Tara, will go ahead, despite its previous vociferous opposition to the plan.” 
  10. ^ Michael Smith. "Gormley has discretion to call a halt to M3", The Irish Times, 19 June 2007. “The route is a blank canvass awaiting proper independent assessment of the appropriateness of national monument designations. … what Roche directed Gormley can simply undirect or redirect.” 
  11. ^ Critic of M3 route appointed to Tara committee. RTÉ (27 June 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-28.
  12. ^ Tara called 'endangered heritage site'. RTÉ (6 June 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-27.
  • M3 Clonee-North of Kells, Environmental Impact Statement Non-Technical Summary, Vol 1 (PDF 3.38 MB), published February 2002, Official M3 website, accessed 5 December 2006.

It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
N3 road - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (941 words)
In Belgium, the N3 is the road from Brussels to Aachen, passing Leuven, Tienen, Sint-Truiden and Liège.
The N3 road is a National Primary Route in the Republic of Ireland, running between Dublin, Cavan Town and the border with County Fermanagh.
Roads in Northern Ireland form part of an overall route connecting to Enniskillen, and northwest to the border again where the N3 reappears to serve Ballyshannon in County Donegal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m