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Encyclopedia > Néstor Kirchner
Néstor Kirchner

Pres Néstor Kirchner of Argentina Source: Marcello Casal Jr/ABr. 27.Feb.04 Photograph copied from the website of Agência Brasil, which states: The Agência Brasil makes images and photos available free of charge. To comply with existing law, we kindly request our users to list the...

Term of Office: May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). There are 220 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors. 1420 - Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ. 1521... May 25, 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January January 1 - Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. Pascal Couchepin becomes President of the Confederation in... 2003–Present
Predecessor: Eduardo Alberto Duhalde Maldonado (born October 5, 1941) is a former president of Argentina. Duhalde was born in Lomas de Zamora, in greater Buenos Aires. He graduated as a lawyer in 1970. In 1987 he became a member of the Argentine Congress and became vice-president under Carlos Menem from... Eduardo Duhalde
Successor: incumbent
Date of Birth: February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 309 days remaining, 310 in leap years. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor. 1570 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England. 1793 - George Washington holds the... February 25, Events January January 5 - US Senator Estes Kefauver introduces a resolution calling for examination of organized crime in the USA January 6 - The United Kingdom recognizes the Peoples Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with Britain in response. January 9 - The Israeli government recognizes the... 1950
Place of Birth: Río Gallegos
Profession: For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. A lawyer or attorney at law is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law (and in other forms of dispute resolution). Most countries today... Lawyer
A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. See political party for a more comprehensive discussion. Argentina has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties... Political Party: Categories: Politics stubs | Argentine political parties ... Justicialist

Néstor Carlos Kirchner (born February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 309 days remaining, 310 in leap years. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor. 1570 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England. 1793 - George Washington holds the... 25 February Events January January 5 - US Senator Estes Kefauver introduces a resolution calling for examination of organized crime in the USA January 6 - The United Kingdom recognizes the Peoples Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with Britain in response. January 9 - The Israeli government recognizes the... 1950) is the current List of Heads of State (Presidents and Dictators etc.) of Argentina and its precursor states. (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office; names in bold italics indicates a nickname (etc.) by which the individual is commonly known) The United Provinces of La Plata 1816 to 1825 A federation... President of Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast and Chile in the west. The country is formally named Rep... Argentina. He was sworn in on May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). There are 220 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors. 1420 - Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ. 1521... May 25, 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January January 1 - Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. Pascal Couchepin becomes President of the Confederation in... 2003. A Peronism is an Argentine political ideology based on the ideas and programs associated with former president Juan Perón. Perón was a pragmatic figure, and through the course of his long career his views would frequently change. His ideology was nevertheless marked by some constants, including: Strong authoritarian central... Peronist with In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... leftist leanings, Kirchner was A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. Most countries in the world have some sort of official known as a governor, though in some countries, the heads of the states, provinces and regions may have a different title... governor of the province of Categories: Argentina geography stubs | Argentine provinces ... Santa Cruz prior to being elected president.

Contents

Early years

Kirchner was born in Río Gallegos, in the For the town, see Patagonia, Arizona. Patagonia is that portion of South America which, to the east of the Andes, lies mainly south of the Rio Negro (41°S), and, to the west of the Andes, south of (42°S). The Chilean portion embraces the southern part of the region... Patagonian province of Santa Cruz. His father, a post office official, was of The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. The country has a strong tradition of political and military neutrality, but also of international co-operation, and is home to many international organisations. Confoederatio Helvetica (CH), the Latin version... Swiss descent; his mother, born in southern The Republic of Chile is a country located on the southwestern coast of South America. It is a long and narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean. It shares borders with Argentina to the east, Bolivia to the northeast and Peru to the north. National... Chile, was of The Republic of Croatia is a crescent-shaped country in Europe bordering the Mediterranean, Central Europe and the Balkans. Its capital is Zagreb. In recent history, it was a republic in the SFR Yugoslavia, but it achieved independence in 1991. It is a candidate for membership of the European Union... Croatian background. He received his primary and secondary education at local public schools; he obtained his high-school diploma from the Colegio Nacional República de Guatemala.


Early on, Kirchner participated in the Movimiento Justicialista, first as a member of the Young Peronists, whose leftwing radicalism was strongly opposed to the military dictatorships. In the mid- 1970s - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ 1970s From Wikipedia Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of... 1970s, Kirchner studied law at La Plata National University, receiving his law degree in 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 12 - UN Security Council votes 11-1 to admit the Palestinian Liberation Organization January 15 - Would-be Gerald Ford presidential assassin Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life in prison January 16... 1976. He returned to Río Gallegos with his wife, Cristina Fernández, also a lawyer and member of the Categories: Politics stubs | Argentine political parties ... Justicialist Party (JP), to practice law. During the Videla in uniform (center). Jorge Rafael Videla Redondo (born August 2, 1925 in Mercedes) is a former Argentine soldier and politician. Following the political instability that arose in the aftermath of Juan Peróns death in 1974 and the subsequent presidency of his widow, the politically-inexperienced Isabel Per... Videla junta, he was incarcerated at one point, the reason for and duration of which is not known.


After the downfall of the military dictatorship and restoration of democracy in 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Beat Raaflaub became Basel Boys Choirs new conductor January 1 - the ARPANET officially changes to use the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet. January 1 - compulsory wearing... 1983, Kirchner became a public officer in the provincial government. The following year, he was briefly president of the Río Gallegos social welfare fund, but was forced out by the governor because of a dispute over financial policy. The affair made him a local celebrity and laid the foundation for his subsequent political career.


By 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Spain and Portugal enter the European Community January 1 - Aruba gains increased autonomy from the Netherlands and is separated from the Netherlands Antilles. January 9 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves... 1986, Kirchner had developed sufficient political capital to be put forward as the PJ's candidate for mayor of Río Gallegos. He won the 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. Events Environmental change Varroa destructor, an invasive parasite is found in the US October 15 - Hurricane force winds cause extensive damage in southern England. January January 1 - Frobisher Bay, Northwest Territories, changes its name to Iqaluit. In 1999... 1987 elections for this post by the slimmest of margins — some one hundred votes. Fellow PJ member Ricardo del Val became governor, which kept Santa Cruz firmly within the hands of the PJ.


Kirchner's performance as mayor from 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. Events Environmental change Varroa destructor, an invasive parasite is found in the US October 15 - Hurricane force winds cause extensive damage in southern England. January January 1 - Frobisher Bay, Northwest Territories, changes its name to Iqaluit. In 1999... 1987 to 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 2 - Sharon Pratt Dixon is sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC becoming the first black woman to lead a city of that size and importance. January 4 - The United Nations Security Council votes unanimously... 1991 was satisfactory enough from both the point of view of the electorate and the party to enable him to run for governor in 1991, which he won with 61% of the votes. By this time his wife was also member of the provincial congress.


Governor of Santa Cruz

When Kirchner entered the governor's office, the province of Santa Cruz — which then contributed only one percent to Argentina's Measures of national income and output are used in economics to estimate the value of goods and services produced in an economy. They use a system of national accounts or national accounting developed by Simon Kuznets in the 1960s. Some of the more common measures are Gross National Product (GNP... gross national product, primarily through the production of raw materials (mostly Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. The name comes from Latin oleum ( olive oil). Oil is frequently used to refer to petroleum, the type of oil that is pumped up from the ground and currently serves as a major energy source and... oil) — was being battered by the ongoing economic crisis, with high unemployment and a budget deficit equal to The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. It is also widely used as a reserve currency outside of the United States. Currently, the issuance of currency is controlled by the Federal Reserve Banking system. The most commonly used symbol for the U.S. dollar is... USD $1.2 billion. He arranged for substantial investments to stimulate productivity, the labor market, and consumption, and concentrated on eliminating hyperinflation through monetary policy and deregulation, which Carlos Saúl Menem (born July 2, 1930) was President of Argentina from 8 July 1989 to 10 December 1999 for the Justicialist Party ( Peronist). He was born into the Muslim family of Saúl Menem and Mohibe Akil, Syrian immigrants in the small town of Anillaco, in... Carlos Menem, who was elected president in 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 7 - Akihito becomes Emperor of Japan following the death of Hirohito. The Heisei period begins January 8 - the Kegworth Air Disaster - A British Midland Boeing 737 crashes on approach to East Midlands Airport - 44 dead... 1989, had been doing on a national level. By eliminating unproductive expenditures and cutting back on tax exemptions for the key petroleum industry, Kirchner restored the financial equilibrium of the province. Through his expansionist and social policies, Kirchner was credited with bringing a substantial measure of prosperity to Santa Cruz. Subsequent studies showed that the province had the best distribution of wealth and lowest levels of poverty in the country, second only to the province of Buenos Aires.


Kirchner emerged as a center-left Peronist, critical of both Menem's far-reaching neoliberal model but also the syndicalist bureaucracy of the PJ. He attached great importance to not only careful management of the budgetary deficits but also economic growth based on domestic production, not speculation. He was also considered a progressive in Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. They are necessary for freedom and the maintenance of a reasonable quality of life. If a right is inalienable, that means it cannot be bestowed, granted, limited, bartered away, or sold away (e.g., one... human rights issues, voicing his opposition to Menem's decision in 1990 to grant a presidential pardon to the leaders of the Videla junta.


Kirchner's tasks as governor were were made easier by the modest scale of the province's economic base and its limited labor market. Critics claimed he was was no different from most of the other Peronist governors, and when push came to shove, he also relied on personalism and authoritarianism, above all in his handling of the provincial media and appointing his judges. Public control of job positions and a heavily-subsidized economy also lent itself to clientism typical in the semi-feudal environment of the remote provinces.


In 1994 and 1998, Kirchner introduced amendments to the provincial constitution, so as to enable him to run for re-election indefinitely, something that Menem later tried to imitate at the national level. As a member of the 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. It was the first year of the International Decade of the Worlds Indigenous People (1995- 2005): http://www.unesco.org/culture/indigenous/ Events January January 1 Austria, Finland and Sweden enter the European Union Fred West, accused... 1995 Consitutent Assembly organized by Menem and former president Raúl Alfonsín, Kirchner participated in the elaboration of a new Argentine constitution, which made possible for the president to be re-elected to a second four-year term.


In 1995, with his constitutional reforms in place, Kirchner was easily re-elected to second term in office, with 66.5% of the votes. But by now, Kirchner was distancing himself from the charismatic and controversial Memen, who was also the nominal head of the PJ; this was made particularly apparent with the launch of the "Corriente Peronista", an initiative supported by Kirchner to create space within the Movimiento Justicialista to confront the problems facing the country.


The decision of Menem in 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. Events January January 1998 - A massive ice storm, caused by El Niño, strikes New England, southern Ontario and Quebec, resulting in widespread power failures, severe damage to... 1998 to stand for re-election a second time, by means of an ad hoc interpretation of a constitutional clause, met with strong resistance among Peronist rank-and-file, who were finding themselves under increasing pressure due to the highly controversial social and economic policies of the Menem administration. Kirchner joined the camp of Menem's chief opponent within the PJ, the governor of the Buenos Aires province (and later president) Eduardo Alberto Duhalde Maldonado (born October 5, 1941) is a former president of Argentina. Duhalde was born in Lomas de Zamora, in greater Buenos Aires. He graduated as a lawyer in 1970. In 1987 he became a member of the Argentine Congress and became vice-president under Carlos Menem from... Eduardo Duhalde.


The elections of October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. Events 1-1899 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius. 1360 - The... 24 October 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. Events Kosovo War Shooting in Littleton, Colorado, United States, leaves several high school students dead. Y2K preparation was a major event in 1999 both in... 1999 were a major upset for the PJ; Duhalde was beaten by Fernando de la Rúa Bruno (born September 15, 1937) is an Argentine politician. He was president of the country from December 10, 1999 to December 21, 2001 for the Alianza (political alliance by the Radical Civic Union and the Frepaso ). He was forced out of office in the... Fernando de la Rúa, the Alianza candidate, and the party lost its majority in Congress. Alianza also made headway in Santa Cruz, but Kirchner nonetheless managed to be re-elected to a third term in May of that year with 45.7% of the vote. De la Rúa's victory was in part a rejection of Menem's perceived flamboyance and corruption during his last term. De la Rúa instituted austerity measures and reforms to improve the economy; taxes were increased to reduce the deficit, the government bureaucracy was trimmed, and legal restrictions on union negotiations were eased.


By late 2000 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ 2000 From Wikipedia 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd... 2000, the Argentine economy was deep in recession and the country was forced in to seek help from the The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. Organization and Purpose The IMF describes itself... International Monetary Fund (IMF) and private banks to reduce its debt. In December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. December begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Sagittarius and ends in the sign of Capricorn. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in... December 2000, an aid package of nearly USD $40 billion was arranged, and the government announced a $20 billion public works program that was designed to help revive the economy. Despite measures designed to revive it, the economy remained in recession, however, aggravating the problems posed by the debt and by the restrictions that the IMF imposed in return for aid. Unemployment rose to around 20% at the end of 2001. In November, the government began restructuring the debt, putting it essentially in default. Ongoing economic problems led to a crisis of confidence as depositors began a run on the banks, resulting in the highly unpopular "corralito", a limit, and subsequently a full ban, on withdrawals. The IMF took a hard line, insisting on a 10% cut in the budget before making further payments.


Nationwide food riots, strikes, and demonstrations erupted in late December, leading De La Rúa to resign. A series of interim presidents and renewed demonstrations ended with the appointment of Duhalde as interim president in January 2002, to serve until new presidential elections in 2003. Duhalde devalued the peso, which lost more than two thirds of its value, decimating middle-class savings. There was a strong public rejection of the entire political class, characterized by the pithy slogan que se vayan todos ("away with them all").


The 2003 presidential election

Kirchner's electoral promises included "returning to a republic of equals". He distanced himself clearly from the neoliberal regime of the previous 25 years, which he slammed as "inaugurated by the military coup in 1976." After the first round of the election, Kirchner visited the president of The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who received him enthusiastically. He also declared he was proud of his radical left-wing political past.


Although Menem, who was president from 1989 to 1999, won the first round of the election on April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. Events 1124 - David becomes King of Scotland. 1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England. 1509 - Pope Julius II places the Italian state of... April 27, 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January January 1 - Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. Pascal Couchepin becomes President of the Confederation in... 2003, he only got 24% of the valid votes – just 2% ahead of Kirchner. This was a A Pyrrhic victory is a victory which is only achieved with heavy losses, such that the overall situation becomes worse for the Pyrrhic victor than it was before battle commenced. Usually the phrase refers to a battle, but by analogy it can also mean any struggle. The phrase alludes to... Pyrrhic victory, as Menem had by then a strongly negative image among a large segment of the Argentine population and had virtually no chance of winning on the run-off. After days of speculation, during which polls forecast a massive victory for Kirchner with about a 30%-40% difference, Menem finally decided to stand down. This automatically made Kirchner president of Argentina. He was sworn in on May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). There are 220 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors. 1420 - Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ. 1521... May 25, 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January January 1 - Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. Pascal Couchepin becomes President of the Confederation in... 2003 to a four-year term of office.


President of Argentina

Kirchner came into office on the tail of the worst crisis in Argentina's history. A country which once vied with Europe in levels of prosperity and considered itself a bulwark of European culture in Latin America found itself deeply impoverished, with a decimated middle-class and malnutrition appearing in the lower strata of society. The country was burdened with USD $178 billion in debt, the government strapped for cash, the far-reaching privatization binge of Menem having deprived it of many of its former sources of income. While Kirchner was partly identified with the clientism, corruption, the "politics as usual" of Menem and the JP, he was nonetheless also seen as a newcomer who arrived at the Casa Rosada without the usual whiff of scandal about him. This perception was strengthened by his efforts to reinvigorate the Argentine Supreme Court, which had been severely compromised by Menem's appointments of judges subservient to him. Shortly after coming into office, Kirchner also suspended the laws of immunity for former military leaders and announced that if they are able to escape justice in Argentina, his government would not oppose extraditing them. He also retired dozens of generals, admirals, and brigadiers from the armed forces whose reputations were tainted by the atrocities of the A Dirty War (in Spanish: Guerra Sucia) is a program of violent repression of rebels and dissidents conducted by government forces, characterized by the use of disappearances, torture, murder, and other covert practices, massive violations of human and civil rights, and often including innocent bystanders among its victims. Such wars... Dirty War.


Kirchner kept the Minister of the Economy of the Duhalde administration, Roberto Lavagna, who piloted Argentina through the widely hated "corralito" and the painful devaluation, but Lavagna also declared his first priority now was social problems. Argentina's default was the largest in financial history, and ironically it gave Kirchner and Lavagna a certain bargaining power with the IMF, which loathes having bad debts in its books. During his first year of office, Kirchner achieved a difficult agreement to reschedule $84 billion in debts with international organizations, for three years, and this is paving the way for a solution to the $94 billion it still owes to private investors. As of June 2004, settlement of 25 cents to the dollar is being negotiated.


It is Kirchner's resistance to international financial institutions such as the IMF and his objections to "Chicago-style" free-market economics that has perhaps surprised observers most. He has been encouraged in this regard by such figures as the iconoclastic ex- The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means of financing states. Its operation... World Bank economist Joseph Stiglitz (born February 9, 1943) is an American economist, author and winner of Nobel Prize for economics ( 2001). He is one of the most famous contemporary economists and in addition to scholarly work he has published a number of books aimed at a general readership. He is best known... Joseph Stiglitz, who deplores the IMF's measures as recessionary and has urged Argentina to take an independent path. In doing so, Kirchner has broken ranks with recent and current Latin American leaders such as Peru's President Alejandro Toledo Alejandro Toledo Manrique (born 28 March 1946) is the current President of Peru. He was elected in 2001, after leading the opposition against Alberto Fujimori, who held the presidency from 1990 to 2000. Toledo is married to the French anthropologist Eliane Karp. Early years Toledo was one... Alejandro Toledo, who maintain a staunch belief in neoliberal economics as the solution to Latin America's extreme socioeconomic disparities. In this context, Kirchner can best be seen as part of a spectrum of new Latin American leaders, spanning from President Hugo Chávez Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (born July 28, 1954) is the President of Venezuela. A former paratroop lieutenant-colonel who led an unsuccessful coup détat in 1992, he was elected president in 1999. During his presidency, Venezuela has seen sweeping... Chávez in The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela)1 is a country in northern South America.2 It borders the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Off the Venezuelan coast are... Venezuela to Lula in The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil, who are actively searching for an alternative to the The Washington Consensus is a set of policies believed to be the formula for promoting economic growth in Latin America (although not for all countries). It was first presented by John Williamson from the Institute for International Economics in 1989. The consensus included reforms that should be undertaken from 1989... Washington consensus, which in the eyes of many has proven to be an unsuccessful model for economic development in the region.

Preceded by:
Eduardo Alberto Duhalde Maldonado (born October 5, 1941) is a former president of Argentina. Duhalde was born in Lomas de Zamora, in greater Buenos Aires. He graduated as a lawyer in 1970. In 1987 he became a member of the Argentine Congress and became vice-president under Carlos Menem from... Eduardo Duhalde
List of Heads of State (Presidents and Dictators etc.) of Argentina and its precursor states. (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office; names in bold italics indicates a nickname (etc.) by which the individual is commonly known) The United Provinces of La Plata 1816 to 1825 A federation... Presidents of Argentina Succeeded by:
(Incumbent)

External links

  • BBC News article on his first year (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3746379.stm)
  • Official presidential site (in Spanish) (http://www.presidencia.gov.ar/)

 
 

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