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Encyclopedia > Myrtales
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Myrtales
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Myrtales
Reichenbach
Families
See text.

The Myrtales are an order of flowering plants placed within the rosid group of dicotyledons. The following families are typical of newer classifications: Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Carl Ludwig von Reichenbach Baron Dr. Carl (Karl) Ludwig von Reichenbach (February 12, 1788- January 19, 1869) was a recognized chemist, metallurgist, naturalist and philosopher, a member of the prestigious Prussian Academy of Sciences. ... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Young castor oil plant showing its prominent two embryonic leaves (cotyledons), that differ from the adult leaves Dicotyledons or dicots is a name for a group of flowering plants whose seed typically contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ...

The older Cronquist system gives essentially the same composition, except the Vochysiaceae are removed to the order Polygalales, and the Thymelaeaceae are included. The families Sonneratiaceae, Trapaceae, and Punicaceae are removed from the Lythraceae, while the Psioxylaceae and Heteropyxidaceae are treated within the Myrtaceae, and the Memecyclaceae within the Melastomataceae. Species Alzatea verticillata is a small flowering tree, native to the Neotropics. ... Genera Anogeissus Buchenavia Bucida Calopyxis Calycopteris Combretum Conocarpus Dansiea Guiera Laguncularia Lumnitzera Macropteranthes Melostemon Pteleopsis Quisqualis Strephonema Terminalia Terminaliopsis Thiloa Combretaceae is a family of flowering plants. ... Genera Axinandra Crypteronia Dactylocladus Crypteroniaceae is a family of flowering trees and shrubs. ... species Heteropyxis is a genus which includes three species of small evergreen trees, the sole genus in family Heteropyxidaceae. ... Genera Adenaria Ammannia Capuronia Crenea Cuphea Decodon Didiplis Diplusodon Galpinia Ginoria Haitia Heimia Hionanthera Koehneria Lafoensia Lagerstroemia Lawsonia Lourtella Lythrum Nesaea Pehria Pemphis Peplis Physocalymma Pleurophora Punica Rotala Tetrataxis Woodfordia Lythraceae is a family of flowering plants. ... Genus commonly known as loosestrife. ... Species  L.  Balf. ... Genera Acisanthera Athrostemma Astronidium Calycogonium Clidemia Conostegia Dissotis Graffenrieda Henriettea Henriettella Heterocentron Heterotrichum Leandra Mecranium Medinilla Melastoma Miconia Mouriri Nepsera Ossaea Oxyspora Pterolepsis Rhexia Sagraea Tetrazygia Tibouchina Trembleya The family Melastomataceae is a taxon of dicotyledonous flowering plants found mostly in the tropics (two thirds of the genera are from... Genera Lijndenia Memecylon Mouriri Pternandra Spathandra Votomita Warneckea Memecylaceae is a family of flowering plants. ... Genera 130; see list The Myrtaceae or Myrtle family are a family of dicotyledon plants, placed within the order Myrtales. ... Species Myrtus communis L. Myrtus nivellei Batt. ... species (not a complete list) Olinia is a genus of small trees and shrubs with ten species, the sole genus in family Oliniaceae. ... Genera Boisduvallia Calylophus Camissonia Chamerion Circaea Clarkia Epilobium Eucharidium Fuchsia Gaura Gayophytum Gongylocarpus Hauya Hemifuchsia Heterogaura Isnardia Jussiaea Lopezia Ludwigia Oenothera Stenosiphon Xylonagra Zauschneria The Onagraceae or Willowherb family (or Evening Primose family) is a family of flowering plants. ... Evening Primrose was a television musical written in 1966 by Stephen Sondheim and James Goldman for ABC Televisions Stage 67. ... Genera Brachysiphon Endonema Glischrocolla Penaea Saltera Sonderothamnus Stylapterus Penaeaceae is a family of evergreen, leathery-leaved shrubs and small trees, native to South Africa. ... species Psilioxylon mauritanum is species of white-barked flowering evergreen trees, bearing essential oils, the sole species of family Psiloxylaceae. ... species Rhynchocalyx lawsonioides is a small flowering tree, the sole species of family Rhynchocalycaceae. ... Genera Callisthene Erisma Erismadelphus Korupodendon Qualea Ruizterania Salvertia Vochysia Vochysiaceae is a family of evergreen flowering plants, which includes trees, shrubs, lianas, and rarely herbs. ... The Cronquist system is a scheme for the classification of flowering plants (or angiosperms). ... Genera Atroxima Balgoya Barnhartia Bredemeyera Carpolobia Comesperma Diclidanthera Epirixanthes Eriandra Monnina Monrosia Moutabea Muraltia Nylandtia Polygala Salmonia Securidaca The Polygalaceae or Milkwort family is a family of flowering plants in the order Fabales. ... Genera About 50 genera, including: Dais Daphne Dirca Drapetes Edgeworthia Gonystylus Ovidia Passerina Phaleria Pimelea Stellera Struthiola Thymelaea Thymelaeaceae is a family of flowering plants, with about 700-750 species in 50 genera. ... Genera Trapa Trapaceae consists solely of the genus Trapa. ... Species L. Balf. ...


References

  • Conti, Elena; Erikkson, Torsten; Schonenberger, Jurg; Sytsma, Kenneth J; and Baum, David A. Early Tertiary Out-of-India Dispersal of Crypteroniaceae: Evidence from Phylogeny and Molecular Dating. Evolution, 56(10), 2002, pp. 1931–1942
  • Schönenberger, Jürg and Conti, Elena. Molecular phylogeny and floral evolution of Penaeaceae, Oliniaceae, Rhynchocalycaceae, and Alzateaceae (Myrtales). American Journal of Botany. 2003;90:293-309.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aluminium accumulation... (216 words)
The character is strongly present in nearly all members of the Memecylaceae and in most primitive taxa of the Melastomataceae, while non-accumulating taxa are widespread in the more derived tribes of the Melastomataceae.
The variable distribution of Al accumulation in advanced clades of the latter family is probably associated with the tendency to herbaceousness, although it is unclear whether the more herbaceous representatives have developed more specialized Al-response mechanisms that may exclude high Al levels from the shoot.
It is hypothesized that Al accumulation is symplesiomorphic for Melastomataceae and Memecylaceae, and that the feature characterizes the most primitive families in the Myrtales.
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