Mynas are medium-sized passerines with strong feet. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat insects and fruit. Several species live around habitation, and are effectively omnivores.
Plumage is typically dark, often brown, although some species have yellow head ornaments. Most species nest in holes.
Some species have become well-known for their imitative skills.
Species are listed below. The Coleto and the two Saroglossa starlings are included because of their position in the taxonomic list.
This is a group of passerinebirds which occur naturally only in eastern Asia, although several species have been introduced to North America and New Zealand, and the Common Myna to south-eastern Australia, where it is regarded as a pest species.
Their flight is strong and direct, and they are gregarious.
Pyle (1982) estimated 200 mynas during his stay in the autumn of 1982, and recorded a high count of 128 individuals at the landfill dump.
On Oahu, Eddinger (1967:2) remarked, "The myna is a wary bird, and although man may be able to check its increase, extermination is practically impossible." Compared to mynas on Oahu, Midway's population is relatively small, less dispersed, and highly accessible.
It is unlikely that the beneficial aspects of myna presence at Midway outweigh their negative impacts, and continued expansion of the population may pose greater risk of irreversible damage.
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