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Encyclopedia > Myalgia
Myalgia
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 M79.1
ICD-9 729.1
DiseasesDB 22895

Myalgia means "muscle pain" and is a symptom of many diseases and disorders. The most common cause for myalgia is either overuse or over-stretching of a muscle or group of muscles. Myalgia without a traumatic history is often due to viral infections. Longer-term myalgias may be indicative of a metabolic myopathy, some nutritional deficiencies or chronic fatigue syndrome. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) is a coding of diseases and signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or diseases, as classified by the World Health Organization (WHO). ... // M00-M99 - Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00-M25) Arthropathies (M00-M03) Infectious arthropathies (M00) Pyogenic arthritis (M01) Direct infections of joint in infectious and parasitic diseases classified elsewhere (M02) Reactive arthropathies (M023) Reiters disease (M03) Postinfective and reactive arthropathies in diseases classified elsewhere (M05-M14... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The Disease Bold textDatabase is a free website that provides information about the relationships between medical conditions, symptoms, and medications. ... A top-down view of skeletal muscle Muscle (from Latin musculus little mouse [1]) is contractile tissue of the body and is derived from the mesodermal layer of embryonic germ cells. ... “Hurting” redirects here. ... This article is about biological infectious particles. ... Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is one of several names given to a poorly understood, highly debilitating disorder of uncertain cause, which is thought to affect approximately 4 per 1,000 adults[1] in the United States and other countries, and a smaller fraction of children. ...

Contents

Causes

The most common causes of myalgia are overuse, injury or stress[1]. However, myalgia can also be caused by diseases, disorders, medications, as a response to vaccination and withdrawal syndromes. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In medical terms, stress is the disruption of homeostasis through physical or psychological stimuli. ...


Overuse

Overuse of a muscle is using it too much, too soon and/or too often. [1] Examples are:

A repetitive strain injury (RSI), also called repetitive stress injury, cumulative trauma disorder or occupational overuse syndrome, is any of a loose group of conditions from overuse of the computer, guitar, knife or similar motion or tool. ...

Injury

The most common causes of myalgia by injury are: sprains and strains[1]. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up strain in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Diseases/Disorders

Infectious

Trichinosis, Typhoid fever, Upper respiratory tract infection, Viral pneumonia, Avian influenza, Common cold, Community-acquired pneumonia, Coccidioidomycosis, Dengue, Endemic typhus, HIV, Infectious mononucleosis, Legionellosis, Leptospirosis, Lyme disease, Malaria, Marburg virus, Meningitis, Monkeypox, Pharyngitis, Pneumonia, Prostatitis, Psittacosis, Q fever, Rabies, Rift Valley fever, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, Toxic shock syndrome, West Nile, Chikungunya Trichinosis, also called trichinellosis, or trichiniasis, is a parasitic disease caused by eating raw or undercooked pork and wild game products infected with the larvae of a species of roundworm Trichinella spiralis, commonly called the trichina worm. ... For a related disease which is caused by a different bacterium, see Paratyphoid fever. ... Upper respiratory infections, commonly referred to the acronym URI, is the illness caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract: nose, sinuses, pharynx, larynx, or bronchi. ... Viral pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung caused by a virus. ... Avian influenza (also known as bird flu, avian flu, influenzavirus A flu, type A flu, or genus A flu) is a flu (influenza) due to a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. ... Acute viral nasopharyngitis, often known as the common cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system (nose and throat). ... Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a disease in which individuals who have not recently been hospitalized develop an infection of the lungs (pneumonia). ... For music group see Dengue Fever (rock band) Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are acute febrile diseases, found in the tropics, with a geographical spread similar to malaria. ... Endemic typhus is caused by certain species of Rickettsia - namely , transmitted by fleas infesting rats, and less often , transmitted by fleas carried by cats or opossums. ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... Legionellosis is an infection caused by the genus of Gram negative bacteria Legionella, notably Legionella pneumophila. ... Common bullseye rash pattern associated with Lyme Disease. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... The Marburg virus is the causative agent of Marburg hemorrhagic fever. ... Meningitis is the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the central nervous system, known collectively as the meninges. ... Monkeypox is a disease caused by the Monkeypox virus. ... ÏŽ:For the noisegrind band, see Sore Throat. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... Prostatitis is any form of inflammation of the prostate gland. ... In medicine (pulmonology), psittacosis -- also known as parrot disease, parrot fever, and ornithosis -- is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Mycoplasma psittaci and contracted from parrots, macaws, cockatiels, and parakeets. ... Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a viral zoonosis (affects primarily domestic livestock, but can be passed to humans) causing fever. ... Severe acute respiratory syndrome or SARS is a respiratory disease in humans which is caused by the SARS coronavirus. ... Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but potentially fatal disease caused by a bacterial toxin. ... West Nile virus is a newly emergent virus of the family Flaviviridae, found in both tropical and temperate regions. ... Chikungunya is a relatively rare form of viral fever caused by an alphavirus that is spread by mosquito bites from Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, though recent research by the Pasteur Institute in Paris claims the virus has suffered a mutation that enables it to be transmitted by Aedes albopictus (Tiger mosquito). ...


Autoimmune

Multiple sclerosis, Myositis, Lupus erythematosus, Familial Mediterranean fever, Polyarteritis nodosa, Devic's disease, Morphea Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary inflammatory disorder that affects groups of patients originating from around the Mediterranean Sea (hence its name). ... Polyarteritis nodosa (or periarteritis nodosa) is a serious blood vessel disease. ... Devics disease, also known as Devics syndrome, neuromyelitis optica (NMO), or optic-spinal MS, is an autoimmune, inflammatory disorder in which a persons own immune system attacks myelin of the neurons of the optic nerves and spinal cord. ... Her first appearance was in Atari Force #1, Morphea is a DC Comics character who is an alien Canopian in the DC Universe. ...


Metabolic defect

Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency, Conn's syndrome, Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency is a condition that prevents the body from converting certain fats called long-chain fatty acids into energy, particularly during periods without food. ... Conns syndrome is overproduction of the mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone by the adrenal glands. ...


Other

Chronic fatigue syndrome, Hypokalemia, Exercise intolerance, Mastocytosis, Peripheral neuropathy, Eosinophilia myalgia syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Barcoo Fever, Delayed onset muscle soreness Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is one of several names given to a poorly understood, highly debilitating disorder of uncertain cause, which is thought to affect approximately 4 per 1,000 adults[1] in the United States and other countries, and a smaller fraction of children. ... Hypokalemia is a potentially fatal condition in which the body fails to retain sufficient potassium to maintain health. ... Exercise Intolerance is a medical term used to describe a condition where the patient who is unable to do physical exercise at the level that would be expected of someone in his or her general physical condition, or who experiences unusually severe post-exercise pain, fatigue, or other negative effects. ... In medicine, mastocytosis is a group of rare disorders of both children and adults caused by the presence of too many mast cells (mastocytes) in a persons body. ... Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness. ... Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) is an incurable and sometimes fatal flu-like neurological condition that is believed to have been caused by ingestion of L-tryptophan supplements. ... Fibromyalgia (FM or FMS) is a chronic syndrome (constellation of signs and symptoms) characterized by diffuse or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain, fatigue, and a wide range of other symptoms. ... Barcoo Fever is an illness once common in the Australian outback but is now virtually unknown. ... Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) is the pain or discomfort often felt 24 to 72 hours after exercising and subsides generally within 2 to 3 days. ...


Medications

Acrylamide, Darbepoetin, Procainamide, Quinupristin/dalfopristin, Spiriva, Sumatriptan, Vardenafil, Statins, Zetia, Zomig, Boniva, isotretinoin This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Darbepoetin alfa is a drug, a synthetic hormone, that increases red blood cell levels, and is used to treat anemia and related conditions. ... Procainamide (trade name Pronestyl®) is a pharmaceutical antiarrhythmic agent used for the medical treatment of cardiac arrhythmias, classified by the Vaughan Williams classification system as class Ia. ... Quinupristin-dalfopristin (Synercid®) is an antibiotic used to treat infections by staphylococci and by vancomycin-resistant enterococcus faecium. ... Tiotropium bromide monohydrate is an anticholinergic bronchodilator, marketed as Spiriva by Pfizer Inc. ... Sumatriptan (Imitrex, Imigran, Imigran Recovery) is a triptan drug including a sulfonamide group which was originally developed by Glaxo for the treatment of migraine headaches. ... Vardenafil (INN) is a PDE5 inhibitor used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. ... Lovastatin, the first statin to be marketed The statins form a class of hypolipidemic agents. ... Ezetimibe (Zetia®) is an anti-hyperlipidemic medication. ... Zolmitriptan is an oral, selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B/1D (5-HT 1B/1D ) receptor agonist, or triptan, for acute treatment of migraine attacks with or without aura. ... Ibandronic acid (INN) or ibandronate sodium (USAN), marketed under the trade names Boniva®, Bondronat® and Bonviva®, is a potent bisphosphonate drug used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. ... Isotretinoin (INN) (IPA: ) is a medication used for the treatment of severe acne. ...


As a Response to Vaccination

A moderate occurrence (25-35%) of myalgia in recipients of tetanus vaccination is identified in the US; it presents in the large muscle groups and at the subcutaneous injection site. When a patient returns with these symptoms (which include fever, poor appetite and lethargy), a clinician who fails to notice the recent tetanus vaccination on the patient's chart is in danger of making a life-threatening misdiagnosis. Tetanus is a medical condition that is characterized by a prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle fibers. ... A vial of the vaccine against influenza. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The appetite is the desire to eat food, felt as hunger. ... Fatigue is a feeling of excessive tiredness or lethargy, with a desire to rest, perhaps to sleep. ...

An item of note is that in heart patients using selective β1-blockers such as metoprolol, incidence of myalgia after tetanus vaccination is significantly higher.

“Minax” redirects here. ...

Withdrawal Syndromes

Sudden cessation of opioids, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, or alcohol can induce myalgia. An opioid is any agent that binds to opioid receptors found principally in the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. ... Barbiturates are drugs that acts as central nervous system (CNS) depressants, and by virtue of this they produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to anesthesia. ... Benzodiazepine tablets The benzodiazepines are a class of drugs with hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, amnestic and muscle relaxant properties. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


See also

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) is the pain or discomfort often felt 24 to 72 hours after exercising and subsides generally within 2 to 3 days. ... In medicine, a myopathy is a neuromuscular disease in which the muscle fibers do not function for any one of many reasons, resulting in muscular weakness. ... Myelitis is a human disease involving swelling of the spinal cord, which disrupts central nervous system functions linking brain and limbs. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
What is Myalgia? (563 words)
Myalgia that is not caused by muscle strain can be present in a large number of infectious diseases, anything from the common influenza to illnesses like Lyme disease.
Parents, who have children complaining of neck pain and fever, should direct their children to try the chin to chest stretch before calling the doctor, but even if the child can perform this, a pediatrician should still be contacted.
Myalgia from overuse of a muscle is usual treated with alternating hot and cold packs on the muscle affected.
Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome and L-Tryptophan-Containing Products -- New Mexico, ... (1577 words)
Criteria necessary for these patients to be considered as cases were eosinophil count of greater than 1000 cells/mm3, myalgia or muscle weakness of severity sufficient to affect normal daily activities, and a muscle biopsy (if done) showing perimyositis, perivasculitis, or unspecified fasciitis.
All had eosinophilia and myalgia; four also reported respiratory signs or symptoms.
The patient, who had become ill in July 1989 with myalgia, fatigue, and marked progressive weakness, had been taking 5-6 g of LT daily.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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