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Encyclopedia > Muteness

Muteness is a speech disorder in which a person lacks the power of articulate speech.[1] In the UK, the term for muteness is "dumbness", but, due to the influence of American English, using the word "dumb" to refer to mute person can cause offence. Due to political correctness, the term "speech-impaired" is now preferred[2]; however, much as "visually impaired" does not necessarily mean that a person is blind, someone who is speech impaired may not be mute. Speech disorders or speech impediments, as they are also called, are a type of communication disorders where normal speech is disrupted. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ...

Contents

Causes of muteness

Those who are physically mute may have problems with the parts of the human body required for speech (the throat, vocal cords, lungs, mouth, or tongue, etc.). Being mute is sometimes associated with deafness as people who have been unable to hear from birth may not be able to use articulate speech. A person can be born mute, or become mute later in life as a result of accidents or exposure to certain chemicals. List of bones of the human skeleton Human anatomy is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human body. ... Look up Throat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Laryngoscopic view of the vocal folds. ... The heart and lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) The lung is an organ belonging to the respiratory system and interfacing to the circulatory system of air-breathing vertebrates. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with mouth (human). ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Deaf-mute was a term historically used by hearing people to identify a person who was deaf and could not speak. ...


Elective or selective mutes

Some people choose to become avowedly mute (selective mutes). This is usually, but not always, for religious reasons. Elective mutism is when people, children in particular, choose not to speak, either to strangers or in public. They often have the power of speech, and can speak freely with close friends or family. Selective mutism is a social anxiety disorder, in which a person who is normally capable of speech is unable to speak in given situations. ... A vow (Lat. ... Selective mutism is a social anxiety disorder, in which a person who is normally capable of speech is unable to speak in given situations. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual...


Trivia

  • In the 1968 film Planet Of The Apes, the humans the astronauts encounter are all mutes, and the astronaut played by Charlton Heston becomes a temporary mute due to being shot in the throat.
  • A character named Lydia, in the film The Others became a mute later in life before serving the Stewart Family.
  • One of the characters, an angst-riddled teen called Dwayne, in the film Little Miss Sunshine is avowedly mute as a test to his will to achieve his goal to be a pilot.
  • In the Bible, Jesus was said to have cured those who were referred to as "mute."
  • The character Ye Hsiao-Chai from the Taiwanese puppet show Pili became mute after cutting out his tongue.
  • In the PS2 video game Jak and Daxter: The Precursor Legacy, the protagonist, Jak, is a mute, but from the second game of the series, Jak II: Renegade, onwards, he speaks.

// October 30 - The film The Lion in Winter, starring Katharine Hepburn, debuts. ... Planet of the Apes is a 1968 science fiction film about an astronaut (Charlton Heston) who finds himself stranded on an Earth-like planet two thousand years in the future. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... The Others is a 2001 psychological horror film by the Spanish director Alejandro Amenábar, starring Nicole Kidman. ... Little Miss Sunshine is a 2006 Academy Award-winning dramatic comedy film about a dysfunctional familys road trip to a child beauty pageant. ... John 21:1 Jesus Appears to His Disciples--Alessandro Mantovani: the Vatican, Rome. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Some of the Pili merchandise found in Taiwan Pili (Traditional Chinese: 霹靂) is a puppet show from Taiwan. ... PS2 can mean: PlayStation 2 (Sony PS2), sixth-generation video game console PS/2 (IBM Personal System/2 office PCs, or the interface standard for mice and keyboards that the PS/2 series set) Phantasy Star II, second in the Phantasy Star seiries of video games. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

See also

Aphasia is a loss or impairment of the ability to produce or comprehend language, due to brain damage. ... Selective mutism is a social anxiety disorder, in which a person who is normally capable of speech is unable to speak in given situations. ... Deaf-mute was a term historically used by hearing people to identify a person who was deaf and could not speak. ... Speech disorders or speech impediments, as they are also called, are a type of communication disorders where normal speech is disrupted. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A silent protagonist is a central character who does not verbally interact with other characters within a storys narrative. ...

References

  1. ^ http://neurology.health-cares.net/mutism.php
  2. ^ http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/dumb?view=uk

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MUTE was developed by Jason Rohrer using an ant-like algorithm.
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